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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Lycium chinenseFruit9.0 19.0 -0.53 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Viburnum prunifoliumRoot Bark4.0 90.0 1.0 *
Urtica dioicaRoot3.0 36.0 1.0 *
Urtica dioicaPlant1.0 10.0 Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Chamaemelum nobilePlant-- -- *
Citrus limonShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Allium ampeloprasumPlant-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed-- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Sonchus oleraceusPlant-- -- *
Glehnia littoralisRhizome-- -- *
Solanum melongenaFruit-- -- *
Glehnia littoralisRoot-- -- *
Apium graveolensLeaf-- -- *
Medicago sativaPlant-- -- *
Cynara cardunculusLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Medicago sativaFruit-- 120.0 1.4 *
Artemisia capillarisBud-- -- *
Inula heleniumPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Anethum graveolensFruit-- -- *
Passiflora incarnataRoot-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Lycium chinenseLeaf-- 30.0 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Angelica dahuricaRoot-- -- *
Anethum graveolensSeed-- -- *
Ruta graveolensPlant-- -- *
Avena sativaRoot-- 10.0 -1.0 *
Cichorium intybusFlower-- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Baptisia tinctoriaPlant-- -- *
Artemisia abrotanumPlant-- -- *
Morus albaLeaf-- -- *
Anethum graveolensShoot-- 2.0 *
Scopolia carniolicaRhizome-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Datura stramoniumPlant-- -- *
Duboisia myoporoidesShoot-- -- Plouvier, V. 1987. Occurrence and distribution of syringoside, skimmin and similar coumarin glycosides and loganin in several botanical groups. C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. III, 305(6): 183-186.
Anethum graveolensRoot-- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosumPlant-- -- *
Anethum graveolensSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Helianthus annuusPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Melia azedarachLeaf-- -- *
Prunella vulgarisPlant-- -- *
Althaea officinalisLeaf-- -- *
Lawsonia inermisLeaf-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumFruit-- -- *
Cichorium intybusPlant-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumLeaf-- -- *
Glycyrrhiza uralensisShoot-- 2.0 *
Viburnum opulusBark-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Coriandrum sativumShoot-- -- *
Casimiroa edulisBark-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Carum carviPlant-- -- Wealth of India.
Lycium barbarumFruit-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Chenopodium albumPlant-- -- *
Prunella vulgarisShoot-- -- *
Atropa bella-donnaRoot-- -- *
Hordeum vulgareProtoplast-- -- *
Hordeum vulgarePlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Quercus rubraWood-- -- *
Simaba multifloraWood-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Capsicum frutescensFruit-- -- *
Coffea arabicaSeed-- -- *
Angelica archangelicaTissue Culture-- -- *
Angelica sinensisRoot-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Angelica archangelicaRoot-- -- *
Viola odorataPlant-- -- *
Brunfelsia uniflorusPlant-- -- *
Citrus limonLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Apium graveolensPlant-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumFruit-- -- *
Menyanthes trifoliataPlant-- -- *
Skimmia arborescensLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Capsicum annuumFruit-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rhododendron dauricumPlant-- -- *
Ailanthus altissimaPlant-- -- *
Daucus carotaRoot-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumTuber Epidermis-- -- *
Eleutherococcus senticosusStem Bark-- -- *
Mandragora officinarumPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Urtica dioicaFlower-- -- *
Hibiscus sabdariffaRoot Bark-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Avena sativaSprout Seedling-- -- *
Prunus serotinaBark-- -- *
Artemisia vulgarisPlant-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Pimpinella anisumTissue Culture-- 25000.0 *
Polygonum multiflorumPlant-- -- *
Artemisia annuaPlant-- -- *
Withania somniferaPlant-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ipomoea purgaTuber-- -- *
Azadirachta indicaPlant-- -- *
Taraxacum officinaleFlower-- -- *
Zizyphus jujubaPlant-- -- *
Centaurea cyanusShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Datura innoxiaPlant-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusShoot-- -- *
Menyanthes trifoliataShoot-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Sterculia urensBark-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Althaea officinalisFlower-- -- *
Inula heleniumShoot-- -- *
Morinda citrifoliaFruit-- 0.85 -0.87 *
Althaea officinalisRoot-- -- *
Citrus paradisiFruit-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Althaea officinalisShoot-- -- *
Aesculus hippocastanumBark-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ficus caricaLeaf-- -- Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Viburnum opulusRoot Bark-- 7.5 -1.0 *
Carum carviRoot-- -- *
Viburnum prunifoliumFruit Juice-- -- *
Gelsemium sempervirensRoot-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumPlant-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusPlant-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.