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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Alliaria petiolataPlant-- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativumPlant60.0 720.0 -1.24 Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf130.0 1625.0 -0.99 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium cepaBulb-- -- Ustunes, L., Claeys, M., Laekeman, G., Herman, A.G., Vlietinck, A.J., Ozer, A. 1985. Isolation and Identification of Two Isomeric Trihydroxy Octadecenoic Acids with Prostaglandin E-Like Activity from Onion Bulbs(Allium cepa). Prostaglandins, 29(5):847-865
Anacardium occidentaleSeed1610.0 1638.0 -0.3 *
Ananas comosusFruit620.0 4592.0 0.93 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolensSeed1500.0 1624.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolensFruit1500.0 1624.0 -0.42 *
Apium graveolensSeed1600.0 2554.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Arachis hypogaeaSeed30.0 110.0 -0.33 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot50.0 645.0 -1.41 *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed620.0 641.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Beta vulgarisRoot40.0 315.0 -0.62 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Beta vulgarisLeaf316.0 3160.0 -0.71 *
Borago officinalisSeed Essent. Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica chinensisLeaf510.0 10899.0 0.7 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf1290.0 13855.0 1.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Plant-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf1290.0 13855.0 1.24 *
Brassica rapaLeaf510.0 10899.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf460.0 6150.0 -0.16 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica nigraLeaf240.0 3535.0 -0.64 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleraceaStem260.0 2889.0 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf990.0 7069.0 0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Capsicum frutescensFruit50.0 408.0 -0.97 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Capsicum annuumFruit220.0 3001.0 0.21 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carica papayaFruit250.0 2238.0 -0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carum carviSeed1500.0 1664.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carum carviFruit1500.0 1664.0 -0.4 *
Cichorium intybusLeaf60.0 1224.0 -1.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endiviaLeaf130.0 2093.0 -0.9 *
Cichorium intybusRoot130.0 650.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus paradisiFruit50.0 550.0 -0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit190.0 1615.0 -0.42 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus sinensisFruit70.0 528.0 -0.91 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus reticulataFruit100.0 806.0 -0.79 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucumis sativusFruit290.0 7342.0 2.17 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit30.0 357.0 -0.99 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepoFlower20.0 410.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepoSeed1810.0 2750.0 -0.28 *
Daucus carotaSeed270.0 935.0 -0.31 *
Fragaria sppFruit780.0 9253.0 3.04 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Ginkgo bilobaSeed210.0 468.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Glycine maxSeed13300.0 14540.0 -0.04 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ipomoea batatasRoot200.0 736.0 -0.24 *
Juglans cinereaSeed87180.0 90192.0 1.45 *
Lablab purpureusSeed70.0 577.0 -0.32 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf1130.0 18833.0 2.15 *
Linum usitatissimumFlower-- -- *
Linum usitatissimumSprout Seedling-- -- *
Linum usitatissimumSeed108000.0 254600.0 4.69 *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit30.0 496.0 -0.93 *
Malus domesticaFruit180.0 1120.0 -0.65 *
Murraya spPlant-- -- *
Musa x paradisiacaPlant-- -- *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit330.0 1282.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ocimum tenuiflorumSeed-- -- *
Oenothera biennisSeed-- -- *
Oenothera biennisLeaf-- -- *
Origanum vulgarePlant4180.0 4502.0 -0.44 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Papaver somniferumSeed1400.0 5564.0 -0.22 *
Pastinaca sativaRoot30.0 145.0 -0.78 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed2780.0 3124.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit360.0 3700.0 0.52 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling1690.0 18172.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper nigrumFruit2200.0 2458.0 -0.04 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pistacia veraSeed2520.0 2621.0 -0.28 *
Pisum sativumSeed350.0 1656.0 -0.3 *
Pisum sativumFruit130.0 1286.0 -0.57 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb4000.0 80000.0 *
Prunus dulcisSeed3740.0 3912.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus cerasusFruit440.0 3168.0 0.28 *
Psidium guajavaFruit710.0 5112.0 1.16 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusTuber210.0 493.0 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed230.0 2858.0 -0.27 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusLeaf260.0 1123.0 -1.08 *
Pyrus communisFruit10.0 62.0 -1.12 *
Ribes nigrumSeed Oil-- -- *
Ribes rubrumFruit350.0 2180.0 -0.17 *
Ribes nigrumFruit720.0 3988.0 0.65 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ribes nigrumSeed Essent. Oil-- 120000.0 *
Ribes uva-crispaFruit460.0 3792.0 0.56 *
Rumex acetosaLeaf435.0 4350.0 -0.49 *
Sesamum indicumSeed3760.0 3945.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sinapis albaSeed26148.0 29373.0 0.25 *
Solanum melongenaFruit70.0 867.0 -0.76 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant480.0 13657.0 1.5 *
Spinacia oleraceaLeaf-- -- *
Thymus vulgarisPlant6900.0 7452.0 0.18 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataShoot440.0 4305.0 0.71 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed2580.0 2817.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiataSeed270.0 297.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed1390.0 4187.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataFruit700.0 5761.0 1.46 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed2650.0 2934.0 -0.27 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot440.0 4305.0 0.71 *
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling160.0 1681.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vitis viniferaFruit390.0 2006.0 -0.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zea maysSeed160.0 666.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zingiber officinaleRhizome340.0 3190.0 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot340.0 3190.0 1.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.