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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Theobroma bicolorFruit18.0 85.0 10.2 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot-- 58.0 4.57 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actaea racemosaRoot-- 58.0 4.57 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Helianthus annuusSeed22.0 24.0 4.16 *
Spirulina pratensisPlant-- 51.0 3.69 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Aegle marmelosFruit1.3 33.0 3.54 *
Ephedra sinicaPlant-- 47.0 3.35 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Theobroma speciosumFruit9.0 25.0 2.52 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Arachis hypogaeaSeed6.0 17.0 2.49 *
Malva sylvestrisLeaf1.0 20.0 2.44 *
Sonchus oleraceusLeaf0.7 19.0 2.23 *
Agathosma betulinaLeaf7.0 19.0 2.23 *
Barosma betulinaLeaf7.0 19.0 2.23 *
Ulmus rubraBark-- 5.0 2.16 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vigna unguiculataShoot3.5 35.0 2.02 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot3.5 35.0 2.02 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower0.6 12.0 1.96 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling3.7 40.0 1.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit0.8 20.0 1.88 *
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf1.0 17.0 1.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Colocasia esculentaLeaf1.3 17.0 1.81 *
Mimosa pudicaLeaf1.2 17.0 1.81 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed3.0 14.0 1.77 *
Pisum sativumSeed2.4 13.9 1.75 *
Helianthus tuberosusTuber2.0 10.0 1.62 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Durio zibethinusFruit2.4 18.0 1.62 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf1.0 16.0 1.6 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome2.2 14.0 1.56 *
Pinus edulisSeed12.0 13.0 1.53 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cajanus cajanSeed4.0 13.0 1.53 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansaLeaf2.0 15.0 1.4 *
Avena sativaSeed2.6 12.1 1.32 *
Pinus cembroidesSeed7.0 12.0 1.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Triticum aestivumSeed1.1 12.0 1.29 *
Lablab purpureusSeed0.77 12.0 1.29 *
Apium graveolensPt-- 10.0 1.26 *
Pisum sativumFruit1.5 15.0 1.24 *
Capsicum annuumFruit1.0 15.0 1.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium sativum var. sativumFlower1.1 9.5 1.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Asparagus officinalisShoot1.0 26.0 1.19 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumLeaf0.9 14.0 1.19 *
Cichorium intybusLeaf1.0 14.0 1.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Centella asiaticaLeaf1.5 14.0 1.19 *
Beta vulgarisLeaf0.6 14.0 1.19 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cichorium endiviaLeaf0.7 14.0 1.19 *
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant2.5 21.2 1.16 *
Glycine maxFruit4.4 14.0 1.11 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf1.8 13.6 1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed1.4 11.2 1.1 *
Blighia sapidaAril1.3 4.0 1.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style0.7 4.0 1.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb-- 8.0 1.0 *
Nasturtium officinaleHerb1.0 18.0 1.0 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud0.3 4.2 1.0 *
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 13.0 1.0 *
Aralia cordataLeaf0.6 13.0 0.98 *
Cucurbita pepoFlower0.4 8.6 0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cajanus cajanFruit3.4 12.4 0.9 *
Allium ampeloprasumFlower1.4 8.3 0.88 *
Momordica charantiaFruit0.2 12.0 0.85 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artocarpus altilisSeed2.0 10.0 0.81 *
Glycine maxSeed4.0 10.0 0.81 *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed-- 10.0 0.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sesamum indicumSeed5.0 10.0 0.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed3.7 10.0 0.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hordeum vulgareSeed1.0 10.0 0.81 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed1.1 10.0 0.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed9.0 10.0 0.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Papaver somniferumSeed7.8 9.9 0.79 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf-- 12.1 0.79 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Gliricidia sepiumFlower1.1 8.0 0.79 *
Solanum nigrumLeaf1.0 12.0 0.77 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf0.5 12.0 0.77 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaLeaf-- 12.0 0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia vulgarisLeaf1.5 12.0 0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cucurbita sppFruit0.6 10.0 0.6 *
Solanum melongenaFruit0.4 10.0 0.6 *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit1.0 10.0 0.6 *
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit0.5 10.0 0.6 *
Benincasa hispidaFruit-- 10.0 0.6 *
Canavalia ensiformisFruit1.0 10.0 0.6 *
Vigna unguiculataFruit0.8 10.0 0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia fabaSeed1.7 9.0 0.58 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed2.7 9.0 0.58 *
Pinus pineaSeed6.0 9.0 0.58 *
Sida rhombifoliaLeaf2.2 11.0 0.56 *
Acacia farnesianaLeaf2.0 11.0 0.56 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Arachis hypogaeaLeaf2.3 11.0 0.56 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf1.3 11.0 0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carya illinoensisSeed7.2 8.9 0.55 *
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf1.3 10.8 0.52 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed2.0 8.7 0.5 *
Canavalia ensiformisSeed4.6 8.6 0.48 *
Citrullus lanatusFruit4.0 9.0 0.47 *
Tamarindus indicaFruit2.0 9.0 0.47 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit0.5 8.8 0.44 *
Pastinaca sativaRoot0.8 11.4 0.42 *
Arctium lappaRoot1.0 11.0 0.38 *
Vitis viniferaStem-- 11.0 0.37 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Peperomia pereskiifoliaLeaf1.5 10.0 0.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Manihot esculentaLeaf2.0 10.0 0.35 *
Chenopodium albumLeaf1.0 10.0 0.35 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf0.5 10.0 0.35 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit7.0 8.0 0.34 *
Cyclanthera pedataFruit0.4 8.0 0.34 *
Zea maysFruit2.0 8.0 0.34 *
Solanum torvumFruit1.2 8.0 0.34 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit-- 8.0 0.34 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus reticulataFruit1.0 8.0 0.34 *
Annona diversifoliaFruit0.2 8.0 0.34 *
Raphanus sativusFruit0.3 7.9 0.33 *
Ipomoea batatasLeaf0.8 9.8 0.31 *
Pouteria caimitoFruit0.2 7.7 0.3 *
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- 10.0 0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cucumis sativusFruit0.3 7.6 0.29 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant1.0 11.0 0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Raphanus sativusRoot0.3 9.7 0.27 *
Vigna radiataSeed5.4 7.7 0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit0.4 7.4 0.26 *
Crescentia alataSeed7.3 7.6 0.24 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaSeed6.9 7.6 0.24 *
Tropaeolum tuberosumRoot0.6 9.3 0.23 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot-- 9.3 0.23 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Myristica fragransAril-- 3.0 0.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Spinacia oleraceaPlant0.7 10.2 0.22 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed1.5 7.5 0.22 *
Cyphomandra betaceaFruit0.3 7.0 0.21 *
Ananas comosusFruit-- 7.0 0.21 *
Solanum quitoensisFruit0.4 7.0 0.21 *
Cuminum cyminumFruit6.0 7.0 0.21 *
Citrus sinensisFruit1.0 7.0 0.21 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot1.0 9.0 0.21 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cynara cardunculusFlower0.7 6.0 0.2 *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit0.3 6.9 0.2 *
Phaseolus lunatusSeed1.6 7.4 0.19 *
Curcuma longaRhizome-- 8.0 0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Averrhoa carambolaFruit0.2 6.57 0.16 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit0.3 6.5 0.15 *
Rumex acetosaLeaf0.8 9.0 0.14 *
Gliricidia sepiumLeaf1.4 9.0 0.14 *
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf0.3 9.0 0.14 *
Brassica chinensisLeaf0.4 9.0 0.14 *
Erythrina fuscaLeaf2.4 9.0 0.14 *
Borago officinalisLeaf1.0 9.0 0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapaLeaf0.4 9.0 0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ruscus aculeatusRoot-- 8.3 0.14 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Rumex crispusRoot-- 8.1 0.13 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Pereskia aculeataFruit0.2 6.3 0.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium ampeloprasumRoot1.1 8.0 0.12 *
Blighia sapidaSeed0.7 7.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia catappaSeed3.0 7.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cuminum cyminumSeed6.0 7.0 0.1 *
Lupinus albusSeed6.0 7.0 0.1 *
Perilla frutescensSeed1.0 7.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus paradisiFruit-- 6.0 0.09 *
Citrus limonFruit4.0 6.0 0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis ixocarpaFruit0.5 6.0 0.09 *
Citrus aurantiumFruit1.0 6.0 0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phyllanthus acidusFruit0.1 6.0 0.09 *
Glycine maxSprout Seedling1.9 17.0 0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Abelmoschus esculentusSeed-- 6.9 0.08 Wealth of India.
Cucurbita pepoFruit0.5 5.9 0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf0.9 8.5 0.04 *
Manihot esculentaRoot0.3 7.1 0.04 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot1.0 7.0 0.03 *
Vicia fabaFruit0.8 5.4 0.01 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phaseolus coccineusFruit3.4 5.4 0.01 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Vigna angularisSeed3.4 6.6 0.0 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf0.5 8.3 -0.0 *
Medicago sativaPlant1.3 7.5 -0.01 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora ligularisFruit-- 5.2 -0.02 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Vigna mungoSeed4.2 6.5 -0.02 *
Calathea macrosepalaFlower0.4 5.2 -0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Anethum graveolensFruit4.0 5.0 -0.04 *
Serenoa repensFruit0.6 5.0 -0.04 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Annona reticulataFruit0.7 5.0 -0.04 *
Prunus cerasusFruit-- 5.0 -0.04 *
Annona squamosaFruit1.0 5.0 -0.04 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit4.0 5.0 -0.04 *
Allium sativum var. sativumLeaf1.1 8.1 -0.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rumex crispusLeaf0.6 8.1 -0.04 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Petroselinum crispumPlant-- 7.0 -0.05 *
Vitis viniferaFruit0.8 4.9 -0.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Daucus carotaRoot1.0 6.0 -0.06 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf3.5 8.0 -0.06 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf0.6 8.0 -0.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Salvia officinalisLeaf7.0 8.0 -0.06 Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Momordica charantiaLeaf1.3 8.0 -0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf0.6 8.0 -0.06 *
Annona muricataFruit0.7 4.8 -0.07 *
Eleocharis dulcisTuber0.3 6.0 -0.07 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rheum rhabarbarumPt0.2 6.5 -0.08 *
Physalis peruvianaFruit0.5 4.7 -0.08 *
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed5.9 6.2 -0.09 *
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed5.6 6.2 -0.09 *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark-- 1.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 1.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Licania platypusFruit0.05 4.5 -0.11 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Moringa oleiferaFruit0.5 4.5 -0.11 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Spondias mombinFruit0.4 4.5 -0.11 *
Pouteria campechianaFruit0.2 4.5 -0.11 *
Erythrina berteroanaShoot1.9 12.0 -0.11 *
Moringa oleiferaShoot2.0 12.0 -0.11 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucumis meloFruit0.3 4.4 -0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lycium chinenseLeaf0.8 7.7 -0.13 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit0.7 4.3 -0.13 *
Brassica nigraLeaf0.44 7.66 -0.13 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant5.0 6.0 -0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Thymus vulgarisPlant5.0 6.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sinapis albaSeed5.0 6.0 -0.14 *
Corylus avellanaSeed1.6 6.0 -0.14 *
Cicer arietinumSeed4.0 6.0 -0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinarisSeed2.6 6.0 -0.14 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot0.6 5.1 -0.14 *
Theobroma cacaoFruit1.8 4.2 -0.14 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Persea americanaFruit0.5 4.2 -0.14 *
Brassica rapaRoot0.4 5.0 -0.15 *
Colocasia esculentaRoot0.3 5.0 -0.15 *
Gentiana luteaRoot-- 4.8 -0.17 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Lepidium sativumLeaf0.8 7.5 -0.17 *
Artocarpus altilisFruit1.0 4.0 -0.17 *
Sicana odoriferaFruit0.5 4.0 -0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carum carviFruit3.0 4.0 -0.17 *
Psidium guajavaFruit0.4 4.0 -0.17 *
Fragaria sppFruit0.2 4.0 -0.17 *
Punica granatumFruit-- 4.0 -0.17 *
Spondias dulcisFruit0.5 4.0 -0.17 *
Annona cherimolaFruit1.0 4.0 -0.17 *
Rosa caninaFruit-- 3.8 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spondias purpureaFruit0.7 3.7 -0.21 *
Mucuna pruriensSeed1.4 5.7 -0.21 *
Ullucus tuberosusRoot0.4 4.3 -0.21 *
Larrea tridentataPlant-- 5.1 -0.21 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Anethum graveolensPlant4.0 5.0 -0.22 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sclerocarya caffraFruit0.3 3.6 -0.22 *
Syzygium malaccenseFruit0.1 3.5 -0.23 *
Elaeis guineensisFruit2.0 3.5 -0.23 *
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed-- 5.6 -0.23 *
Maranta arundinaceaRoot0.8 4.0 -0.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mangifera indicaFruit0.4 3.4 -0.25 *
Humulus lupulusFruit-- 3.4 -0.25 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot1.3 3.8 -0.26 *
Ficus caricaFruit-- 3.3 -0.26 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf1.0 7.0 -0.27 *
Amaranthus sp.Leaf1.0 7.0 -0.27 *
Basella albaLeaf0.5 7.0 -0.27 *
Morinda citrifoliaLeaf1.6 7.0 -0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Raphanus sativusLeaf1.4 7.0 -0.27 *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant-- 4.3 -0.28 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 3.5 -0.28 *
Brosimum alicastrumFruit0.5 3.1 -0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit0.5 3.1 -0.29 *
Lupinus mutabilisFruit0.9 3.1 -0.29 *
Phytolacca americanaShoot1.0 10.0 -0.3 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 4.1 -0.3 *
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 4.1 -0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sambucus canadensisFruit1.0 3.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Annona glabraFruit0.4 3.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ribes nigrumFruit1.0 3.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carica pentagonaFruit0.2 3.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit0.3 3.0 -0.3 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit2.0 3.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ribes uva-crispaFruit-- 3.0 -0.3 *
Persea schiedeanaFruit0.5 3.0 -0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit-- 3.0 -0.3 *
Avena sativaPlant0.9 4.0 -0.31 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Triticum aestivumPlant3.3 4.0 -0.31 *
Satureja hortensisPlant-- 4.0 -0.31 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Origanum vulgarePlant3.0 4.0 -0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Muntingia calaburaFruit0.3 2.9 -0.31 *
Prunus domesticaFruit0.4 2.9 -0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oxalis tuberosaRoot0.5 3.1 -0.32 *
Trifolium pratenseFlower-- 4.2 -0.32 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Zingiber officinaleRoot-- 3.0 -0.33 *
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot1.0 3.0 -0.33 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot-- 3.0 -0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot0.2 3.0 -0.33 *
Inga edulisSeed1.9 5.2 -0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna subterraneaSeed1.8 5.2 -0.33 *
Lupinus mutabilisSeed4.7 5.2 -0.33 *
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf0.4 6.7 -0.33 *
Piper auritumLeaf1.2 6.7 -0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia brasiliensisFruit0.4 2.7 -0.34 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Averrhoa bilimbiFruit0.1 2.7 -0.34 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot0.5 2.8 -0.34 *
Carica papayaFruit0.2 2.6 -0.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Hylocereus undatusFruit0.4 2.6 -0.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mauritia flexuosaFruit1.2 2.6 -0.35 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Echinacea sppRoot-- 2.6 -0.36 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hydrastis canadensisRoot-- 2.6 -0.36 *
Prunus armeniacaFruit0.3 2.5 -0.36 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Hylocereus guatemalensisFruit0.3 2.5 -0.36 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Solanum sessiliflorumFruit0.25 2.5 -0.36 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit0.3 2.5 -0.36 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed4.0 5.0 -0.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ginkgo bilobaSeed2.0 5.0 -0.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolensSeed4.0 5.0 -0.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Juglans regiaSeed3.0 5.0 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Yucca baccataRoot-- 2.4 -0.38 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Arracacia xanthorrhizaRoot0.7 2.4 -0.38 *
Beta vulgarisRoot0.1 2.4 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indicaFlower-- 4.0 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trachyspermum ammiFruit2.1 2.3 -0.39 *
Chrysophyllum cainitoFruit0.1 2.3 -0.39 *
Mammea americanaFruit0.2 2.3 -0.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Malpighia glabraFruit0.2 2.3 -0.39 *
Mentha spicataPlant1.0 3.0 -0.39 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Origanum majoranaPlant-- 3.0 -0.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artemisia dracunculusPlant2.0 3.0 -0.39 *
Allium cepaLeaf0.5 6.4 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Casimiroa edulisFruit0.4 2.2 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeagnus commutataFruit0.3 2.2 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rubus idaeusFruit0.3 2.2 -0.4 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot-- 2.1 -0.41 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant-- 2.8 -0.41 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Eugenia unifloraFruit0.2 2.1 -0.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Spondias pinnataFruit0.2 2.1 -0.41 *
Quararibea cordataFruit0.2 2.1 -0.41 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Anacardium occidentaleFruit0.3 2.1 -0.41 *
Cichorium intybusRoot-- 2.0 -0.42 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lepidium meyeniiRoot-- 2.0 -0.42 *
Cnicus benedictusPlant-- 2.7 -0.42 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Malus domesticaFruit1.0 2.0 -0.43 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Morus albaFruit-- 2.0 -0.43 *
Ribes rubrumFruit1.0 2.0 -0.43 *
Prunus persicaFruit1.0 2.0 -0.43 *
Juglans nigraFruit-- 2.0 -0.43 *
Psidium cattleianumFruit0.2 1.9 -0.44 *
Garcinia mangostanaFruit0.3 1.9 -0.44 *
Cydonia oblongaFruit0.2 1.9 -0.44 *
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit0.3 1.9 -0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Panax ginsengRoot-- 1.7 -0.44 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling0.7 10.3 -0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 2.3 -0.45 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Valeriana officinalisRoot-- 1.6 -0.45 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit0.2 1.8 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rollinia mucosaFruit0.4 1.8 -0.45 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Syzygium cuminiFruit-- 1.8 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrciaria dubiaFruit0.1 1.7 -0.47 *
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit0.1 1.7 -0.47 *
Stellaria mediaPlant0.2 2.1 -0.47 *
Dioscorea alataRoot0.3 1.4 -0.47 *
Eugenia floribundaFruit0.2 1.6 -0.48 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Murraya spFruit0.48 1.6 -0.48 *
Piper nigrumFruit0.5 1.6 -0.48 *
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot1.0 1.3 -0.48 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf1.0 6.0 -0.48 *
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf3.0 6.0 -0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mimulus glabratusShoot0.8 8.0 -0.48 *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 1.2 -0.49 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot0.1 1.2 -0.49 *
Polymnia edulisRoot0.2 1.1 -0.5 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber1.0 5.0 -0.5 *
Bactris gasipaesFruit0.3 1.4 -0.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora edulisFruit-- 1.4 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Platonia insignisFruit0.4 1.4 -0.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Althaea officinalisRoot-- 1.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Canna indicaRoot0.3 1.0 -0.5 *
Rhodymenia palmataPlant-- 1.6 -0.51 *
Prunus salicifoliaFruit0.2 1.3 -0.52 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit0.1 1.3 -0.52 *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit0.2 1.3 -0.52 *
Genipa americanaFruit0.4 1.2 -0.53 *
Byrsonima crassifoliaFruit0.1 1.2 -0.53 *
Juniperus communisFruit-- 1.2 -0.53 *
Pyrus communisFruit0.2 1.2 -0.53 *
Syzygium jambosFruit0.1 1.1 -0.54 *
Pimenta dioicaFruit-- 1.1 -0.54 *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- 1.0 -0.55 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Actinidia chinensisFruit0.2 1.0 -0.55 *
Sambucus nigraPlant-- 1.0 -0.56 *
Malva parvifloraPlant-- 1.0 -0.56 *
Boehmeria niveaShoot-- 7.0 -0.58 *
Lycium chinenseFruit-- 0.8 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- 0.1 -0.58 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Plectranthus amboinicusLeaf0.3 5.4 -0.61 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Urtica dioicaLeaf0.3 5.4 -0.61 *
Myrciaria caulifloraFruit0.1 0.6 -0.61 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora foetidaFruit0.1 0.6 -0.61 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carum carviSeed3.0 4.0 -0.62 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Myristica fragransSeed3.0 4.0 -0.62 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Macadamia sppSeed3.0 4.0 -0.62 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tropaeolum majusShoot0.9 6.5 -0.62 *
Manilkara zapotaFruit-- 0.4 -0.63 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Zizyphus spina-christiFruit-- 0.4 -0.63 *
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling2.0 8.0 -0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium sativum var. sativumShoot1.4 6.3 -0.64 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Oryza sativaSeed2.2 3.9 -0.64 *
Pouteria viridisFruit0.1 0.3 -0.64 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Fucus vesiculosusPlant-- -- -0.65 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Equisetum arvensePlant-- -- -0.65 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Quercus albaBark-- -- -0.66 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Salix albaBark-- -- -0.66 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Frangula purshianaBark-- -- -0.66 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Eryngium floridanumShoot-- 6.0 -0.67 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower-- 3.0 -0.68 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus rosa-sinensisFlower0.3 3.0 -0.68 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pourouma cecropiaefoliaFruit-- -- -0.68 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Schisandra chinensisFruit-- -- -0.68 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cannabis sativaSeed3.2 3.7 -0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cucurbita pepoSeed1.9 3.7 -0.69 *
Luffa aegyptiacaLeaf0.5 5.0 -0.69 *
Mentha spicataLeaf0.8 5.0 -0.69 *
Perilla frutescensLeaf1.0 5.0 -0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed3.3 3.6 -0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Piper betelLeaf0.1 4.8 -0.73 *
Phaseolus coccineusSeed3.0 3.5 -0.74 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf0.3 4.75 -0.74 *
Alpinia galangaRhizome1.0 4.0 -0.75 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Gossypium spSeed-- 3.2 -0.81 *
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed2.8 3.2 -0.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sechium eduleShoot0.3 4.0 -0.85 *
Theobroma cacaoSeed1.0 3.0 -0.86 *
Secale cerealeSeed3.0 3.0 -0.86 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bromelia pinguinShoot0.2 3.8 -0.87 *
Phaseolus lunatusSprout Seedling0.1 4.7 -0.89 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf1.0 4.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papayaLeaf1.0 4.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf0.6 4.0 -0.9 *
Tamarindus indicaLeaf-- 4.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pelucidaLeaf0.3 3.8 -0.94 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Prunus dulcisSeed2.2 2.6 -0.95 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- 3.0 -0.98 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaBud-- 0.1 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- 2.1 -1.0 *
Allium cepaBulb0.3 6.0 -1.0 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb1.0 10.0 -1.0 *
Bixa orellanaSeed-- 2.3 -1.02 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Theobroma bicolorSeed2.2 2.3 -1.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rubus idaeusLeaf-- 3.4 -1.02 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf0.2 3.3 -1.04 *
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber0.4 3.7 -1.05 *
Lobelia inflataLeaf-- 3.2 -1.06 *
Chenopodium albumSeed1.0 2.0 -1.09 *
Juglans nigraSeed-- 2.0 -1.09 *
Coffea arabicaSeed-- 2.0 -1.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomumSeed1.0 2.0 -1.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Murraya koenigiiLeaf-- 3.0 -1.11 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Areca catechuSeed1.7 1.9 -1.12 *
Linum usitatissimumSeed-- 1.8 -1.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Justicia pectoralisLeaf0.4 2.7 -1.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Petasites japonicusPt0.2 3.6 -1.18 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus armeniacaSeed-- 1.5 -1.21 *
Agrimonia eupatoriaLeaf-- 2.4 -1.23 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Boehmeria niveaLeaf0.3 2.3 -1.25 *
Syzygium aromaticumFlower-- 1.0 -1.26 *
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 0.8 -1.32 *
Inga feuilleiAril0.2 1.2 -1.32 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Cola acuminataSeed-- 1.0 -1.33 *
Cocos nuciferaSeed0.3 1.0 -1.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Capparis spinosaFlower0.7 0.72 -1.34 *
Mangifera indicaLeaf0.4 1.8 -1.36 *
Turnera diffusaLeaf-- 1.8 -1.36 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Brassica oleraceaStem0.5 5.5 -1.37 *
Pimenta dioicaLeaf1.1 1.7 -1.38 *
Aleurites moluccanaSeed-- 0.6 -1.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sclerocarya caffraSeed-- 0.4 -1.48 *
Pachira macrocarpaSeed-- 0.3 -1.5 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf-- 1.0 -1.52 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Alocasia macrorrhizaLeaf0.1 0.9 -1.54 *
Aloe veraLeaf-- 0.8 -1.56 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Plantago psylliumSeed-- -- -1.57 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf0.1 0.6 -1.61 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Catha edulisLeaf-- 0.5 -1.63 *
Anacardium occidentaleLeaf0.1 0.3 -1.67 *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sechium edulePlant-- -- *
Matricaria recutitaPlant-- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Acacia niloticaPlant-- -- *
Achillea millefoliumPlant-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Passiflora quadrangularisFruit-- -- *
Passiflora quadrangularisSeed-- -- *
Taraxacum officinaleRoot-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Rhizophora mangleLeaf-- -- *
Angelica sinensisRoot-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Amorphophallus konjacRoot-- -- *
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Myrica ceriferaBark-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Verbascum thapsusLeaf-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus laevigataFruit-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Picrasma excelsaPlant-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.