Data Views

Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Physalis ixocarpaFruit400.0 30250.0 8.21 *
Beta vulgarisRoot260.0 45580.0 7.39 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumLeaf610.0 38416.0 6.15 *
Chenopodium albumLeaf720.0 36833.0 5.86 *
Momordica charantiaLeaf540.0 33467.0 5.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Linum usitatissimumSeed3961.0 20335.0 3.96 *
Serenoa repensFruit2105.0 16200.0 3.94 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Luffa aegyptiacaSeed-- 18300.0 3.42 *
Lepidium sativumSeed16500.0 17500.0 3.21 *
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit370.0 13500.0 3.12 *
Physalis angulataFruit1350.0 13500.0 3.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Asparagus officinalisShoot390.0 10244.0 3.11 *
Arachis hypogaeaPlant800.0 10000.0 3.08 *
Cucumis sativusFruit158.0 12600.0 2.85 *
Elytrigia repensPlant2800.0 9510.0 2.85 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed520.0 15593.0 2.71 *
Cucurbita pepoFlower490.0 10100.0 2.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Acrocomia totaiFruit-- 12000.0 2.67 *
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 5950.0 2.57 *
Limonia acidissimaSeed14300.0 14895.0 2.52 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrullus lanatusSeed8300.0 14600.0 2.44 *
Salix albaBark689.0 4100.0 2.41 *
Murraya koenigiiLeaf6000.0 17800.0 2.36 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit856.0 10700.0 2.27 *
Raphanus sativusFruit240.0 10526.0 2.22 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusShoot-- 8100.0 2.14 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot1716.0 15600.0 2.12 *
Phaseolus lunatusSprout Seedling3820.0 10611.0 2.05 *
Cucurbita pepoSeed10600.0 12982.0 2.02 *
Brassica oleraceaStem400.0 5110.0 1.94 *
Anethum graveolensPlant600.0 7625.0 1.94 *
Ceiba pentandraSeed9700.0 12690.0 1.94 *
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant600.0 7288.0 1.78 *
Triticum aestivumPlant400.0 7200.0 1.74 *
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit370.0 8795.0 1.69 *
Luffa aegyptiacaLeaf330.0 14141.0 1.69 *
Silybum marianumPlant-- 7060.0 1.67 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sesamum indicumLeaf-- 14000.0 1.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lactuca sativaLeaf108.0 13920.0 1.65 *
Prunus persicaBark-- 3150.0 1.62 *
Hordeum vulgarePlant2300.0 6900.0 1.59 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit110.0 8400.0 1.57 *
Momordica charantiaFruit320.0 8333.0 1.55 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cannabis sativaSeed9700.0 11227.0 1.55 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower385.0 7375.0 1.54 *
Helianthus tuberosusTuber660.0 5200.0 1.39 Bonness, M. S., Promising new drugs from plants: poisons that heal, Herbarist, #56, 1990, 59-68
Apium graveolensPt201.0 6849.0 1.36 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit924.0 7700.0 1.36 *
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf420.0 12360.0 1.36 *
Pisum sativumPlant1800.0 6400.0 1.35 *
Sechium eduleShoot470.0 6350.0 1.34 *
Avena sativaSeed500.0 10200.0 1.28 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Symphoricarpos orbiculatusStem228.0 4224.0 1.28 *
Tropaeolum majusShoot850.0 6200.0 1.27 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant250.0 6232.0 1.27 *
Glycine maxFruit2250.0 7305.0 1.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Crescentia alataSeed9680.0 10020.0 1.23 *
Terminalia catappaSeed7890.0 9835.0 1.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus mitisFruit700.0 7000.0 1.15 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Calathea macrosepalaFlower490.0 6365.0 1.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapidaAril160.0 2300.0 1.09 *
Cynara cardunculusFlower860.0 6240.0 1.06 *
Sinapis albaSeed8100.0 9330.0 1.05 *
Curcuma longaRhizome640.0 6307.0 1.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Papaver somniferumSeed8290.0 9277.0 1.04 *
Eriodictyon californicumLeaf2332.0 10600.0 1.04 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed1890.0 9200.0 1.02 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud320.0 4300.0 1.0 *
Nasturtium officinaleHerb600.0 12000.0 1.0 *
Juglans nigraHull Husk-- 1070.0 1.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb880.0 5220.0 1.0 *
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit190.0 6400.0 0.97 *
Phaseolus lunatusSeed1130.0 9000.0 0.96 *
Valerianella radicataPlant4647.0 5552.0 0.94 *
Amaranthus sp.Leaf487.0 10082.0 0.94 *
Carum carviFruit5680.0 6302.0 0.94 *
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit630.0 6300.0 0.94 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sesamum indicumSeed5000.0 8898.0 0.94 *
Prunus dulcisSeed4420.0 8735.0 0.89 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf3630.0 9740.0 0.88 *
Glycine maxPlant2400.0 5410.0 0.88 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora ligularisFruit300.0 6095.0 0.87 *
Vigna aconitifoliaPlant1800.0 5400.0 0.87 *
Dipsacus fullonumPlant-- 5400.0 0.87 *
Vetiveria zizanioidesFruit500.0 6000.0 0.85 *
Moringa oleiferaShoot1120.0 5250.0 0.84 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phytolacca americanaShoot440.0 5238.0 0.84 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit4449.0 5960.0 0.83 *
Mimulus glabratusShoot520.0 5200.0 0.82 *
Lupinus mutabilisFruit1680.0 5875.0 0.81 *
Solanum melongenaFruit189.0 5836.0 0.8 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber320.0 4200.0 0.8 *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant2700.0 5200.0 0.77 *
Apium graveolensRoot470.0 7900.0 0.77 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Erythrina berteroanaShoot800.0 5060.0 0.76 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf644.0 9090.0 0.76 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf644.0 9090.0 0.76 *
Cuminum cyminumFruit4900.0 5673.0 0.75 *
Bromelia pinguinShoot225.0 5000.0 0.73 *
Cyclanthera pedataFruit260.0 5615.0 0.73 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant510.0 5100.0 0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleocharis dulcisTuber650.0 4075.0 0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rumex crispusRoot1945.0 7570.0 0.71 *
Glycine maxSeed1580.0 8040.0 0.71 *
Cucurbita sppFruit350.0 5540.0 0.71 *
Asparagus officinalisRoot746.0 7460.0 0.69 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 5010.0 0.68 *
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 5010.0 0.68 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ephedra nevadensisPlant-- 5000.0 0.68 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pastinaca sativaRoot400.0 7365.0 0.68 *
Abelmoschus esculentusSeed-- 7900.0 0.67 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot290.0 7250.0 0.66 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot1278.0 7100.0 0.63 *
Citrus paradisiFruit76.0 5280.0 0.63 *
Malva parvifloraPlant670.0 4891.0 0.63 *
Pisum sativumFruit530.0 5240.0 0.61 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit440.0 5238.0 0.61 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot1470.0 7000.0 0.61 *
Hydrangea arborescensRoot2450.0 7000.0 0.61 *
Spondias dulcisFruit670.0 5115.0 0.58 *
Vicia fabaFruit740.0 5070.0 0.56 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Helianthus annuusSeed6930.0 7450.0 0.55 *
Theobroma cacaoFruit500.0 5000.0 0.54 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Brassica chinensisLeaf370.0 7907.0 0.54 *
Brassica rapaLeaf370.0 7907.0 0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha spicataPlant600.0 4706.0 0.54 *
Acacia tortilisSeed-- 7300.0 0.51 *
Cajanus cajanFruit1240.0 4888.0 0.51 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf1150.0 7720.0 0.51 *
Trifolium pratenseShoot900.0 4500.0 0.5 *
Oenothera biennisSeed4100.0 7257.0 0.5 *
Benincasa hispidaFruit70.0 4870.0 0.5 *
Pimpinella anisumFruit-- 4862.0 0.5 *
Vigna unguiculataFruit590.0 4856.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Borago officinalisLeaf530.0 7579.0 0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Solanum torvumFruit700.0 4795.0 0.48 *
Rumex crispusLeaf560.0 7568.0 0.48 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Trachyspermum ammiFruit4430.0 4784.0 0.48 *
Brassica pekinensisLeaf4560.0 7560.0 0.48 *
Basella albaLeaf520.0 7535.0 0.47 *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed590.0 7130.0 0.47 *
Humulus lupulusFruit-- 4760.0 0.47 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Lupinus mutabilisSeed6350.0 7100.0 0.46 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome320.0 5323.0 0.46 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit3907.0 4687.0 0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Humulus lupulusFlower885.0 4760.0 0.44 *
Apium graveolensFruit979.0 4660.0 0.44 *
Stellaria mediaPlant372.0 4480.0 0.43 *
Raphanus sativusRoot160.0 5850.0 0.41 *
Lepidium sativumLeaf760.0 7170.0 0.4 *
Apium graveolensSeed980.0 6843.0 0.39 *
Silybum marianumLeaf1553.0 7060.0 0.38 *
Triticum aestivumSeed800.0 6800.0 0.38 *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed6000.0 6750.0 0.37 *
Coccinia grandisFruit300.0 4350.0 0.34 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Agathosma betulinaLeaf-- 6780.0 0.33 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Barosma betulinaLeaf-- 6780.0 0.33 *
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf830.0 6755.0 0.33 *
Cinnamomum burmanniiBark-- 1600.0 0.33 *
Carum carviSeed5650.0 6580.0 0.32 *
Schisandra chinensisFruit639.0 4260.0 0.32 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf410.0 6670.0 0.31 *
Moringa oleiferaFruit500.0 4235.0 0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Theobroma speciosumFruit1650.0 4230.0 0.31 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Physalis peruvianaFruit550.0 4215.0 0.3 *
Colocasia esculentaRoot460.0 5204.0 0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf214.0 6500.0 0.28 *
Liquidambar styracifluaStem60.0 2880.0 0.28 *
Passiflora edulisSeed-- 6400.0 0.28 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Daucus carotaRoot340.0 5090.0 0.28 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaLeaf480.0 6458.0 0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coriandrum sativumLeaf720.0 6452.0 0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna unguiculataSeed5342.0 6375.0 0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus domesticaFruit70.0 4080.0 0.26 *
Brassica rapaRoot270.0 5000.0 0.26 *
Carica papayaLeaf1420.0 6311.0 0.25 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Petroselinum crispumPlant324.0 4100.0 0.25 *
Cinnamomum sieboldiiBark-- 1500.0 0.24 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed3730.0 6255.0 0.24 *
Balanites aegyptiacusFruit-- 4000.0 0.24 *
Pisum sativumSeed1038.0 6250.0 0.24 *
Inga feuilleiAril300.0 1875.0 0.23 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pinus cembroidesSeed5150.0 6235.0 0.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phragmites australisShoot-- 3900.0 0.23 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Muntingia calaburaFruit720.0 3965.0 0.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Albizia lebbeckSeed-- 6200.0 0.22 Wealth of India.
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot470.0 4700.0 0.21 *
Ipomoea batatasLeaf300.0 6090.0 0.21 *
Eupatorium perfoliatumPlant360.0 4000.0 0.2 *
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf1440.0 6000.0 0.19 *
Balanites aegyptiacusShoot-- 3800.0 0.19 *
Vigna subterraneaSeed2240.0 6042.0 0.18 *
Beta vulgarisLeaf290.0 5946.0 0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Capsicum frutescensFruit455.0 3794.0 0.18 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Hibiscus sabdariffaSeed-- 6000.0 0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumRoot1650.0 4460.0 0.17 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed644.0 5960.0 0.16 *
Anethum graveolensFruit2102.0 3723.0 0.15 *
Colocasia esculentaLeaf490.0 5800.0 0.15 *
Sechium eduleFruit260.0 3715.0 0.15 *
Arctium lappaRoot1027.0 4370.0 0.15 *
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit200.0 3700.0 0.15 *
Cichorium endiviaLeaf242.0 5760.0 0.15 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome1000.0 4785.0 0.14 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed2130.0 5880.0 0.14 *
Juglans nigraSeed4475.0 5880.0 0.14 *
Verbascum thapsusLeaf2508.0 5700.0 0.13 *
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf750.0 5682.0 0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rhodymenia palmataPlant-- 3860.0 0.13 *
Limonia acidissimaFruit800.0 3605.0 0.12 *
Panicum maximumLeaf-- 5600.0 0.12 *
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling455.0 6560.0 0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium sativum var. sativumFlower460.0 3966.0 0.11 *
Allium cepaLeaf310.0 5513.0 0.1 *
Lycopersicon esculentumLeaf-- 5500.0 0.1 *
Theobroma bicolorSeed5490.0 5695.0 0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Canavalia ensiformisFruit100.0 3509.0 0.09 *
Ribes nigrumFruit490.0 3500.0 0.09 *
Sonchus oleraceusLeaf370.0 5440.0 0.09 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed4900.0 5673.0 0.08 *
Spartium junceumStem-- 2600.0 0.07 *
Origanum majoranaPlant2670.0 3725.0 0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Aralia cordataLeaf250.0 5320.0 0.06 *
Diospyros virginianaStem132.0 2592.0 0.06 *
Prunus serotinaStem114.0 2592.0 0.06 *
Oryza sativaSeed528.0 5588.0 0.06 *
Lablab purpureusFruit600.0 3409.0 0.06 *
Theobroma cacaoSeed3600.0 5571.0 0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyphomandra betaceaFruit130.0 3400.0 0.06 *
Annona muricataFruit210.0 3400.0 0.06 *
Acacia tortilisFruit-- 3400.0 0.06 *
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf590.0 5268.0 0.05 *
Oenothera biennisPlant1700.0 3700.0 0.05 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf380.0 5235.0 0.05 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumLeaf340.0 5230.0 0.05 *
Perilla frutescensLeaf730.0 5214.0 0.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tephrosia purpureaLeaf2600.0 5200.0 0.04 *
Ribes rubrumFruit418.0 3310.0 0.03 *
Sambucus nigraFruit540.0 3300.0 0.03 *
Pinus pineaSeed5080.0 5445.0 0.02 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium ampeloprasumRoot500.0 3650.0 0.02 *
Acalypha indicaLeaf990.0 5075.0 0.02 Wealth of India.
Taraxacum officinaleRoot518.0 3620.0 0.02 *
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed2300.0 5418.0 0.02 *
Nelumbo nuciferaFruit2940.0 3267.0 0.02 *
Spondias mombinFruit310.0 3250.0 0.01 *
Artocarpus altilisSeed1750.0 5385.0 0.01 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Chrysanthemum partheniumLeaf902.0 5010.0 0.01 *
Malva sylvestrisLeaf360.0 5000.0 0.01 *
Perilla frutescensSeed330.0 5339.0 -0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora incarnataFlower407.0 3700.0 -0.0 *
Morus albaFruit320.0 3200.0 -0.0 *
Fragaria sppFruit185.0 3191.0 -0.01 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf690.0 4927.0 -0.01 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Punica granatumFruit80.0 3182.0 -0.01 *
Solanum quitoensisFruit120.0 3155.0 -0.02 *
Pistacia veraSeed4300.0 5280.0 -0.02 *
Lens culinarisSeed2420.0 5275.0 -0.02 *
Anthriscus cerefoliumLeaf4500.0 4850.0 -0.02 *
Anacardium occidentaleFruit100.0 3125.0 -0.03 *
Angelica sinensisRoot735.0 3340.0 -0.03 *
Elaeis guineensisFruit440.0 3100.0 -0.04 *
Melilotus indicaPlant-- 3500.0 -0.04 *
Glechoma hederaceaPlant2100.0 3500.0 -0.04 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot500.0 3262.0 -0.04 *
Actinidia chinensisFruit300.0 3060.0 -0.05 *
Oryza sativaPlant600.0 3478.0 -0.05 *
Capsicum annuumFruit784.0 3040.0 -0.05 *
Passiflora quadrangularisFruit170.0 3035.0 -0.05 *
Quercus albaStem120.0 2432.0 -0.06 *
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf280.0 4665.0 -0.06 *
Pereskia aculeataFruit90.0 3025.0 -0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Genipa americanaFruit580.0 3000.0 -0.07 *
Prunus serotinaLeaf261.0 4608.0 -0.07 *
Juglans regiaSeed2800.0 5100.0 -0.07 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf500.0 4600.0 -0.07 *
Ricinus communisLeaf-- 4600.0 -0.07 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot440.0 3125.0 -0.07 *
Prunus armeniacaFruit180.0 2982.0 -0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rhus glabraStem126.0 2412.0 -0.07 *
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling1610.0 6165.0 -0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica nigraLeaf290.0 4563.0 -0.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed334.0 5058.0 -0.08 *
Eryngium floridanumShoot-- 3215.0 -0.08 *
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf480.0 4528.0 -0.08 *
Cichorium intybusRoot610.0 3050.0 -0.08 *
Acacia farnesianaLeaf840.0 4519.0 -0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Morus albaLeaf2400.0 4500.0 -0.09 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot320.0 3020.0 -0.09 *
Carthamus tinctoriusPlant-- 3400.0 -0.09 *
Tropaeolum tuberosumRoot220.0 3000.0 -0.09 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit130.0 2915.0 -0.09 *
Cinnamomum verumBark674.0 1100.0 -0.09 *
Urtica dioicaLeaf894.0 4470.0 -0.09 *
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed500.0 5000.0 -0.09 *
Vicia fabaSeed950.0 5000.0 -0.09 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artemisia dracunculusPlant3130.0 3391.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrullus lanatusFruit1.0 2900.0 -0.1 *
Juniperus virginianaShoot228.0 3168.0 -0.1 *
Peperomia pelucidaLeaf340.0 4360.0 -0.11 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eupatorium odoratumLeaf-- 4350.0 -0.11 Tramil
Myrciaria dubiaFruit150.0 2835.0 -0.12 *
Lupinus albusSeed4400.0 4900.0 -0.12 *
Cichorium intybusLeaf210.0 4284.0 -0.13 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed4400.0 4862.0 -0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ullucus tuberosusRoot350.0 2775.0 -0.13 *
Phaseolus coccineusFruit1600.0 2770.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans cinereaSeed4085.0 4834.0 -0.14 *
Ficus caricaFruit129.0 2764.0 -0.14 *
Gentiana luteaRoot594.0 2700.0 -0.14 *
Lablab purpureusSeed490.0 4800.0 -0.15 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf3200.0 4150.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycium chinenseLeaf430.0 4135.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cnidoscolus chayamansaLeaf540.0 4100.0 -0.16 *
Perideridia gairdneriRoot-- 2600.0 -0.16 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Zingiber officinaleRoot181.0 2580.0 -0.16 *
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit140.0 2667.0 -0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora foetidaFruit480.0 2665.0 -0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ribes uva-crispaFruit150.0 2665.0 -0.17 *
Althaea officinalisRoot277.0 2560.0 -0.17 *
Ephedra sinicaPlant678.0 3230.0 -0.17 *
Mucuna pruriensSeed3200.0 4700.0 -0.17 *
Cucumis meloFruit121.0 2640.0 -0.17 *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark-- 1000.0 -0.18 *
Solanum nigrumLeaf540.0 4000.0 -0.18 *
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot1890.0 2493.0 -0.18 *
Spirulina spp.Plant-- 3190.0 -0.19 *
Spirulina pratensisPlant-- 3190.0 -0.19 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Corylus avellanaSeed2900.0 4622.0 -0.19 *
Passiflora edulisFruit480.0 2570.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rosa caninaFruit479.0 2560.0 -0.2 *
Trifolium pratenseFlower580.0 3220.0 -0.21 *
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 3220.0 -0.21 *
Arachis hypogaeaLeaf820.0 3814.0 -0.21 *
Mangifera indicaLeaf720.0 3800.0 -0.22 *
Vigna aconitifoliaFruit-- 2500.0 -0.22 *
Rubus chamaemorusFruit320.0 2500.0 -0.22 *
Passiflora mollissimaFruit200.0 2500.0 -0.22 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Sphenostylis stenocarpaRoot800.0 2273.0 -0.22 *
Commelina benghalensisLeaf520.0 3770.0 -0.22 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna radiataSeed3260.0 4500.0 -0.23 *
Cajanus cajanSeed1270.0 4500.0 -0.23 *
Manihot esculentaRoot310.0 2225.0 -0.23 *
Canna indicaRoot630.0 2200.0 -0.23 *
Dioscorea alataRoot48.0 2190.0 -0.23 *
Peucedanum decursivumPlant2800.0 3100.0 -0.23 *
Phyllanthus acidusFruit200.0 2442.0 -0.24 *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaShoot1600.0 2855.0 -0.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 2111.0 -0.25 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Azadirachta indicaFruit2265.0 2400.0 -0.25 *
Oxalis tuberosaRoot340.0 2099.0 -0.25 *
Vigna angularisSeed3810.0 4402.0 -0.25 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf560.0 3600.0 -0.25 *
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot437.0 2080.0 -0.25 *
Actaea racemosaRoot-- 2080.0 -0.25 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sphenostylis stenocarpaSeed3980.0 4393.0 -0.25 *
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf520.0 3585.0 -0.26 *
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit380.0 2355.0 -0.26 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot261.0 2000.0 -0.27 *
Persea americanaPlant260.0 3030.0 -0.27 *
Vigna mungoSeed348.0 4321.0 -0.27 *
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf160.0 3472.0 -0.28 *
Psidium cattleianumFruit170.0 2305.0 -0.28 *
Prunus cerasusFruit150.0 2302.0 -0.28 *
Boehmeria niveaLeaf450.0 3460.0 -0.28 *
Rhus copallinaLeaf243.0 3456.0 -0.28 *
Arracacia xanthorrhizaRoot550.0 1900.0 -0.28 *
Cicer arietinumSeed3540.0 4275.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Asimina trilobaFruit420.0 2265.0 -0.29 *
Anogeissus latifoliaLeaf-- 3400.0 -0.29 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumLeaf-- 3400.0 -0.29 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Arachis hypogaeaSeed2450.0 4248.0 -0.29 *
Allium sativum var. sativumLeaf460.0 3382.0 -0.29 *
Brosimum alicastrumFruit360.0 2250.0 -0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cassia toraSprout Seedling-- 5700.0 -0.29 *
Lepidium meyeniiRoot-- 1830.0 -0.3 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot340.0 1830.0 -0.3 *
Secale cerealeSeed3725.0 4225.0 -0.3 *
Acrocomia totaiSeed-- 4200.0 -0.3 *
Achillea millefoliumPlant522.0 2950.0 -0.31 *
Smilax sppRoot372.0 1770.0 -0.31 *
Smilax officinalisRoot372.0 1770.0 -0.31 *
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 1730.0 -0.31 *
Dioscorea villosaRoot415.0 1730.0 -0.31 *
Sassafras albidumLeaf396.0 3264.0 -0.31 *
Chenopodium albumSeed-- 4160.0 -0.32 *
Ruscus aculeatusRoot504.0 1670.0 -0.32 *
Robinia pseudoacaciaLeaf2600.0 3200.0 -0.33 *
Polymnia edulisRoot150.0 1650.0 -0.33 *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 3180.0 -0.33 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusLeaf525.0 3175.0 -0.33 *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit270.0 2120.0 -0.33 *
Artemisia vulgarisLeaf400.0 3150.0 -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phytelephas aequatorialisFlower850.0 2910.0 -0.34 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Averrhoa carambolaFruit140.0 2100.0 -0.34 *
Carya glabraShoot8.0 2640.0 -0.34 *
Zea maysSeed600.0 4066.0 -0.34 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed2800.0 4050.0 -0.34 *
Abrus precatoriusLeaf650.0 3095.0 -0.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus coccineusSeed3280.0 4046.0 -0.35 *
Sicana odoriferaFruit245.0 2065.0 -0.35 *
Carica pentagonaFruit140.0 2060.0 -0.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inula heleniumRoot330.0 1500.0 -0.35 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt100.0 3462.0 -0.36 *
Piper nigrumFruit700.0 2040.0 -0.36 *
Sambucus canadensisFruit369.0 2036.0 -0.36 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Durio zibethinusFruit380.0 2010.0 -0.37 *
Prunus persicaFruit90.0 2000.0 -0.37 *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit1600.0 2000.0 -0.37 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit110.0 2000.0 -0.37 *
Liquidambar styracifluaLeaf360.0 2952.0 -0.37 *
Gymnema sylvestreLeaf561.0 2950.0 -0.37 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit320.0 1985.0 -0.37 *
Avena sativaPlant618.0 2810.0 -0.37 *
Citrus sinensisFruit136.0 1980.0 -0.38 *
Sida rhombifoliaLeaf580.0 2930.0 -0.38 *
Citrus limonFruit100.0 1979.0 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Piper auritumLeaf490.0 2920.0 -0.38 *
Theobroma bicolorFruit410.0 1970.0 -0.38 *
Fallopia japonicaPlant2300.0 2800.0 -0.38 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Canavalia ensiformisSeed2700.0 3898.0 -0.38 *
Quararibea cordataFruit170.0 1940.0 -0.39 *
Averrhoa bilimbiFruit110.0 1915.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Manihot esculentaLeaf560.0 2800.0 -0.4 *
Moringa oleiferaLeaf700.0 2800.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Centella asiaticaLeaf300.0 2800.0 -0.4 *
Aframomum meleguetaFruit-- 1900.0 -0.4 Wealth of India.
Vigna mungoFruit-- 1900.0 -0.4 *
Solanum melongenaLeaf380.0 2794.0 -0.4 *
Cypripedium pubescensRoot-- 1230.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hydrastis canadensisRoot341.0 1230.0 -0.4 *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit360.0 1880.0 -0.41 *
Piper betelLeaf400.0 2740.0 -0.41 *
Vitis viniferaFruit117.0 1848.0 -0.42 *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaLeaf-- 2700.0 -0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia belliricaLeaf-- 2700.0 -0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Amorphophallus konjacLeaf70.0 2692.0 -0.42 *
Annona glabraFruit240.0 1820.0 -0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pereskiifoliaLeaf400.0 2665.0 -0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona diversifoliaFruit515.0 1815.0 -0.43 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cnicus benedictusPlant359.0 2700.0 -0.43 *
Syzygium malaccenseFruit30.0 1800.0 -0.43 *
Pueraria montanaShoot470.0 2440.0 -0.43 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Anethum graveolensSeed2102.0 3723.0 -0.43 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf160.0 2622.0 -0.43 *
Raphanus sativusLeaf300.0 2609.0 -0.43 *
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- 1040.0 -0.44 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cucurbita foetidissimaLeaf-- 2600.0 -0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Gliricidia sepiumFlower370.0 2645.0 -0.45 *
Chrysanthemum cinerariifoliumShoot-- 2400.0 -0.45 *
Amphicarpaea bracteataShoot-- 2400.0 -0.45 *
Rhynchosia minimaShoot-- 2400.0 -0.45 *
Boehmeria niveaShoot1400.0 2400.0 -0.45 *
Psidium guajavaFruit60.0 1740.0 -0.45 *
Pouteria caimitoFruit410.0 1740.0 -0.45 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit260.0 1725.0 -0.45 *
Tribulus terrestrisLeaf800.0 2500.0 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus rosa-sinensisFlower265.0 2615.0 -0.46 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Spondias purpureaFruit350.0 1680.0 -0.47 *
Viburnum opulusBark-- 650.0 -0.47 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hylocereus undatusFruit260.0 1665.0 -0.47 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiacaLeaf-- 2400.0 -0.47 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Azadirachta indicaLeaf1900.0 2400.0 -0.47 *
Viscum albumLeaf-- 2400.0 -0.47 *
Yucca baccataRoot169.0 810.0 -0.48 *
Tamarindus indicaFruit1080.0 1647.0 -0.48 *
Allium sativum var. sativumShoot520.0 2332.0 -0.48 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Echinacea purpureaRoot198.0 790.0 -0.48 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot140.0 790.0 -0.48 *
Echinacea sppRoot-- 790.0 -0.48 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot124.0 790.0 -0.48 *
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed3100.0 3526.0 -0.48 *
Rubus idaeusLeaf395.0 2340.0 -0.48 *
Justicia pectoralisLeaf350.0 2335.0 -0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus aurantiumFruit120.0 1600.0 -0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona squamosaFruit260.0 1600.0 -0.49 *
Melia azedarachLeaf220.0 2300.0 -0.49 *
Bixa orellanaSeed2820.0 3490.0 -0.49 *
Zizyphus jujubaShoot-- 2300.0 -0.49 *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot134.0 707.0 -0.49 *
Tamarindus indicaLeaf1000.0 2281.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bupleurum chinenseRoot77.0 700.0 -0.5 *
Passiflora incarnataFruit430.0 1564.0 -0.5 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Pothomorphe sp.Leaf400.0 2235.0 -0.5 *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot104.0 650.0 -0.5 *
Gliricidia sepiumLeaf340.0 2220.0 -0.51 *
Erythrina fuscaLeaf400.0 2220.0 -0.51 *
Persea schiedeanaFruit355.0 1540.0 -0.51 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Symphytum officinaleLeaf242.0 2200.0 -0.51 *
Prosopis julifloraLeaf-- 2200.0 -0.51 *
Parthenium integrifoliumRoot96.0 600.0 -0.51 *
Nyssa sylvaticaLeaf300.0 2184.0 -0.51 *
Mentha pulegiumPlant-- 2520.0 -0.51 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Pueraria montanaRoot180.0 575.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona cherimolaFruit240.0 1510.0 -0.52 *
Maranta arundinaceaRoot180.0 561.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Thymus vulgarisPlant1703.0 2502.0 -0.52 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Panax ginsengRoot112.0 528.0 -0.53 *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant294.0 2490.0 -0.53 *
Annona reticulataFruit147.0 1475.0 -0.53 *
Psoralea esculentaRoot-- 500.0 -0.53 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Carya illinoensisSeed2890.0 3340.0 -0.53 *
Artocarpus altilisFruit240.0 1460.0 -0.53 *
Frangula purshianaBark158.0 570.0 -0.53 *
Elaeagnus commutataFruit200.0 1450.0 -0.54 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Crataegus laevigataFruit405.0 1450.0 -0.54 *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- 1450.0 -0.54 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- 450.0 -0.54 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sassafras albidumStem132.0 1776.0 -0.55 *
Zizyphus jujubaLeaf-- 2000.0 -0.55 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed1240.0 3268.0 -0.55 *
Solanum sessiliflorumFruit140.0 1400.0 -0.55 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Secale cerealeLeaf-- 1970.0 -0.55 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit200.0 1390.0 -0.55 *
Citrus reticulataFruit90.0 1385.0 -0.56 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot39.0 330.0 -0.56 *
Carthamus tinctoriusFlower332.0 2370.0 -0.56 *
Nepeta catariaPlant289.0 2410.0 -0.57 *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed2820.0 3200.0 -0.57 *
Gleditsia triacanthosSeed-- 3200.0 -0.57 *
Origanum vulgarePlant1769.0 2402.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Syzygium aromaticumFruit1000.0 1337.0 -0.57 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Stillingia sylvaticaPlant-- 2400.0 -0.57 *
Cajanus cajanPlant-- 2400.0 -0.57 *
Pyrus communisFruit90.0 1332.0 -0.57 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaRoot-- 220.0 -0.58 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Coffea arabicaLeaf1700.0 1816.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aegle marmelosFruit500.0 1300.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Platonia insignisFruit360.0 1300.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna aconitifoliaLeaf-- 1800.0 -0.58 *
Malpighia glabraFruit110.0 1280.0 -0.59 *
Carica papayaFruit170.0 1260.0 -0.59 *
Vitis viniferaStem-- 1710.0 -0.59 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Acacia senegalSeed-- 3100.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Curcuma longaPlant725.0 2340.0 -0.6 *
Pimenta dioicaFruit1100.0 1235.0 -0.6 *
Acacia catechuLeaf-- 1700.0 -0.6 *
Acacia tortilisLeaf-- 1700.0 -0.6 *
Mimosa pudicaLeaf530.0 1700.0 -0.6 *
Chamissoa altissimaLeaf165.0 1660.0 -0.61 Tramil
Amorphophallus konjacRoot-- 39.0 -0.61 *
Allium ampeloprasumFlower380.0 2249.0 -0.61 *
Pachira macrocarpaSeed2860.0 3025.0 -0.62 *
Prunus aviumFruit175.0 1175.0 -0.62 *
Prunus armeniacaSeed-- 3000.0 -0.62 *
Cenchrus biflorusSeed2700.0 2990.0 -0.62 *
Rollinia mucosaFruit260.0 1140.0 -0.63 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Lobelia inflataLeaf174.0 1540.0 -0.63 *
Spondias pinnataFruit110.0 1135.0 -0.63 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFruit150.0 1130.0 -0.63 *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit110.0 1127.0 -0.63 *
Tamarindus indicaFlower-- 2200.0 -0.63 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Berberis vulgarisBark-- 450.0 -0.64 *
Diospyros digynaFruit230.0 1120.0 -0.64 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Diospyros virginianaLeaf450.0 1500.0 -0.64 *
Juglans nigraFruit-- 1070.0 -0.65 *
Plectranthus amboinicusLeaf80.0 1428.0 -0.65 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed374.0 2880.0 -0.65 *
Acacia senegalLeaf-- 1400.0 -0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rhizophora mangleLeaf-- 1400.0 -0.66 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaLeaf250.0 1400.0 -0.66 *
Pimenta dioicaLeaf1173.0 1399.0 -0.66 *
Mangifera indicaFruit103.0 1050.0 -0.66 *
Prunus salicifoliaFruit160.0 1050.0 -0.66 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cydonia oblongaFruit150.0 1049.0 -0.66 *
Murraya spFruit290.0 1040.0 -0.66 *
Pouteria campechianaFruit300.0 1040.0 -0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrciaria caulifloraFruit90.0 1030.0 -0.66 *
Senna alexandrinaLeaf276.0 1360.0 -0.66 *
Capparis spinosaLeaf-- 1350.0 -0.67 Wealth of India.
Casimiroa edulisFruit180.0 1000.0 -0.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia vulgarisShoot-- 1900.0 -0.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chrysophyllum cainitoFruit160.0 985.0 -0.68 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf201.0 1280.0 -0.68 *
Glycine maxSprout Seedling580.0 4891.0 -0.68 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rubus idaeusFruit110.0 955.0 -0.69 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Eugenia brasiliensisFruit136.0 950.0 -0.69 *
Sophora japonicaSeed-- 2723.0 -0.7 *
Malus domesticaFruit68.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Mammea americanaFruit78.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Melicoccus bijugatasFruit98.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Cymbopogon citratusPlant-- 2140.0 -0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ananas comosusFruit60.0 923.0 -0.7 *
Acacia farnesianaSeed2000.0 2700.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Turnera diffusaLeaf242.0 1150.0 -0.7 *
Juniperus communisFruit279.0 900.0 -0.7 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusSeed1300.0 2685.0 -0.71 *
Pouteria viridisFruit280.0 885.0 -0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Kalmia latifoliaLeaf-- 1100.0 -0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Quercus velutinaStem105.0 1550.0 -0.71 *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant323.0 2100.0 -0.72 *
Syzygium jambosFruit115.0 852.0 -0.72 *
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber180.0 1660.0 -0.72 *
Licania platypusFruit245.0 822.0 -0.73 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Eugenia unifloraFruit90.0 815.0 -0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant490.0 2050.0 -0.74 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Thymus vulgarisLeaf160.0 950.0 -0.74 *
Olea europaeaFruit170.0 780.0 -0.74 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aloe veraLeaf6.0 940.0 -0.74 *
Aloe spp.Leaf5.0 940.0 -0.74 *
Quercus phellosStem168.0 1512.0 -0.74 *
Quercus stellataStem150.0 1512.0 -0.74 *
Olea europaeaLeaf-- 900.0 -0.75 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Diospyros virginianaFruit260.0 730.0 -0.76 *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit-- 700.0 -0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia floribundaFruit90.0 700.0 -0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Colubrina texensisShoot-- 1700.0 -0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapidaSeed700.0 2455.0 -0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Garcinia mangostanaFruit100.0 685.0 -0.77 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit96.0 675.0 -0.77 *
Rhus copallinaStem75.0 1464.0 -0.78 *
Myristica fragransSeed2130.0 2400.0 -0.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cocos nuciferaSeed830.0 2400.0 -0.78 *
Bixa orellanaFruit100.0 641.0 -0.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Feijoa sellowianaFruit100.0 625.0 -0.79 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Tamarindus indicaSeed-- 2370.0 -0.79 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Morinda citrifoliaLeaf150.0 670.0 -0.79 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mauritia flexuosaFruit270.0 585.0 -0.8 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Carya ovataShoot110.0 1620.0 -0.8 *
Cola acuminataSeed860.0 2318.0 -0.8 *
Lycium chinenseFruit-- 560.0 -0.81 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Pourouma cecropiaefoliaFruit100.0 555.0 -0.81 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Sclerocarya caffraSeed190.0 2290.0 -0.81 *
Equisetum arvensePlant407.0 1900.0 -0.81 *
Manilkara zapotaFruit100.0 530.0 -0.82 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaFruit-- 500.0 -0.82 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ulmus rubraBark36.0 220.0 -0.83 *
Rauvolfia serpentinaSeed700.0 2200.0 -0.83 *
Albizia lebbeckLeaf300.0 400.0 -0.84 Wealth of India.
Aleurites moluccanaSeed2000.0 2150.0 -0.85 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf43.0 370.0 -0.85 *
Phaseolus lunatusLeaf-- 360.0 -0.85 *
Pinus echinataShoot306.0 1512.0 -0.85 *
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant248.0 1810.0 -0.85 *
Lantana camaraShoot-- 1500.0 -0.86 *
Stachys officinalisPlant302.0 1800.0 -0.86 *
Petasites japonicusPlant400.0 1800.0 -0.86 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 1800.0 -0.86 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Artemisia herba-albaPlant-- 1790.0 -0.86 *
Elettaria cardamomumSeed1780.0 1941.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark21.0 120.0 -0.91 *
Coffea arabicaSeed1780.0 1900.0 -0.91 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Spondias tuberosaFruit-- 210.0 -0.91 *
Areca catechuSeed630.0 1892.0 -0.91 *
Quercus rubraStem112.0 1254.0 -0.93 *
Syzygium cuminiFruit130.0 127.0 -0.94 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularisSeed390.0 1800.0 -0.94 *
Castanea mollisimaSeed940.0 1774.0 -0.95 *
Byrsonima crassifoliaFruit125.0 100.0 -0.95 *
Macadamia sppSeed1015.0 1750.0 -0.95 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungoPlant-- 1600.0 -0.96 *
Quercus albaBark15.0 64.0 -0.96 *
Castanea dentataSeed960.0 1709.0 -0.96 *
Satureja hortensisPlant-- 1538.0 -0.99 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed-- 1605.0 -0.99 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Syzygium aromaticumFlower1000.0 1337.0 -1.0 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb320.0 7740.0 -1.0 *
Plantago psylliumHull Husk-- 578.0 -1.0 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaBud-- 243.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Allium cepaBulb275.0 4038.0 -1.0 *
Medicago sativaPlant282.0 1500.0 -1.0 *
Petasites japonicusPt120.0 2180.0 -1.01 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cornus floridaSeed-- 1500.0 -1.02 *
Inga edulisSeed-- 1280.0 -1.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusTuber450.0 1056.0 -1.08 *
Nyssa sylvaticaStem90.0 1056.0 -1.08 *
Dioscorea bulbiferaTuber290.0 1000.0 -1.11 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling370.0 3978.0 -1.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Castanea sativaSeed490.0 1122.0 -1.12 *
Phoenix dactyliferaSeed-- 1120.0 -1.12 Abstract (See species file)
Areca catechuShoot-- 890.0 -1.13 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot90.0 881.0 -1.14 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot90.0 881.0 -1.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower110.0 1000.0 -1.14 *
Pinus gerardianaSeed925.0 1000.0 -1.15 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Larrea tridentataPlant375.0 1140.0 -1.18 *
Arundo donaxPlant-- 1100.0 -1.2 *
Spondias dulcisSeed-- 700.0 -1.23 *
Plantago psylliumSeed137.0 630.0 -1.25 *
Stevia rebaudianaPlant-- 980.0 -1.25 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Plantago majorSeed180.0 600.0 -1.26 *
Pinus edulisSeed145.0 590.0 -1.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Polystichum polyblepharumPlant-- 900.0 -1.29 *
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed-- 430.0 -1.3 *
Myristica fragransAril1000.0 1100.0 -1.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiacaFlower-- 500.0 -1.35 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sophora secundifloraSeed-- 140.0 -1.38 *
Boehmeria niveaPlant270.0 700.0 -1.39 *
Artemisia vulgarisPlant270.0 700.0 -1.39 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Peganum harmalaPlant-- 600.0 -1.44 *
Bacopa monnieriShoot-- 160.0 -1.46 Wealth of India.
Alpinia galangaRhizome250.0 1773.0 -1.64 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans nigraPericarp128.0 1070.0 *
Linum usitatissimumHay-- 1110.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phytelephas aequatorialisMesocarp120.0 505.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Petroselinum crispumShoot-- -- *
Persea americanaCr260.0 3030.0 *
Myrica ceriferaBark-- -- *
Inula heleniumPlant-- -- *
Musa x paradisiacaPith-- 100.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cinnamomum sieboldiiRoot Bark-- 800.0 *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- 287.0 *
Zizyphus spina-christiFruit-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.