Data Views

Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed Oil-- 65000.0 *
Annona cherimolaSeed3080.0 4000.0 4.55 *
Centella asiaticaEssential Oil-- 2000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Hordeum vulgareSprout Seedling-- 1010.0 1.12 *
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling90.0 900.0 0.86 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Sesamum indicumSeed-- 780.0 0.46 *
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot50.0 700.0 1.0 *
Helianthus annuusSeed610.0 650.0 0.3 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Ononis spinosaRoot-- 555.0 2.35 *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant-- 500.0 1.58 *
Vicia fabaSeed90.0 450.0 0.04 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Anethum graveolensPlant-- 420.0 1.16 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Glycine maxSeed110.0 400.0 -0.02 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumTissue Culture12.0 400.0 1.0 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed310.0 350.0 -0.09 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed310.0 340.0 -0.1 *
Carum carviSeed-- 310.0 -0.14 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Cuminum cyminumSeed-- 310.0 -0.14 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Apium graveolensSeed-- 300.0 -0.15 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Coffea arabicaSeed240.0 270.0 -0.19 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed-- 250.0 -0.21 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed14.0 250.0 -0.21 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf5.0 230.0 1.78 *
Vigna radiataSeed80.0 230.0 -0.24 *
Curcuma longaRoot-- 220.0 0.44 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Zea maysSeed-- 210.0 -0.26 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Piper nigrumFruit140.0 210.0 1.74 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower20.0 200.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Zingiber officinaleRoot40.0 200.0 0.33 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Coriandrum sativumFruit-- 180.0 1.32 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Ocimum basilicumLeaf-- 180.0 1.19 *
Capsicum annuumFruit10.0 180.0 1.32 *
Petroselinum crispumSprout Seedling20.0 180.0 -0.82 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 150.0 -0.24 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Limonia acidissimaFruit-- 150.0 0.91 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ficus caricaFruit30.0 150.0 0.91 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- 140.0 0.77 *
Myristica fragransSeed-- 130.0 -0.37 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Limonia acidissimaLeaf-- 120.0 0.49 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Myristica fragransAril-- 110.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Dioscorea villosaRoot10.0 100.0 -0.24 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed80.0 92.0 -0.41 *
Thymus vulgarisLeaf80.0 85.0 0.08 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Illicium verumFruit-- 80.0 -0.06 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Elettaria cardamomumSeed60.0 80.0 -0.43 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed-- 70.0 -0.44 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Abelmoschus esculentusRoot-- 60.0 -0.47 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Papaver somniferumSeed50.0 55.0 -0.46 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Origanum majoranaPlant50.0 55.0 -0.73 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Psoralea corylifoliaSeed-- 50.0 -0.47 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber10.0 45.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Allium cepaBulb-- 40.0 *
Medicago sativaFruit-- 40.0 -0.62 *
Centella asiaticaPlant-- 40.0 -0.81 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Serenoa repensFruit12.0 38.0 -0.65 *
Prunus dulcisSprout Seedling30.0 33.0 -1.16 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Apium graveolensPt-- 30.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Pimenta dioicaFruit-- 30.0 -0.76 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Ambrosia hispidaShoot-- 22.5 -1.0 *
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 20.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Capsicum frutescensFruit10.0 20.0 -0.9 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Citrus sinensisFruit-- 20.0 -0.9 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Citrus paradisiFruit-- 20.0 -0.9 *
Juglans regiaSeed-- 11.0 -0.52 *
Stevia rebaudianaTissue Culture-- 10.0 -1.0 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrus limonFruit-- 10.0 -1.03 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Satureja hortensisPlant-- 10.0 -0.96 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed-- 10.0 -0.52 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Satureja montanaLeaf-- 10.0 -0.8 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Pfaffia paniculataRoot-- 7.8 -0.77 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf-- -- -0.92 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Ananas comosusFruit-- -- -1.17 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Armoracia rusticanaRoot-- -- -0.81 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Brassica rapaLeaf-- -- -0.92 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Brassica rapaRoot-- -- -0.81 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Brassica junceaLeaf-- -- -0.92 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Vitis viniferaRoot-- -- *
Matricaria recutitaFlower-- -- *
Tagetes erectaFlower-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Ricinus communisLeaf-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Harpagophytum procumbensTuber-- -- *
Ocimum basilicumPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Oenothera biennisFruit-- -- *
Oenothera biennisInflorescence-- -- *
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Uncaria tomentosaBark-- -- *
Aleurites fordiiPlant-- -- *
Pterocarpus santalinusPlant-- -- *
Theobroma cacaoPlant-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Fritillaria thunbergiiBulb-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Abrus precatoriusSeed-- -- Wealth of India.
Calendula officinalisFlower-- -- *
Cymbopogon parkeriPlant-- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Tilia sp.Wood-- -- *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- -- *
Moringa oleiferaSeed-- -- *
Cryptotaenia japonicaShoot-- -- *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant-- -- *
Inula heleniumRoot-- -- *
Ficus caricaLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Allium sativum var. sativumPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Zea maysRoot-- -- *
Zea maysShoot-- -- *
Linum usitatissimumSeed-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Musa x paradisiacaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Mitchella repensPlant-- -- *
Aesculus hippocastanumBark-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Camellia sinensisSeed Oil-- -- *
Pfaffia paniculataPlant-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Rauvolfia vomitoriaRoot-- -- *
Aesculus hippocastanumLeaf-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Mentha spicataLeaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Aesculus hippocastanumSeed-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Zea maysSeed Oil-- -- *
Lycium chinenseLeaf-- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- -- *
Passiflora incarnataPlant-- -- *
Lycium chinenseSeed-- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Achillea millefoliumPlant-- -- *
Sophora angustifoliaRoot-- -- *
Sarracenia purpureaShoot-- -- *
Vitis viniferaSeed-- -- *
Annona muricataPlant-- -- *
Hylocereus undatusPlant-- -- *
Corylus avellanaSeed-- -- *
Artemisia herba-albaPlant-- -- *
Anastatica hierochunticaPlant-- -- *
Sambucus nigraFlower-- -- *
Cucumis meloSeed-- -- *
Ophiopogon japonicusTuber-- -- *
Dipteryx odorataSeed-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ginkgo bilobaPollen Or Spore-- -- *
Petasites hybridusRoot-- -- *
Teucrium scordiumPlant-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Avena sativaSeed-- -- *
Sinomenium acutumRhizome-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed Essent. Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Sinomenium acutumStem-- -- *
Anethum graveolensSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Theobroma cacaoSeed-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit-- -- *
Calotropis sp.Seed-- -- *
Echinacea sppShoot-- -- Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Gloriosa superbaBulb-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisPlant-- -- *
Ruellia tuberosaPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Cnicus benedictusPlant-- -- *
Ptychopetalum olacoidesRoot-- -- Ito, Y., Hirayama, F., Aikawa, Y., Kondo, H., Sagara, K., Shoji, J. 1995. Constituents from Muira-Puama (The Roots of Ptychopetalum olacoides). Nat. Med. 49, 4: 487.
Saussurea lappaRoot-- -- *
Anisomeles indicaTrichome-- -- Wealth of India.
Bidens pilosaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Momordica charantiaFruit-- -- *
Urtica dioicaRoot-- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
Sambucus nigraLeaf-- -- *
Lawsonia inermisLeaf-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Oenanthe javanicaRoot-- -- *
Pistacia veraSeed-- -- *
Sesamum indicumSeed Oil-- -- *
Plantago psylliumSeed-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumPlant-- -- *
Cnicus benedictusShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Achyranthes bidentataRoot-- -- *
Cnicus benedictusSeed-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitis viniferaPlant-- -- *
Juglans nigraFruit-- -- Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Acacia farnesianaPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Punica granatumSeed-- -- *
Urginea maritimaBulb-- -- *
Passiflora incarnataShoot-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Lepidium meyeniiRoot-- -- *
Pisum sativumSeed-- -- *
Taraxacum officinaleRoot-- -- *
Lactuca sativaSeed-- -- *
Prunus persicaSeed-- -- *
Cocos nuciferaSeed Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Chenopodium albumPlant-- -- *
Siegesbeckia orientalisPlant-- -- *
Artemisia annuaRoot-- -- Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Prunella vulgarisLeaf-- -- *
Artemisia annuaShoot-- -- Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- -- *
Smilax sppRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Allium cepaSeed Oil-- -- Grujic-Injac, B., Basarevic-Dinic, L., Lajsic, S., Stefanovic, D. 1985. Chemical Analysis of Seed Oil of the Onion (Allium cepa). Hrana Ishrana, 25: 167-169 (Inst Ishr Vet Fak Belgrade, Yugoslavia)
Allium cepaSeed-- -- Kintia, P. K., Degtiaryova, L. P., Balashova, N. N., Shvets, S. A. 1987. Sterols and Steroidal Glycosides of Bulb Onion Seeds. Fecs. Int. Conf. Chem. Biotechol. Biol. Act. Nat. Prod., (Proc.) 3rd: 166-170.
Tanacetum partheniumFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Corylus avellanaPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Dodonaea viscosaStem-- -- *
Arundo donaxPlant-- -- *
Verbascum thapsusLeaf-- -- *
Verbascum thapsusStem-- -- *
Hordeum vulgarePlant-- -- *
Verbascum thapsusSeed-- -- *
Verbascum thapsusRoot-- -- *
Angelica archangelicaFruit-- -- *
Nigella sativaSeed Oil-- -- *
Holarrhena pubescensTissue Culture-- -- *
Oryza sativaJuice-- -- *
Scutellaria baicalensisRoot-- -- *
Curcuma longaRhizome-- -- *
Vigna angularisSeed-- -- *
Maclura pomiferaLeaf-- -- *
Nerium oleanderPlant-- -- *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Smilax regeliiRoot-- -- Simpson, J. C. E., Williams, N. E. 1937. The Ether-Soluble Constituents of Sarsaparilla Root. Part I. J. Chem. Soc., 1937: 733-738.
Cajanus cajanLeaf-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Citrus reticulataPericarp-- -- *
Carica papayaSeed Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus reticulataRoot-- -- *
Strychnos nux-vomicaSeed-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Plant-- -- *
Pueraria montanaStem-- -- *
Kalanchoe spathulataFlower-- -- *
Syzygium aromaticumPlant-- -- *
Glycine maxSeed Oil-- -- *
Piper methysticumRhizome-- -- *
Medicago sativaPlant-- -- *
Tussilago farfaraLeaf-- -- *
Physostigma venenosumSeed-- -- *
Magnolia kobusSeed-- -- *
Prosopis glandulosaStem-- -- Zirvi, K. A., Jewers, K., Nagler, M. J. 1977. Phytochemical Investigation of Prosopis glandulosa Stems. Planta Med. Suppl. 32: 244-246.
Arctium lappaPlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Panax quinquefoliusRoot-- -- *
Bacopa monnieriPlant-- -- Wealth of India.
Arctium lappaRoot-- -- Wealth of India.
Cucurbita pepoSeed-- -- *
Prunus cerasusPlant-- -- *
Anethum graveolensRoot-- -- *
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf-- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Plantago ovataSeed-- -- *
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cynara cardunculusLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Valeriana officinalisPlant-- -- Lokar, L. C., Martini, F. 1997. Chemotaxonomic Investigations on the Genus Valeriana L. in the Northeastern Italy and in Tuscany. I. Phytosterols. Dept. of Biology, University of Trieste. Allionia 35: 103-115.
Bryonia albaPlant-- -- *
Acacia farnesianaSeed-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Solanum dulcamaraLeaf-- -- *
Hordeum vulgareEmbryo-- -- *
Rubus fruticosusPlant-- -- *
Trichosanthes kirilowiiRoot-- -- *
Withania somniferaTissue Culture-- -- *
Daucus carotaRoot-- -- *
Ocimum suaveLeaf-- -- J. Nat. Prod. 44: 308.
Pimpinella anisumTissue Culture-- -- *
Artemisia vulgarisPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Ageratum conyzoidesPlant-- -- Wealth of India.
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumPlant-- -- *
Citrullus lanatusSeed Oil-- -- *
Avena sativaLeaf-- -- *
Aloe veraShoot-- -- Afzal, M., Ali, M., Hassan, R. A. H., Sweedan, N., Dhami, M. S. I. 1991. Identification of Some Prostanoids in Aloe vera Extracts. Plant Medica, 57(1): 38-40.
Citrullus lanatusSeed-- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot-- -- *
Arachis hypogaeaPlant-- -- *
Artemisia annuaPlant-- -- *
Ruscus aculeatusRoot-- -- *
Salvia officinalisFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Bupleurum chinenseRoot-- -- *
Sambucus canadensisLeaf-- -- *
Chrysanthemum x morifoliumFlower-- -- Wealth of India.
Jatropha curcasLeaf-- -- *
Withania somniferaPlant-- -- *
Tribulus terrestrisFlower-- -- *
Mentha spicataShoot-- -- *
Perilla frutescensPlant-- -- Han, J. S. 1978. A Study on Sterol in Perilla frutescens. Yongnam Taehakkyo Nonmumjip Chayon Kwahak Pyon, 11: 211-215.
Rauvolfia serpentinaPlant-- -- *
Panax ginsengRoot-- -- *
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf-- -- Wealth of India.
Commelina benghalensisPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Momordica charantiaTissue Culture-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Fragaria sppFruit-- -- Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Artemisia dracunculusPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Nigella sativaSeed-- -- *
Cucumis sativusPlant-- -- *
Vernonia cinereaSeed-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Heliotropium indicusPlant-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareRoot-- -- *
Angelica archangelicaPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Humulus lupulusStem-- -- *
Abelmoschus moschatusSeed-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Ceratonia siliquaSeed-- -- Wealth of India.
Teucrium chamaedrysPlant-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Echinacea angustifoliaRoot-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Sambucus canadensisPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.