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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf-- -- *
Tagetes lucidaPlant-- -- Tramil
Mentha spicataLeaf-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Olea europaeaLeaf-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Valeriana officinalisRoot-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Ephedra gerardianaPlant-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataFlower-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumBark-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Anethum graveolensPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Uncaria catechuBranches-- -- *
Pavonia spinifexPlant-- -- Tramil
Cinchona sppBark-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Ammi visnagaPlant-- -- *
Catalpa longissimaLeaf-- -- Tramil
Aloe veraPlant-- -- *
Pluchea carolinensisLeaf-- -- Tramil
Chamissoa altissimaLeaf-- -- Tramil
Chiococca albaRoot-- -- *
Guatteria discolorBark-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Grindelia squarrosaPlant-- -- *
Robinia pseudoacaciaWood33000.0 70000.0 *
Hypericum perforatumStem-- 38000.0 *
Zanthoxylum americanumBark-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Peumus boldusLeaf-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Artemisia dracunculusShoot-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Nepeta catariaPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Thespesia populneaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Crataegus monogynaFlower-- -- *
Aframomum meleguetaPlant-- -- *
Gnaphalium viscosumShoot-- -- Tramil
Plantago ovataPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Krameria sppRoot-- -- *
Galega officinalisFlower-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Frangula purshianaBark-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Petiveria alliaceaLeaf-- -- Tramil
Dryopteris filix-masRhizome-- 78000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Juniperus sabinaPlant-- -- *
Bixa orellanaFruit-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Heliotropium indicusPlant-- -- *
Tanacetum vulgarePlant-- -- *
Angelica archangelicaRoot-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFlower-- -- *
Cephaelis ipecacuanhaPlant-- -- *
Inonotus obliquusPlant-- -- Hobbs, C. 1996. 3rd Ed. (1st Ed. 1986). Medicinal Mushrooms. Botanical Press, Santa Cruz. 251 pp. (With a useful tabular summary of 'all medicinal mushrooms species').
Zanthoxylum clava-herculisPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Hypericum perforatumFlower-- 162000.0 -1.41 *
Phoenix dactyliferaPlant7500.0 44800.0 -1.34 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Carica papayaLeaf5000.0 6000.0 -1.14 *
Rheum palmatumRoot50000.0 100000.0 -1.09 Abstract (See species file)
Salvia officinalisLeaf785.0 10000.0 -1.09 *
Limonia acidissimaSeed800.0 833.0 -1.07 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Hypericum perforatumShoot-- 3300.0 -1.0 *
Myrica ceriferaBark-- 39000.0 -1.0 *
Physalis alkekingiRoot-- 110000.0 -0.95 *
Hemidesmus indicusLeaf-- 25000.0 -0.89 *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit4000.0 6000.0 -0.82 *
Psidium guajavaSeed-- 14000.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Turnera diffusaLeaf-- 35000.0 -0.76 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cnicus benedictusPlant-- 80000.0 -0.74 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 80000.0 -0.74 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Limonia acidissimaFruit103000.0 39615.0 -0.46 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Humulus lupulusFruit20000.0 40000.0 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf30000.0 60000.0 -0.44 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Terminalia chebulaFruit20000.0 45000.0 -0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rumex acetosaFruit-- 50000.0 -0.35 *
Hamamelis virginianaLeaf10000.0 70000.0 -0.31 *
Prosopis julifloraFruit-- 58100.0 -0.26 *
Physalis peruvianaRoot125000.0 160000.0 -0.22 *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 78000.0 -0.21 *
Ribes nigrumLeaf-- 85000.0 -0.12 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Castanea dentataLeaf80000.0 90000.0 -0.06 *
Mentha x piperitaPlant60000.0 120000.0 -0.05 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Euphrasia officinalisPlant-- 124000.0 0.02 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Filipendula ulmariaPlant10000.0 125000.0 0.03 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Lawsonia inermisLeaf50000.0 100000.0 0.07 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- 100000.0 0.19 *
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf-- 110000.0 0.2 *
Hypericum perforatumLeaf-- 124000.0 0.38 *
Theobroma cacaoSeed-- 75400.0 0.47 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hypericum perforatumPlant30000.0 160000.0 0.63 *
Rosa gallicaFlower100000.0 240000.0 0.71 *
Rosa centifoliaFlower100000.0 240000.0 0.71 *
Rumex acetosaRoot27800.0 226600.0 0.74 *
Galeopsis segetumShoot-- 50000.0 1.0 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Sorbus aucubariaBark-- 44700.0 1.0 *
Hypericum perforatumSeed-- 121000.0 1.41 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Geranium maculatumRoot100000.0 280000.0 1.52 *
Rosa caninaLeaf100000.0 260000.0 2.13 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rhus toxicodendronPlant-- 250000.0 2.17 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf33800.0 270000.0 2.25 *
Acacia farnesianaFruit110000.0 322000.0 2.56 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.