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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Acacia farnesianaFruit110000.0 322000.0 2.56 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Aframomum meleguetaPlant-- -- *
Aloe veraPlant-- -- *
Ammi visnagaPlant-- -- *
Anethum graveolensPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Angelica archangelicaRoot-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusShoot-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Bixa orellanaFruit-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Camellia sinensisLeaf33800.0 270000.0 2.25 *
Carica papayaLeaf5000.0 6000.0 -1.14 *
Castanea dentataLeaf80000.0 90000.0 -0.06 *
Catalpa longissimaLeaf-- -- Tramil
Cephaelis ipecacuanhaPlant-- -- *
Chamissoa altissimaLeaf-- -- Tramil
Chiococca albaRoot-- -- *
Cinchona sppBark-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Cinnamomum verumBark-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Cnicus benedictusPlant-- 80000.0 -0.74 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Crataegus monogynaFlower-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataFlower-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFlower-- -- *
Dryopteris filix-masRhizome-- 78000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ephedra gerardianaPlant-- -- *
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf-- 110000.0 0.2 *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant-- 124000.0 0.02 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Filipendula ulmariaPlant10000.0 125000.0 0.03 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Frangula purshianaBark-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Galega officinalisFlower-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Galeopsis segetumShoot-- 50000.0 1.0 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Geranium maculatumRoot100000.0 280000.0 1.52 *
Gnaphalium viscosumShoot-- -- Tramil
Grindelia squarrosaPlant-- -- *
Guatteria discolorBark-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Hamamelis virginianaLeaf10000.0 70000.0 -0.31 *
Heliotropium indicusPlant-- -- *
Hemidesmus indicusLeaf-- 25000.0 -0.89 *
Humulus lupulusFruit20000.0 40000.0 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hypericum perforatumPlant30000.0 160000.0 0.63 *
Hypericum perforatumShoot-- 3300.0 -1.0 *
Hypericum perforatumLeaf-- 124000.0 0.38 *
Hypericum perforatumStem-- 38000.0 *
Hypericum perforatumFlower-- 162000.0 -1.41 *
Hypericum perforatumSeed-- 121000.0 1.41 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Inonotus obliquusPlant-- -- Hobbs, C. 1996. 3rd Ed. (1st Ed. 1986). Medicinal Mushrooms. Botanical Press, Santa Cruz. 251 pp. (With a useful tabular summary of 'all medicinal mushrooms species').
Juniperus sabinaPlant-- -- *
Krameria sppRoot-- -- *
Lawsonia inermisLeaf50000.0 100000.0 0.07 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Limonia acidissimaSeed800.0 833.0 -1.07 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Limonia acidissimaFruit103000.0 39615.0 -0.46 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Mentha x piperitaPlant60000.0 120000.0 -0.05 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Mentha spicataLeaf-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Myrica ceriferaBark-- 39000.0 -1.0 *
Nepeta catariaPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf30000.0 60000.0 -0.44 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Olea europaeaLeaf-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 80000.0 -0.74 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pavonia spinifexPlant-- -- Tramil
Petiveria alliaceaLeaf-- -- Tramil
Peumus boldusLeaf-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Phoenix dactyliferaPlant7500.0 44800.0 -1.34 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Physalis peruvianaRoot125000.0 160000.0 -0.22 *
Physalis alkekingiRoot-- 110000.0 -0.95 *
Plantago ovataPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Pluchea carolinensisLeaf-- -- Tramil
Prosopis julifloraFruit-- 58100.0 -0.26 *
Psidium guajavaSeed-- 14000.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Rheum palmatumRoot50000.0 100000.0 -1.09 Abstract (See species file)
Rhus toxicodendronPlant-- 250000.0 2.17 *
Ribes nigrumLeaf-- 85000.0 -0.12 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Robinia pseudoacaciaWood33000.0 70000.0 *
Rosa caninaLeaf100000.0 260000.0 2.13 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosa gallicaFlower100000.0 240000.0 0.71 *
Rosa centifoliaFlower100000.0 240000.0 0.71 *
Rumex acetosaFruit-- 50000.0 -0.35 *
Rumex acetosaRoot27800.0 226600.0 0.74 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf785.0 10000.0 -1.09 *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit4000.0 6000.0 -0.82 *
Sorbus aucubariaBark-- 44700.0 1.0 *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 78000.0 -0.21 *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- 100000.0 0.19 *
Tagetes lucidaPlant-- -- Tramil
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Tanacetum vulgarePlant-- -- *
Terminalia chebulaFruit20000.0 45000.0 -0.4 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Theobroma cacaoSeed-- 75400.0 0.47 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Thespesia populneaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Turnera diffusaLeaf-- 35000.0 -0.76 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Uncaria catechuBranches-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisRoot-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Zanthoxylum clava-herculisPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Zanthoxylum americanumBark-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.