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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit-- 5.0 -0.32 *
Allium cepaBulb1.0 20.0 1.0 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf0.3 5.0 -0.57 *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb1.0 4.0 -1.0 *
Ananas comosusFruit10.0 150.0 0.09 *
Anethum graveolensSeed70.0 945.0 4.73 *
Apium graveolensPt-- -- *
Apium graveolensSeed-- 100.0 0.2 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot1.0 2.0 -0.69 *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf35.0 350.0 0.18 *
Avena sativaSeed-- -- -0.34 *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed4.0 5.0 -0.31 *
Beta vulgarisRoot2.0 15.0 -0.65 *
Betula lentaPlant-- 6000.0 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf6.0 65.0 -0.44 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf0.7 10.0 -0.56 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf-- 15.0 -0.54 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot-- -- -0.7 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf5.0 65.0 -0.44 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit6.0 2000.0 5.4 *
Capsicum annuumFruit6.0 100.0 -0.05 *
Carica papayaFruit0.8 8.0 -0.31 *
Carum carviSeed28.0 30.0 -0.18 *
Ceratonia siliquaSeed-- -- -0.34 *
Cicer arietinumSeed-- -- -0.34 *
Cichorium intybusLeaf10.0 100.0 -0.36 *
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 150.0 *
Citrus limonFruit-- -- -0.34 *
Citrus paradisiFruit-- 70.0 -0.14 *
Citrus reticulataFruit5.0 50.0 -0.19 *
Citrus sinensisFruit-- 200.0 0.24 *
Cocos nuciferaSeed2.0 3.0 -0.32 *
Coffea arabicaSeed-- 10.0 -0.29 *
Corylus avellanaSeed1.0 2.0 -0.33 *
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style-- -- *
Cucumis meloLeaf19.0 200.0 -0.14 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit1.0 12.0 -0.3 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed-- 450.0 2.07 *
Curcuma longaRoot-- 765.0 1.89 *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit-- 75.0 -0.12 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit2.0 20.0 -0.28 *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed-- -- -0.34 *
Ficus caricaFruit1.8 64.0 -0.15 *
Foeniculum vulgareLeaf1.0 8.0 -0.56 *
Fragaria sppFruit-- -- -0.34 *
Glycine maxSeed-- -- *
Helianthus annuusSeed-- 1.0 -0.33 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed-- -- -0.34 *
Juglans regiaSeed-- 3.0 -0.32 *
Laurus nobilisLeaf10.0 25.0 -0.52 *
Lens culinarisSeed-- -- -0.34 *
Macadamia sppSeed5.0 6.0 -0.31 *
Malus domesticaFruit0.8 60.0 -0.16 *
Maranta arundinaceaFruit-- -- -0.34 *
Matricaria recutitaFlower-- 0.6 *
Medicago sativaShoot7.0 35.0 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf-- 700.0 0.95 *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit-- -- -0.34 *
Myristica fragransAril30.0 320.0 *
Myristica fragransSeed2.0 25.0 -0.21 *
Nasturtium officinaleHerb8.0 85.0 *
Olea europaeaFruit3.0 13.0 -0.3 *
Papaver somniferumSeed-- -- -0.34 *
Persea americanaFruit6.0 30.0 -0.25 *
Petroselinum crispumLeaf0.8 4.0 -0.57 *
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit1.1 10.0 -0.31 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed-- 0.1 -0.34 *
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit3.0 45.0 -0.21 *
Pimenta dioicaFruit5.0 55.0 -0.18 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed30.0 230.0 0.89 *
Pinus pineaSeed5.0 6.0 -0.31 J. Amer. Diet. Ass. 85{8}:950.
Pinus cembroidesSeed5.0 6.0 -0.31 J. Amer. Diet. Ass. 85{8}:950.
Pinus edulisSeed5.0 6.0 -0.31 J. Amer. Diet. Ass. 85{8}:950.
Piper nigrumFruit10.0 65.0 -0.15 *
Prunus dulcisSeed28.0 30.0 -0.18 *
Prunus armeniacaFruit10.0 260.0 0.41 *
Prunus domesticaFruit1.0 70.0 -0.14 *
Psidium guajavaFruit20.0 100.0 -0.05 *
Punica granatumFruit0.7 3.5 -0.33 *
Ribes nigrumFruit3.0 30.0 -0.25 *
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf70.0 680.0 0.9 *
Sesamum indicumSeed2.0 4.0 -0.32 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber-- 10.0 *
Spinacia oleraceaLeaf0.3 60.0 -0.45 *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit6.0 60.0 -0.16 *
Theobroma cacaoSeed-- -- -0.34 *
Thymus vulgarisLeaf180.0 1830.0 3.41 J. Amer. Diet. Ass. 85{8}:950.
Trigonella foenum-graecumLeaf110.0 125.0 -0.3 *
Vanilla planifoliaEssential Oil10.0 15.0 *
Vicia fabaSeed7.0 40.0 -0.13 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed-- -- -0.34 *
Vigna radiataSeed-- -- -0.34 *
Vitis viniferaFruit2.0 80.0 -0.11 *
Zea maysFruit1.0 5.0 -0.32 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot45.0 250.0 0.15 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.