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Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus moschatusFlower-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Abelmoschus esculentusFlower-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Abutilon theophrastiRoot-- -- Paszkowski, W. L., Kremer, R. J. 1988. Biological Activity and Tentative Identification of Flavonoid Components in Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti Medik.) Seed Coats. J. Chem. Ecol., 14(7): 1573-1582.
Abutilon theophrastiLeaf-- -- Matlawska, I. 1990. Investigation of Flavonoid Compounds of Selected Species from Malvaceae Family. Herba Pol., 36(3): 65-69.
Abutilon theophrastiFlower-- -- Matlawska, I. 1990. Investigation of Flavonoid Compounds of Selected Species from Malvaceae Family. Herba Pol., 36(3): 65-69.
Acacia senegalPlant-- -- *
Acacia niloticaPlant-- -- *
Acacia catechuPlant-- -- *
Achillea millefoliumPlant-- -- Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Acinos suaveolensShoot-- 430.0 1.41 Jim Duke's personal files.
Actinidia chinensisPlant-- -- *
Aesculus hippocastanumSeed-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Aesculus hippocastanumBark-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Agathosma betulinaPlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Ageratum conyzoidesPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Agrimonia eupatoriaShoot-- -- *
Agrimonia eupatoriaPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Ailanthus altissimaLeaf-- -- *
Albizia lebbeckLeaf-- -- Wealth of India.
Allium cepaBulb-- 48100.0 1.0 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf-- 9.0 -0.35 *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb0.08 200.0 -1.0 *
Alpinia officinarumRhizome-- -- *
Althaea officinalisLeaf-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Althaea officinalisRoot-- -- *
Ammi visnagaPlant-- -- *
Ammi majusLeaf-- -- *
Anastatica hierochunticaPlant-- -- *
Anemone pulsatillaLeaf-- -- *
Anethum graveolensPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Anogeissus latifoliaPlant-- -- *
Apium graveolensPt-- -- *
Arachis hypogaeaPlant-- -- *
Araucaria bidwilliiFlower-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf-- -- *
Ardisia japonicaPlant-- -- *
Armoracia rusticanaLeaf-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Artemisia annuaPlant-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusShoot-- -- *
Artocarpus altilisLeaf-- -- *
Asimina trilobaLeaf-- -- *
Aspalathus linearisShoot-- 1.3 -0.75 *
Aspalathus linearisPlant-- 7.5 -1.0 *
Asparagus officinalisRoot-- -- *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Avena sativaHay-- 310.0 *
Azadirachta indicaFlower-- 1000.0 0.94 *
Azadirachta indicaLeaf-- -- *
Barosma betulinaPlant-- -- *
Basella albaPlant-- -- *
Berberis vulgarisPlant-- -- *
Beta vulgarisPlant-- -- *
Borago officinalisPlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf7.0 50.0 -0.35 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower-- 6.0 -1.41 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf2.0 100.0 -0.35 Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaSprout Seedling-- 25.0 Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Brassica oleraceaShoot-- 20.0 -0.66 *
Caesalpinia pulcherrimaFlower-- -- *
Calendula officinalisPlant-- -- *
Camellia sinensisPlant-- -- *
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.19 *
Camellia sinensisShoot-- -- *
Camptotheca acuminataLeaf-- -- *
Capparis spinosaFlower-- -- *
Capsicum frutescensFruit-- 63.0 -0.46 Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Carum carviFlower-- -- *
Carum carviLeaf-- -- *
Carum carviSeed-- -- *
Carum carviFruit-- -- *
Castanea sativaLeaf-- -- *
Castanea sativaBark-- -- *
Castanea sativaWood-- -- *
Catharanthus roseusPlant-- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Cedrus deodoraStem Bark-- -- *
Ceiba pentandraLeaf-- -- *
Centaurea cyanusShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Centaurea calcitrapaPlant-- -- *
Centella asiaticaPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Ceratonia siliquaFruit-- -- Wealth of India.
Cichorium intybusSeed-- 1.0 *
Cichorium intybusPlant-- -- *
Cichorium endiviaLeaf-- -- *
Cinnamomum camphoraPlant-- -- *
Citrus paradisiFruit-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus limonFlower-- -- *
Citrus sinensisFruit-- 3.4 -0.79 Jim Duke's personal files.
Commiphora wightiiFlower-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Consolida ajacisFlower-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumFruit-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Coriandrum sativumShoot-- -- *
Coriaria myrtifoliaLeaf-- -- *
Coriaria thymifoliaPlant-- -- *
Cornus masLeaf-- -- Bate-Smith, E. C., Ferguson, I. K., Hutson, K., Jensen, S. R., Nielsen, B. J., Swain, T. 1975. Phytochemical Interrelationships in the Cornaceae. Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 3: 79.
Cornus floridaFlower-- -- *
Corylus avellanaBark-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Crataegus cuneataFruit-- -- *
Crataegus monogynaFlower-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaShoot-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataShoot-- -- *
Crataegus monogynaLeaf-- 20.0 -0.35 *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFlower-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataFlower-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaInflorescence-- -- *
Crataegus monogynaInflorescence-- -- *
Crataegus monogynaPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Crocus sativusFlower-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Cucurbita pepoLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Curcuma longaRhizome90.0 95.0 -1.0 *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaFruit-- -- Daniel, M. 1989. Polyphenols of Some Indian Vegetables. Curr Sci, 58(23): 1332-1334.
Cymbopogon citratusPlant-- -- *
Cynara cardunculusLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cytisus scopariusPlant-- -- *
Daucus carotaSeed-- -- *
Diospyros virginianaPlant-- -- *
Dodonaea viscosaPlant-- -- *
Drimys winteriLeaf-- -- *
Echinacea angustifoliaLeaf-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Echinacea sppLeaf-- -- Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Echinacea purpureaLeaf-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Elaeagnus angustifoliaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Equisetum arvenseSprout Seedling-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Equisetum arvensePlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Eriobotrya japonicaPlant-- -- *
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf-- -- *
Eucalyptus globulusStem Bark-- 0.3 *
Eucommia ulmoidesLeaf-- -- *
Eupatorium perfoliatumPlant-- -- *
Euphorbia lathyrisLeaf-- -- *
Euphorbia hirtaPlant-- -- *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant-- -- *
Fagopyrum esculentumPlant-- -- *
Fagopyrum esculentumTesta-- 25.0 *
Fagopyrum esculentumSprout Seedling-- -- *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed-- -- *
Ficus caricaPlant-- -- *
Filipendula ulmariaFlower-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Foeniculum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Forsythia suspensaFlower-- -- *
Fragaria sppLeaf-- -- *
Galega officinalisShoot-- -- *
Geranium thunbergiiLeaf-- -- *
Ginkgo bilobaTissue Culture-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Glycine maxShoot-- -- *
Glycine maxPlant-- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabraPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot-- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabraShoot-- -- *
Glycyrrhiza uralensisLeaf-- 7.0 -0.35 *
Gossypium spPlant-- -- *
Guazuma tomentosaFlower-- -- *
Haematoxylum campechianumLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hamamelis virginianaLeaf-- -- *
Helianthus annuusFlower100.0 400.0 -0.48 *
Helianthus annuusLeaf60.0 210.0 -0.35 *
Hibiscus rosa-sinensisPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Hippophae rhamnoidesFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Holarrhena pubescensLeaf-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataPlant-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Humulus lupulusPlant-- -- *
Hydrangea arborescensRoot-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Hypericum perforatumShoot-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumPlant-- 20000.0 1.0 *
Hypericum perforatumFlower-- 1000.0 0.94 *
Hypericum perforatumStem-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumLeaf-- -- *
Inula heleniumInflorescence-- -- *
Ipomoea batatasRoot-- -- *
Isatis tinctoriaPlant-- -- *
Juglans regiaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Juglans nigraLeaf-- -- *
Juniperus communisLeaf-- -- *
Kalanchoe spathulataLeaf-- -- *
Kalanchoe pinnataLeaf-- -- *
Lactuca sativaPlant-- -- *
Laurus nobilisLeaf-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ledum palustreLeaf-- -- *
Leonurus cardiacaPlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Ligustrum lucidumFruit-- -- *
Ligustrum japonicumFlower-- -- *
Lippia dulcisPlant-- -- *
Ludwigia perennisPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Ludwigia adscendensPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Lycium chinenseLeaf-- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit-- -- *
Maclura pomiferaRoot360.0 1130.0 *
Maclura pomiferaWood-- -- Smith, J. L. and Perino, J. V. 1981. Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera): History and Economic Uses. Economic Botany 35(1): 24-41
Maclura pomiferaBark-- 14.0 *
Maclura pomiferaFruit270.0 520.0 2.0 *
Magnolia officinalisPlant-- -- *
Magnolia kobusPlant-- -- *
Magnolia denudataPlant-- -- *
Malus domesticaFruit2.5 41.0 -0.58 *
Malus domesticaHeart Wood-- -- *
Malus domesticaPericarp58.0 263.0 1.0 Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Mangifera indicaPlant-- -- *
Maranta arundinaceaLeaf-- -- *
Marrubium vulgarePlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Matricaria recutitaPlant-- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Medicago sativaFlower-- -- *
Melia azedarachPlant-- -- *
Melilotus officinalisLeaf-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Melilotus officinalisFlower-- -- *
Menyanthes trifoliataPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Moringa oleiferaFlower-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Moringa oleiferaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Morus albaPlant-- -- *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Musa x paradisiacaPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Myristica fragransPlant-- -- *
Nelumbo nuciferaFlower-- -- *
Nerium oleanderLeaf-- -- *
Nicotiana tabacumFlower-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ocimum basilicumLeaf-- -- *
Oenothera biennisHerb-- -- *
Oenothera biennisLeaf91000.0 207000.0 3.0 *
Olea europaeaStem-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ononis spinosaShoot-- -- Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Origanum vulgareLeaf-- -- *
Paeonia lactifloraLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Paeonia suffruticosaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Paeonia moutanLeaf-- -- *
Panax notoginsengRoot-- -- *
Passiflora incarnataLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Pastinaca sativaLeaf-- -- *
Perilla frutescensLeaf-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Persea americanaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Petasites hybridusLeaf-- -- Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Petroselinum crispumLeaf-- -- *
Petroselinum crispumPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Petroselinum crispumTissue Culture-- -- *
Phoenix dactyliferaPollen Or Spore-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Phyllanthus emblicaTissue Culture-- 11850.0 *
Phyllanthus niruriPlant-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Pinus sylvestrisBark-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pinus mugoWood-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf-- -- *
Piper nigrumFruit-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Pistacia lentiscusLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Plumeria acutifoliaFlower-- -- *
Podophyllum pleianthumRhizome-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Podophyllum hexandrumRhizome5600.0 12000.0 1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Podophyllum peltatumResin, Exudate, Sap-- 50000.0 *
Polygonum hydropiperPlant-- -- *
Polygonum avicularePlant-- -- *
Polygonum hydropiperoidesPlant-- -- *
Populus tacamahaccaPlant-- -- *
Prosopis julifloraPlant-- -- *
Prunella vulgarisFlower-- -- *
Prunus persicaPlant-- -- *
Prunus domesticaPlant-- -- *
Prunus armeniacaFruit-- -- *
Prunus spinosaFlower-- -- *
Prunus laurocerasusPlant-- -- *
Prunus cerasusFruit-- -- *
Prunus serotinaPlant-- -- *
Prunus dulcisPlant-- -- *
Prunus armeniacaPlant-- -- *
Psidium guajavaFruit-- -- *
Psidium cattleianumPlant-- -- *
Psidium guajavaRoot-- -- *
Psidium guajavaHeart Wood-- -- *
Psidium guajavaLeaf-- 200.0 -0.35 *
Psidium guajavaFlower-- -- *
Pteridium aquilinumPlant-- -- *
Pueraria montanaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pueraria montanaRoot-- -- *
Pueraria montanaFlower-- -- *
Punica granatumPlant-- -- *
Punica granatumPericarp-- -- Seeram, N. P., Schulman, R. N., and Heber, D., eds. 2006. Pomegranates - Ancient Roots to Modern Medicine. Taylor & Francis. Boca Raton, FL. 244 pp.
Punica granatumLeaf-- -- *
Punica granatumFruit-- -- *
Pyrus communisPericarp-- 28.0 -1.0 *
Quercus infectoriaLeaf-- -- *
Quercus albaBark-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Quercus velutinaPlant-- -- *
Quercus roburBark-- -- *
Rhododendron dauricumPlant-- -- *
Rhus coriariaLeaf-- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Rhus toxicodendronPlant-- -- *
Ribes nigrumFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ribes nigrumFruit Juice-- -- *
Ricinus communisPlant-- -- *
Rosa sppFruit-- -- *
Rosa damascenaFlower-- -- *
Rubus idaeusJuice-- -- *
Rumex acetosaFruit-- -- *
Rumex crispusLeaf-- -- *
Ruta graveolensPlant-- -- *
Salix albaBark-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sambucus canadensisFruit-- -- *
Sambucus nigraLeaf-- -- *
Sanguisorba officinalisPlant-- -- *
Sanguisorba minorPlant-- -- *
Schinus terebinthifoliusPlant-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Schinus molleLeaf-- -- *
Senna occidentalisRoot-- -- *
Silybum marianumFruit-- -- *
Silybum marianumSeed-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Solanum tuberosumFlower-- -- *
Solidago virgaureaLeaf-- -- *
Solidago giganteaLeaf-- -- *
Solidago giganteaFlower-- -- *
Sophora japonicaPlant-- -- *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit-- -- *
Spartium junceumPlant-- -- *
Spinacia oleraceaLeaf1.0 19.0 -0.35 *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Tabebuia impetiginosaHeart Wood-- -- *
Tagetes minutaShoot-- -- *
Tagetes patulaPlant-- -- *
Tanacetum vulgarePlant-- -- *
Taraxacum officinaleFlower-- -- *
Terminalia chebulaFruit-- -- Polovyanov, G. G. 1974. Flavonoids from the Fruit of the Yellow Myrobalan Plum. Chem. Nat. Comp. 10 (5): 690-.
Terminalia catappaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Terminalia ivorensisBark-- -- *
Terminalia ivorensisStem Bark-- -- Iwu, M. M., Anyanwu, B. N. 1982. Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Arthritic Properties of Terminalia ivorensis. Fitoterapia 53: 25-34.
Teucrium botrysPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium scordiumPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium montanumPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Theobroma cacaoLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Thespesia populneaFlower-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Thevetia peruvianaPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Tilia sp.Flower-- -- *
Tribulus terrestrisFlower-- -- *
Tridax procumbensFlower-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Trifolium pratenseFlower-- -- *
Trigonella foenum-graecumPlant-- -- *
Trigonella foenum-graecumFlower-- -- *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Trigonella foenum-graecumLeaf-- -- *
Triticum aestivumPlant-- -- *
Tussilago farfaraLeaf-- -- *
Uncaria catechuBulb-- -- *
Urginea maritimaBulb-- -- *
Urtica dioicaInflorescence-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Urtica dioicaPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Vaccinium myrtillusLeaf-- -- *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit100.0 250.0 0.55 *
Vaccinium corymbosumPlant-- -- *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaLeaf-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisPlant-- -- *
Viburnum opulusLeaf-- -- *
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling-- -- *
Viola odorataPlant-- -- *
Viola tricolorFlower-- -- *
Vitis viniferaLeaf-- -- *
Vitis viniferaFruit0.5 16.0 -0.72 *
Withania somniferaLeaf-- -- *
Zea maysPollen Or Spore-- -- *
Zea maysPlant-- -- *
Zingiber officinalePlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.