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Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Achillea millefoliumPlant-- 150.0 1.41 *
Agastache rugosaShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Agathosma betulinaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Anethum graveolensFruit42.0 270.0 1.0 *
Anethum graveolensSeed42.0 270.0 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Angelica archangelicaRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Angelica archangelicaRoot-- 11.0 *
Apium graveolensFruit Essent. Oil-- 1000.0 1.0 *
Apium graveolensSeed Essent. Oil-- 1000.0 *
Apium graveolensEssential Oil-- -- *
Carum carviSeed105.0 210.0 -1.0 *
Carum carviFlower Essent. Oil-- -- *
Citrus reticulataFruit-- 4.0 -1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cymbopogon martiniiPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Laurus nobilisLeaf-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lavandula latifoliaPlant1.0 3.0 -0.72 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Mentha spicataLeaf2.0 50.0 *
Mentha spicataShoot-- -- *
Mentha longifoliaShoot1.0 340.0 -0.14 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Mentha spicataEssential Oil-- -- *
Micromeria variaShoot-- -- -0.42 Pedro, L.G., et al. 1995. Composition of the Essential oil of Micromeria varia Benth. ssp. thymoides (Sol. ex Lowe) Perez var. thymoides, and endemic species of the Madeira Archipelago. flav. & Fragr. J. 10(3): 199-202.
Micromeria variaShoot-- -- -0.42 *
Origanum vulgareShoot Essent. Oil-- 1000.0 *
Piper nigrumFruit Essent. Oil-- 100.0 -1.0 *
Piper nigrumFruit-- -- *
Pycnanthemum albescensShoot1112.0 3753.0 2.64 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant1.0 5.0 -0.69 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Teucrium poliumShoot-- 2.0 -0.42 Perez-Alonso, M.J. Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Lopez-Saez, J.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Two Iberian Teucrium Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 397-402.
Teucrium gnaphalodesShoot-- 4.0 -0.42 Perez-Alonso, M.J. Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Lopez-Saez, J.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Two Iberian Teucrium Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 397-402.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 8.0 -0.41 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 8.0 -0.41 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.