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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Ananas comosusFruit-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Avena sativaPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Beta vulgarisRoot-- -- *
Catalpa ovataWood-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumPlant-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumStem Bark-- -- *
Cinnamomum camphoraWood-- -- *
Cocos nuciferaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Croton lechleriPlant-- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Croton eluteriaBark-- -- *
Cymbopogon winterianusPlant-- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Echinacea purpureaPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Echinacea sppPlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Echinacea purpureaShoot-- 2.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot-- -- *
Elytrigia repensRhizome-- -- *
Ferula assa-foetidaPlant-- 600.0 *
Filipendula ulmariaFlower-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Foeniculum vulgareSeed-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Gastrodia elataRhizome-- -- *
Guaiacum sp.Wood-- -- *
Helianthus annuusFruit-- -- *
Helianthus annuusSeed-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Helianthus annuusRoot-- 0.9 *
Ilex paraguariensisLeaf-- -- *
Jasminum officinaleFlower-- -- *
Liquidambar styracifluaResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Liquidambar orientalisResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Lupinus albusSeed-- -- *
Lycopersicon esculentumPlant-- -- *
Melia azedarachFruit-- -- *
Mentha spicataLeaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Mentha spicataEssential Oil-- -- *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf0.001 0.01 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Moringa oleiferaStem-- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Myristica fragransEssential Oil-- -- *
Myroxylon balsamumPlant-- -- *
Quercus rubraWood-- -- *
Quercus suberCork-- -- *
Rosa caninaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Scutellaria baicalensisRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Serenoa repensWood-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Solanum melongenaRoot-- -- *
Styrax tonkinensisResin, Exudate, Sap-- 3000.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Styrax benzoinResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- -- *
Syzygium aromaticumFlower-- -- *
Tabebuia impetiginosaStem Bark-- -- *
Tilia sp.Flower-- -- *
Urtica dioicaRoot-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit Juice-- 0.015 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit0.01 0.05 -1.0 *
Vanilla planifoliaSeed-- -- *
Vanilla planifoliaRoot-- -- *
Vanilla tahitensisFruit-- -- *
Vanilla planifoliaShoot-- -- *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit13000.0 30000.0 1.0 *
Viola odorataFlower-- -- *
Vitis viniferaFruit-- -- *
Zea maysCob-- -- *
Zea maysShoot-- -- *
Zea maysSeed4.0 31.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Zingiber officinalePlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.