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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit880000.0 895000.0 0.54 *
Abelmoschus manihotLeaf-- 884000.0 0.38 *
Abelmoschus esculentusSeed-- 98900.0 -0.49 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Abelmoschus moschatusSeed-- 114000.0 -0.44 Wealth of India.
Abrus precatoriusLeaf-- 790000.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia farnesianaLeaf-- 814000.0 0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acalypha indicaLeaf-- 805000.0 -0.01 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Achillea millefoliumPlant-- 823000.0 0.22 *
Acrocomia totaiSeed-- 31700.0 -0.75 *
Acrocomia totaiFruit-- 43100.0 -3.16 *
Actaea racemosaRoot-- 790000.0 0.14 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actinidia chinensisFruit812000.0 837000.0 0.29 *
Aegle marmelosFruit549600.0 615000.0 -0.68 *
Aesculus hippocastanumSeed30000.0 400000.0 0.66 *
Aframomum meleguetaFruit-- 210000.0 -2.44 *
Aleurites moluccanaSeed-- 70000.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumFlower-- 884000.0 0.47 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepaBulb866000.0 918000.0 0.78 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf906500.0 920000.0 0.56 *
Allium ampeloprasumFlower-- 831000.0 0.12 *
Allium sativum var. sativumShoot-- 777000.0 -2.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumRoot-- 630000.0 -0.91 *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb585000.0 678000.0 -1.41 *
Allium ampeloprasumRoot-- 863000.0 0.61 *
Allium sativum var. sativumLeaf-- 864000.0 0.28 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepaLeaf-- 922000.0 0.57 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf854000.0 894000.0 0.43 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot630000.0 870000.0 0.66 *
Aloe spp.Leaf-- 995000.0 0.93 *
Aloe veraPlant-- 995000.0 0.96 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Alpinia galangaRhizome-- 859000.0 0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Althaea officinalisRoot-- 892000.0 0.8 *
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf837000.0 850000.0 0.21 *
Amaranthus sp.Leaf-- 916000.0 0.54 *
Amorphophallus konjacLeaf-- 974000.0 0.83 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot750000.0 894000.0 0.82 *
Amphicarpaea bracteataSeed-- 500000.0 1.05 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed27000.0 52000.0 -0.67 *
Anacardium occidentaleFruit856000.0 879000.0 0.47 *
Anacardium occidentaleResin, Exudate, Sap79000.0 95000.0 -0.89 *
Anacardium occidentaleLeaf-- 699000.0 -0.54 *
Ananas comosusFruit812000.0 890000.0 0.52 *
Anethum graveolensPlant73000.0 830000.0 0.25 *
Anethum graveolensFruit70310.0 83690.0 -2.99 *
Anethum graveolensSeed70310.0 83690.0 -0.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Angelica sinensisRoot-- 780000.0 0.07 *
Anisomeles indicaSeed-- 82000.0 -0.56 Wealth of India.
Annona cherimolaSeed-- 225000.0 -0.01 *
Annona squamosaFruit728000.0 775000.0 0.02 *
Annona diversifoliaFruit715000.0 720000.0 -0.22 *
Annona cherimolaFruit687000.0 771000.0 0.0 *
Annona reticulataFruit683000.0 801000.0 0.13 *
Annona glabraFruit-- 860000.0 0.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona muricataFruit811600.0 832000.0 0.27 *
Anogeissus latifoliaLeaf123000.0 128000.0 -3.39 *
Anredera baselloidesTuber-- 850000.0 0.64 Wealth of India.
Anthriscus cerefoliumLeaf-- 72000.0 -3.67 *
Apium graveolensPt927000.0 947000.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Apium graveolensSeed60400.0 790000.0 2.16 *
Apium graveolensFruit-- 790000.0 0.08 *
Apium graveolensRoot-- 890000.0 0.79 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Arachis hypogaeaLeaf-- 785000.0 -0.11 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed56000.0 422000.0 0.75 *
Arachis hypogaeaPlant628000.0 842000.0 0.3 *
Aralia cordataLeaf-- 953000.0 0.73 *
Arctium lappaRoot-- 765000.0 -0.03 *
Arctium lappaLeaf-- 738000.0 -0.35 Wealth of India.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf-- 884000.0 0.38 *
Areca catechuSprout Seedling-- 864000.0 0.53 *
Areca catechuSeed123000.0 313000.0 0.33 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot-- 820000.0 0.33 *
Arracacia xanthorrhizaRoot-- 711000.0 -0.38 *
Artemisia vulgarisLeaf-- 873000.0 0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artocarpus heterophyllusLatex Exudate650000.0 750000.0 0.71 *
Artocarpus altilisFruit706000.0 891600.0 0.53 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit712740.0 772000.0 0.01 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusSeed516000.0 577000.0 1.34 *
Artocarpus altilisSeed-- 562700.0 1.29 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Asimina trilobaFruit695000.0 766000.0 -0.02 *
Asparagus officinalisPlant914000.0 950000.0 0.77 *
Asparagus officinalisRoot-- 900000.0 0.86 *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot-- 840000.0 0.46 *
Avena sativaSeed48000.0 213000.0 -0.06 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Avena sativaPlant-- 780000.0 0.04 *
Averrhoa carambolaFruit874000.0 923000.0 0.66 *
Averrhoa bilimbiFruit942000.0 947000.0 0.77 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Bacopa monnieriShoot-- 884000.0 0.14 Wealth of India.
Bactris gasipaesSeed-- 69000.0 -0.61 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Bactris gasipaesFruit364000.0 609000.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Basella albaLeaf-- 931000.0 0.62 *
Benincasa hispidaFruit958000.0 962000.0 0.83 *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed32860.0 38770.0 -0.72 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Beta vulgarisRoot865000.0 881340.0 0.73 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Beta vulgarisLeaf864000.0 926000.0 0.59 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bixa orellanaFruit-- 844000.0 0.32 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bixa orellanaSeed-- 114000.0 -0.44 Wealth of India.
Blighia sapidaSeed715000.0 798000.0 2.19 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapidaAril576000.0 692000.0 0.44 *
Boehmeria niveaLeaf-- 870000.0 0.31 *
Boehmeria niveaStem-- 105000.0 -1.97 *
Borago officinalisHerb-- 930000.0 -1.41 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf890000.0 910230.0 0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica pekinensisLeaf947000.0 954000.0 0.73 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Plant894000.0 926000.0 0.66 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf932500.0 945500.0 0.69 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf890000.0 910230.0 0.51 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot891260.0 901940.0 0.87 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica chinensisLeaf950000.0 956400.0 0.74 *
Brassica rapaLeaf950000.0 956400.0 0.74 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleraceaStem910000.0 921000.0 0.62 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf891000.0 950000.0 0.71 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica nigraSeed-- 76000.0 -0.58 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica junceaSeed-- 62000.0 -0.64 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica rapaRoot900000.0 921120.0 0.99 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf839000.0 850000.0 0.21 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf846000.0 945500.0 0.69 *
Brassica nigraLeaf930030.0 933900.0 0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica junceaLeaf-- 908000.0 0.5 *
Bromelia pinguinShoot916000.0 925000.0 1.02 *
Brosimum alicastrumFruit-- 840000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bupleurum chinenseRoot-- 890000.0 0.79 *
Byrsonima crassifoliaFruit793000.0 832000.0 0.27 *
Cajanus cajanFruit644000.0 694000.0 -0.33 *
Cajanus cajanSeed99000.0 695000.0 1.79 *
Calathea macrosepalaFlower-- 923000.0 0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Calotropis sp.Seed-- 74000.0 -0.59 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf40000.0 120000.0 -3.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Canarium indicumSeed-- 37600.0 -0.73 *
Canavalia ensiformisSeed107000.0 120000.0 -0.41 *
Canavalia ensiformisFruit785000.0 886000.0 0.5 *
Canna indicaRoot-- 668000.0 -0.66 *
Cannabis sativaSeed87500.0 136000.0 -0.35 *
Capparis spinosaFlower696000.0 795000.0 -0.11 *
Capparis spinosaLeaf-- 696000.0 -0.56 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant-- 882000.0 0.48 *
Capsicum annuumFruit742000.0 937000.0 0.72 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit70000.0 889550.0 0.52 *
Carica papayaLeaf697000.0 703000.0 -0.52 *
Carica pentagonaFruit930000.0 932000.0 0.7 *
Carica papayaFruit-- 865000.0 0.41 *
Carica papayaLatex Exudate-- 750000.0 0.71 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed48000.0 50000.0 -0.68 *
Carthamus tinctoriusFlower-- 860000.0 0.31 *
Carum carviSeed91880.0 155000.0 -0.28 *
Carya illinoensisSeed30000.0 50540.0 -0.68 *
Carya glabraPlant-- -- *
Casimiroa edulisFruit783000.0 820000.0 0.21 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot-- 890000.0 0.79 *
Ceiba pentandraWood-- 98000.0 *
Cenchrus biflorusSeed-- 98000.0 -0.5 *
Centella asiaticaPlant-- 893000.0 0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Centella asiaticaLeaf-- 893000.0 0.43 *
Ceratonia siliquaFruit37000.0 247000.0 -2.28 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ceratonia siliquaSeed88900.0 142100.0 -0.33 *
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 812000.0 -0.0 *
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf-- 855000.0 0.24 *
Chenopodium albumSeed88000.0 94000.0 -0.51 *
Chenopodium albumLeaf-- 840300.0 0.16 *
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 834000.0 0.27 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum coronariumLeaf-- 935000.0 0.64 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud-- 925600.0 -1.0 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumLeaf-- 820000.0 0.06 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 895000.0 0.53 *
Chrysophyllum cainitoFruit784000.0 857000.0 0.38 *
Cicer arietinumSeed108220.0 122380.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endiviaLeaf934000.0 943800.0 0.68 *
Cichorium intybusRoot240000.0 800000.0 0.2 *
Cichorium intybusLeaf931000.0 951000.0 0.72 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot-- 790000.0 0.14 *
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 107000.0 -2.02 Wealth of India.
Citrullus lanatusSeed71000.0 81000.0 -0.56 *
Citrullus lanatusFruit915100.0 957000.0 0.81 *
Citrus sinensisFruit839000.0 898000.0 0.55 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit877000.0 911000.0 0.61 *
Citrus mitisFruit Juice-- 896000.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus reticulataFruit879720.0 886000.0 0.5 *
Citrus aurantiumFruit857000.0 892000.0 0.53 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus paradisiFruit847000.0 930000.0 0.69 *
Citrus limonFruit850000.0 894000.0 0.54 *
Citrus mitisFruit870800.0 871200.0 0.44 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cnicus benedictusPlant-- 867000.0 0.41 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansaLeaf764000.0 811000.0 0.02 *
Coccinia grandisFruit-- 931000.0 0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cocos nuciferaSeed363000.0 546000.0 1.22 *
Cocos nuciferaLeaf-- 84500.0 -3.61 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cocos nuciferaHull Husk-- 80000.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Coffea arabicaSeed60000.0 100000.0 -0.49 *
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed89000.0 113000.0 -0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cola acuminataSeed120000.0 629000.0 1.54 *
Colocasia esculentaRoot660530.0 754000.0 -0.1 *
Colocasia esculentaLeaf810000.0 900000.0 0.46 *
Commelina benghalensisLeaf-- 862000.0 0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf804000.0 877200.0 0.35 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf-- 73000.0 -3.67 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Coriandrum sativumFruit86000.0 112000.0 -2.86 *
Corylus avellanaSeed50000.0 74000.0 -0.59 *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- 721000.0 -0.22 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus laevigataFruit-- 721000.0 -0.22 *
Crescentia alataSeed-- 34000.0 -0.74 *
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style85000.0 156000.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Crotalaria junceaSeed-- 86000.0 -0.54 *
Croton tigliumSeed-- 60000.0 -0.64 *
Cucumis meloFruit896000.0 938000.0 0.73 *
Cucumis sativusFruit944000.0 971000.0 0.87 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit-- 916000.0 0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita sppFruit-- 936800.0 0.72 *
Cucurbita maximaLeaf-- 859000.0 0.26 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaRoot-- 653000.0 -0.76 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Cucurbita pepoSeed65200.0 73110.0 -0.59 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaFruit-- 899000.0 0.56 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Cuminum cyminumFruit-- 81000.0 -3.0 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed-- 81000.0 -0.56 *
Curcuma longaPlant-- 690000.0 -0.35 *
Curcuma longaRhizome-- 133000.0 -1.11 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaFruit-- 825000.0 0.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cycas revolutaSeed-- 721000.0 1.89 *
Cycas revolutaFruit-- 618000.0 -0.66 *
Cyclanthera pedataFruit881000.0 945000.0 0.76 *
Cydonia oblongaFruit824000.0 857000.0 0.38 *
Cymbopogon citratusPlant-- 798000.0 0.12 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cynara cardunculusFlower773000.0 854870.0 0.28 *
Cyphomandra betaceaFruit827000.0 87800.0 -2.97 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot600000.0 794000.0 0.16 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonisLeaf-- 890000.0 0.41 *
Daucus carotaRoot858000.0 907000.0 0.9 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot796950.0 831850.0 0.41 *
Dioscorea villosaRoot-- 760000.0 -0.06 *
Dioscorea bulbiferaTuber-- 710000.0 -0.74 *
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 690000.0 -0.52 *
Dioscorea alataRoot650000.0 786000.0 0.11 *
Diospyros virginianaFruit-- 644000.0 -0.55 *
Diospyros digynaFruit794600.0 831000.0 0.26 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Dipteryx odorataSeed69000.0 102000.0 -0.48 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Durio zibethinusFruit580000.0 810000.0 0.17 *
Echinacea purpureaRoot-- 749000.0 -0.13 *
Echinacea sppRoot-- 749000.0 -0.13 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit795600.0 815300.0 0.19 *
Elaeagnus commutataFruit-- 862000.0 0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeis guineensisFruit262000.0 280000.0 -2.13 *
Eleocharis dulcisTuber773000.0 811000.0 0.25 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot-- 790000.0 0.14 *
Elytrigia repensPlant-- 789000.0 0.08 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ephedra sinicaPlant-- 790000.0 0.08 *
Equisetum arvensePlant-- 786000.0 0.06 *
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit865000.0 886000.0 0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eriodictyon californicumLeaf-- 780000.0 -0.14 *
Eryngium floridanumShoot-- 857000.0 -0.44 *
Eryngium creticusShoot-- 887000.0 0.2 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Erythrina fuscaLeaf-- 815000.0 0.04 *
Erythrina berteroanaShoot-- 842000.0 -0.77 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf65000.0 800000.0 -0.04 *
Erythroxylum novogranatenseLeaf100000.0 800000.0 -0.04 *
Eugenia floribundaFruit-- 871000.0 0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia unifloraFruit854000.0 907000.0 0.59 *
Eupatorium perfoliatumPlant-- 910000.0 0.6 *
Euphorbia hirtaLeaf-- 781400.0 -0.13 *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant-- 846000.0 0.32 *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed110000.0 128000.0 -0.38 *
Feijoa sellowianaFruit792000.0 840000.0 0.3 *
Ficus caricaLeaf-- 676000.0 -0.66 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ficus caricaFruit250000.0 877000.0 0.46 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed-- 892000.0 2.55 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant842000.0 900000.0 0.55 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgareFruit80670.0 104796.0 -2.89 *
Fragaria sppFruit870000.0 917000.0 0.64 *
Frangula purshianaBark-- 723000.0 0.24 *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant-- 882000.0 0.48 *
Garcinia mangostanaFruit802000.0 849000.0 0.34 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Genipa americanaFruit-- 676000.0 -0.41 *
Gentiana luteaRoot-- 780000.0 0.07 *
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf-- 760000.0 -0.24 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed124000.0 552000.0 1.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Gliricidia sepiumFlower855000.0 860000.0 0.31 *
Gliricidia sepiumSeed-- 132000.0 -0.37 *
Gliricidia sepiumLeaf-- 847000.0 0.2 *
Glycine maxFruit-- 692000.0 -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxSprout Seedling815000.0 863000.0 0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxSeed83980.0 682000.0 1.74 *
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot-- 843000.0 0.48 *
Gossypium spSeed67700.0 87700.0 -0.54 *
Gymnema sylvestreLeaf-- 810000.0 0.01 *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot-- 810000.0 0.27 *
Helianthus tuberosusTuber370000.0 860000.0 0.74 *
Helianthus annuusSeed53600.0 72900.0 -0.59 *
Hibiscus rosa-sinensisFlower-- 898000.0 0.56 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hibiscus sabdariffaLeaf-- 856000.0 0.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower-- 890000.0 0.51 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaSeed76000.0 129000.0 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hippophae rhamnoidesFruit-- 825000.0 0.24 Abstract (See species file)
Hordeum vulgareSeed6000.0 178000.0 -0.19 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgarePlant-- 883000.0 0.48 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 860000.0 0.43 *
Humulus lupulusFlower-- 814000.0 0.01 *
Humulus lupulusFruit60000.0 120000.0 -2.83 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hydnocarpus wightianaSeed-- 84800.0 -0.55 *
Hydrangea arborescensRoot-- 650000.0 -0.78 *
Hydrastis canadensisRoot-- 723000.0 -0.3 *
Hylocereus undatusFruit844000.0 922000.0 0.66 *
Hylocereus guatemalensisFruit825000.0 830000.0 0.26 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ilex paraguariensisLeaf-- 55000.0 -3.75 *
Ilex paraguariensisSeed-- 72000.0 -0.6 *
Inga edulisSeed-- 633000.0 1.56 *
Inga feuilleiAril-- 840000.0 0.94 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Inula heleniumRoot-- 780000.0 0.07 *
Ipomoea batatasLeaf830000.0 878000.0 0.35 *
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf850000.0 929350.0 0.61 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot682000.0 806000.0 0.24 *
Jatropha curcasSeed-- 66000.0 -0.62 *
Juglans regiaSeed25000.0 42000.0 -0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans cinereaSeed30000.0 36000.0 -0.74 *
Juglans nigraPericarp-- 880000.0 *
Juglans nigraSeed31000.0 43600.0 -0.71 *
Juglans nigraFruit-- 876000.0 0.46 *
Juniperus communisFruit-- 690000.0 -0.35 *
Justicia pectoralisLeaf-- 850000.0 0.21 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lablab purpureusFruit-- 824000.0 0.23 *
Lablab purpureusSeed-- 878000.0 2.5 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf920000.0 971000.0 0.82 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit955400.0 963000.0 0.84 *
Lagenaria sicerariaSeed-- 24700.0 -0.78 *
Lantana camaraFruit-- 760000.0 -0.05 *
Larrea tridentataPlant-- 671000.0 -0.43 *
Lawsonia inermisLeaf-- 90000.0 -3.58 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Lawsonia inermisSeed-- 106000.0 -0.47 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling650000.0 700000.0 -1.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinarisSeed111900.0 124000.0 -0.4 *
Lepidium sativumSeed-- 56900.0 -0.66 *
Lepidium sativumLeaf823000.0 894000.0 0.43 *
Lepidium meyeniiRoot-- 153000.0 -4.03 *
Licania platypusFruit646000.0 674000.0 -0.42 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Limonia acidissimaFruit-- 695000.0 -0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Limonia acidissimaSeed-- 40000.0 -0.72 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Liquidambar orientalisResin, Exudate, Sap150000.0 300000.0 0.8 *
Liquidambar styracifluaResin, Exudate, Sap150000.0 300000.0 0.8 *
Lobelia inflataLeaf-- 887000.0 0.4 *
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit930000.0 950000.0 0.78 *
Luffa aegyptiacaLeaf901000.0 940000.0 0.66 *
Lupinus mutabilisFruit-- 714000.0 -0.25 *
Lupinus albusSeed-- 104400.0 -0.47 *
Lupinus mutabilisSeed77000.0 104000.0 -0.47 *
Lycium chinenseLeaf-- 896000.0 0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit910000.0 982000.0 0.92 *
Macadamia sppSeed28800.0 31000.0 -0.75 *
Maclura pomiferaFruit-- 800000.0 0.13 Smith, J. L. and Perino, J. V. 1981. Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera): History and Economic Uses. Economic Botany 35(1): 24-41
Malpighia glabraFruit914000.0 923000.0 0.66 *
Malus domesticaFruit809000.0 896000.0 0.55 *
Malva sylvestrisLeaf-- 920000.0 0.56 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Malva parvifloraPlant859000.0 863000.0 0.39 *
Mammea americanaFruit855000.0 890000.0 0.52 *
Mangifera indicaFruit754300.0 900000.0 0.56 *
Mangifera indicaLeaf-- 782000.0 -0.13 *
Manihot esculentaLeaf748000.0 810000.0 0.01 *
Manihot esculentaRoot607000.0 694250.0 -0.49 *
Manilkara zapotaFruit690000.0 793000.0 0.1 *
Maranta arundinaceaRoot572000.0 674000.0 -0.62 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mauritia flexuosaFruit-- 540000.0 -1.0 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Medicago sativaPlant-- 812000.0 0.18 *
Medicago sativaSeed-- 117000.0 -0.42 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Melicoccus bijugatasFruit688000.0 825000.0 0.24 *
Mentha spicataPlant-- 830000.0 0.25 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Mentha pulegiumPlant-- 912000.0 0.6 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Mentha spicataLeaf-- 855000.0 0.24 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf-- 851000.0 0.22 *
Mimosa pudicaLeaf749000.0 930000.0 0.61 *
Mimulus glabratusShoot-- 900000.0 0.48 *
Mirabilis expansaRoot650000.0 815000.0 0.3 *
Momordica charantiaLeaf801000.0 846000.0 0.19 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Momordica charantiaFruit795000.0 934000.0 0.71 *
Morinda citrifoliaLeaf-- 776000.0 -0.16 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Moringa oleiferaShoot-- 786600.0 -1.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleiferaFruit-- 882000.0 0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleiferaSeed-- 40000.0 -0.72 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Moringa oleiferaLeaf-- 750000.0 -0.29 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Morus albaFruit850000.0 875000.0 0.45 *
Mucuna pruriensCr91000.0 114000.0 *
Mucuna pruriensSeed71000.0 114000.0 -0.44 *
Muntingia calaburaFruit751000.0 778000.0 0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Murraya spFruit642170.0 663430.0 -0.47 *
Murraya koenigiiLeaf663000.0 730000.0 -0.39 *
Musa x paradisiacaFlower-- 902000.0 0.59 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaPith-- 883000.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaBulb-- 902000.0 0.63 *
Musa x paradisiacaShoot-- 926000.0 1.04 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Musa x paradisiacaLatex Exudate-- 114600.0 -1.41 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaFruit626000.0 757000.0 -0.06 *
Myrciaria dubiaFruit930000.0 940000.0 0.74 *
Myrciaria caulifloraFruit835000.0 871000.0 0.44 *
Myrica ceriferaBark-- 782000.0 0.46 *
Myristica fragransSeed62000.0 143000.0 -0.32 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransAril82000.0 159000.0 -1.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myroxylon balsamumSeed-- 46000.0 -0.7 *
Nasturtium officinaleHerb897000.0 951000.0 0.76 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome750000.0 838000.0 0.71 *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed143000.0 80200.0 -0.57 *
Nepeta catariaPlant-- 880000.0 0.47 *
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf800000.0 900000.0 0.46 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nigella sativaSeed-- 55000.0 -0.66 *
Nyssa sylvaticaResin, Exudate, Sap150000.0 300000.0 0.8 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumPlant-- 74800.0 -2.98 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf771000.0 865000.0 0.29 *
Oenothera biennisSeed63000.0 83000.0 -0.55 *
Olea europaeaFruit-- 782000.0 0.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed53000.0 136000.0 -0.35 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit814000.0 864000.0 0.41 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaBud-- 952600.0 1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Origanum vulgarePlant68380.0 74820.0 -2.98 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum majoranaPlant74920.0 77880.0 -2.97 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oryza sativaSeed-- 103000.0 -0.48 *
Oxalis tuberosaRoot824000.0 838000.0 0.45 *
Pachira macrocarpaSeed-- 54000.0 -0.67 *
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber-- 891500.0 1.05 *
Panax ginsengRoot-- 788000.0 0.12 *
Papaver somniferumSeed62250.0 73300.0 -0.59 *
Parthenium integrifoliumRoot-- 840000.0 0.46 *
Passiflora quadrangularisSeed-- 784000.0 2.14 *
Passiflora foetidaFruit-- 820000.0 0.21 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularisFruit800000.0 944000.0 0.75 *
Passiflora mollissimaFruit920000.0 926000.0 0.68 *
Passiflora edulisSeed-- 54000.0 -0.67 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora ligularisFruit699000.0 860000.0 0.39 *
Passiflora edulisFruit751000.0 790000.0 0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora incarnataFlower-- 890000.0 0.51 *
Pastinaca sativaRoot724000.0 810000.0 0.27 *
Paullinia yokoBark-- 123000.0 -1.96 *
Peganum harmalaPlant-- 677000.0 -0.4 *
Peperomia pelucidaLeaf-- 922000.0 0.57 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pereskiifoliaLeaf-- 850000.0 0.21 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pereskia aculeataFruit914000.0 968000.0 0.86 *
Perideridia gairdneriRoot-- 628600.0 -0.92 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Perilla frutescensSeed63000.0 178000.0 -0.19 *
Perilla frutescensLeaf-- 860000.0 0.26 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Persea americanaFruit716000.0 830000.0 0.26 *
Persea schiedeanaFruit765000.0 776000.0 0.02 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Petasites japonicusPt-- 945000.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Petroselinum crispumPlant-- 921000.0 0.64 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed49800.0 90100.0 -0.53 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed63000.0 604000.0 1.44 *
Phaseolus lunatusSprout Seedling-- 640000.0 -1.67 *
Phaseolus coccineusSeed64200.0 136000.0 -0.35 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusHay66000.0 108000.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf-- 868000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusSeed46900.0 702400.0 1.82 *
Phaseolus coccineusFruit342000.0 583000.0 -0.82 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus acutifoliusFruit-- 80000.0 -3.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling-- 907000.0 0.95 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit688000.0 942000.0 0.75 *
Phaseolus lunatusLeaf-- 972000.0 0.82 *
Phoenix dactyliferaSeed71700.0 90000.0 -0.53 *
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit153000.0 785000.0 0.06 *
Phragmites australisRhizome-- 53000.0 -1.32 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit771000.0 841000.0 0.31 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phyllanthus acidusFruit905000.0 914000.0 0.62 *
Physalis ixocarpaFruit917000.0 930000.0 0.69 *
Physalis angulataFruit-- 900000.0 0.56 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis peruvianaFruit789000.0 829000.0 0.25 *
Phytelephas aequatorialisFlower-- 708000.0 -0.68 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialisSeed-- 877100.0 2.49 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialisMesocarp483800.0 811400.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytolacca americanaShoot-- 916000.0 0.83 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed95000.0 110000.0 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus cembroidesSeed31000.0 37000.0 -0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus gerardianaSeed-- 75000.0 -0.59 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus elliottiiResin, Exudate, Sap-- 20000.0 -1.51 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus edulisSeed30000.0 59000.0 -0.65 *
Pinus pineaSeed56000.0 69750.0 -0.61 *
Piper nigrumFruit103109.0 107091.0 -2.88 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper betelLeaf-- 854000.0 0.23 *
Piper methysticumRoot-- 120000.0 -4.25 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Piper auritumLeaf804000.0 822000.0 0.07 *
Pistacia veraSeed36500.0 5300.0 -0.85 *
Pisum sativumSeed760000.0 793670.0 2.17 *
Pisum sativumFruit880000.0 897750.0 0.55 *
Plantago psylliumSeed782000.0 -- *
Plantago majorSeed-- 700000.0 1.81 *
Plantago psylliumHull Husk-- 83000.0 1.0 *
Platonia insignisFruit700000.0 723000.0 -0.21 *
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot-- 242000.0 -3.45 *
Plectranthus amboinicusLeaf-- 944000.0 0.68 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- 800000.0 0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Polymnia edulisRoot822000.0 909000.0 0.91 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb912000.0 950000.0 0.65 *
Pothomorphe sp.Leaf-- 820000.0 0.06 *
Pourouma cecropiaefoliaFruit-- 820000.0 0.21 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pouteria campechianaFruit572000.0 606000.0 -0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria caimitoFruit606000.0 741000.0 -0.13 *
Pouteria viridisFruit-- 684000.0 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Prunus persicaFruit835000.0 964000.0 0.84 *
Prunus cerasusFruit826000.0 874000.0 0.45 *
Prunus salicifoliaFruit768000.0 808000.0 0.16 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Prunus persicaBark-- 792000.0 0.49 *
Prunus armeniacaFruit-- 963500.0 0.84 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus domesticaFruit840000.0 933000.0 0.71 *
Psidium guajavaSeed-- 103000.0 -0.48 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Psidium guajavaFruit770000.0 868000.0 0.42 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium cattleianumFruit783200.0 843000.0 0.31 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusTuber-- 574000.0 -2.08 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed79780.0 882930.0 2.51 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusLeaf758000.0 779000.0 -0.14 *
Psoralea esculentaRoot-- 569800.0 -1.31 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Pteridium aquilinumLeaf-- 913000.0 0.53 *
Pterocarpus marsupiumLeaf-- 788000.0 -0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pueraria montanaRoot-- 686000.0 -0.54 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Punica granatumFruit780000.0 823220.0 0.23 *
Punica granatumSeed-- 350000.0 0.47 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pyrus communisFruit817000.0 891000.0 0.52 *
Quararibea cordataFruit800000.0 853000.0 0.36 *
Quercus albaBark-- 772000.0 0.42 *
Quercus suberCork30000.0 70000.0 *
Quisqualis indicaSeed-- 65000.0 -0.62 *
Raphanus sativusFruit899000.0 923000.0 0.66 *
Raphanus sativusRoot926000.0 945000.0 1.15 *
Raphanus sativusLeaf-- 856000.0 0.24 *
Rauvolfia serpentinaSeed55000.0 87000.0 -0.54 *
Rheum rhabarbarumStem927000.0 950000.0 0.71 *
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf-- 900000.0 0.46 *
Rhizophora mangleLeaf-- 656000.0 -0.76 *
Rhus copallinaPlant-- -- *
Ribes nigrumFruit815220.0 824000.0 0.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ribes uva-crispaFruit875000.0 882000.0 0.48 *
Ribes rubrumFruit834000.0 845000.0 0.32 *
Ricinus communisSeed51000.0 56000.0 -0.66 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Robinia pseudoacaciaSeed103000.0 115000.0 -0.43 *
Rollinia mucosaFruit-- 772000.0 0.01 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Rosa caninaFruit-- 813000.0 0.18 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant77900.0 677700.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubus idaeusFruit-- 865700.0 0.41 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rubus idaeusLeaf-- 831000.0 0.12 *
Rubus chamaemorusFruit-- 840000.0 0.3 *
Rumex acetosaLeaf-- 900000.0 0.46 *
Rumex crispusRoot-- 743000.0 -0.17 *
Rumex crispusLeaf-- 926000.0 0.59 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ruscus aculeatusRoot-- 698000.0 -0.47 *
Ruscus aculeatusPlant-- 698000.0 -0.31 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Salix albaBark-- 832000.0 0.64 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf-- 843000.0 0.18 *
Sambucus nigraFruit791000.0 821600.0 0.22 *
Santalum acuminatumFruit-- 767000.0 -0.02 *
Schisandra chinensisFruit-- 913000.0 0.62 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sclerocarya caffraSeed-- 39000.0 -0.72 *
Sclerocarya caffraFruit-- 917000.0 0.64 *
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant-- 863000.0 0.39 *
Secale cerealeSeed100000.0 110000.0 -0.45 *
Sechium eduleLeaf-- 823000.0 0.08 *
Sechium eduleFruit925000.0 930000.0 0.69 *
Sechium eduleShoot-- 926000.0 1.04 *
Senna alexandrinaLeaf-- 797000.0 -0.05 *
Senna obtusifoliaSeed96800.0 97200.0 -0.5 *
Serenoa repensFruit-- 870000.0 0.43 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sesamum indicumSeed45100.0 50820.0 -0.68 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sicana odoriferaFruit851000.0 874000.0 0.45 *
Sida rhombifoliaLeaf-- 802000.0 -0.03 *
Silybum marianumPlant-- 882000.0 0.48 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Silybum marianumLeaf-- 780000.0 -0.14 *
Simmondsia chinensisSeed43000.0 46000.0 -0.7 *
Sinapis albaSeed66450.0 75700.0 -0.58 *
Smilax officinalisRoot-- 790000.0 0.14 *
Smilax sppRoot-- 790000.0 0.14 *
Solanum melongenaFruit905000.0 932000.0 0.7 *
Solanum quitoensisFruit858000.0 925000.0 0.67 *
Solanum nigrumLeaf821000.0 878000.0 0.35 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber700000.0 800000.0 0.15 *
Solanum melongenaLeaf-- 864000.0 0.28 *
Solanum sessiliflorumFruit-- 900000.0 0.56 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Solanum torvumFruit-- 854000.0 0.36 *
Sonchus oleraceusLeaf920000.0 932000.0 0.62 *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit-- 740000.0 -0.13 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaSeed-- 94000.0 -0.51 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaRoot-- 648000.0 -0.79 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant913120.0 930000.0 0.68 *
Spondias mombinFruit827000.0 880000.0 0.48 *
Spondias dulcisFruit596000.0 869000.0 0.43 *
Spondias purpureaFruit758000.0 762000.0 -0.04 *
Spondias pinnataFruit-- 903000.0 0.58 *
Stachys officinalisPlant-- 832000.0 0.26 *
Stellaria mediaPlant-- 917000.0 0.63 *
Sterculia urensGum120000.0 240000.0 *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 823000.0 0.08 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 862000.0 0.61 *
Symphytum officinaleLeaf-- 890000.0 0.41 *
Syzygium cuminiFruit827000.0 858000.0 0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium malaccenseFruit903000.0 935000.0 0.71 *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit69000.0 252000.0 -2.25 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Syzygium aromaticumFlower69000.0 252000.0 -3.65 *
Syzygium jambosFruit820000.0 891000.0 0.52 *
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark-- 821000.0 0.6 *
Tamarindus indicaFruit-- 314000.0 -1.99 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 895000.0 0.53 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum officinaleRoot-- 857000.0 0.57 *
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf356000.0 880000.0 0.36 *
Terminalia catappaSeed27000.0 60000.0 -0.64 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia belliricaFruit-- 61000.0 -3.09 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Terminalia chebulaFruit-- 100000.0 -2.92 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Terminalia belliricaLeaf751000.0 780000.0 -0.14 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf-- 940000.0 0.66 *
Theobroma bicolorFruit790000.0 921400.0 0.66 *
Theobroma cacaoFruit-- 580000.0 -0.83 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma speciosumFruit-- 610000.0 -0.7 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma bicolorSeed36000.0 523100.0 1.13 *
Theobroma angustifoliumSeed31900.0 441700.0 0.82 *
Theobroma bicolorPetiole-- 505900.0 1.0 *
Theobroma angustifoliumPetiole-- 446800.0 -1.0 *
Theobroma cacaoSeed-- 36000.0 -0.74 *
Thymus vulgarisPlant74111.0 81690.0 -2.95 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Thymus vulgarisLeaf-- 832000.0 0.12 *
Tilia sp.Leaf-- 120000.0 -3.43 *
Tilia sp.Fruit-- 681000.0 -0.39 *
Trachyspermum ammiFruit-- 74000.0 -3.03 *
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot768000.0 776000.0 0.04 *
Tribulus terrestrisLeaf720000.0 791000.0 -0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit-- 946000.0 0.76 *
Trifolium pratenseFlower-- 820000.0 0.05 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed-- 870000.0 2.47 *
Triticum aestivumSeed60000.0 159000.0 -0.26 *
Triticum aestivumPlant666000.0 876000.0 0.45 *
Tropaeolum tuberosumRoot860000.0 921000.0 0.99 *
Tropaeolum majusShoot-- 863000.0 -0.31 *
Turnera diffusaLeaf-- 790000.0 -0.09 *
Ulex europaeusPlant-- 527000.0 -1.04 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ullucus tuberosusRoot859000.0 863000.0 0.61 *
Ulmus rubraBark-- 836000.0 0.66 *
Urtica dioicaLeaf-- 800000.0 -0.04 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit-- 920000.0 0.65 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit-- 880000.0 0.48 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit843000.0 849000.0 0.34 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFruit800000.0 932000.0 0.7 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot-- 882000.0 0.74 *
Valerianella locustaPlant-- 928000.0 0.67 *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit259000.0 309000.0 -2.01 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Verbascum thapsusLeaf-- 560000.0 -1.24 *
Viburnum opulusBark-- 782000.0 0.46 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vicia fabaSeed-- 810000.0 2.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia fabaFruit-- 854000.0 0.36 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna unguiculataLeaf-- 890000.0 0.41 *
Vigna subterraneaSeed101000.0 573000.0 1.33 *
Vigna mungoSeed98000.0 106000.0 -0.47 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot-- 897800.0 0.44 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed83120.0 85480.0 -0.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling-- 888140.0 0.76 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna angularisSeed-- 134400.0 -0.36 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed115600.0 668000.0 1.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataShoot-- 897800.0 0.44 *
Vigna unguiculataFruit872000.0 884560.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiataSeed86100.0 94890.0 -0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed90130.0 108000.0 -0.46 *
Vigna unguiculataLeaf-- 890000.0 0.41 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Viscum albumLeaf-- 798000.0 -0.05 *
Vitis viniferaStem-- 792000.0 0.21 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitis viniferaFruit761000.0 897000.0 0.55 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumLeaf-- 839000.0 0.16 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot150000.0 770000.0 0.0 *
Yucca baccataRoot-- 792000.0 0.15 *
Zea maysSeed100000.0 885000.0 2.52 *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- 620000.0 1.0 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot-- 930000.0 1.05 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome93090.0 930000.0 0.95 *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit162000.0 830000.0 0.26 *
Zizyphus spina-christiFruit-- 93000.0 -2.95 *
Zizyphus jujubaSeed-- 213000.0 -0.06 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.