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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Helianthus annuusSeed22.0 24.0 4.16 *
Theobroma bicolorFruit18.0 85.0 10.2 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pinus edulisSeed12.0 13.0 1.53 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Theobroma speciosumFruit9.0 25.0 2.52 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Vigna unguiculataSeed9.0 10.0 0.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Papaver somniferumSeed7.8 9.9 0.79 *
Crescentia alataSeed7.3 7.6 0.24 *
Carya illinoensisSeed7.2 8.9 0.55 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit7.0 8.0 0.34 *
Agathosma betulinaLeaf7.0 19.0 2.23 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf7.0 8.0 -0.06 Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Barosma betulinaLeaf7.0 19.0 2.23 *
Pinus cembroidesSeed7.0 12.0 1.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sphenostylis stenocarpaSeed6.9 7.6 0.24 *
Cuminum cyminumFruit6.0 7.0 0.21 *
Pinus pineaSeed6.0 9.0 0.58 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed6.0 7.0 0.1 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed6.0 17.0 2.49 *
Lupinus albusSeed6.0 7.0 0.1 *
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed5.9 6.2 -0.09 *
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed5.6 6.2 -0.09 *
Vigna radiataSeed5.4 7.7 0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sinapis albaSeed5.0 6.0 -0.14 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant5.0 6.0 -0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sesamum indicumSeed5.0 10.0 0.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Thymus vulgarisPlant5.0 6.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lupinus mutabilisSeed4.7 5.2 -0.33 *
Canavalia ensiformisSeed4.6 8.6 0.48 *
Glycine maxFruit4.4 14.0 1.11 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna mungoSeed4.2 6.5 -0.02 *
Citrus limonFruit4.0 6.0 0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgareSeed4.0 5.0 -0.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Glycine maxSeed4.0 10.0 0.81 *
Anethum graveolensFruit4.0 5.0 -0.04 *
Anethum graveolensPlant4.0 5.0 -0.22 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolensSeed4.0 5.0 -0.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrullus lanatusFruit4.0 9.0 0.47 *
Cajanus cajanSeed4.0 13.0 1.53 *
Cicer arietinumSeed4.0 6.0 -0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Foeniculum vulgareFruit4.0 5.0 -0.04 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed3.7 10.0 0.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling3.7 40.0 1.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf3.5 8.0 -0.06 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot3.5 35.0 2.02 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot3.5 35.0 2.02 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus coccineusFruit3.4 5.4 0.01 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Vigna angularisSeed3.4 6.6 0.0 *
Cajanus cajanFruit3.4 12.4 0.9 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed3.3 3.6 -0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Triticum aestivumPlant3.3 4.0 -0.31 *
Cannabis sativaSeed3.2 3.7 -0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carum carviSeed3.0 4.0 -0.62 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Myristica fragransSeed3.0 4.0 -0.62 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus coccineusSeed3.0 3.5 -0.74 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Secale cerealeSeed3.0 3.0 -0.86 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carum carviFruit3.0 4.0 -0.17 *
Terminalia catappaSeed3.0 7.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Macadamia sppSeed3.0 4.0 -0.62 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed3.0 14.0 1.77 *
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf3.0 6.0 -0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Juglans regiaSeed3.0 5.0 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Origanum vulgarePlant3.0 4.0 -0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed2.8 3.2 -0.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed2.7 9.0 0.58 *
Avena sativaSeed2.6 12.1 1.32 *
Lens culinarisSeed2.6 6.0 -0.14 *
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant2.5 21.2 1.16 *
Pisum sativumSeed2.4 13.9 1.75 *
Erythrina fuscaLeaf2.4 9.0 0.14 *
Durio zibethinusFruit2.4 18.0 1.62 *
Arachis hypogaeaLeaf2.3 11.0 0.56 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome2.2 14.0 1.56 *
Sida rhombifoliaLeaf2.2 11.0 0.56 *
Oryza sativaSeed2.2 3.9 -0.64 *
Prunus dulcisSeed2.2 2.6 -0.95 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Theobroma bicolorSeed2.2 2.3 -1.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trachyspermum ammiFruit2.1 2.3 -0.39 *
Artocarpus altilisSeed2.0 10.0 0.81 *
Zea maysFruit2.0 8.0 0.34 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed2.0 5.0 -0.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anacardium occidentaleSeed2.0 8.7 0.5 *
Manihot esculentaLeaf2.0 10.0 0.35 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansaLeaf2.0 15.0 1.4 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit2.0 3.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Moringa oleiferaShoot2.0 12.0 -0.11 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Helianthus tuberosusTuber2.0 10.0 1.62 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia farnesianaLeaf2.0 11.0 0.56 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indicaFruit2.0 9.0 0.47 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Elaeis guineensisFruit2.0 3.5 -0.23 *
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling2.0 8.0 -0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artemisia dracunculusPlant2.0 3.0 -0.39 *
Glycine maxSprout Seedling1.9 17.0 0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Erythrina berteroanaShoot1.9 12.0 -0.11 *
Inga edulisSeed1.9 5.2 -0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cucurbita pepoSeed1.9 3.7 -0.69 *
Theobroma cacaoFruit1.8 4.2 -0.14 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf1.8 13.6 1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna subterraneaSeed1.8 5.2 -0.33 *
Vicia fabaSeed1.7 9.0 0.58 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Areca catechuSeed1.7 1.9 -1.12 *
Corylus avellanaSeed1.6 6.0 -0.14 *
Morinda citrifoliaLeaf1.6 7.0 -0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusSeed1.6 7.4 0.19 *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed1.5 7.5 0.22 *
Peperomia pereskiifoliaLeaf1.5 10.0 0.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pisum sativumFruit1.5 15.0 1.24 *
Artemisia vulgarisLeaf1.5 12.0 0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Centella asiaticaLeaf1.5 14.0 1.19 *
Allium ampeloprasumFlower1.4 8.3 0.88 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed1.4 11.2 1.1 *
Allium sativum var. sativumShoot1.4 6.3 -0.64 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Gliricidia sepiumLeaf1.4 9.0 0.14 *
Raphanus sativusLeaf1.4 7.0 -0.27 *
Mucuna pruriensSeed1.4 5.7 -0.21 *
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf1.3 10.8 0.52 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot1.3 3.8 -0.26 *
Momordica charantiaLeaf1.3 8.0 -0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapidaAril1.3 4.0 1.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Medicago sativaPlant1.3 7.5 -0.01 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Colocasia esculentaLeaf1.3 17.0 1.81 *
Aegle marmelosFruit1.3 33.0 3.54 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf1.3 11.0 0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Solanum torvumFruit1.2 8.0 0.34 *
Mimosa pudicaLeaf1.2 17.0 1.81 *
Piper auritumLeaf1.2 6.7 -0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mauritia flexuosaFruit1.2 2.6 -0.35 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Allium ampeloprasumRoot1.1 8.0 0.12 *
Allium sativum var. sativumFlower1.1 9.5 1.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumLeaf1.1 8.1 -0.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Gliricidia sepiumFlower1.1 8.0 0.79 *
Pimenta dioicaLeaf1.1 1.7 -1.38 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed1.1 10.0 0.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Triticum aestivumSeed1.1 12.0 1.29 *
Sambucus canadensisFruit1.0 3.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ocimum basilicumLeaf1.0 6.0 -0.48 *
Ribes nigrumFruit1.0 3.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artocarpus altilisFruit1.0 4.0 -0.17 *
Theobroma cacaoSeed1.0 3.0 -0.86 *
Mentha spicataPlant1.0 3.0 -0.39 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Camellia sinensisLeaf1.0 4.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Portulaca oleraceaHerb1.0 10.0 -1.0 *
Carica papayaLeaf1.0 4.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cichorium intybusLeaf1.0 14.0 1.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Malus domesticaFruit1.0 2.0 -0.43 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf1.0 7.0 -0.27 *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit1.0 10.0 0.6 *
Solanum nigrumLeaf1.0 12.0 0.77 *
Ribes rubrumFruit1.0 2.0 -0.43 *
Nasturtium officinaleHerb1.0 18.0 1.0 *
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot1.0 3.0 -0.33 *
Citrus aurantiumFruit1.0 6.0 0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chenopodium albumLeaf1.0 10.0 0.35 *
Chenopodium albumSeed1.0 2.0 -1.09 *
Prunus persicaFruit1.0 2.0 -0.43 *
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf1.0 17.0 1.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hordeum vulgareSeed1.0 10.0 0.81 *
Amaranthus sp.Leaf1.0 7.0 -0.27 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf1.0 16.0 1.6 *
Malva sylvestrisLeaf1.0 20.0 2.44 *
Arctium lappaRoot1.0 11.0 0.38 *
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot1.0 1.3 -0.48 *
Capsicum annuumFruit1.0 15.0 1.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Elettaria cardamomumSeed1.0 2.0 -1.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Daucus carotaRoot1.0 6.0 -0.06 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot1.0 7.0 0.03 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot1.0 9.0 0.21 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phytolacca americanaShoot1.0 10.0 -0.3 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber1.0 5.0 -0.5 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot1.0 26.0 1.19 *
Annona squamosaFruit1.0 5.0 -0.04 *
Citrus reticulataFruit1.0 8.0 0.34 *
Borago officinalisLeaf1.0 9.0 0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Perilla frutescensLeaf1.0 5.0 -0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Canavalia ensiformisFruit1.0 10.0 0.6 *
Perilla frutescensSeed1.0 7.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona cherimolaFruit1.0 4.0 -0.17 *
Alpinia galangaRhizome1.0 4.0 -0.75 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgarePlant1.0 11.0 0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus sinensisFruit1.0 7.0 0.21 *
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf0.9 8.5 0.04 *
Tropaeolum majusShoot0.9 6.5 -0.62 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumLeaf0.9 14.0 1.19 *
Avena sativaPlant0.9 4.0 -0.31 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Lupinus mutabilisFruit0.9 3.1 -0.29 *
Vicia fabaFruit0.8 5.4 0.01 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lycium chinenseLeaf0.8 7.7 -0.13 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Rumex acetosaLeaf0.8 9.0 0.14 *
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit0.8 20.0 1.88 *
Vitis viniferaFruit0.8 4.9 -0.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Maranta arundinaceaRoot0.8 4.0 -0.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ipomoea batatasLeaf0.8 9.8 0.31 *
Lepidium sativumLeaf0.8 7.5 -0.17 *
Pastinaca sativaRoot0.8 11.4 0.42 *
Mentha spicataLeaf0.8 5.0 -0.69 *
Mimulus glabratusShoot0.8 8.0 -0.48 *
Vigna unguiculataFruit0.8 10.0 0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lablab purpureusSeed0.77 12.0 1.29 *
Sonchus oleraceusLeaf0.7 19.0 2.23 *
Spondias purpureaFruit0.7 3.7 -0.21 *
Arracacia xanthorrhizaRoot0.7 2.4 -0.38 *
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style0.7 4.0 1.0 *
Annona muricataFruit0.7 4.8 -0.07 *
Capparis spinosaFlower0.7 0.72 -1.34 *
Blighia sapidaSeed0.7 7.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling0.7 10.3 -0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Annona reticulataFruit0.7 5.0 -0.04 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant0.7 10.2 0.22 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cynara cardunculusFlower0.7 6.0 0.2 *
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit0.7 4.3 -0.13 *
Cichorium endiviaLeaf0.7 14.0 1.19 *
Cucurbita sppFruit0.6 10.0 0.6 *
Aralia cordataLeaf0.6 13.0 0.98 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf0.6 8.0 -0.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tropaeolum tuberosumRoot0.6 9.3 0.23 *
Serenoa repensFruit0.6 5.0 -0.04 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf0.6 8.0 -0.06 *
Rumex crispusLeaf0.6 8.1 -0.04 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf0.6 4.0 -0.9 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot0.6 5.1 -0.14 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower0.6 12.0 1.96 *
Beta vulgarisLeaf0.6 14.0 1.19 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Brosimum alicastrumFruit0.5 3.1 -0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepaLeaf0.5 6.4 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis ixocarpaFruit0.5 6.0 0.09 *
Persea americanaFruit0.5 4.2 -0.14 *
Sicana odoriferaFruit0.5 4.0 -0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit0.5 3.1 -0.29 *
Physalis peruvianaFruit0.5 4.7 -0.08 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf0.5 8.3 -0.0 *
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit0.5 8.8 0.44 *
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit0.5 10.0 0.6 *
Luffa aegyptiacaLeaf0.5 5.0 -0.69 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot0.5 2.8 -0.34 *
Basella albaLeaf0.5 7.0 -0.27 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf0.5 12.0 0.77 *
Moringa oleiferaFruit0.5 4.5 -0.11 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oxalis tuberosaRoot0.5 3.1 -0.32 *
Persea schiedeanaFruit0.5 3.0 -0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf0.5 10.0 0.35 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit0.5 5.9 0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleraceaStem0.5 5.5 -1.37 *
Spondias dulcisFruit0.5 4.0 -0.17 *
Piper nigrumFruit0.5 1.6 -0.48 *
Murraya spFruit0.48 1.6 -0.48 *
Brassica nigraLeaf0.44 7.66 -0.13 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber0.4 3.7 -1.05 *
Annona glabraFruit0.4 3.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mangifera indicaFruit0.4 3.4 -0.25 *
Mangifera indicaLeaf0.4 1.8 -1.36 *
Prunus domesticaFruit0.4 2.9 -0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Solanum melongenaFruit0.4 10.0 0.6 *
Genipa americanaFruit0.4 1.2 -0.53 *
Cyclanthera pedataFruit0.4 8.0 0.34 *
Rollinia mucosaFruit0.4 1.8 -0.45 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Hylocereus undatusFruit0.4 2.6 -0.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Brassica rapaRoot0.4 5.0 -0.15 *
Justicia pectoralisLeaf0.4 2.7 -1.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Solanum quitoensisFruit0.4 7.0 0.21 *
Brassica chinensisLeaf0.4 9.0 0.14 *
Casimiroa edulisFruit0.4 2.2 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit0.4 7.4 0.26 *
Calathea macrosepalaFlower0.4 5.2 -0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Psidium guajavaFruit0.4 4.0 -0.17 *
Ullucus tuberosusRoot0.4 4.3 -0.21 *
Cucurbita pepoFlower0.4 8.6 0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf0.4 6.7 -0.33 *
Platonia insignisFruit0.4 1.4 -0.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Brassica rapaLeaf0.4 9.0 0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Eugenia brasiliensisFruit0.4 2.7 -0.34 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Spondias mombinFruit0.4 4.5 -0.11 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf0.3 4.75 -0.74 *
Cyphomandra betaceaFruit0.3 7.0 0.21 *
Prunus armeniacaFruit0.3 2.5 -0.36 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bactris gasipaesFruit0.3 1.4 -0.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Muntingia calaburaFruit0.3 2.9 -0.31 *
Sechium eduleShoot0.3 4.0 -0.85 *
Allium cepaBulb0.3 6.0 -1.0 *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit0.3 6.9 0.2 *
Plectranthus amboinicusLeaf0.3 5.4 -0.61 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud0.3 4.2 1.0 *
Garcinia mangostanaFruit0.3 1.9 -0.44 *
Sclerocarya caffraFruit0.3 3.6 -0.22 *
Hylocereus guatemalensisFruit0.3 2.5 -0.36 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cucumis meloFruit0.3 4.4 -0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf0.3 9.0 0.14 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit0.3 3.0 -0.3 *
Anacardium occidentaleFruit0.3 2.1 -0.41 *
Manihot esculentaRoot0.3 7.1 0.04 *
Dioscorea alataRoot0.3 1.4 -0.47 *
Raphanus sativusFruit0.3 7.9 0.33 *
Raphanus sativusRoot0.3 9.7 0.27 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit0.3 2.5 -0.36 *
Colocasia esculentaRoot0.3 5.0 -0.15 *
Eleocharis dulcisTuber0.3 6.0 -0.07 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Boehmeria niveaLeaf0.3 2.3 -1.25 *
Elaeagnus commutataFruit0.3 2.2 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Urtica dioicaLeaf0.3 5.4 -0.61 *
Hibiscus rosa-sinensisFlower0.3 3.0 -0.68 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Peperomia pelucidaLeaf0.3 3.8 -0.94 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit0.3 1.9 -0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit0.3 6.5 0.15 *
Rubus idaeusFruit0.3 2.2 -0.4 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Cucumis sativusFruit0.3 7.6 0.29 *
Canna indicaRoot0.3 1.0 -0.5 *
Cocos nuciferaSeed0.3 1.0 -1.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Solanum sessiliflorumFruit0.25 2.5 -0.36 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Eugenia unifloraFruit0.2 2.1 -0.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit0.2 1.8 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Spondias pinnataFruit0.2 2.1 -0.41 *
Psidium cattleianumFruit0.2 1.9 -0.44 *
Prunus salicifoliaFruit0.2 1.3 -0.52 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Polymnia edulisRoot0.2 1.1 -0.5 *
Quararibea cordataFruit0.2 2.1 -0.41 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Averrhoa carambolaFruit0.2 6.57 0.16 *
Eugenia floribundaFruit0.2 1.6 -0.48 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica pentagonaFruit0.2 3.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papayaFruit0.2 2.6 -0.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Actinidia chinensisFruit0.2 1.0 -0.55 *
Cydonia oblongaFruit0.2 1.9 -0.44 *
Momordica charantiaFruit0.2 12.0 0.85 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf0.2 3.3 -1.04 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt0.2 6.5 -0.08 *
Bromelia pinguinShoot0.2 3.8 -0.87 *
Inga feuilleiAril0.2 1.2 -1.32 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Stellaria mediaPlant0.2 2.1 -0.47 *
Pyrus communisFruit0.2 1.2 -0.53 *
Petasites japonicusPt0.2 3.6 -1.18 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pereskia aculeataFruit0.2 6.3 0.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Fragaria sppFruit0.2 4.0 -0.17 *
Mammea americanaFruit0.2 2.3 -0.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Malpighia glabraFruit0.2 2.3 -0.39 *
Annona diversifoliaFruit0.2 8.0 0.34 *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit0.2 1.3 -0.52 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot0.2 3.0 -0.33 *
Pouteria caimitoFruit0.2 7.7 0.3 *
Pouteria campechianaFruit0.2 4.5 -0.11 *
Pouteria viridisFruit0.1 0.3 -0.64 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrciaria caulifloraFruit0.1 0.6 -0.61 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrciaria dubiaFruit0.1 1.7 -0.47 *
Byrsonima crassifoliaFruit0.1 1.2 -0.53 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot0.1 1.2 -0.49 *
Anacardium occidentaleLeaf0.1 0.3 -1.67 *
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit0.1 1.7 -0.47 *
Passiflora foetidaFruit0.1 0.6 -0.61 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phyllanthus acidusFruit0.1 6.0 0.09 *
Chrysophyllum cainitoFruit0.1 2.3 -0.39 *
Syzygium jambosFruit0.1 1.1 -0.54 *
Phaseolus lunatusSprout Seedling0.1 4.7 -0.89 *
Syzygium malaccenseFruit0.1 3.5 -0.23 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit0.1 1.3 -0.52 *
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf0.1 0.6 -1.61 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Alocasia macrorrhizaLeaf0.1 0.9 -1.54 *
Beta vulgarisRoot0.1 2.4 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Averrhoa bilimbiFruit0.1 2.7 -0.34 *
Piper betelLeaf0.1 4.8 -0.73 *
Licania platypusFruit0.05 4.5 -0.11 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus paradisiFruit-- 6.0 0.09 *
Murraya koenigiiLeaf-- 3.0 -1.11 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Zingiber officinaleRoot-- 3.0 -0.33 *
Ananas comosusFruit-- 7.0 0.21 *
Ficus caricaFruit-- 3.3 -0.26 *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb-- 8.0 1.0 *
Cichorium intybusRoot-- 2.0 -0.42 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Morus albaFruit-- 2.0 -0.43 *
Passiflora edulisFruit-- 1.4 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- 3.0 -0.98 *
Syzygium cuminiFruit-- 1.8 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Petroselinum crispumPlant-- 7.0 -0.05 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit-- 8.0 0.34 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Passiflora ligularisFruit-- 5.2 -0.02 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower-- 3.0 -0.68 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus sabdariffaLeaf-- 12.0 0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Prunus cerasusFruit-- 5.0 -0.04 *
Apium graveolensPt-- 10.0 1.26 *
Ribes uva-crispaFruit-- 3.0 -0.3 *
Benincasa hispidaFruit-- 10.0 0.6 *
Curcuma longaRhizome-- 8.0 0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Punica granatumFruit-- 4.0 -0.17 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot-- 3.0 -0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Manilkara zapotaFruit-- 0.4 -0.63 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit-- 3.0 -0.3 *
Quercus albaBark-- -- -0.66 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 0.8 -1.32 *
Prunus armeniacaSeed-- 1.5 -1.21 *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Rubus idaeusLeaf-- 3.4 -1.02 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Aleurites moluccanaSeed-- 0.6 -1.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- 0.1 -0.58 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sechium edulePlant-- -- *
Yucca baccataRoot-- 2.4 -0.38 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Matricaria recutitaPlant-- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 1.2 -0.49 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Mentha x piperitaLeaf-- 12.1 0.79 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Linum usitatissimumSeed-- 1.8 -1.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eryngium floridanumShoot-- 6.0 -0.67 *
Trifolium pratenseFlower-- 4.2 -0.32 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Lycium chinenseFruit-- 0.8 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- 1.0 -0.55 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransAril-- 3.0 0.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- 2.1 -1.0 *
Catha edulisLeaf-- 0.5 -1.63 *
Acacia niloticaPlant-- -- *
Achillea millefoliumPlant-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sclerocarya caffraSeed-- 0.4 -1.48 *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark-- 1.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Origanum majoranaPlant-- 3.0 -0.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bertholletia excelsaSeed-- 10.0 0.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ephedra sinicaPlant-- 47.0 3.35 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Echinacea sppRoot-- 2.6 -0.36 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Gossypium spSeed-- 3.2 -0.81 *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant-- -- -0.65 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Passiflora quadrangularisFruit-- -- *
Passiflora quadrangularisSeed-- -- *
Cnicus benedictusPlant-- 2.7 -0.42 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Turnera diffusaLeaf-- 1.8 -1.36 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sambucus nigraPlant-- 1.0 -0.56 *
Althaea officinalisRoot-- 1.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Agrimonia eupatoriaLeaf-- 2.4 -1.23 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 4.1 -0.3 *
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 1.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Plantago psylliumSeed-- -- -1.57 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Aloe veraLeaf-- 0.8 -1.56 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Lepidium meyeniiRoot-- 2.0 -0.42 *
Gentiana luteaRoot-- 4.8 -0.17 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Salix albaBark-- -- -0.66 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitis viniferaStem-- 11.0 0.37 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Malva parvifloraPlant-- 1.0 -0.56 *
Taraxacum officinaleRoot-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Juglans nigraFruit-- 2.0 -0.43 *
Juglans nigraSeed-- 2.0 -1.09 *
Rhizophora mangleLeaf-- -- *
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 13.0 1.0 *
Angelica sinensisRoot-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Larrea tridentataPlant-- 5.1 -0.21 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Juniperus communisFruit-- 1.2 -0.53 *
Coffea arabicaSeed-- 2.0 -1.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Frangula purshianaBark-- -- -0.66 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot-- 58.0 4.57 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Rumex crispusRoot-- 8.1 0.13 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Syzygium aromaticumFlower-- 1.0 -1.26 *
Boehmeria niveaShoot-- 7.0 -0.58 *
Amorphophallus konjacRoot-- -- *
Equisetum arvensePlant-- -- -0.65 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Valeriana officinalisRoot-- 1.6 -0.45 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Tamarindus indicaFlower-- 4.0 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Tamarindus indicaLeaf-- 4.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrica ceriferaBark-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spirulina pratensisPlant-- 51.0 3.69 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Rosa caninaFruit-- 3.8 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Pimenta dioicaFruit-- 1.1 -0.54 *
Verbascum thapsusLeaf-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Pachira macrocarpaSeed-- 0.3 -1.5 *
Ruscus aculeatusRoot-- 8.3 0.14 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Opuntia ficus-indicaBud-- 0.1 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot-- 2.1 -0.41 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant-- 2.8 -0.41 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actaea racemosaRoot-- 58.0 4.57 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Bixa orellanaSeed-- 2.3 -1.02 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot-- 9.3 0.23 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Pourouma cecropiaefoliaFruit-- -- -0.68 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Satureja hortensisPlant-- 4.0 -0.31 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cola acuminataSeed-- 1.0 -1.33 *
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 3.5 -0.28 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf-- 1.0 -1.52 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Schisandra chinensisFruit-- -- -0.68 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ulmus rubraBark-- 5.0 2.16 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Rhodymenia palmataPlant-- 1.6 -0.51 *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant-- 4.3 -0.28 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 4.1 -0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus laevigataFruit-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed-- 5.6 -0.23 *
Lobelia inflataLeaf-- 3.2 -1.06 *
Picrasma excelsaPlant-- -- *
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 2.3 -0.45 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hydrastis canadensisRoot-- 2.6 -0.36 *
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- 10.0 0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Abelmoschus esculentusSeed-- 6.9 0.08 Wealth of India.
Humulus lupulusFruit-- 3.4 -0.25 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Panax ginsengRoot-- 1.7 -0.44 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Zizyphus spina-christiFruit-- 0.4 -0.63 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.