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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Acacia catechuPlant-- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb-- -- Kim, S. M., Wu, C. M., Kobayashi, A., Kubota, K., Okumura, J. 1995. Volatile Compounds in Stir-Fried Garlic. J. Agric. Food Chem., 43(11): 2951-2955.
Ananas comosusFruit0.61 1.4 -0.71 *
Angelica archangelicaSeed-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Annona muricataPlant-- -- *
Apium graveolensLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Apium graveolensShoot-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf-- -- Wealth of India.
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- -- *
Cannabis sativaPlant-- -- Turner, C. E., El Sohly, M. A., Boeren, E. G. 1980. Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. XVII. A Review of the Natural Constituents. J Natural Products, 432: 169-234.
Carum carviSeed-- -- *
Carum carviFruit-- -- *
Cinnamomum camphoraPlant-- -- *
Citrus mitisFruit Juice-- 2.4 -1.0 *
Citrus sinensisFruit Juice3.0 15.0 1.0 *
Citrus aurantiumPlant-- -- *
Citrus reticulataFruit-- 2.0 -0.71 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Coffea arabicaSeed-- -- *
Cucumis meloPetiole-- -- *
Daucus carotaRoot-- -- *
Eruca sativaHs-- -- *
Ficus caricaFruit-- -- *
Glycine maxPlant-- -- *
Hamamelis virginianaLeaf-- 160.0 *
Houttuynia cordataPlant-- -- *
Iris x germanicaRhizome-- -- *
Lavandula x intermediaPlant-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit-- -- *
Malus domesticaFruit Juice-- -- Miyake, T., Shibamoto, T. 1993. Quantitative Analysis of Acetaldehyde in Foods and Beverages. J. Agr. Food Chem, 41(11): 1968-1970.
Malus domesticaPlant-- -- *
Malus domesticaFruit-- -- *
Mentha x piperitaPlant-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Mentha spicataEssential Oil-- -- *
Micromeria fruticosaShoot-- -- Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Micromeria fruticosaShoot-- 0.1 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Oryza sativaPlant-- -- *
Pelargonium graveolensEssential Oil-- -- *
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Pimpinella anisumFruit-- -- *
Prunus persicaPlant-- -- *
Psidium guajavaFruit-- 2000.0 1.41 *
Ribes nigrumFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Sambucus nigraLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Sambucus nigraFlower Essent. Oil-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumPlant-- -- *
Telosma cordataFlower-- 1026.0 K. Furukawa, T. Arai, S. Hashimoto, (1993); Volatile components of Telosma cordata Merrill flowers, Flavour Fragr. J., Vol 8, 221-223.
Vanilla planifoliaFruit-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- -- *
Zingiber officinaleEssential Oil-- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.