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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Acacia farnesianaFruit110000.0 322000.0 2.56 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Camellia sinensisLeaf33800.0 270000.0 2.25 *
Rhus toxicodendronPlant-- 250000.0 2.17 *
Rosa caninaLeaf100000.0 260000.0 2.13 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Geranium maculatumRoot100000.0 280000.0 1.52 *
Hypericum perforatumSeed-- 121000.0 1.41 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Galeopsis segetumShoot-- 50000.0 1.0 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Sorbus aucubariaBark-- 44700.0 1.0 *
Rumex acetosaRoot27800.0 226600.0 0.74 *
Rosa gallicaFlower100000.0 240000.0 0.71 *
Rosa centifoliaFlower100000.0 240000.0 0.71 *
Hypericum perforatumPlant30000.0 160000.0 0.63 *
Theobroma cacaoSeed-- 75400.0 0.47 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hypericum perforatumLeaf-- 124000.0 0.38 *
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf-- 110000.0 0.2 *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- 100000.0 0.19 *
Lawsonia inermisLeaf50000.0 100000.0 0.07 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Filipendula ulmariaPlant10000.0 125000.0 0.03 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Euphrasia officinalisPlant-- 124000.0 0.02 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Mentha x piperitaPlant60000.0 120000.0 -0.05 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Castanea dentataLeaf80000.0 90000.0 -0.06 *
Ribes nigrumLeaf-- 85000.0 -0.12 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 78000.0 -0.21 *
Physalis peruvianaRoot125000.0 160000.0 -0.22 *
Prosopis julifloraFruit-- 58100.0 -0.26 *
Hamamelis virginianaLeaf10000.0 70000.0 -0.31 *
Rumex acetosaFruit-- 50000.0 -0.35 *
Terminalia chebulaFruit20000.0 45000.0 -0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf30000.0 60000.0 -0.44 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Humulus lupulusFruit20000.0 40000.0 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Limonia acidissimaFruit103000.0 39615.0 -0.46 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cnicus benedictusPlant-- 80000.0 -0.74 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 80000.0 -0.74 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Turnera diffusaLeaf-- 35000.0 -0.76 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Psidium guajavaSeed-- 14000.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sorbus aucubariaFruit4000.0 6000.0 -0.82 *
Hemidesmus indicusLeaf-- 25000.0 -0.89 *
Physalis alkekingiRoot-- 110000.0 -0.95 *
Hypericum perforatumShoot-- 3300.0 -1.0 *
Myrica ceriferaBark-- 39000.0 -1.0 *
Limonia acidissimaSeed800.0 833.0 -1.07 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Salvia officinalisLeaf785.0 10000.0 -1.09 *
Rheum palmatumRoot50000.0 100000.0 -1.09 Abstract (See species file)
Carica papayaLeaf5000.0 6000.0 -1.14 *
Phoenix dactyliferaPlant7500.0 44800.0 -1.34 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Hypericum perforatumFlower-- 162000.0 -1.41 *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf-- -- *
Tagetes lucidaPlant-- -- Tramil
Mentha spicataLeaf-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Olea europaeaLeaf-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Valeriana officinalisRoot-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Ephedra gerardianaPlant-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataFlower-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumBark-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Anethum graveolensPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Uncaria catechuBranches-- -- *
Pavonia spinifexPlant-- -- Tramil
Cinchona sppBark-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Ammi visnagaPlant-- -- *
Catalpa longissimaLeaf-- -- Tramil
Aloe veraPlant-- -- *
Pluchea carolinensisLeaf-- -- Tramil
Chamissoa altissimaLeaf-- -- Tramil
Chiococca albaRoot-- -- *
Guatteria discolorBark-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Grindelia squarrosaPlant-- -- *
Robinia pseudoacaciaWood33000.0 70000.0 *
Hypericum perforatumStem-- 38000.0 *
Zanthoxylum americanumBark-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Peumus boldusLeaf-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Artemisia dracunculusShoot-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Nepeta catariaPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Thespesia populneaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Crataegus monogynaFlower-- -- *
Aframomum meleguetaPlant-- -- *
Gnaphalium viscosumShoot-- -- Tramil
Plantago ovataPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Krameria sppRoot-- -- *
Galega officinalisFlower-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Frangula purshianaBark-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Petiveria alliaceaLeaf-- -- Tramil
Dryopteris filix-masRhizome-- 78000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Juniperus sabinaPlant-- -- *
Bixa orellanaFruit-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Heliotropium indicusPlant-- -- *
Tanacetum vulgarePlant-- -- *
Angelica archangelicaRoot-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFlower-- -- *
Cephaelis ipecacuanhaPlant-- -- *
Inonotus obliquusPlant-- -- Hobbs, C. 1996. 3rd Ed. (1st Ed. 1986). Medicinal Mushrooms. Botanical Press, Santa Cruz. 251 pp. (With a useful tabular summary of 'all medicinal mushrooms species').
Zanthoxylum clava-herculisPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.