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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit2200.0 32500.0 1.29 *
Abelmoschus esculentusSeed-- 8200.0 -0.38 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Acacia senegalPlant-- -- *
Acacia niloticaPlant-- -- *
Acanthopanax gracilistylisRoot Bark-- 15300.0 2.16 *
Achillea millefoliumPlant3151.0 17800.0 -0.28 *
Achyranthes bidentataRoot5000.0 20000.0 0.31 *
Aconitum carmichaeliiTuber-- 170.0 -1.17 *
Acorus calamusRhizome-- 16000.0 0.34 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Acrocomia totaiFruit-- 21800.0 0.34 *
Acrocomia totaiSeed-- 13600.0 0.09 *
Actaea racemosaRoot-- 10300.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actaea dahuricaRhizome-- 18600.0 0.63 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Actinidia chinensisFruit3320.0 19600.0 0.15 *
Aegle marmelosFruit6000.0 15585.0 -0.21 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aframomum meleguetaFruit-- 3200.0 -1.3 Wealth of India.
Agathosma betulinaLeaf-- 11700.0 -0.82 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Akebia quinataStem-- 2410.0 -1.36 *
Albizia julibrissinBark-- 1990.0 -0.87 *
Alisma plantago-aquaticaRhizome9560.0 11200.0 -0.2 *
Allium sativum var. sativumShoot2730.0 12242.0 -0.82 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumLeaf3260.0 23971.0 -0.28 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf3160.0 29811.0 -0.02 *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb3600.0 14830.0 -1.0 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf2500.0 34500.0 0.18 *
Allium sativum var. sativumRoot4366.0 11800.0 -0.29 *
Allium cepaBulb1514.0 22164.0 1.0 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot2670.0 9000.0 -0.5 *
Aloe veraLeaf100.0 850.0 -1.3 *
Aloe spp.Leaf4.0 850.0 -1.3 *
Althaea officinalisRoot1307.0 12100.0 -0.27 *
Amaranthus sp.Leaf2630.0 73503.0 1.91 *
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf3370.0 35276.0 0.22 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Amomum xanthioidesSeed-- 28100.0 1.37 *
Amorphophallus konjacRoot-- 1740.0 -1.03 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot4160.0 28020.0 0.9 *
Amphicarpaea bracteataShoot-- 14200.0 -0.68 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed4600.0 6815.0 -0.51 *
Ananas comosusFruit110.0 18200.0 0.03 *
Anemarrhena asphodeloidesRhizome5360.0 10100.0 -0.32 *
Anethum graveolensPlant8700.0 76450.0 3.81 *
Anethum graveolensFruit10680.0 14122.0 -0.34 *
Anethum graveolensSeed10680.0 14122.0 0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Angelica dahuricaRoot-- 26600.0 0.79 *
Angelica sinensisRoot2354.0 10700.0 -0.37 *
Angelica laxifloraRoot-- 20300.0 0.33 *
Annona squamosaFruit2200.0 13290.0 -0.41 *
Annona cherimolaSeed29500.0 38000.0 2.24 *
Annona cherimolaFruit1980.0 9900.0 -0.71 *
Annona reticulataFruit3300.0 22810.0 0.43 *
Annona muricataFruit2550.0 36000.0 1.6 *
Anthriscus cerefoliumLeaf47400.0 51200.0 0.92 *
Apium graveolensFruit1210.0 5760.0 -1.08 *
Apium graveolensPt2689.0 57800.0 0.52 *
Apium graveolensSeed1210.0 15330.0 0.24 *
Apium graveolensRoot3900.0 56360.0 2.97 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Arachis hypogaeaPlant9100.0 17500.0 -0.3 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed4210.0 7681.0 -0.43 *
Aralia cordataLeaf3100.0 65950.0 1.57 *
Arctium lappaRoot3948.0 16800.0 0.07 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf444.0 3830.0 -1.17 *
Areca catechuSeed4460.0 6700.0 -0.52 *
Arisaema consanguineumRhizome-- 180.0 -1.42 *
Aristolochia debilisFruit-- 21500.0 0.32 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot5400.0 30000.0 1.04 *
Artemisia vulgarisShoot-- 22000.0 -0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia dracunculusPlant30020.0 32719.0 0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia capillarisPlant-- 22000.0 0.01 *
Artemisia vulgarisPlant31400.0 41000.0 1.34 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Artemisia herba-albaPlant-- 12400.0 -0.66 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit1990.0 15125.0 -0.25 *
Artocarpus altilisFruit2930.0 16700.0 -0.11 *
Arundo donaxPlant-- 25500.0 0.26 *
Asiasarum sieboldiiRoot11600.0 18200.0 0.18 *
Asiasarum heterotropoidesRoot11600.0 18200.0 0.18 *
Asimina trilobaFruit3140.0 15726.0 -0.19 *
Aspalathus linearisLeaf-- -- *
Aspalathus linearisPlant-- -- *
Aspalathus linearisShoot-- 5600.0 -1.28 *
Asparagus officinalisRoot3350.0 33500.0 1.3 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot1870.0 55200.0 2.2 *
Asparagus lucidusRoot-- 6350.0 -0.69 *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot1280.0 8000.0 -0.57 *
Atractylodes ovataRhizome6150.0 11700.0 -0.14 *
Atractylodes lanceaRhizome-- 6210.0 -0.75 *
Avena sativaSeed2200.0 8900.0 -0.32 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Avena sativaPlant598.0 2720.0 -1.33 *
Averrhoa carambolaFruit1400.0 23500.0 0.49 *
Averrhoa bilimbiFruit1300.0 17333.0 -0.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Barosma betulinaLeaf-- 11700.0 -0.82 *
Belamcanda chinensisRhizome-- 8940.0 -0.45 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Benincasa hispidaFruit60.0 28450.0 0.93 *
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- 4370.0 -0.84 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Berberis vulgarisBark-- 4370.0 -0.35 *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed5405.0 6450.0 -0.54 *
Beta vulgarisRoot3033.0 50000.0 2.51 *
Beta vulgarisLeaf4380.0 61798.0 1.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blechnum orientaleRhizome-- 6150.0 -0.76 *
Bletilla striataTuber-- 7380.0 -0.61 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Boehmeria niveaPlant1100.0 1300.0 -1.43 *
Borago officinalisLeaf4700.0 67210.0 1.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleraceaStem3500.0 38890.0 2.5 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf3178.0 37270.0 0.31 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf4270.0 30000.0 -0.02 *
Brassica rapaLeaf1804.0 69143.0 1.71 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf3670.0 29343.0 -0.04 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower3300.0 49080.0 3.06 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot2200.0 43850.0 2.06 *
Brassica rapaRoot1700.0 30000.0 1.04 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf1480.0 24257.0 -0.27 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf3178.0 37270.0 0.31 *
Brassica chinensisLeaf1804.0 69143.0 1.71 *
Brassica pekinensisLeaf74100.0 81900.0 2.28 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf1140.0 42500.0 0.54 *
Brassica nigraLeaf1485.0 28215.0 -0.09 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Broussonetia papyriferaFruit-- 7340.0 -0.94 *
Bupleurum chinenseRoot2640.0 24000.0 0.6 *
Cajanus cajanFruit6220.0 17472.0 -0.04 *
Cajanus cajanSeed5250.0 18103.0 0.49 *
Camellia sinensisPlant-- 17600.0 -0.29 *
Canavalia ensiformisSeed7500.0 16600.0 0.35 *
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant3940.0 33390.0 0.81 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit2600.0 34272.0 1.45 *
Capsicum annuumFruit3483.0 13500.0 -0.39 *
Carica papayaLeaf6520.0 28978.0 -0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papayaFruit690.0 5110.0 -1.13 *
Carthamus tinctoriusFlower2674.0 19100.0 -0.02 *
Carum carviSeed10810.0 15670.0 0.27 *
Carum carviFruit12902.0 15665.0 -0.2 *
Carya ovataSeed-- 5361.0 -0.63 *
Carya illinoensisSeed3971.0 6242.0 -0.56 *
Carya glabraShoot540.0 18700.0 -0.36 *
Carya ovataShoot550.0 14400.0 -0.66 *
Cassia toraSeed-- 12700.0 0.01 *
Castanea dentataSeed4720.0 7541.0 -0.44 *
Castanea sativaSeed3630.0 8646.0 -0.35 *
Castanea mollisimaSeed4320.0 8224.0 -0.38 *
Catalpa ovataFruit-- 13000.0 -0.43 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot798.0 7250.0 -0.62 *
Celosia cristataFlower-- 20600.0 0.14 *
Centella asiaticaLeaf414.0 3870.0 -1.17 *
Chaenomeles lagenariaFruit-- 13200.0 -0.42 *
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 13200.0 -0.62 *
Chamissoa altissimaLeaf328.0 3280.0 -1.2 Tramil
Chenopodium albumLeaf-- 87100.0 2.51 *
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 13310.0 -0.59 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum partheniumLeaf4050.0 22500.0 -0.35 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud5710.0 76745.0 1.0 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 22500.0 0.05 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumLeaf2560.0 39385.0 0.4 *
Chrysophyllum cainitoFruit1400.0 7565.0 -0.92 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cicer arietinumSeed8460.0 10220.0 -0.21 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endiviaLeaf2915.0 96000.0 2.9 *
Cichorium intybusRoot2900.0 14500.0 -0.09 *
Cichorium intybusLeaf1820.0 37128.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cimicifuga dahuricaRhizome-- 18600.0 0.63 *
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot2163.0 10300.0 -0.4 *
Cinnamomum sieboldiiRoot Bark-- 7000.0 -0.36 *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark3020.0 15500.0 2.05 *
Cinnamomum sieboldiiBark-- 6000.0 -0.0 *
Cinnamomum verumBark5525.0 6000.0 -0.0 *
Cinnamomum burmanniiBark-- 6000.0 -0.0 *
Cistanche salsaPlant-- 17100.0 -0.33 *
Citrullus lanatusFruit13514.0 18000.0 0.01 *
Citrus paradisiFruit1300.0 46200.0 2.5 *
Citrus medicaFruit-- 15500.0 -0.21 *
Citrus sinensisFruit1400.0 13772.0 -0.37 *
Citrus limonFruit-- 14700.0 -0.28 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Citrus aurantiumFruit1020.0 13800.0 -0.36 *
Citrus reticulataFruit1200.0 13127.0 -0.42 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit820.0 9533.0 -0.74 *
Cnicus benedictusPlant3458.0 26000.0 0.29 *
Cnidium officinaleRhizome-- 8750.0 -0.47 *
Cocos nuciferaSeed2560.0 11491.0 -0.09 *
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed-- 2360.0 -0.9 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Colocasia esculentaRoot3230.0 21760.0 0.44 *
Colocasia esculentaLeaf4370.0 51774.0 0.95 *
Coptis sppRhizome3550.0 6840.0 -0.68 *
Coptis japonicaRhizome3550.0 6840.0 -0.68 *
Coptis chinensisRhizome3550.0 6840.0 -0.68 *
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf4440.0 45500.0 0.67 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf5600.0 48177.0 0.79 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coriandrum sativumFruit11866.0 14781.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cornus officinalisFruit-- 19500.0 0.14 *
Corylus avellanaSeed3500.0 10433.0 -0.19 *
Crataegus cuneataFruit-- 11900.0 -0.53 *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- 11000.0 -0.61 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus laevigataFruit3069.0 11000.0 -0.61 *
Cucumis sativusFruit1465.0 72500.0 4.83 *
Cucumis meloFruit3018.0 44000.0 2.31 *
Cucurbita sppFruit1950.0 30855.0 1.14 *
Cucurbita pepoFlower1730.0 35670.0 1.68 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepoSeed5540.0 25000.0 1.09 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaLeaf-- 25300.0 -0.22 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cucurbita pepoFruit3400.0 40476.0 2.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cuminum cyminumFruit17880.0 20916.0 0.27 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed17880.0 20916.0 0.73 *
Curcuma longaPlant5239.0 16900.0 -0.34 *
Curcuma longaRhizome4870.0 41271.0 3.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaShoot-- 19100.0 -0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cydonia oblongaFruit1970.0 12160.0 -0.51 *
Cymbopogon citratusPlant-- 23000.0 0.08 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cynanchum atratumRoot-- 13200.0 -0.19 *
Cynara cardunculusFlower3500.0 29780.0 1.08 *
Cyperus rotundusRhizome-- 10100.0 -0.32 *
Cypripedium pubescensRoot-- 9340.0 -0.47 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot530.0 2575.0 -0.97 *
Daucus carotaRoot3000.0 46360.0 2.24 *
Dendrobium nobileStem-- 7200.0 -0.85 *
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 5420.0 -0.76 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot3555.0 25350.0 0.7 *
Dioscorea bulbiferaRhizome-- 3570.0 -1.04 *
Dioscorea alataRoot2240.0 15040.0 -0.05 *
Dioscorea villosaRoot1301.0 5420.0 -0.76 *
Diospyros virginianaStem1716.0 16200.0 0.1 *
Diospyros virginianaLeaf7500.0 16000.0 -0.63 *
Diospyros virginianaFruit3100.0 8710.0 -0.81 *
Dipsacus fullonumPlant-- 27400.0 0.39 *
Drynaria fortuneiRhizome-- 16900.0 0.44 *
Durio zibethinusFruit6010.0 18100.0 0.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Echinacea sppRoot3140.0 8090.0 -0.56 *
Echinacea purpureaRoot2031.0 8090.0 -0.56 *
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit2010.0 1125.0 -1.49 *
Eleocharis dulcisTuber4810.0 25450.0 0.79 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomumSeed11790.0 12857.0 0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot2100.0 10000.0 -0.42 *
Elytrigia repensPlant-- 9780.0 -0.84 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ephedra sinicaPlant2772.0 13200.0 -0.6 *
Ephedra sppPlant-- 13300.0 -0.59 *
Equisetum hyemalePlant-- 14900.0 -0.48 *
Equisetum arvenseShoot-- 27000.0 0.22 Jim Duke's personal files.
Equisetum arvensePlant3338.0 15600.0 -0.43 *
Eriobotrya japonicaLeaf-- 15500.0 -0.66 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit2600.0 27632.0 0.86 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eriocaulon spLeaf-- 6050.0 -1.07 *
Eriodictyon californicumLeaf2068.0 9400.0 -0.92 *
Erythroxylum novogranatenseLeaf2000.0 2600.0 -1.23 *
Erythroxylum novogranatenseLeaf6600.0 7800.0 -1.0 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf5000.0 21600.0 -0.39 *
Eucommia ulmoidesBark-- 6170.0 0.04 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Euodia rutaecarpaFruit-- 14600.0 -0.29 *
Eupatorium perfoliatumPlant900.0 10000.0 -0.82 *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant2002.0 13000.0 -0.61 *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed3715.0 4480.0 -0.71 *
Fallopia japonicaPlant18700.0 22000.0 0.01 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Feijoa sellowianaFruit1660.0 10375.0 -0.67 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ficus caricaFruit1770.0 11662.0 -0.55 *
Firmiana simplexSeed-- 14500.0 0.17 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed1415.0 13100.0 0.05 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant3380.0 39700.0 1.25 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgareFruit14800.0 19400.0 0.13 *
Forsythia suspensaFruit-- 9560.0 -0.74 *
Fragaria sppLeaf1400.0 22500.0 -0.35 *
Frangula purshianaBark1103.0 3980.0 -0.44 *
Fraxinus rhynchophyllaBark-- 6080.0 0.02 *
Fritillaria thunbergiiTuber-- 5980.0 -0.72 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Fucus vesiculosusPlant2490.0 21100.0 -0.05 *
Garcinia mangostanaFruit1350.0 8560.0 -0.83 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Gardenia jasminoidesFruit13800.0 15300.0 -0.23 *
Gastrodia elataRhizome-- 12900.0 -0.01 *
Genipa americanaSeed-- 9400.0 -0.28 *
Genipa americanaFruit-- 22900.0 0.44 *
Gentiana scabraRoot-- 8980.0 -0.5 *
Gentiana luteaRoot1929.0 8770.0 -0.51 *
Geranium thunbergiiPlant-- 14900.0 -0.48 *
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf2880.0 12000.0 -0.81 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed5100.0 11394.0 -0.1 *
Glechoma hederaceaPlant32000.0 46000.0 1.69 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Glehnia littoralisRoot-- 13900.0 -0.14 *
Glycine maxPlant-- 10600.0 -0.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxSprout Seedling2790.0 15081.0 0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxSeed4100.0 27600.0 1.32 *
Glycyrrhiza glabraPlant-- 11400.0 -0.73 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot1790.0 11400.0 -0.32 *
Glycyrrhiza uralensisRoot2500.0 3140.0 -0.93 *
Gymnema sylvestreLeaf2470.0 13000.0 -0.77 *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot1883.0 9910.0 -0.43 *
Helianthus annuusSeed6890.0 7280.0 -0.47 *
Helianthus tuberosusTuber3820.0 39700.0 1.9 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower1034.0 9400.0 -1.01 *
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 25000.0 1.03 *
Hordeum vulgarePlant19880.0 44000.0 1.55 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgareSprout Seedling-- 6130.0 -1.62 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Hordeum vulgareSeed1600.0 9900.0 -0.23 *
Houttuynia cordataPlant-- 54300.0 2.27 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Humulus lupulusFlower4371.0 23500.0 0.43 *
Humulus lupulusFruit-- 23500.0 0.49 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hydrangea arborescensRoot9034.0 25810.0 0.73 *
Hydrastis canadensisRoot1712.0 6180.0 -0.7 *
Hyoscyamus nigerSeed-- 5680.0 -0.61 *
Inula heleniumRoot2222.0 10100.0 -0.42 *
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf1500.0 49200.0 0.83 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot1970.0 15740.0 -0.0 *
Ipomoea batatasLeaf5300.0 42256.0 0.53 *
Isatis tinctoriaRoot-- 16300.0 0.04 *
Juglans nigraSeed4600.0 5670.0 -0.61 *
Juglans nigraPericarp1788.0 14900.0 *
Juglans nigraFruit-- 14900.0 -0.27 *
Juglans nigraHull Husk-- 14900.0 *
Juglans regiaSeed4500.0 6870.0 -0.5 *
Juglans cinereaSeed4044.0 7493.0 -0.45 *
Juncus effususPith-- 7620.0 1.0 *
Juniperus communisFruit2967.0 9570.0 -0.74 *
Juniperus virginianaShoot1368.0 14080.0 -0.69 *
Jussiaea repensPlant-- 19200.0 -0.18 *
Lablab purpureusSeed2520.0 20775.0 0.72 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf2900.0 121800.0 4.04 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit860.0 33635.0 1.39 *
Lantana camaraShoot-- 9000.0 -1.04 *
Larrea tridentataPlant4507.0 13700.0 -0.56 *
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling3000.0 11495.0 -0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinarisSeed6730.0 10440.0 -0.19 *
Lepidium meyeniiRoot20000.0 20500.0 0.35 Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Lepidium sativumLeaf6060.0 57170.0 1.18 *
Ligustrum lucidumFruit-- 16800.0 -0.1 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Ligustrum japonicumFruit-- 16800.0 -0.1 *
Linum usitatissimumSeed7964.0 15009.0 0.21 *
Linum usitatissimumHay-- 17400.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Liquidambar styracifluaLeaf2800.0 18860.0 -0.51 *
Liquidambar styracifluaStem260.0 33600.0 1.94 *
Lobelia inflataLeaf1424.0 12600.0 -0.78 *
Lonicera japonicaFlower-- 20100.0 0.09 *
Lophatherum gracilePlant-- 22400.0 0.04 *
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit1390.0 27800.0 0.87 *
Lupinus albusSeed10130.0 11300.0 -0.11 *
Lycium chinenseFruit-- 16700.0 -0.11 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Lycium chinenseRoot Bark-- 8110.0 -0.02 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Lycium chinenseLeaf5180.0 49808.0 0.86 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit780.0 58800.0 3.62 *
Lycopersicon esculentumLeaf-- 47000.0 0.74 *
Lycopodium clavatumPlant-- 18000.0 -0.26 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Lygodium japonicumPollen Or Spore-- 7380.0 *
Macadamia sppSeed2640.0 3785.0 -0.77 *
Magnolia officinalisBark-- 2560.0 -0.74 *
Magnolia denudataFlower-- 9780.0 -0.97 *
Magnolia kobusFlower-- 9780.0 -0.97 *
Magnolia fargesiiFlower-- 9780.0 -0.97 *
Malpighia glabraFruit828.0 24345.0 0.57 *
Malus domesticaFruit1110.0 12140.0 -0.51 *
Mammea americanaFruit470.0 3405.0 -1.28 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mangifera indicaFruit1080.0 9475.0 -0.75 *
Manihot esculentaRoot2380.0 24260.0 0.62 *
Manilkara zapotaFruit1810.0 8745.0 -0.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Medicago sativaPlant2256.0 12000.0 -0.68 *
Mentha pulegiumPlant10500.0 15310.0 -0.45 *
Mentha arvensis var. piperascensPlant-- 35100.0 0.93 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Mentha x rotundifoliaLeaf-- 17100.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mentha spicataLeaf4580.0 32000.0 0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha x piperitaLeaf3367.0 22600.0 -0.34 *
Mimosa pudicaLeaf-- 11400.0 -0.84 *
Momordica charantiaLeaf5100.0 33117.0 0.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Momordica charantiaFruit2700.0 45000.0 2.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Morinda spRoot-- 5660.0 -0.74 *
Moringa oleiferaShoot3370.0 15790.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleiferaFruit4610.0 39065.0 1.87 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Morus albaRoot Bark4180.0 5270.0 -0.88 *
Morus albaFruit1520.0 10133.0 -0.69 *
Muntingia calaburaFruit3900.0 15663.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Murraya koenigiiLeaf-- 8000.0 -0.99 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Murraya spFruit3810.0 15612.0 -0.2 *
Murraya koenigiiTwig-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaFruit3700.0 15631.0 -0.2 *
Myrciaria dubiaFruit-- 711.0 -1.52 Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Myrica ceriferaBark427.0 1960.0 -0.87 *
Myristica fragransSeed3500.0 5210.0 -0.65 *
Myristica fragransAril-- 4630.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nardostachys chinensisRhizome-- 10800.0 -0.24 *
Nasturtium officinaleHerb3300.0 66000.0 0.27 *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed3670.0 16652.0 0.36 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome3820.0 34925.0 2.44 *
Nepeta catariaPlant2820.0 23500.0 0.12 *
Nigella sativaSeed-- 5820.0 -0.59 *
Notopterygium incisumRhizome-- 10200.0 -0.31 *
Nyssa sylvaticaLeaf2500.0 25480.0 -0.21 *
Nyssa sylvaticaStem870.0 9240.0 -0.64 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf4290.0 42900.0 0.55 *
Oenothera biennisSeed4600.0 7577.0 -0.44 *
Oenothera biennisHerb12700.0 35100.0 -1.34 *
Olea europaeaFruit550.0 2523.0 -1.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ophiopogon japonicusTuber8580.0 10600.0 -0.36 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit700.0 6615.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Opuntia ficus-indicaBud-- 2600.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed-- 1720.0 -0.95 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Origanum vulgarePlant16066.0 18647.0 -0.22 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum majoranaPlant14500.0 17225.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oryza sativaPlant12000.0 12600.0 -0.64 *
Oryza sativaSeed1000.0 2431.0 -0.89 *
Pachira macrocarpaSeed6630.0 7000.0 -0.49 *
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber1750.0 16130.0 0.07 *
Paeonia lactifloraRoot5000.0 7860.0 -0.58 *
Paeonia suffruticosaRoot Bark4580.0 6700.0 -0.45 *
Paeonia moutanRoot Bark4580.0 6700.0 -0.45 *
Panax ginsengRoot515.0 2430.0 -0.98 *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant6600.0 33800.0 0.84 *
Panax japonicusRhizome-- 11000.0 -0.22 *
Panicum maximumLeaf5900.0 29200.0 -0.05 *
Papaver somniferumSeed5250.0 8179.0 -0.39 *
Parthenium integrifoliumRoot1632.0 10200.0 -0.41 *
Passiflora incarnataFlower2200.0 20000.0 0.07 *
Passiflora foetidaFruit3410.0 18945.0 0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora edulisFruit3480.0 13975.0 -0.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pastinaca sativaRoot3300.0 40000.0 1.77 *
Peperomia pelucidaLeaf2770.0 35510.0 0.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pereskiifoliaLeaf5480.0 36535.0 0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perideridia gairdneriRoot-- 12900.0 -0.21 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Perilla frutescensPlant-- 26100.0 0.3 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Perilla frutescensLeaf6500.0 46429.0 0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Persea americanaFruit2780.0 27470.0 0.85 *
Petasites japonicusPt6550.0 11900.0 -1.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Petasites japonicusPlant35000.0 42000.0 1.41 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Petroselinum crispumPlant4425.0 53833.0 2.23 *
Peucedanum decursivumPlant16000.0 29600.0 0.54 *
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit1960.0 58500.0 3.59 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusSeed2950.0 39000.0 2.32 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed15000.0 16530.0 0.35 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling1870.0 20108.0 1.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus coccineusSeed-- 35807.0 2.04 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed9840.0 21070.0 0.75 *
Phellodendron amurenseBark-- 4370.0 -0.35 *
Phoenix dactyliferaSeed28.0 2440.0 -0.89 Abstract (See species file)
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit6250.0 8780.0 -0.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit1710.0 13960.0 -0.35 *
Phyllanthus acidusFruit1510.0 15895.0 -0.18 *
Physalis ixocarpaFruit2430.0 36250.0 1.62 *
Physalis peruvianaFruit320.0 18710.0 0.07 *
Phytelephas aequatorialisFlower5070.0 17365.0 -0.2 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialisMesocarp2510.0 44590.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Pimenta dioicaFruit11000.0 11410.0 -0.58 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed14410.0 15923.0 0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pimpinella anisumFruit-- 15923.0 -0.18 *
Pinellia ternataTuber480.0 1940.0 -1.03 *
Pinus pineaSeed5990.0 6420.0 -0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus edulisSeed5600.0 7853.0 -0.41 *
Pinus echinataShoot952.0 8400.0 -1.09 *
Piper nigrumFruit11718.0 15077.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pistacia veraSeed8639.0 11493.0 -0.09 *
Pisum sativumSeed2273.0 15830.0 0.29 *
Pisum sativumPlant12800.0 25200.0 0.24 *
Pisum sativumFruit1701.0 22737.0 0.43 *
Plantago asiaticaPlant-- 19600.0 -0.15 *
Plantago psylliumSeed1768.0 8110.0 -0.39 *
Plantago majorSeed2400.0 8000.0 -0.4 *
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot4520.0 6660.0 -0.67 *
Polygala tenuifoliaRoot-- 2900.0 -0.94 *
Polygonum multiflorumRhizome-- 9120.0 -0.43 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- 10800.0 -0.36 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Polystichum polyblepharumPlant12000.0 20000.0 -0.13 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb4880.0 81200.0 1.07 *
Prunella vulgarisFlower-- 11900.0 -0.76 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Prunus serotinaLeaf1624.0 26880.0 -0.15 *
Prunus persicaSeed-- 7010.0 -0.49 *
Prunus dulcisSeed4538.0 8560.0 -0.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus armeniacaSeed4180.0 7783.0 -0.42 *
Prunus persicaFruit1275.0 22072.0 0.37 *
Prunus domesticaFruit1677.0 44200.0 2.33 *
Prunus armeniacaFruit2824.0 22565.0 0.41 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus serotinaStem80.0 15120.0 -0.02 *
Prunus persicaBark-- 19400.0 2.9 *
Prunus cerasusFruit1120.0 19277.0 0.12 *
Psidium guajavaFruit2672.0 21658.0 0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium cattleianumFruit2890.0 15880.0 -0.18 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed2014.0 18873.0 0.55 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusLeaf1760.0 7602.0 -1.0 *
Psoralea esculentaRoot-- 2800.0 -0.95 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Pueraria pseudohirsutaRoot7370.0 11200.0 -0.34 *
Pueraria montanaShoot16000.0 36050.0 0.86 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pulsatilla chinensisRoot-- 14200.0 -0.12 *
Punica granatumFruit1330.0 18950.0 0.09 *
Pyrus communisFruit1200.0 11250.0 -0.59 *
Quercus velutinaStem984.0 8060.0 -0.76 *
Quercus stellataStem500.0 9240.0 -0.64 *
Quercus phellosStem616.0 5880.0 -0.99 *
Quercus rubraStem600.0 9240.0 -0.64 *
Quercus albaStem600.0 7296.0 -0.84 *
Quercus rubraSeed-- 8485.0 -0.36 *
Quercus albaBark433.0 1900.0 -0.89 *
Quisqualis indicaFruit-- 19900.0 0.18 *
Raphanus sativusLeaf5000.0 43478.0 0.58 *
Raphanus sativusSeed-- 11900.0 -0.06 *
Raphanus sativusFruit2070.0 20495.0 0.23 *
Raphanus sativusRoot2215.0 85700.0 5.12 *
Rehmannia glutinosaRoot-- 9730.0 -0.44 *
Rheum palmatumRhizome6330.0 21600.0 0.96 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt2510.0 66400.0 0.88 *
Rhizophora mangleLeaf-- 6500.0 -1.05 *
Rhodymenia palmataPlant-- 22700.0 0.06 *
Rhus glabraStem1176.0 14740.0 -0.06 *
Rhus copallinaStem1300.0 20740.0 0.58 *
Rhus copallinaLeaf2700.0 29760.0 -0.03 *
Ribes uva-crispaFruit1150.0 20830.0 0.26 *
Ribes rubrumFruit2585.0 21250.0 0.29 *
Ribes nigrumFruit3100.0 21110.0 0.28 *
Rosa caninaFruit1547.0 8270.0 -0.85 *
Rosa laevigataFruit-- 13000.0 -0.43 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant8842.0 11284.0 -0.73 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf6680.0 20725.0 -0.42 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubia cordifoliaRoot-- 12600.0 -0.23 *
Rubus chingiiFruit-- 12500.0 -0.48 *
Rubus idaeusFruit1490.0 11635.0 -0.56 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rubus chamaemorusFruit1500.0 11875.0 -0.53 *
Rubus idaeusLeaf2265.0 13400.0 -0.75 *
Rumex crispusRoot3135.0 12200.0 -0.26 *
Rumex acetosaLeaf3380.0 40000.0 0.43 *
Ruscus aculeatusRoot2821.0 9340.0 -0.47 *
Salix albaBark1651.0 9830.0 0.83 *
Salvia miltiorrhizaRoot-- 11700.0 -0.3 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Salvia officinalisPlant10700.0 11630.0 -0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Salvia officinalisLeaf3878.0 24700.0 -0.25 *
Sambucus canadensisFruit2699.0 14356.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sambucus nigraFruit105.0 22090.0 0.37 *
Santalum acuminatumFruit6590.0 28285.0 0.92 *
Sassafras albidumStem1430.0 12580.0 -0.28 *
Sassafras albidumLeaf3960.0 21760.0 -0.38 *
Satureja hortensisPlant-- 11549.0 -0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Schisandra chinensisFruit1545.0 10300.0 -0.67 *
Schizonepeta tenuifoliaPlant-- 10600.0 -0.78 *
Scrophularia buergerianaRoot-- 14500.0 -0.09 *
Scutellaria baicalensisRoot6200.0 9120.0 -0.49 *
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant2987.0 21800.0 0.0 *
Secale cerealeSeed2500.0 5090.0 -0.66 *
Secale cerealeLeaf-- 11500.0 -0.83 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sechium eduleFruit1500.0 21430.0 0.31 *
Sechium eduleShoot3100.0 41890.0 1.27 *
Senna occidentalisSeed-- 9560.0 -0.26 *
Senna alexandrinaLeaf2050.0 10100.0 -0.89 *
Senna obtusifoliaSeed9120.0 9200.0 -0.3 *
Serenoa repensFruit2325.0 17900.0 -0.0 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sesamum indicumSeed3489.0 7664.0 -0.43 *
Siegesbeckia orientalisPlant-- 20400.0 -0.1 *
Silybum marianumLeaf1833.0 8330.0 -0.97 *
Silybum marianumPlant-- 8330.0 -0.94 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Simmondsia chinensisSeed-- 6610.0 -0.52 *
Sinapis albaSeed6393.0 9130.0 -0.3 *
Sinomenium acutumRhizome-- 5560.0 -0.82 *
Smilax officinalisRoot2001.0 9530.0 -0.46 *
Smilax sppRoot2001.0 9530.0 -0.46 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber2470.0 30000.0 1.14 *
Solanum melongenaFruit620.0 32000.0 1.25 *
Sophora subprostrataRoot-- 820.0 -1.1 *
Sophora angustifoliaRoot2430.0 4740.0 -0.81 *
Sophora secundifloraSeed-- 1150.0 -1.0 *
Sophora japonicaSeed-- 10660.0 -0.17 *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit2900.0 13075.0 -0.43 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant2060.0 69077.0 3.3 *
Spirulina spp.Plant-- 1600.0 -1.41 *
Spirulina pratensisPlant-- 1600.0 -1.41 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spondias purpureaFruit2700.0 11155.0 -0.6 *
Spondias dulcisSeed-- 5800.0 -0.6 *
Spondias pinnataFruit-- -- *
Spondias dulcisFruit950.0 20700.0 0.25 *
Spondias tuberosaFruit-- 16700.0 -0.11 *
Spondias mombinFruit-- -- *
Stachys officinalisPlant1596.0 9500.0 -0.86 *
Stellaria mediaPlant697.0 8400.0 -0.93 *
Stevia rebaudianaPlant-- 26100.0 0.3 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 17800.0 -0.55 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphoricarpos orbiculatusStem3268.0 19360.0 0.43 *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 15900.0 0.01 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphytum officinaleLeaf1870.0 17000.0 -0.59 *
Syzygium aromaticumFlower11020.0 16200.0 -0.31 *
Syzygium cuminiFruit550.0 6705.0 -0.99 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium aromaticumFruit11020.0 16200.0 -0.15 *
Syzygium malaccenseFruit1140.0 13255.0 -0.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium jambosFruit500.0 3225.0 -1.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark331.0 1850.0 -0.9 *
Tamarindus indicaLeaf-- 11974.0 -0.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indicaFruit6280.0 15415.0 -0.22 *
Tamarindus indicaFlower-- 12700.0 -0.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 22500.0 0.05 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf3970.0 30000.0 -0.02 *
Taraxacum mongolicumPlant-- 22800.0 0.07 *
Taraxacum officinaleRoot1716.0 12000.0 -0.28 *
Tephrosia purpureaLeaf-- 33800.0 0.15 *
Terminalia catappaSeed7840.0 8165.0 -0.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf1300.0 21665.0 -0.38 *
Tetrapanax papyriferaPith-- 3040.0 -1.0 *
Thymus vulgarisLeaf1626.0 9680.0 -0.91 *
Thymus vulgarisPlant7667.0 9302.0 -0.87 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Trachyspermum ammiFruit13900.0 15011.0 -0.26 *
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot1830.0 16964.0 0.09 *
Tribulus terrestrisLeaf-- 28400.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit340.0 6300.0 -1.03 *
Trifolium pratenseShoot5400.0 26700.0 0.2 *
Trifolium pratenseFlower3600.0 20000.0 0.07 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed133.0 1020.0 -1.02 *
Triticum aestivumSeed940.0 7900.0 -0.41 *
Triticum aestivumPlant1200.0 43500.0 1.51 *
Turnera diffusaLeaf1630.0 7760.0 -1.0 *
Tussilago farfaraFlower-- 18200.0 -0.11 *
Ulmus rubraBark444.0 2710.0 -0.71 *
Urtica dioicaRoot-- 11320.0 -0.33 *
Urtica dioicaSeed-- 12190.0 -0.03 *
Urtica dioicaLeaf3500.0 17500.0 -0.57 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit250.0 6777.0 -0.99 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFruit720.0 6200.0 -1.04 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit879.0 5859.0 -1.07 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit1338.0 16730.0 -0.1 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot1215.0 10300.0 -0.4 *
Valerianella radicataPlant16406.0 17496.0 -0.3 *
Valerianella locustaPlant4573.0 4643.0 -1.2 *
Verbascum thapsusLeaf5808.0 13200.0 -0.76 *
Viburnum opulusBark-- 7360.0 0.29 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vicia fabaSeed2500.0 13160.0 0.05 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia fabaFruit390.0 2670.0 -1.35 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling1256.0 18092.0 0.79 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed3067.0 43200.0 2.69 *
Vigna angularisSeed12540.0 14487.0 0.17 *
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed10965.0 14230.0 0.15 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed11570.0 12635.0 0.01 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiataSeed12038.0 14170.0 0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataShoot4550.0 44520.0 1.45 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot4550.0 44520.0 1.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataFruit2101.0 22212.0 0.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungoSeed1710.0 89790.0 6.79 *
Viscum albumLeaf-- 12200.0 -0.8 *
Vitis viniferaStem-- 20100.0 0.51 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitis viniferaFruit1784.0 24640.0 0.59 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot4480.0 39100.0 1.71 *
Yucca baccataRoot33.0 160.0 -1.14 *
Zea maysSeed2400.0 11450.0 -0.1 *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- 12200.0 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome2640.0 25079.0 1.35 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot1323.0 18900.0 0.23 *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit2690.0 12035.0 -0.52 *
Zizyphus spina-christiFruit-- 5300.0 -1.12 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.