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Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Vanilla planifoliaFruit13000.0 30000.0 1.0 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit0.01 0.05 -1.0 *
Cocos nuciferaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Foeniculum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Elytrigia repensRhizome-- -- *
Catalpa ovataWood-- -- *
Ananas comosusFruit-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Echinacea purpureaPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Mentha spicataEssential Oil-- -- *
Vitis viniferaFruit-- -- *
Tilia sp.Flower-- -- *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf0.001 0.01 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Solanum melongenaRoot-- -- *
Helianthus annuusSeed-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Zea maysShoot-- -- *
Zea maysCob-- -- *
Vanilla tahitensisFruit-- -- *
Mentha spicataLeaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Urtica dioicaRoot-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed-- -- *
Cymbopogon winterianusPlant-- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Filipendula ulmariaFlower-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Myristica fragransEssential Oil-- -- *
Zea maysSeed4.0 31.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Echinacea sppPlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Liquidambar orientalisResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Melia azedarachFruit-- -- *
Ferula assa-foetidaPlant-- 600.0 *
Myroxylon balsamumPlant-- -- *
Avena sativaPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Helianthus annuusFruit-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumPlant-- -- *
Helianthus annuusRoot-- 0.9 *
Lycopersicon esculentumPlant-- -- *
Croton eluteriaBark-- -- *
Guaiacum sp.Wood-- -- *
Viola odorataFlower-- -- *
Echinacea purpureaShoot-- 2.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
Zingiber officinalePlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Quercus rubraWood-- -- *
Jasminum officinaleFlower-- -- *
Syzygium aromaticumFlower-- -- *
Moringa oleiferaStem-- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Styrax benzoinResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumStem Bark-- -- *
Vanilla planifoliaShoot-- -- *
Vanilla planifoliaRoot-- -- *
Vanilla planifoliaSeed-- -- *
Styrax tonkinensisResin, Exudate, Sap-- 3000.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Ilex paraguariensisLeaf-- -- *
Liquidambar styracifluaResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit Juice-- 0.015 *
Quercus suberCork-- -- *
Rosa caninaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tabebuia impetiginosaStem Bark-- -- *
Gastrodia elataRhizome-- -- *
Lupinus albusSeed-- -- *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- -- *
Cinnamomum camphoraWood-- -- *
Serenoa repensWood-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Scutellaria baicalensisRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Beta vulgarisRoot-- -- *
Croton lechleriPlant-- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.