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Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Piper auritumLeaf3290.0 4930.0 1.41 *
Ocimum basilicumPlant60.0 400.0 0.85 *
Anethum graveolensPlant125.0 360.0 0.55 *
Hamamelis virginianaLeaf-- 10.0 -0.7 *
Sassafras albidumLeaf-- -- -0.71 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant32.0 95.0 -1.4 *
Umbellularia californicaPlant-- -- *
Juniperus virginianaLeaf-- -- *
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- -- *
Piper nigrumFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Myristica fragransSeed120.0 2720.0 *
Piper cubebaFruit-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cinnamomum aromaticumPlant-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumLeaf-- -- Wealth of India.
Angelica sinensisRoot Essent. Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Illicium verumFruit-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Myristica fragransSeed Essent. Oil1000.0 60000.0 *
Myristica fragransEssential Oil1000.0 33000.0 *
Anethum graveolensSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Rheum palmatumRhizome-- 2.0 *
Pimpinella anisumEssential Oil-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumPlant-- -- *
Sassafras albidumRoot8000.0 81000.0 *
Angelica sinensisRoot-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cananga odorataFlower-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumLeaf Essent. Oil6500.0 23000.0 *
Cinnamomum verumBark Essent. Oil-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumStem Bark-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumRoot Bark-- -- *
Agastache rugosaEssential Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Chenopodium ambrosioidesPlant-- -- *
Tamarindus indicaFruit-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Asiasarum heterotropoidesRoot-- -- *
Cinnamomum camphoraLeaf-- -- *
Asiasarum sieboldiiRoot-- -- *
Piper nigrumFruit-- -- *
Illicium verumPlant-- -- *
Ephedra sinicaShoot-- 2.0 *
Cinnamomum verumBark-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.