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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit240.0 2400.0 1.87 *
Adonis vernalisPlant-- -- *
Aesculus hippocastanumPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Aleurites fordiiSeed-- -- *
Allium cepaBulb150.0 1455.0 1.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb18.0 80.0 -1.0 *
Aloe veraPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Althaea officinalisRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Anacardium occidentaleSeed1580.0 1607.0 -0.21 *
Anamirta cocculusFruit-- -- *
Ananas comosusFruit60.0 444.0 -0.65 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anaphalis margaritaceaPlant-- -- *
Anethum graveolensPlant-- 1240.0 0.16 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Annona cherimolaSeed15400.0 20000.0 4.85 *
Apium graveolensPt60.0 1120.0 *
Apium graveolensSeed-- 600.0 -0.49 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Arctium lappaRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Armoracia rusticanaRoot-- 910.0 0.01 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Arnica montanaFlower-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusPlant89.0 810.0 -0.55 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot246.0 3097.0 *
Atropa bella-donnaRoot-- -- *
Avena sativaSeed-- 580.0 -0.49 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Beta vulgarisRoot250.0 1972.0 2.68 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Beta vulgarisLeaf-- 210.0 -0.76 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Boronia megastigmaFlower-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf110.0 1471.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapaRoot70.0 700.0 -0.51 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower180.0 1800.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf240.0 1710.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapaLeaf120.0 1200.0 -0.42 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Brassica oleracea var. italicaPlant-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Plant-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Plant-- -- *
Brassica junceaLeaf20.0 600.0 -0.63 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Camellia sinensisLeaf2600.0 11400.0 3.08 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Capsicum frutescensFruit90.0 130.0 -1.05 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Capsicum annuumFruit90.0 1750.0 1.04 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Carum carviSeed-- 760.0 -0.44 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carum carviFruit-- 760.0 -0.24 *
Carya ovataSeed Oil-- 3000.0 *
Carya illinoensisLeaf-- -- *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cicer arietinumSeed350.0 395.0 -0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 260.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Citrullus lanatusFruit20.0 236.0 -0.91 *
Citrus paradisiFruit-- 170.0 -1.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Citrus limonFruit-- 120.0 -1.06 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Citrus sinensisFruit-- 240.0 -0.91 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Cocos nuciferaSeed470.0 885.0 -0.41 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Coffea arabicaSeed920.0 940.0 -0.39 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Colocasia esculentaRoot190.0 650.0 -0.64 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit-- 460.0 -0.63 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Corylus avellanaSeed-- 5000.0 0.72 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cucumis meloFruit100.0 978.0 0.04 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucumis sativusFruit14.0 3544.0 3.35 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit120.0 1428.0 0.62 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cuminum cyminumRoot-- 680.0 -0.56 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Curcuma longaRoot-- 820.0 -0.21 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Daucus carotaRoot120.0 980.0 0.19 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot100.0 333.0 -1.43 *
Dioscorea villosaRoot100.0 1000.0 0.24 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Dodonaea viscosaLeaf-- -- *
Elettaria cardamomumSeed460.0 600.0 -0.49 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Elettaria cardamomumFruit460.0 500.0 -0.57 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Eleutherococcus senticosusPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit20.0 150.0 -1.02 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Eriodictyon californicumPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Erythroxylum cocaPlant-- -- *
Euonymus atropurpureusPlant-- -- *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed1980.0 2270.0 -0.03 *
Ficus caricaFruit310.0 1484.0 0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgareSeed660.0 700.0 -0.46 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Fragaria sppFruit120.0 1423.0 0.62 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Gentiana luteaRoot-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Gloriosa superbaPlant-- -- *
Glycine maxSeed500.0 1760.0 -0.17 *
Helianthus annuusSeed5340.0 5642.0 0.9 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaCalyx-- -- *
Hordeum vulgareSprout Seedling-- 2340.0 1.48 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Hyoscyamus nigerSeed-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumPlant-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Illicium verumFruit-- 1140.0 0.25 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Ipomoea batatasRoot120.0 442.0 -1.16 *
Iris versicolorRhizome-- -- *
Juglans regiaSeed1080.0 1120.0 -0.34 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Juglans nigraSeed1080.0 1100.0 -0.35 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Lactuca sativaLeaf380.0 6333.0 1.34 *
Lagenaria sicerariaLeaf-- 1300.0 -0.39 *
Laurus nobilisSeed-- 1510.0 -0.24 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Lavandula angustifoliaFlower-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Lepidium meyeniiRoot500.0 1000.0 0.24 *
Lycium chinenseLeaf-- 2000.0 -0.15 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit70.0 1157.0 0.27 *
Lycopodium clavatumPollen Or Spore-- -- Hutchings, A, Scott, AH, Lewis, G, and Cunningham, A. 1996. Zulu Medicinal Plants. An inventory. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. 450 pp.
Malus domesticaFruit120.0 745.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Marrubium vulgarePlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Mentha x piperitaLeaf130.0 610.0 -0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha spicataLeaf100.0 690.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Menyanthes trifoliataLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Moringa oleiferaRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Murraya spPlant-- -- *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit160.0 622.0 -0.42 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Musa x paradisiacaPlant-- -- *
Myristica fragransSeed-- 620.0 -0.48 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransAril-- 730.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nerium oleanderSeed-- 140.0 -0.61 *
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf1000.0 5000.0 0.88 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nigella sativaSeed-- 5100.0 0.75 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumPlant-- -- *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf-- 1060.0 -0.47 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oenothera biennisPlant-- -- *
Ononis spinosaPlant-- 1000.0 -0.23 *
Origanum majoranaPlant600.0 650.0 -0.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum vulgarePlant2030.0 2186.0 1.71 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Paeonia suffruticosaRoot Bark-- -- *
Papaver somniferumSeed890.0 955.0 -0.39 *
Persea americanaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Petroselinum crispumLeaf50.0 450.0 -0.68 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed760.0 1270.0 -0.3 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling-- 1210.0 -0.41 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit140.0 1400.0 0.59 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Physalis peruvianaCalyx-- 400.0 *
Pimenta dioicaFruit-- 666.0 -0.36 *
Pinus pineaSeed1410.0 1510.0 -0.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper nigrumFruit550.0 1028.0 0.11 *
Pistacia veraSeed1080.0 1123.0 -0.34 *
Plantago ovataSeed-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Polypodium vulgareRoot-- -- *
Prunus dulcisSeed1430.0 1490.0 -0.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus domesticaSprout Seedling70.0 700.0 -1.27 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Prunus armeniacaFruit180.0 1320.0 0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus persicaFruit100.0 810.0 -0.17 *
Pterocarpus marsupiumStem Bark-- -- Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Punica granatumFruit170.0 892.0 -0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pyrus communisFruit80.0 494.0 -0.58 *
Quisqualis indicaFruit-- -- *
Raphanus sativusRoot70.0 1355.0 1.13 *
Rheum officinaleRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant440.0 1365.0 0.36 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Salvia officinalisLeaf-- 2440.0 0.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Sarcostemma acidumPlant-- -- *
Satureja montanaPlant-- 310.0 -1.37 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Satureja hortensisPlant-- 310.0 -1.37 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Serenoa repensFruit-- 128.0 -1.05 *
Sesamum indicumSeed7140.0 7490.0 1.41 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber50.0 240.0 *
Solanum melongenaFruit70.0 867.0 -0.1 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant90.0 1800.0 1.08 *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- 2560.0 2.08 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Tanacetum vulgarePlant-- -- *
Taraxacum officinalePlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Thymus vulgarisPlant1520.0 1760.0 1.01 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed-- 1400.0 -0.27 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Ulmus rubraPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Urginea indicaTuber-- -- *
Urginea maritimaBulb-- -- *
Vicia fabaSeed1240.0 5000.0 0.72 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Vigna radiataSeed230.0 253.0 -0.58 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna angularisSeed760.0 878.0 -0.41 *
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling150.0 1576.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed-- 290.0 -0.57 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Vitis viniferaFruit40.0 206.0 -0.95 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zea maysSeed600.0 2800.0 0.12 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Zingiber officinaleRoot150.0 913.0 0.02 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zingiber officinaleRhizome150.0 913.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.