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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit140.0 1400.0 -0.01 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb2300.0 10570.0 1.0 LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Allium cepaBulb80.0 4075.0 -1.0 *
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf600.0 700.0 -0.97 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot119.0 400.0 -0.69 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot118.0 530.0 -0.65 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed-- 4800.0 1.28 *
Ananas comosusFruit70.0 200.0 -0.85 *
Anethum graveolensPlant1400.0 11175.0 3.11 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Annona muricataFruit210.0 2700.0 0.89 *
Apium graveolensRoot100.0 1000.0 -0.51 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Arachis hypogaeaSeed-- 2100.0 -0.25 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot1800.0 10000.0 2.15 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Artemisia vulgarisPlant2300.0 2800.0 -0.45 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Artocarpus altilisFruit120.0 530.0 -0.62 *
Asimina trilobaFruit620.0 3333.0 1.34 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot56.0 864.0 -0.72 *
Avena sativaSeed1500.0 3100.0 0.32 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Avena sativaPlant800.0 4100.0 0.1 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Averrhoa carambolaFruit1000.0 1300.0 -0.08 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Azadirachta indicaSeed-- 1921.0 -0.35 *
Beta vulgarisRoot130.0 2000.0 -0.21 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Boehmeria niveaPlant3000.0 3700.0 -0.07 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot350.0 5000.0 0.67 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf385.0 8750.0 0.92 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf1200.0 11800.0 1.63 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Brassica rapaRoot510.0 5100.0 0.7 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf1200.0 11800.0 1.63 *
Brassica pekinensisShoot1216.0 1365.0 -0.31 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- 880.0 -0.93 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Capsicum annuumFruit190.0 2440.0 0.71 *
Carica papayaFruit300.0 900.0 -0.36 *
Carya illinoensisSeed-- 800.0 -0.98 *
Carya ovataSeed-- 2180.0 -0.2 *
Cichorium endiviaShoot740.0 912.0 -0.68 *
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 1900.0 1.66 *
Cinnamomum sieboldiiRoot Bark-- 800.0 *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark-- 1200.0 -0.13 *
Cinnamomum sieboldiiBark-- 900.0 -0.9 *
Cinnamomum burmanniiBark-- 1000.0 -0.64 *
Citrus paradisiFruit7.0 2090.0 0.47 *
Citrus sinensisFruit46.0 1000.0 -0.29 *
Citrus reticulataFruit130.0 1000.0 -0.29 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Cocos nuciferaSeed440.0 1370.0 -0.66 *
Colocasia esculentaLeaf-- 240.0 -1.08 *
Colocasia esculentaRoot85.0 565.0 -0.64 *
Corylus avellanaSeed1500.0 2070.0 -0.26 *
Cucumis meloFruit139.0 198.0 -0.85 *
Cucumis sativusFruit140.0 5250.0 2.67 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot26.0 195.0 -0.75 *
Daucus carotaRoot52.0 1635.0 -0.32 *
Dioscorea alataRoot98.0 990.0 -0.51 *
Fallopia japonicaPlant2300.0 2600.0 -0.54 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Fragaria sppFruit77.0 1270.0 -0.1 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Genipa americanaFruit140.0 2000.0 0.41 *
Genipa americanaSeed-- 1300.0 -0.7 *
Glechoma hederaceaPlant3100.0 3400.0 -0.2 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Glycine maxSeed-- 4066.0 0.87 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Helianthus annuusSeed2574.0 4880.0 1.33 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaSeed-- 4000.0 0.83 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hordeum vulgareSeed-- 200.0 -1.32 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ipomoea batatasRoot130.0 610.0 -0.62 *
Juglans nigraSeed-- 2652.0 0.07 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Juglans cinereaSeed-- 2870.0 0.19 *
Juglans regiaSeed-- 1040.0 -0.85 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lactuca sativaShoot29.0 3800.0 1.71 *
Larrea tridentataPlant-- 1600.0 -0.96 *
Lens culinarisSeed-- 1220.0 -0.74 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lepidium sativumSeed9000.0 9545.0 3.97 *
Linum usitatissimumSeed608.0 4200.0 0.94 *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit107.0 2330.0 0.64 *
Malus domesticaFruit1.65 23.0 -0.97 *
Mangifera indicaFruit70.0 615.0 -0.56 *
Mangifera indicaSeed-- 2300.0 -0.13 *
Manihot esculentaRoot54.0 250.0 -0.73 *
Moringa oleiferaLeaf-- 1370.0 -0.81 *
Moringa oleiferaFruit-- 1370.0 -0.03 *
Morus albaLeaf3000.0 5600.0 0.18 *
Murraya spFruit150.0 450.0 -0.67 *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit-- 100.0 -0.91 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Oryza sativaPlant-- 1000.0 -1.22 *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant-- 1500.0 -1.0 *
Panicum maximumLeaf-- 1800.0 -0.71 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pastinaca sativaRoot270.0 11050.0 2.46 *
Petasites japonicusPlant6500.0 7300.0 1.46 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Petroselinum crispumPlant380.0 4700.0 0.36 *
Peucedanum decursivumPlant3700.0 5200.0 0.57 *
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit54.0 875.0 -0.38 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed54.0 137.0 -1.36 *
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit510.0 590.0 -0.57 *
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit166.0 820.0 -0.41 *
Physalis peruvianaFruit430.0 2515.0 0.77 *
Physalis ixocarpaFruit270.0 3250.0 1.28 *
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf-- -- *
Piper nigrumFruit1750.0 5760.0 3.02 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pistacia veraSeed-- 2870.0 0.19 *
Pisum sativumSeed410.0 2290.0 -0.14 *
Pisum sativumPlant-- 2300.0 -0.66 *
Polystichum polyblepharumPlant1700.0 2100.0 -0.75 *
Portulaca oleraceaPlant630.0 6300.0 1.04 *
Prunus domesticaFruit4.0 400.0 -0.71 *
Prunus persicaFruit3.0 700.0 -0.5 *
Prunus dulcisSeed-- 3420.0 0.5 *
Psidium guajavaFruit-- 140.0 -0.89 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Punica granatumFruit-- 120.0 -0.9 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pyrus communisFruit3.0 300.0 -0.78 *
Quercus rubraSeed-- 1160.0 -0.78 *
Raphanus sativusRoot350.0 6140.0 1.01 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt62.0 1240.0 *
Rhizophora mangleLeaf-- 7900.0 0.72 *
Ribes rubrumFruit130.0 1782.0 0.26 *
Ribes nigrumFruit200.0 1385.0 -0.02 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Ribes uva-crispaFruit96.0 1113.0 -0.21 *
Rosa caninaFruit400.0 1000.0 -0.29 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Rubus chamaemorusFruit190.0 1185.0 -0.16 *
Secale cerealeSeed1460.0 1640.0 -0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Solanum melongenaFruit126.0 152.0 -0.88 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber16.0 1900.0 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant270.0 5700.0 0.78 *
Spondias dulcisFruit36.0 180.0 -0.86 *
Spondias tuberosaFruit-- 120.0 -0.9 *
Spondias dulcisSeed-- 900.0 -0.92 *
Stellaria mediaPlant-- 3828.0 -0.01 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Syzygium jambosFruit130.0 840.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Syzygium cuminiFruit130.0 800.0 -0.43 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Tamarindus indicaLeaf-- 630.0 -0.99 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Taraxacum officinalePlant2600.0 3300.0 -0.24 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot-- 250.0 -0.73 *
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit350.0 6480.0 3.53 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumPlant-- 1670.0 -0.93 *
Triticum aestivumSeed1200.0 3200.0 0.38 *
Triticum aestivumPlant1300.0 2900.0 -0.41 *
Urtica dioicaLeaf1200.0 6665.0 0.43 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFruit130.0 1075.0 -0.24 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit130.0 1075.0 -0.24 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit65.0 500.0 -0.64 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Vicia fabaFruit530.0 3630.0 1.54 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna radiataSeed1880.0 2378.0 -0.09 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna mungoSeed1740.0 1953.0 -0.33 *
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed1800.0 2018.0 -0.29 *
Vitis viniferaFruit7.0 888.0 -0.37 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot79.0 580.0 -0.63 *
Zea maysFruit6.0 1140.0 -0.19 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.