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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Agrimonia eupatoriaPlant-- 6000.0 -0.51 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Arbutus unedoLeaf-- -- *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiPlant-- -- *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf4000.0 7500.0 -0.25 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiShoot-- -- *
Artocarpus heterophyllusRoot-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Berberis vulgarisFruit-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Catalpa bignonioidesLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Catharanthus roseusLeaf-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chimaphila umbellataShoot-- -- *
Chimaphila umbellataPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chrysanthemum x morifoliumFlower-- -- Wealth of India.
Cnicus benedictusPlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cornus officinalisSeed-- -- *
Cornus masShoot-- -- Zorina, A. D., Matyukhina, L. G., Ryabinin, A. A. 1966. Triterpenes in Some Plant Species. Chem Nat Comp, 2(4): 291.
Cornus officinalisFruit-- -- *
Cornus masFlower-- -- Grigorescu, E., Ionescu, A. P. 1976. Isolation of Ursolic Acid from Cornus mas (Cornaceae). Phytochemistry, 15: 1097.
Cornus floridaPlant-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Crataegus monogynaPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Crataegus rhipidophyllaShoot-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Crataegus laevigataShoot-- -- *
Crataegus monogynaInflorescence-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Crataegus cuneataFruit-- -- *
Cryptostegia grandifoliaLeaf-- -- *
Duboisia myoporoidesShoot-- 10.0 -0.74 *
Duchesnea indicaPlant-- 1.6 -0.8 *
Elaeagnus pungensLeaf-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Eriobotrya japonicaLeaf13.7 955.6 -0.39 *
Eucalyptus citriodoraRoot-- 67.0 1.0 *
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Eucalyptus globulusWood-- 8.0 *
Eucalyptus citriodoraLeaf-- -- *
Eucalyptus citriodoraPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Eucalyptus grandisLeaf-- 6000.0 -0.28 *
Forsythia suspensaFruit-- -- *
Gaultheria fragrantissimaLeaf-- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Gaultheria procumbensLeaf-- -- *
Glechoma hederaceaPlant-- 166.0 -0.79 Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Harpagophytum procumbensTuber-- -- *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot-- -- *
Helichrysum angustifoliumStem-- -- *
Helichrysum angustifoliumFlower-- -- *
Holarrhena pubescensLeaf-- -- *
Humulus lupulusStem-- -- *
Hyptis capitataShoot-- -- Kashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
Hyssopus officinalisPlant-- 4900.0 -0.56 *
Ilex paraguariensisLeaf-- -- *
Lavandula angustifoliaLeaf-- 7000.0 -0.26 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Lavandula latifoliaLeaf10000.0 19000.0 0.01 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Leonurus cardiacaPlant-- -- *
Ligustrum lucidumPlant-- -- *
Ligustrum lucidumFruit-- 0.3 -1.07 *
Ligustrum japonicumFruit-- -- *
Limonia acidissimaWood-- -- Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Lycopus europeusPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Malus domesticaWax-- -- *
Malus domesticaFruit Epidermis-- -- *
Malus domesticaPericarp-- -- *
Marrubium vulgareLeaf-- 1000.0 -0.39 *
Marrubium vulgareFlower-- -- *
Marrubium vulgarePlant-- 1200.0 -0.74 *
Melaleuca leucadendraPlant-- -- *
Melissa officinalisPlant-- -- *
Mentha spicataShoot-- -- *
Mentha x rotundifoliaTissue Culture-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Mentha spicataPlant-- -- *
Mentha spicataLeaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Monarda didymaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Morinda citrifoliaLeaf-- -- *
Nepeta catariaPlant-- -- *
Nepeta catariaShoot-- 10300.0 1.82 *
Nerium oleanderPlant-- 43000.0 1.26 *
Ocimum basilicumSprout Seedling-- 63.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ocimum canumShoot-- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Ocimum tenuiflorumLeaf2520.0 4780.0 -0.31 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumInflorescence10.0 30.0 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf-- -- *
Ocimum tenuiflorumPlant-- -- *
Ocimum basilicumFlower-- 1740.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ocimum basilicumStem-- 845.0 0.79 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ocimum tenuiflorumStem20.0 100.0 -1.11 *
Origanum majoranaPlant500.0 2100.0 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 3100.0 -0.65 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Plantago asiaticaPlant-- -- *
Plantago majorPlant-- -- *
Plectranthus amboinicusPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Prosopis glandulosaShoot-- 145.0 -0.7 Kashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
Prunella vulgarisPlant-- -- *
Prunella vulgarisShoot211.0 4400.0 0.35 *
Prunus africanaBark-- 28900.0 *
Prunus persicaLeaf-- -- *
Prunus laurocerasusLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.19 *
Prunus serotinaLeaf-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Prunus cerasusFruit-- -- *
Psidium guajavaLeaf-- -- *
Psidium guajavaFruit-- -- *
Punica granatumFlower-- -- *
Punica granatumFruit-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Punica granatumSeed-- -- *
Punica granatumPericarp-- 6000.0 Hegnauer, R. 1962-1997. Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen, Bde 1-11. Birkhauser Verlag Basel, Boston, Berlin.
Punica granatumLeaf-- 4500.0 -0.31 *
Pyrus communisFruit-- -- *
Rhododendron dauricumPlant-- -- *
Rhododendron ponticumLeaf-- -- *
Rhododendron ferrugineumLeaf-- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot-- 20.0 -0.73 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant28000.0 41000.0 1.16 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf28000.0 192000.0 3.92 *
Rubus fruticosusPlant-- -- *
Salvia officinalisStem-- 200.0 -0.86 *
Salvia trilobaPlant-- 74500.0 2.76 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Salvia officinalisLeaf1255.0 1300.0 -0.39 *
Salvia sclareaPlant-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Salvia officinalisRoot-- -- *
Sambucus nigraLeaf-- -- *
Sambucus nigraFlower-- -- *
Sambucus nigraBark-- -- *
Sanguisorba officinalisPlant-- -- *
Satureja hortensisStem-- 1000.0 1.18 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Satureja hortensisLeaf-- 1700.0 -0.38 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Satureja montanaLeaf-- 16000.0 -0.05 *
Satureja montanaPlant-- 16000.0 -0.03 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sorbus aucubariaFruit-- -- *
Syringa vulgarisLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Syzygium claviflorumLeaf-- 20.0 -0.42 Kashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
Teucrium scorodoniaLeaf-- 3000.0 -0.35 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium chamaedrysPlant-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Teucrium scordiumPlant-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Teucrium poliumPlant-- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Thevetia peruvianaLeaf-- 1500.0 -0.38 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Thymus vulgarisPlant15000.0 18800.0 0.1 *
Thymus serpyllumPlant7500.0 9100.0 -0.36 *
Uncaria tomentosaPlant-- -- *
Urtica dioicaRoot-- 15.0 -1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFruit-- 7500.0 1.34 *
Vaccinium corymbosumPlant-- -- *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit-- 2500.0 -0.27 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Verbena officinalisPlant-- -- *
Viburnum opulusFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Viburnum prunifoliumRoot Bark-- -- *
Viburnum prunifoliumBark-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vinca minorPlant2400.0 13400.0 -0.16 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vinca minorLeaf1400.0 37000.0 0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vitis viniferaFruit-- -- *
Zizyphus jujubaPlant-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.