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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentusSeed7200.0 10120.0 -0.35 *
Abrus precatoriusSeed-- 1225.0 -0.54 Wealth of India.
Abutilon theophrastiSeed-- 1375.0 -0.54 Wealth of India.
Acacia farnesianaSeed600.0 2300.0 -0.52 *
Achillea millefoliumPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Aesculus hippocastanumSeed-- 1015.0 -0.54 *
Aesculus hippocastanumLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Agrimonia eupatoriaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Akebia quinataSeed-- -- *
Aleurites fordiiSeed3900.0 7800.0 -0.4 *
Aleurites moluccanaSeed38190.0 46230.0 0.44 Wealth of India.
Alisma plantago-aquaticaPlant-- -- *
Alliaria petiolataSeed-- 880.0 -0.55 *
Allium cepaSeed Oil-- 35000.0 -0.65 *
Allium cepaSeed-- 6300.0 -0.43 Wealth of India.
Allium cepaBulb20.0 195.0 *
Allium ampeloprasumPlant-- -- *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf80.0 1000.0 0.03 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Aloe veraJuice-- -- Yamaguchi, I., Mega, N., Sanada, H. 1993. Components of the Gel of Aloe vera (L.) Burm. F. Biosci Biotech Biochem 57(8): 1350-1352.
Althaea officinalisSeed12415.0 16685.0 -0.2 Wealth of India.
Ammi visnagaPlant-- -- *
Amphicarpaea bracteataSeed650.0 2560.0 -0.51 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed17725.0 102000.0 1.65 *
Anamirta cocculusSeed52250.0 85500.0 1.29 *
Ananas comosusFruit110.0 815.0 -0.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolensSeed1000.0 1083.0 -0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolensFruit1000.0 1083.0 -0.21 *
Angelica sinensisRoot-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Angelica archangelicaFruit-- -- *
Angelica archangelicaPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Annona muricataPlant-- -- *
Annona reticulataPlant-- -- *
Apium graveolensSeed3100.0 5000.0 -0.46 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Apium graveolensPt30.0 560.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Aquilegia vulgarisSeed-- 5100.0 -0.45 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed10980.0 13760.0 -0.27 *
Arctium lappaPlant-- -- *
Arctium lappaRoot-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Areca catechuSeed-- -- *
Arnica montanaFlower-- -- *
Artemisia capillarisEssential Oil-- -- *
Artocarpus altilisSeed5100.0 11660.0 -0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Asimina trilobaFruit102.0 2124.0 -0.14 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot30.0 387.0 -1.41 *
Azadirachta indicaFruit79650.0 81000.0 5.09 *
Bactris gasipaesFruit125.0 650.0 -0.24 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Bactris gasipaesSeed-- 9700.0 -0.35 *
Balanites aegyptiacusSeed42000.0 77000.0 1.11 *
Benincasa hispidaFruit50.0 1280.0 -0.19 *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed16228.0 72800.0 1.01 *
Beta vulgarisRoot10.0 79.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bixa orellanaSeed200.0 1275.0 -0.54 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Borago officinalisSeed6110.0 18000.0 -0.17 *
Brassica rapaRoot10.0 120.0 -0.6 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Plant-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf70.0 752.0 -0.13 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower30.0 390.0 0.64 *
Brassica oleraceaStem10.0 110.0 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf10.0 134.0 -0.53 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica nigraLeaf20.0 294.0 -0.43 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot30.0 290.0 -0.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf40.0 260.0 -0.45 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf30.0 214.0 -0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf70.0 752.0 -0.13 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapaLeaf10.0 214.0 -0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica chinensisLeaf10.0 214.0 -0.48 *
Bryonia albaRoot-- -- *
Cajanus cajanSeed240.0 733.0 -0.55 *
Camellia sinensisSeed-- -- *
Canarium indicumSeed-- 74297.0 1.05 *
Capparis spinosaSeed11060.0 16200.0 -0.21 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Capparis spinosaFlower-- 348.0 0.13 *
Capsicum annuumSeed-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Capsicum frutescensSeed-- -- *
Capsicum annuumFruit160.0 2180.0 -0.13 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Capsicum frutescensFruit30.0 245.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carapa guianensisSeed220000.0 260000.0 5.08 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Carica papayaSeed12650.0 13282.0 -0.28 *
Carica papayaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Carica papayaFruit20.0 179.0 -0.27 *
Carica papayaSeed Oil-- 50000.0 -0.53 Jim Duke's personal files.
Carica papayaFlower-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed2000.0 6260.0 -0.43 *
Carum carviSeed1000.0 1800.0 -0.53 *
Carum carviPlant1100.0 1221.0 -0.32 *
Carya illinoensisLeaf-- -- *
Cassia toraSeed2508.0 5624.0 -0.44 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cedrus deodoraSeed-- 37995.0 0.26 *
Ceiba pentandraSeed4000.0 32000.0 0.13 *
Centaurea calcitrapaPlant-- -- *
Centaurium erythraeaPlant-- -- *
Centella asiaticaPlant-- -- *
Ceratonia siliquaSeed200.0 1820.0 -0.53 Wealth of India.
Chamaelirium luteumRhizome-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Chrysanthemum x morifoliumFlower-- -- Wealth of India.
Cicer arietinumSeed850.0 960.0 -0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybusSeed-- -- *
Cichorium intybusLeaf10.0 204.0 -0.49 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endiviaLeaf20.0 322.0 -0.41 *
Cichorium intybusPlant-- -- *
Cichorium intybusRoot20.0 100.0 -0.64 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrullus lanatusCotyledon-- 59100.0 -0.59 *
Citrullus lanatusSeed12200.0 66000.0 0.87 *
Citrullus colocynthisSeed-- -- *
Citrus paradisiFruit10.0 110.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus reticulataSeed Oil-- -- *
Citrus reticulataFruit10.0 80.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit10.0 85.0 -0.27 *
Cocos nuciferaSeed584.0 32710.0 0.14 *
Coffea arabicaSeed5920.0 12800.0 -0.29 *
Coix lacryma-jobiRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Colocasia esculentaRoot60.0 205.0 -0.39 *
Colocasia esculentaPlant-- 200.0 -0.73 *
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf60.0 490.0 -0.3 *
Corchorus olitoriusSeed4180.0 5475.0 -0.45 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit1100.0 1207.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Coriandrum sativumSeed Essent. Oil-- 2000.0 *
Cornus masSeed Oil-- -- Hohn, M. E., Meinschein, W. G. 1976. Seed Oil Fatty Acids: Evolutionary Significance in the Nyssaceae and Cornaceae. Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 4: 193-199.
Corylus avellanaSeed8000.0 10400.0 -0.34 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Crataegus laevigataBark-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaBark-- -- *
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style-- -- *
Croton tigliumSeed900.0 1500.0 -0.53 *
Cryptostegia grandifoliaSeed-- 10240.0 -0.34 *
Cucumis sativusCotyledon28800.0 59100.0 -0.59 *
Cucumis sativusSeed11100.0 69785.0 0.95 *
Cucumis meloSeed10080.0 35145.0 0.2 *
Cucumis sativusFruit30.0 759.0 -0.23 *
Cucumis meloCotyledon10100.0 61400.0 -0.56 *
Cucurbita pepoSeed22670.0 30710.0 0.1 *
Cucurbita maximaSeed-- 21450.0 -0.1 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit30.0 357.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita foetidissimaSeed2430.0 28475.0 0.05 *
Cucurbita sppFruit40.0 635.0 -0.24 *
Cucurbita pepoFlower20.0 410.0 0.89 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaSeed Oil-- 58000.0 -0.47 Varade, P. B., Misra, B. K., Sikka, K. C., Singh, S. P. 1984. Nutritive Assessment of Guar Oil (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L. Taub). J Agr Food Chem, 32(5): 1073-1075.
Cynara cardunculusFlower30.0 200.0 -1.67 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cyperus rotundusRhizome-- -- *
Datura stramoniumPlant-- -- *
Daucus carotaSeed285.0 1240.0 -0.54 *
Daucus carotaRoot10.0 80.0 -0.69 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot20.0 108.0 -0.63 *
Dipsacus fullonumSeed4200.0 5660.0 -0.44 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Dipteryx odorataSeed-- 1425.0 -0.53 *
Dodonaea viscosaSeed7490.0 31400.0 0.12 *
Elaeagnus angustifoliaSeed-- 235.0 -0.56 Hetherington, M and Steck, W. 1997. Natural chemicals from northern prairie plants - the phytochemical contents of one thousand North American species. 277 pp. Ag-West Biotech, Inc. Saskatoon, Canada. Fytokem Products, Saskatoon.
Elaeis guineensisFruit4600.0 69615.0 4.34 *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit600.0 650.0 -0.24 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Elettaria cardamomumSeed1830.0 18300.0 -0.17 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Elettaria cardamomumSeed Oil-- -- *
Eleutherococcus senticosusRhizome-- -- *
Eruca sativaSeed2900.0 6600.0 -0.42 *
Erythrina crista-galliSeed-- 6500.0 -0.42 *
Eucommia ulmoidesSeed Oil-- 25000.0 -0.74 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Fagopyrum esculentumPollen Or Spore-- -- *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed-- 460.0 -0.56 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Ficus caricaSeed5232.0 6540.0 -0.42 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ficus caricaFruit120.0 574.0 -0.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Fragaria sppFruit40.0 475.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Fucus vesiculosusPlant-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ganoderma lucidumPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Ganoderma lucidumTissue Culture-- -- *
Ganoderma lucidumFruit-- -- *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed160.0 357.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ginkgo bilobaPollen Or Spore-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Glycine maxSeed4320.0 7785.0 -0.4 *
Gossypium spSeed1760.0 5589.0 -0.44 *
Harpagophytum procumbensTuber-- -- *
Helianthus annuusSeed9000.0 28000.0 0.04 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaSeed-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hippophae rhamnoidesSeed-- 6610.0 -0.42 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hippophae rhamnoidesFruit-- 1040.0 -0.21 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hippophae rhamnoidesBark-- 5720.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Holarrhena pubescensSeed-- 12920.0 -0.29 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed130.0 1430.0 -0.53 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgareLeaf-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataRoot-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataShoot-- -- *
Hyoscyamus nigerSeed4000.0 6224.0 -0.43 *
Hypericum perforatumPlant-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ilex paraguariensisLeaf-- -- *
Ipomoea batatasRoot60.0 221.0 -0.35 *
Iris versicolorRhizome-- -- *
Jatropha curcasSeed26400.0 87360.0 1.33 *
Juglans nigraSeed13940.0 14575.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Juglans nigraSeed Oil-- -- *
Juglans regiaSeed2000.0 21030.0 -0.11 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Juglans cinereaSeed4250.0 4397.0 -0.47 *
Juniperus communisPlant-- -- *
Lablab purpureusSeed90.0 742.0 -0.55 *
Lactuca scariolaSeed-- 13165.0 -0.28 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf40.0 667.0 -0.19 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit-- -- *
Lawsonia inermisSeed8835.0 19285.0 -0.15 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lawsonia inermisOil157800.0 158000.0 *
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling60.0 200.0 -1.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinarisSeed140.0 160.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Leonotis nepetaefoliaSeed3360.0 4560.0 -0.47 *
Lepidium sativumSeed9560.0 15325.0 -0.23 *
Lepidium sativumLeaf70.0 660.0 -0.19 *
Ligustrum japonicumSeed-- -- *
Linum usitatissimumSeed Oil-- 81000.0 -0.28 *
Linum usitatissimumSeed13595.0 16545.0 -0.21 Cunane, S. and Thompson, L. U., eds. 1995. Flaxseed in Human Nutrition. AOCS Press, Champaign IL. 384 pp.
Lobelia inflataPlant-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Luffa aegyptiacaSeed36000.0 81000.0 1.19 *
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit50.0 1000.0 -0.21 *
Lupinus albusSeed3160.0 3525.0 -0.49 *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit80.0 1322.0 -0.19 *
Macadamia sppSeed23560.0 27810.0 0.04 *
Malus domesticaFruit70.0 435.0 -0.25 *
Malus domesticaSeed-- -- Fathy, M. M., Abd El Megid, R. M. 1995. A Comparative Study of the Lipid Contents and the Antimicrobial Activity of Certain Rosaceous Seeds. Zagazig J Pharm Sci, 4(2): 121-127.
Mangifera indicaFruit30.0 164.0 -0.27 *
Manihot esculentaRoot70.0 220.0 -0.36 *
Medicago sativaSeed Oil-- -- *
Melia azedarachSeed-- 22800.0 -0.07 *
Mentha spicataLeaf200.0 1385.0 0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha x piperitaLeaf250.0 1170.0 0.14 *
Mimosa pudicaSeed2135.0 15130.0 -0.24 *
Momordica charantiaFruit-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Momordica charantiaSeed29800.0 147800.0 2.64 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Momordica charantiaSeed Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Momordica charantiaCotyledon121200.0 241800.0 1.73 Jim Duke's personal files.
Moringa oleiferaSeed6000.0 60000.0 0.74 *
Morus albaSeed-- -- *
Mucuna pruriensSeed390.0 12475.0 -0.29 *
Murraya spPlant-- -- *
Musa x paradisiacaPlant-- -- *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit60.0 233.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Myrica ceriferaFruit-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Myristica fragransSeed-- -- *
Nardostachys chinensisRoot-- -- *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome10.0 50.0 -1.0 *
Nepeta catariaSeed Oil-- -- *
Nerium oleanderFlower-- -- *
Nigella sativaSeed Oil18100.0 60400.0 -0.45 *
Nigella sativaSeed8722.0 10192.0 -0.34 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumSeed-- 3255.0 -0.49 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum sanctumSeed-- 3255.0 -0.49 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum basilicumSeed-- 485.0 -0.55 *
Oenothera biennisSeed1875.0 12150.0 -0.3 *
Oenothera biennisSeed Oil5000.0 19000.0 -0.79 *
Olea europaeaFruit2100.0 5600.0 0.09 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Opuntia ficus-indicaFlower-- -- *
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed Oil-- 58000.0 -0.47 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed3130.0 10555.0 -0.34 *
Origanum vulgarePlant5800.0 6247.0 1.71 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oryza sativaSeed150.0 270.0 -0.56 *
Pachira aquaticaSeed-- 17400.0 -0.19 *
Pachyrhizus erosusSeed-- -- *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant-- -- *
Panax ginsengRoot-- -- *
Papaver somniferumLatex Exudate-- -- *
Papaver somniferumSeed5890.0 8036.0 -0.39 *
Papaver somniferumSeed Oil-- -- *
Papaver bracteatumSeed9900.0 12000.0 -0.31 *
Passiflora edulisSeed-- 4050.0 -0.48 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Pastinaca sativaRoot140.0 685.0 0.76 *
Persea americanaFruit120.0 4320.0 0.01 *
Petasites hybridusRoot-- -- *
Petiveria alliaceaLeaf-- -- Germosen-Robineau, L. (Ed.) 1997. Farmacopea Vegetal Caribena. Endacaribe, Tramil. Ediciones Emile Desormeaux, Martinique F.W.I. 360 pp.
Petroselinum crispumSeed-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling90.0 968.0 0.89 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus lunatusSeed220.0 739.0 -0.55 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed220.0 247.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit40.0 411.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phoenix dactyliferaSeed3000.0 10000.0 -0.35 *
Phyllanthus emblicaSeed Oil-- -- *
Phyllanthus emblicaSeed-- 3440.0 -0.49 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Physalis peruvianaFruit-- 3400.0 -0.05 *
Physostigma venenosumSeed-- -- *
Pinellia ternataTuber-- -- *
Pinus edulisSeed20110.0 21400.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus wallicianaSeed-- 13130.0 -0.28 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus gerardianaSeed3840.0 6485.0 -0.42 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus pineaSeed16720.0 17920.0 -0.18 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper nigrumFruit-- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Piscidia piscipulaPlant-- -- *
Pistacia veraSeed6280.0 8960.0 -0.37 *
Pisum sativumSeed70.0 331.0 -0.56 *
Pisum sativumFruit30.0 297.0 -0.26 *
Plantago psylliumSeed-- -- *
Plantago ovataSeed Coat-- -- *
Plantago ovataSeed1300.0 3450.0 -0.49 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Plantago asiaticaSeed-- -- *
Polypodium vulgareRhizome-- -- *
Portulaca oleraceaSeed-- 6438.0 -0.43 *
Prunella vulgarisLeaf-- -- *
Prunus laurocerasusSeed425.0 510.0 -0.55 *
Prunus domesticaFruit90.0 608.0 -0.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus armeniacaFruit30.0 220.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus dulcisSeed10210.0 10680.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus cerasusSeed8700.0 11600.0 -0.31 *
Prunus persicaSeed-- -- *
Prunus domesticaSeed16380.0 17640.0 -0.18 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Prunus cerasusFruit160.0 1152.0 -0.2 *
Prunus persicaFruit10.0 80.0 -0.27 *
Psidium cattleianumFruit160.0 825.0 -0.22 *
Psidium guajavaFruit160.0 1152.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed7450.0 8128.0 -0.39 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusLeaf440.0 1901.0 0.62 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusTuber360.0 845.0 1.0 *
Pueraria montanaStem-- -- *
Punica granatumSeed-- -- *
Quisqualis indicaFruit-- -- *
Quisqualis indicaSeed20930.0 24570.0 -0.03 *
Raphanus sativusRoot40.0 775.0 0.98 *
Ribes nigrumFruit70.0 388.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ribes uva-crispaFruit130.0 1071.0 -0.21 *
Ribes rubrumFruit30.0 187.0 -0.27 *
Robinia pseudoacaciaSeed700.0 3125.0 -0.5 *
Rosa caninaSeed Oil-- -- *
Rosa rubiginosaSeed Oil-- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf2310.0 7165.0 4.05 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubus idaeusFruit130.0 970.0 -0.21 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Ruta graveolensSeed Oil-- -- *
Salvia officinalisSeed-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Salvia sp.Seed6610.0 58320.0 0.7 *
Salvia sclareaSeed-- 8568.0 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Salvia officinalisFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Sambucus nigraPlant-- -- *
Sambucus nigraFlower-- -- *
Sambucus canadensisSeed5628.0 8960.0 -0.37 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sambucus nigraLeaf-- -- *
Satureja hortensisSeed-- 8400.0 -0.38 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Schisandra chinensisSeed-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Scutellaria baicalensisRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Secale cerealeSeed90.0 100.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Senna obtusifoliaSeed-- 3550.0 -0.49 *
Serenoa repensFruit720.0 2305.0 -0.13 *
Serenoa repensSeed-- -- *
Sesamum indicumSeed11808.0 32832.0 0.15 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sesamum indicumSeed Oil-- 60000.0 -0.45 *
Silybum marianumPlant-- -- *
Silybum marianumSeed Oil-- 178000.0 0.52 *
Silybum marianumSeed-- -- *
Simarouba glaucaSeed169600.0 185220.0 3.45 *
Sinapis albaSeed2340.0 2846.0 -0.5 *
Skimmia arborescensSeed-- 4000.0 -0.48 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Solanum melongenaFruit50.0 620.0 -0.24 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber40.0 190.0 -1.0 *
Solanum nigrumSeed-- 4085.0 -0.48 *
Spartium junceumSeed-- -- *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant7.0 356.0 -0.67 *
Spinacia oleraceaLeaf-- -- *
Stellaria mediaPlant-- -- *
Sterculia urensSeed4020.0 5226.0 -0.45 *
Strychnos nux-vomicaSeed2640.0 3300.0 -0.49 *
Swertia chirataPlant-- -- *
Tagetes minutaSeed Oil-- -- *
Tamarindus indicaFruit600.0 874.0 -0.22 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tamarindus indicaSeed Oil-- -- *
Taraxacum officinalePollen Or Spore-- -- *
Tecoma stansSeed600.0 690.0 -0.55 *
Terminalia belliricaSeed40000.0 112000.0 1.86 *
Terminalia pallidaSeed Oil-- 92000.0 -0.19 Gunasekar, D., Sreeramulu, K., Rao, K. V. 1992. Fatty Acid Composition of the Seed Oil of Terminalia pallida. Asian J. Chem. 4 2: 400-401.
Terminalia catappaSeed21600.0 40525.0 0.31 *
Terminalia chebulaSeed Oil-- -- Miglani, B. D., Chawla, A. S. 1974. Chemical Investigation of the Oil of Terminaliaa chebula. J. Inst. Chem. (Calcutta) 46: 189-.
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf20.0 335.0 -0.4 *
Teucrium poliumPlant-- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Theobroma bicolorSeed172655.0 182375.0 3.39 *
Theobroma cacaoPlant-- -- *
Theobroma angustifoliumSeed43700.0 115050.0 1.93 *
Theobroma cacaoSeed111300.0 215450.0 4.11 *
Thevetia peruvianaSeed59000.0 79060.0 1.15 *
Thevetia neriifoliaSeed59000.0 70800.0 0.97 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tribulus terrestrisFruit2800.0 4000.0 -0.01 *
Trichosanthes anguinaSeed30500.0 41100.0 0.33 *
Trifolium pratensePollen Or Spore-- -- *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed Oil-- 107400.0 -0.06 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed-- -- *
Triticum aestivumPlant-- -- *
Tussilago farfaraFlower-- -- *
Urtica dioicaRoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Valeriana officinalisRoot-- -- *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit-- 39.0 -0.28 *
Verbascum thapsusSeed Oil-- 325000.0 1.72 *
Verbascum thapsusSeed-- 164000.0 2.99 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vicia fabaSeed170.0 895.0 -0.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed200.0 218.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataShoot80.0 783.0 0.71 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungoSeed387.0 1075.0 -0.54 *
Vigna unguiculataFruit130.0 1070.0 -0.21 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed270.0 813.0 -0.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna angularisSeed662.0 762.0 -0.55 *
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling80.0 840.0 0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataShoot80.0 783.0 0.71 *
Vigna radiataSeed710.0 1170.0 -0.54 *
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed510.0 565.0 -0.55 *
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed215660.0 233020.0 4.49 *
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed Oil-- 459000.0 2.82 Adomako, D. 1977. Fatty Acid Composition and Characteristics of Pentadesma Butyracea Fat Extracted From Ghana Seeds. J. Sci. Food Agr. 28: 384-386.
Vitis viniferaSeed Oil-- -- *
Vitis viniferaSeed1440.0 4800.0 -0.46 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Withania somniferaPlant-- -- *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- -- *
Zea maysSeed110.0 457.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zingiber officinaleRhizome170.0 1540.0 1.0 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot170.0 1540.0 2.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.