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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abutilon theophrastiRoot-- -- Paszkowski, W. L., Kremer, R. J. 1988. Biological Activity and Tentative Identification of Flavonoid Components in Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti Medik.) Seed Coats. J. Chem. Ecol., 14(7): 1573-1582.
Aesculus hippocastanumLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Aesculus hippocastanumFruit Epidermis-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Aesculus hippocastanumBark-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Aesculus hippocastanumSeed Coat816.3 4000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf-- -- *
Camellia sinensisTissue Culture-- -- *
Camellia sinensisFlower-- -- *
Camellia sinensisLeaf960.0 32500.0 1.41 *
Camellia sinensisStem0.1 -- *
Ceratonia siliquaFruit-- -- Wealth of India.
Cinchona sppBark-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Cinchona pubescensBark-- -- *
Cinnamomum sieboldiiPlant-- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 11.0 -1.0 *
Crataegus laevigataFruit-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataShoot-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaInflorescence-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Crataegus rhipidophyllaLeaf-- -- *
Crataegus monogynaPlant-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Crataegus laevigataLeaf-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaBud-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFlower-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataFlower-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataBud-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaShoot-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- -- *
Croton lechleriPlant-- -- *
Ephedra sinicaStem-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Fagopyrum esculentumRoot-- -- *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed-- 26.0 *
Fagopyrum esculentumTissue Culture-- -- *
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Humulus lupulusFruit-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumPlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Juniperus communisFruit-- -- *
Laurus nobilisLeaf-- -- *
Malus domesticaFruit Juice-- -- *
Malus domesticaPericarp-- -- *
Malus domesticaLeaf150.0 900.0 -0.68 *
Malus domesticaFruit-- -- *
Mitragyna speciosaLeaf-- 150.0 -0.73 *
Myristica fragransSeed-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Pterocarpus marsupiumStem Bark-- -- Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Rheum officinaleRhizome-- 3437.5 *
Rheum rhabarbarumRoot-- -- *
Rhododendron ponticumLeaf-- -- *
Rubus idaeusLeaf-- -- *
Rubus idaeusPericarp-- -- *
Rubus idaeusJuice-- -- *
Rubus idaeusPlant-- -- *
Rubus idaeusStem-- -- *
Rumex crispusPlant-- -- *
Tamarindus indicaSeed-- -- *
Terminalia catappaBark-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Theobroma cacaoLeaf-- -- *
Uncaria tomentosaBark-- 25.0 1.0 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit-- -- *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaLeaf-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusLeaf-- -- *
Vitis viniferaLeaf-- -- *
Vitis viniferaFruit-- -- *
Vitis viniferaSeed-- -- *
Vitis viniferaPericarp-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.