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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentusSeed-- 7900.0 0.67 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit630.0 6300.0 0.94 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Abrus precatoriusLeaf650.0 3095.0 -0.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilisLeaf-- 1700.0 -0.6 *
Acacia senegalLeaf-- 1400.0 -0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia catechuLeaf-- 1700.0 -0.6 *
Acacia tortilisFruit-- 3400.0 0.06 *
Acacia farnesianaSeed2000.0 2700.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilisSeed-- 7300.0 0.51 *
Acacia senegalSeed-- 3100.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia farnesianaLeaf840.0 4519.0 -0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acalypha indicaLeaf990.0 5075.0 0.02 Wealth of India.
Achillea millefoliumPlant522.0 2950.0 -0.31 *
Acrocomia totaiSeed-- 4200.0 -0.3 *
Acrocomia totaiFruit-- 12000.0 2.67 *
Actaea racemosaRoot-- 2080.0 -0.25 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actinidia chinensisFruit300.0 3060.0 -0.05 *
Aegle marmelosFruit500.0 1300.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aframomum meleguetaFruit-- 1900.0 -0.4 Wealth of India.
Agathosma betulinaLeaf-- 6780.0 0.33 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Albizia lebbeckSeed-- 6200.0 0.22 Wealth of India.
Albizia lebbeckLeaf300.0 400.0 -0.84 Wealth of India.
Aleurites moluccanaSeed2000.0 2150.0 -0.85 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumFlower460.0 3966.0 0.11 *
Allium cepaBulb275.0 4038.0 -1.0 *
Allium ampeloprasumFlower380.0 2249.0 -0.61 *
Allium sativum var. sativumShoot520.0 2332.0 -0.48 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb880.0 5220.0 1.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativumRoot1650.0 4460.0 0.17 *
Allium ampeloprasumRoot500.0 3650.0 0.02 *
Allium sativum var. sativumLeaf460.0 3382.0 -0.29 *
Allium cepaLeaf310.0 5513.0 0.1 *
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf480.0 4528.0 -0.08 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf410.0 6670.0 0.31 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot440.0 3125.0 -0.07 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaLeaf250.0 1400.0 -0.66 *
Aloe spp.Leaf5.0 940.0 -0.74 *
Aloe veraLeaf6.0 940.0 -0.74 *
Alpinia galangaRhizome250.0 1773.0 -1.64 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Althaea officinalisRoot277.0 2560.0 -0.17 *
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf500.0 4600.0 -0.07 *
Amaranthus sp.Leaf487.0 10082.0 0.94 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusShoot-- 8100.0 2.14 *
Amorphophallus konjacRoot-- 39.0 -0.61 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot320.0 3020.0 -0.09 *
Amorphophallus konjacLeaf70.0 2692.0 -0.42 *
Amphicarpaea bracteataShoot-- 2400.0 -0.45 *
Anacardium occidentaleFruit100.0 3125.0 -0.03 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed3730.0 6255.0 0.24 *
Ananas comosusFruit60.0 923.0 -0.7 *
Anethum graveolensFruit2102.0 3723.0 0.15 *
Anethum graveolensPlant600.0 7625.0 1.94 *
Anethum graveolensSeed2102.0 3723.0 -0.43 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Angelica sinensisRoot735.0 3340.0 -0.03 *
Annona diversifoliaFruit515.0 1815.0 -0.43 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Annona glabraFruit240.0 1820.0 -0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona squamosaFruit260.0 1600.0 -0.49 *
Annona cherimolaFruit240.0 1510.0 -0.52 *
Annona reticulataFruit147.0 1475.0 -0.53 *
Annona muricataFruit210.0 3400.0 0.06 *
Anogeissus latifoliaLeaf-- 3400.0 -0.29 *
Anthriscus cerefoliumLeaf4500.0 4850.0 -0.02 *
Apium graveolensFruit979.0 4660.0 0.44 *
Apium graveolensPt201.0 6849.0 1.36 *
Apium graveolensSeed980.0 6843.0 0.39 *
Apium graveolensRoot470.0 7900.0 0.77 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Arachis hypogaeaLeaf820.0 3814.0 -0.21 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed2450.0 4248.0 -0.29 *
Arachis hypogaeaPlant800.0 10000.0 3.08 *
Aralia cordataLeaf250.0 5320.0 0.06 *
Arctium lappaRoot1027.0 4370.0 0.15 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf43.0 370.0 -0.85 *
Areca catechuSeed630.0 1892.0 -0.91 *
Areca catechuShoot-- 890.0 -1.13 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot1278.0 7100.0 0.63 *
Arracacia xanthorrhizaRoot550.0 1900.0 -0.28 *
Artemisia vulgarisLeaf400.0 3150.0 -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia vulgarisShoot-- 1900.0 -0.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia herba-albaPlant-- 1790.0 -0.86 *
Artemisia vulgarisPlant270.0 700.0 -1.39 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Artemisia dracunculusPlant3130.0 3391.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artocarpus altilisFruit240.0 1460.0 -0.53 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit260.0 1725.0 -0.45 *
Artocarpus altilisSeed1750.0 5385.0 0.01 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artocarpus heterophyllusSeed1300.0 2685.0 -0.71 *
Arundo donaxPlant-- 1100.0 -1.2 *
Asimina trilobaFruit420.0 2265.0 -0.29 *
Asparagus officinalisRoot746.0 7460.0 0.69 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot390.0 10244.0 3.11 *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot104.0 650.0 -0.5 *
Avena sativaPlant618.0 2810.0 -0.37 *
Avena sativaSeed500.0 10200.0 1.28 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Averrhoa bilimbiFruit110.0 1915.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Averrhoa carambolaFruit140.0 2100.0 -0.34 *
Azadirachta indicaLeaf1900.0 2400.0 -0.47 *
Azadirachta indicaFruit2265.0 2400.0 -0.25 *
Bacopa monnieriShoot-- 160.0 -1.46 Wealth of India.
Balanites aegyptiacusShoot-- 3800.0 0.19 *
Balanites aegyptiacusFruit-- 4000.0 0.24 *
Barosma betulinaLeaf-- 6780.0 0.33 *
Basella albaLeaf520.0 7535.0 0.47 *
Benincasa hispidaFruit70.0 4870.0 0.5 *
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- 450.0 -0.54 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Berberis vulgarisBark-- 450.0 -0.64 *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed6000.0 6750.0 0.37 *
Beta vulgarisLeaf290.0 5946.0 0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Beta vulgarisRoot260.0 45580.0 7.39 *
Bixa orellanaSeed2820.0 3490.0 -0.49 *
Bixa orellanaFruit100.0 641.0 -0.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapidaSeed700.0 2455.0 -0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapidaAril160.0 2300.0 1.09 *
Boehmeria niveaPlant270.0 700.0 -1.39 *
Boehmeria niveaLeaf450.0 3460.0 -0.28 *
Boehmeria niveaShoot1400.0 2400.0 -0.45 *
Borago officinalisLeaf530.0 7579.0 0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica chinensisLeaf370.0 7907.0 0.54 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower385.0 7375.0 1.54 *
Brassica oleraceaStem400.0 5110.0 1.94 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf214.0 6500.0 0.28 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf644.0 9090.0 0.76 *
Brassica nigraLeaf290.0 4563.0 -0.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapaRoot270.0 5000.0 0.26 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf560.0 3600.0 -0.25 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf690.0 4927.0 -0.01 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapaLeaf370.0 7907.0 0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot290.0 7250.0 0.66 *
Brassica pekinensisLeaf4560.0 7560.0 0.48 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf160.0 2622.0 -0.43 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf644.0 9090.0 0.76 *
Bromelia pinguinShoot225.0 5000.0 0.73 *
Brosimum alicastrumFruit360.0 2250.0 -0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bupleurum chinenseRoot77.0 700.0 -0.5 *
Byrsonima crassifoliaFruit125.0 100.0 -0.95 *
Cajanus cajanSeed1270.0 4500.0 -0.23 *
Cajanus cajanPlant-- 2400.0 -0.57 *
Cajanus cajanFruit1240.0 4888.0 0.51 *
Calathea macrosepalaFlower490.0 6365.0 1.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Camellia sinensisLeaf3200.0 4150.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Canavalia ensiformisSeed2700.0 3898.0 -0.38 *
Canavalia ensiformisFruit100.0 3509.0 0.09 *
Canna indicaRoot630.0 2200.0 -0.23 *
Cannabis sativaSeed9700.0 11227.0 1.55 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Capparis spinosaLeaf-- 1350.0 -0.67 Wealth of India.
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant600.0 7288.0 1.78 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit455.0 3794.0 0.18 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Capsicum annuumFruit784.0 3040.0 -0.05 *
Carica papayaFruit170.0 1260.0 -0.59 *
Carica pentagonaFruit140.0 2060.0 -0.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papayaLeaf1420.0 6311.0 0.25 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carthamus tinctoriusPlant-- 3400.0 -0.09 *
Carthamus tinctoriusFlower332.0 2370.0 -0.56 *
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed3100.0 3526.0 -0.48 *
Carum carviSeed5650.0 6580.0 0.32 *
Carum carviFruit5680.0 6302.0 0.94 *
Carya glabraShoot8.0 2640.0 -0.34 *
Carya ovataShoot110.0 1620.0 -0.8 *
Carya illinoensisSeed2890.0 3340.0 -0.53 *
Casimiroa edulisFruit180.0 1000.0 -0.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cassia toraSprout Seedling-- 5700.0 -0.29 *
Castanea sativaSeed490.0 1122.0 -1.12 *
Castanea mollisimaSeed940.0 1774.0 -0.95 *
Castanea dentataSeed960.0 1709.0 -0.96 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot1716.0 15600.0 2.12 *
Ceiba pentandraSeed9700.0 12690.0 1.94 *
Cenchrus biflorusSeed2700.0 2990.0 -0.62 *
Centella asiaticaLeaf300.0 2800.0 -0.4 *
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 3220.0 -0.21 *
Chamissoa altissimaLeaf165.0 1660.0 -0.61 Tramil
Chenopodium albumSeed-- 4160.0 -0.32 *
Chenopodium albumLeaf720.0 36833.0 5.86 *
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf520.0 3585.0 -0.26 *
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 1800.0 -0.86 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum partheniumLeaf902.0 5010.0 0.01 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 5010.0 0.68 *
Chrysanthemum cinerariifoliumShoot-- 2400.0 -0.45 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumLeaf340.0 5230.0 0.05 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud320.0 4300.0 1.0 *
Chrysophyllum cainitoFruit160.0 985.0 -0.68 *
Cicer arietinumSeed3540.0 4275.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybusLeaf210.0 4284.0 -0.13 *
Cichorium endiviaLeaf242.0 5760.0 0.15 *
Cichorium intybusRoot610.0 3050.0 -0.08 *
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot437.0 2080.0 -0.25 *
Cinnamomum sieboldiiRoot Bark-- 800.0 *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark-- 1000.0 -0.18 *
Cinnamomum sieboldiiBark-- 1500.0 0.24 *
Cinnamomum verumBark674.0 1100.0 -0.09 *
Cinnamomum burmanniiBark-- 1600.0 0.33 *
Citrullus lanatusSeed8300.0 14600.0 2.44 *
Citrullus lanatusFruit1.0 2900.0 -0.1 *
Citrus reticulataFruit90.0 1385.0 -0.56 *
Citrus paradisiFruit76.0 5280.0 0.63 *
Citrus limonFruit100.0 1979.0 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus mitisFruit700.0 7000.0 1.15 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus sinensisFruit136.0 1980.0 -0.38 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit110.0 2000.0 -0.37 *
Citrus aurantiumFruit120.0 1600.0 -0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cnicus benedictusPlant359.0 2700.0 -0.43 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansaLeaf540.0 4100.0 -0.16 *
Coccinia grandisFruit300.0 4350.0 0.34 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cocos nuciferaSeed830.0 2400.0 -0.78 *
Coffea arabicaLeaf1700.0 1816.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coffea arabicaSeed1780.0 1900.0 -0.91 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed500.0 5000.0 -0.09 *
Cola acuminataSeed860.0 2318.0 -0.8 *
Colocasia esculentaRoot460.0 5204.0 0.3 *
Colocasia esculentaLeaf490.0 5800.0 0.15 *
Colubrina texensisShoot-- 1700.0 -0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Commelina benghalensisLeaf520.0 3770.0 -0.22 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf830.0 6755.0 0.33 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf720.0 6452.0 0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coriandrum sativumFruit3907.0 4687.0 0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cornus floridaSeed-- 1500.0 -1.02 *
Corylus avellanaSeed2900.0 4622.0 -0.19 *
Crataegus laevigataFruit405.0 1450.0 -0.54 *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- 1450.0 -0.54 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crescentia alataSeed9680.0 10020.0 1.23 *
Cucumis sativusFruit158.0 12600.0 2.85 *
Cucumis meloFruit121.0 2640.0 -0.17 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaRoot-- 220.0 -0.58 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Cucurbita pepoSeed10600.0 12982.0 2.02 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaLeaf-- 2600.0 -0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cucurbita pepoFruit440.0 5238.0 0.61 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita sppFruit350.0 5540.0 0.71 *
Cucurbita pepoFlower490.0 10100.0 2.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cuminum cyminumSeed4900.0 5673.0 0.08 *
Cuminum cyminumFruit4900.0 5673.0 0.75 *
Curcuma longaPlant725.0 2340.0 -0.6 *
Curcuma longaRhizome640.0 6307.0 1.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaFruit-- 500.0 -0.82 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaShoot1600.0 2855.0 -0.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaLeaf-- 2700.0 -0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyclanthera pedataFruit260.0 5615.0 0.73 *
Cydonia oblongaFruit150.0 1049.0 -0.66 *
Cymbopogon citratusPlant-- 2140.0 -0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cynara cardunculusFlower860.0 6240.0 1.06 *
Cyphomandra betaceaFruit130.0 3400.0 0.06 *
Cypripedium pubescensRoot-- 1230.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot140.0 790.0 -0.48 *
Daucus carotaRoot340.0 5090.0 0.28 *
Dioscorea villosaRoot415.0 1730.0 -0.31 *
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 1730.0 -0.31 *
Dioscorea alataRoot48.0 2190.0 -0.23 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot340.0 1830.0 -0.3 *
Dioscorea bulbiferaTuber290.0 1000.0 -1.11 *
Diospyros virginianaStem132.0 2592.0 0.06 *
Diospyros digynaFruit230.0 1120.0 -0.64 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Diospyros virginianaLeaf450.0 1500.0 -0.64 *
Diospyros virginianaFruit260.0 730.0 -0.76 *
Dipsacus fullonumPlant-- 5400.0 0.87 *
Durio zibethinusFruit380.0 2010.0 -0.37 *
Echinacea purpureaRoot198.0 790.0 -0.48 *
Echinacea sppRoot-- 790.0 -0.48 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit380.0 2355.0 -0.26 *
Elaeagnus commutataFruit200.0 1450.0 -0.54 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeis guineensisFruit440.0 3100.0 -0.04 *
Eleocharis dulcisTuber650.0 4075.0 0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomumSeed1780.0 1941.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomumFruit1600.0 2000.0 -0.37 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot1470.0 7000.0 0.61 *
Elytrigia repensPlant2800.0 9510.0 2.85 *
Ephedra sinicaPlant678.0 3230.0 -0.17 *
Ephedra nevadensisPlant-- 5000.0 0.68 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Equisetum arvensePlant407.0 1900.0 -0.81 *
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit140.0 2667.0 -0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eriodictyon californicumLeaf2332.0 10600.0 1.04 *
Eryngium floridanumShoot-- 3215.0 -0.08 *
Erythrina fuscaLeaf400.0 2220.0 -0.51 *
Erythrina berteroanaShoot800.0 5060.0 0.76 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf3630.0 9740.0 0.88 *
Eugenia floribundaFruit90.0 700.0 -0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia unifloraFruit90.0 815.0 -0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia brasiliensisFruit136.0 950.0 -0.69 *
Eupatorium perfoliatumPlant360.0 4000.0 0.2 *
Eupatorium odoratumLeaf-- 4350.0 -0.11 Tramil
Euphrasia officinalisPlant323.0 2100.0 -0.72 *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed2820.0 3200.0 -0.57 *
Fallopia japonicaPlant2300.0 2800.0 -0.38 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Feijoa sellowianaFruit100.0 625.0 -0.79 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ficus caricaFruit129.0 2764.0 -0.14 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed644.0 5960.0 0.16 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant510.0 5100.0 0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgareFruit4449.0 5960.0 0.83 *
Fragaria sppFruit185.0 3191.0 -0.01 *
Frangula purshianaBark158.0 570.0 -0.53 *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant294.0 2490.0 -0.53 *
Garcinia mangostanaFruit100.0 685.0 -0.77 *
Genipa americanaFruit580.0 3000.0 -0.07 *
Gentiana luteaRoot594.0 2700.0 -0.14 *
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf1440.0 6000.0 0.19 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed1240.0 3268.0 -0.55 *
Glechoma hederaceaPlant2100.0 3500.0 -0.04 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Gleditsia triacanthosSeed-- 3200.0 -0.57 *
Gliricidia sepiumLeaf340.0 2220.0 -0.51 *
Gliricidia sepiumFlower370.0 2645.0 -0.45 *
Glycine maxSprout Seedling580.0 4891.0 -0.68 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxFruit2250.0 7305.0 1.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxSeed1580.0 8040.0 0.71 *
Glycine maxPlant2400.0 5410.0 0.88 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot124.0 790.0 -0.48 *
Gymnema sylvestreLeaf561.0 2950.0 -0.37 *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot134.0 707.0 -0.49 *
Helianthus annuusSeed6930.0 7450.0 0.55 *
Helianthus tuberosusTuber660.0 5200.0 1.39 Bonness, M. S., Promising new drugs from plants: poisons that heal, Herbarist, #56, 1990, 59-68
Hibiscus sabdariffaLeaf480.0 6458.0 0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower110.0 1000.0 -1.14 *
Hibiscus rosa-sinensisFlower265.0 2615.0 -0.46 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hibiscus sabdariffaSeed-- 6000.0 0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hordeum vulgareSeed1890.0 9200.0 1.02 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgarePlant2300.0 6900.0 1.59 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 5950.0 2.57 *
Humulus lupulusFruit-- 4760.0 0.47 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Humulus lupulusFlower885.0 4760.0 0.44 *
Hydrangea arborescensRoot2450.0 7000.0 0.61 *
Hydrastis canadensisRoot341.0 1230.0 -0.4 *
Hylocereus undatusFruit260.0 1665.0 -0.47 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inga edulisSeed-- 1280.0 -1.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inga feuilleiAril300.0 1875.0 0.23 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Inula heleniumRoot330.0 1500.0 -0.35 *
Inula heleniumPlant-- -- *
Ipomoea batatasLeaf300.0 6090.0 0.21 *
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf420.0 12360.0 1.36 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot261.0 2000.0 -0.27 *
Juglans nigraHull Husk-- 1070.0 1.0 *
Juglans regiaSeed2800.0 5100.0 -0.07 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans cinereaSeed4085.0 4834.0 -0.14 *
Juglans nigraSeed4475.0 5880.0 0.14 *
Juglans nigraFruit-- 1070.0 -0.65 *
Juglans nigraPericarp128.0 1070.0 *
Juniperus communisFruit279.0 900.0 -0.7 *
Juniperus virginianaShoot228.0 3168.0 -0.1 *
Justicia pectoralisLeaf350.0 2335.0 -0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Kalmia latifoliaLeaf-- 1100.0 -0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lablab purpureusSeed490.0 4800.0 -0.15 *
Lablab purpureusFruit600.0 3409.0 0.06 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf108.0 13920.0 1.65 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit130.0 2915.0 -0.09 *
Lantana camaraShoot-- 1500.0 -0.86 *
Larrea tridentataPlant375.0 1140.0 -1.18 *
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling1610.0 6165.0 -0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinarisSeed2420.0 5275.0 -0.02 *
Lepidium sativumLeaf760.0 7170.0 0.4 *
Lepidium meyeniiRoot-- 1830.0 -0.3 *
Lepidium sativumSeed16500.0 17500.0 3.21 *
Licania platypusFruit245.0 822.0 -0.73 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Limonia acidissimaFruit800.0 3605.0 0.12 *
Limonia acidissimaSeed14300.0 14895.0 2.52 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Linum usitatissimumSeed3961.0 20335.0 3.96 *
Linum usitatissimumHay-- 1110.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Liquidambar styracifluaStem60.0 2880.0 0.28 *
Liquidambar styracifluaLeaf360.0 2952.0 -0.37 *
Lobelia inflataLeaf174.0 1540.0 -0.63 *
Luffa aegyptiacaLeaf330.0 14141.0 1.69 *
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit190.0 6400.0 0.97 *
Luffa aegyptiacaSeed-- 18300.0 3.42 *
Lupinus mutabilisSeed6350.0 7100.0 0.46 *
Lupinus mutabilisFruit1680.0 5875.0 0.81 *
Lupinus albusSeed4400.0 4900.0 -0.12 *
Lycium chinenseFruit-- 560.0 -0.81 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lycium chinenseLeaf430.0 4135.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycopersicon esculentumLeaf-- 5500.0 0.1 *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit110.0 8400.0 1.57 *
Macadamia sppSeed1015.0 1750.0 -0.95 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Malpighia glabraFruit110.0 1280.0 -0.59 *
Malus domesticaFruit68.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Malva sylvestrisLeaf360.0 5000.0 0.01 *
Malva parvifloraPlant670.0 4891.0 0.63 *
Mammea americanaFruit78.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Mangifera indicaLeaf720.0 3800.0 -0.22 *
Mangifera indicaFruit103.0 1050.0 -0.66 *
Manihot esculentaLeaf560.0 2800.0 -0.4 *
Manihot esculentaRoot310.0 2225.0 -0.23 *
Manilkara zapotaFruit100.0 530.0 -0.82 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Maranta arundinaceaRoot180.0 561.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mauritia flexuosaFruit270.0 585.0 -0.8 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Medicago sativaPlant282.0 1500.0 -1.0 *
Melia azedarachLeaf220.0 2300.0 -0.49 *
Melicoccus bijugatasFruit98.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Melilotus indicaPlant-- 3500.0 -0.04 *
Mentha spicataPlant600.0 4706.0 0.54 *
Mentha pulegiumPlant-- 2520.0 -0.51 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Mentha x piperitaLeaf1150.0 7720.0 0.51 *
Mimosa pudicaLeaf530.0 1700.0 -0.6 *
Mimulus glabratusShoot520.0 5200.0 0.82 *
Momordica charantiaLeaf540.0 33467.0 5.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Momordica charantiaFruit320.0 8333.0 1.55 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Morinda citrifoliaLeaf150.0 670.0 -0.79 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Moringa oleiferaFruit500.0 4235.0 0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleiferaLeaf700.0 2800.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleiferaShoot1120.0 5250.0 0.84 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Morus albaLeaf2400.0 4500.0 -0.09 *
Morus albaFruit320.0 3200.0 -0.0 *
Mucuna pruriensSeed3200.0 4700.0 -0.17 *
Muntingia calaburaFruit720.0 3965.0 0.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Murraya spFruit290.0 1040.0 -0.66 *
Murraya koenigiiLeaf6000.0 17800.0 2.36 *
Musa x paradisiacaLeaf-- 2400.0 -0.47 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiacaFlower-- 500.0 -1.35 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaFruit110.0 1127.0 -0.63 *
Musa x paradisiacaPith-- 100.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Myrciaria dubiaFruit150.0 2835.0 -0.12 *
Myrciaria caulifloraFruit90.0 1030.0 -0.66 *
Myrica ceriferaBark-- -- *
Myristica fragransSeed2130.0 2400.0 -0.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransAril1000.0 1100.0 -1.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nasturtium officinaleHerb600.0 12000.0 1.0 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome1000.0 4785.0 0.14 *
Nelumbo nuciferaFruit2940.0 3267.0 0.02 *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed590.0 7130.0 0.47 *
Nepeta catariaPlant289.0 2410.0 -0.57 *
Nyssa sylvaticaLeaf300.0 2184.0 -0.51 *
Nyssa sylvaticaStem90.0 1056.0 -1.08 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf380.0 5235.0 0.05 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumLeaf-- 3400.0 -0.29 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Oenothera biennisPlant1700.0 3700.0 0.05 *
Oenothera biennisSeed4100.0 7257.0 0.5 *
Olea europaeaLeaf-- 900.0 -0.75 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Olea europaeaFruit170.0 780.0 -0.74 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed-- 1605.0 -0.99 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit320.0 1985.0 -0.37 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaBud-- 243.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Origanum vulgarePlant1769.0 2402.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum majoranaPlant2670.0 3725.0 0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oryza sativaSeed528.0 5588.0 0.06 *
Oryza sativaPlant600.0 3478.0 -0.05 *
Oxalis tuberosaRoot340.0 2099.0 -0.25 *
Pachira macrocarpaSeed2860.0 3025.0 -0.62 *
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber180.0 1660.0 -0.72 *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant2700.0 5200.0 0.77 *
Panax ginsengRoot112.0 528.0 -0.53 *
Panicum maximumLeaf-- 5600.0 0.12 *
Papaver somniferumSeed8290.0 9277.0 1.04 *
Parthenium integrifoliumRoot96.0 600.0 -0.51 *
Passiflora foetidaFruit480.0 2665.0 -0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularisSeed390.0 1800.0 -0.94 *
Passiflora mollissimaFruit200.0 2500.0 -0.22 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora edulisSeed-- 6400.0 0.28 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora incarnataFlower407.0 3700.0 -0.0 *
Passiflora quadrangularisFruit170.0 3035.0 -0.05 *
Passiflora ligularisFruit300.0 6095.0 0.87 *
Passiflora edulisFruit480.0 2570.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora incarnataFruit430.0 1564.0 -0.5 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Pastinaca sativaRoot400.0 7365.0 0.68 *
Peganum harmalaPlant-- 600.0 -1.44 *
Peperomia pelucidaLeaf340.0 4360.0 -0.11 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pereskiifoliaLeaf400.0 2665.0 -0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pereskia aculeataFruit90.0 3025.0 -0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perideridia gairdneriRoot-- 2600.0 -0.16 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Perilla frutescensSeed330.0 5339.0 -0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescensLeaf730.0 5214.0 0.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Persea americanaPlant260.0 3030.0 -0.27 *
Persea americanaCr260.0 3030.0 *
Persea schiedeanaFruit355.0 1540.0 -0.51 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Petasites japonicusPt120.0 2180.0 -1.01 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Petasites japonicusPlant400.0 1800.0 -0.86 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Petroselinum crispumPlant324.0 4100.0 0.25 *
Petroselinum crispumShoot-- -- *
Peucedanum decursivumPlant2800.0 3100.0 -0.23 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed2800.0 4050.0 -0.34 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed2130.0 5880.0 0.14 *
Phaseolus lunatusSprout Seedling3820.0 10611.0 2.05 *
Phaseolus coccineusSeed3280.0 4046.0 -0.35 *
Phaseolus coccineusFruit1600.0 2770.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf750.0 5682.0 0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusSeed1130.0 9000.0 0.96 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling370.0 3978.0 -1.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit370.0 13500.0 3.12 *
Phaseolus lunatusLeaf-- 360.0 -0.85 *
Phoenix dactyliferaSeed-- 1120.0 -1.12 Abstract (See species file)
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit370.0 8795.0 1.69 *
Phragmites australisShoot-- 3900.0 0.23 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit200.0 1390.0 -0.55 *
Phyllanthus acidusFruit200.0 2442.0 -0.24 *
Physalis ixocarpaFruit400.0 30250.0 8.21 *
Physalis angulataFruit1350.0 13500.0 3.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis peruvianaFruit550.0 4215.0 0.3 *
Phytelephas aequatorialisFlower850.0 2910.0 -0.34 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialisMesocarp120.0 505.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytolacca americanaShoot440.0 5238.0 0.84 *
Pimenta dioicaFruit1100.0 1235.0 -0.6 *
Pimenta dioicaLeaf1173.0 1399.0 -0.66 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed4400.0 4862.0 -0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pimpinella anisumFruit-- 4862.0 0.5 *
Pinus edulisSeed145.0 590.0 -1.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus echinataShoot306.0 1512.0 -0.85 *
Pinus gerardianaSeed925.0 1000.0 -1.15 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus pineaSeed5080.0 5445.0 0.02 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus cembroidesSeed5150.0 6235.0 0.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper nigrumFruit700.0 2040.0 -0.36 *
Piper betelLeaf400.0 2740.0 -0.41 *
Piper auritumLeaf490.0 2920.0 -0.38 *
Pistacia veraSeed4300.0 5280.0 -0.02 *
Pisum sativumPlant1800.0 6400.0 1.35 *
Pisum sativumFruit530.0 5240.0 0.61 *
Pisum sativumSeed1038.0 6250.0 0.24 *
Plantago psylliumSeed137.0 630.0 -1.25 *
Plantago majorSeed180.0 600.0 -1.26 *
Plantago psylliumHull Husk-- 578.0 -1.0 *
Platonia insignisFruit360.0 1300.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot1890.0 2493.0 -0.18 *
Plectranthus amboinicusLeaf80.0 1428.0 -0.65 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- 1040.0 -0.44 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Polymnia edulisRoot150.0 1650.0 -0.33 *
Polystichum polyblepharumPlant-- 900.0 -1.29 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb320.0 7740.0 -1.0 *
Pothomorphe sp.Leaf400.0 2235.0 -0.5 *
Pourouma cecropiaefoliaFruit100.0 555.0 -0.81 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pouteria caimitoFruit410.0 1740.0 -0.45 *
Pouteria viridisFruit280.0 885.0 -0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria campechianaFruit300.0 1040.0 -0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Prosopis julifloraLeaf-- 2200.0 -0.51 *
Prunus persicaFruit90.0 2000.0 -0.37 *
Prunus domesticaFruit70.0 4080.0 0.26 *
Prunus aviumFruit175.0 1175.0 -0.62 *
Prunus serotinaStem114.0 2592.0 0.06 *
Prunus persicaBark-- 3150.0 1.62 *
Prunus cerasusFruit150.0 2302.0 -0.28 *
Prunus serotinaLeaf261.0 4608.0 -0.07 *
Prunus dulcisSeed4420.0 8735.0 0.89 *
Prunus armeniacaSeed-- 3000.0 -0.62 *
Prunus salicifoliaFruit160.0 1050.0 -0.66 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Prunus armeniacaFruit180.0 2982.0 -0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium guajavaFruit60.0 1740.0 -0.45 *
Psidium cattleianumFruit170.0 2305.0 -0.28 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusLeaf525.0 3175.0 -0.33 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusTuber450.0 1056.0 -1.08 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed334.0 5058.0 -0.08 *
Psoralea esculentaRoot-- 500.0 -0.53 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Pueraria montanaShoot470.0 2440.0 -0.43 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pueraria montanaRoot180.0 575.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Punica granatumFruit80.0 3182.0 -0.01 *
Pyrus communisFruit90.0 1332.0 -0.57 *
Quararibea cordataFruit170.0 1940.0 -0.39 *
Quercus stellataStem150.0 1512.0 -0.74 *
Quercus albaStem120.0 2432.0 -0.06 *
Quercus rubraStem112.0 1254.0 -0.93 *
Quercus albaBark15.0 64.0 -0.96 *
Quercus velutinaStem105.0 1550.0 -0.71 *
Quercus phellosStem168.0 1512.0 -0.74 *
Raphanus sativusLeaf300.0 2609.0 -0.43 *
Raphanus sativusFruit240.0 10526.0 2.22 *
Raphanus sativusRoot160.0 5850.0 0.41 *
Rauvolfia serpentinaSeed700.0 2200.0 -0.83 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt100.0 3462.0 -0.36 *
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf160.0 3472.0 -0.28 *
Rhizophora mangleLeaf-- 1400.0 -0.66 *
Rhodymenia palmataPlant-- 3860.0 0.13 *
Rhus copallinaStem75.0 1464.0 -0.78 *
Rhus copallinaLeaf243.0 3456.0 -0.28 *
Rhus glabraStem126.0 2412.0 -0.07 *
Rhynchosia minimaShoot-- 2400.0 -0.45 *
Ribes nigrumFruit490.0 3500.0 0.09 *
Ribes uva-crispaFruit150.0 2665.0 -0.17 *
Ribes rubrumFruit418.0 3310.0 0.03 *
Ricinus communisLeaf-- 4600.0 -0.07 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Robinia pseudoacaciaLeaf2600.0 3200.0 -0.33 *
Rollinia mucosaFruit260.0 1140.0 -0.63 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Rosa caninaFruit479.0 2560.0 -0.2 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant490.0 2050.0 -0.74 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubus idaeusFruit110.0 955.0 -0.69 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rubus idaeusLeaf395.0 2340.0 -0.48 *
Rubus chamaemorusFruit320.0 2500.0 -0.22 *
Rumex crispusLeaf560.0 7568.0 0.48 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Rumex crispusRoot1945.0 7570.0 0.71 *
Ruscus aculeatusRoot504.0 1670.0 -0.32 *
Salix albaBark689.0 4100.0 2.41 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf201.0 1280.0 -0.68 *
Sambucus nigraFruit540.0 3300.0 0.03 *
Sambucus canadensisFruit369.0 2036.0 -0.36 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sassafras albidumStem132.0 1776.0 -0.55 *
Sassafras albidumLeaf396.0 3264.0 -0.31 *
Satureja hortensisPlant-- 1538.0 -0.99 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Schisandra chinensisFruit639.0 4260.0 0.32 *
Sclerocarya caffraSeed190.0 2290.0 -0.81 *
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant248.0 1810.0 -0.85 *
Secale cerealeSeed3725.0 4225.0 -0.3 *
Secale cerealeLeaf-- 1970.0 -0.55 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sechium eduleShoot470.0 6350.0 1.34 *
Sechium eduleFruit260.0 3715.0 0.15 *
Senna alexandrinaLeaf276.0 1360.0 -0.66 *
Serenoa repensFruit2105.0 16200.0 3.94 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sesamum indicumSeed5000.0 8898.0 0.94 *
Sesamum indicumLeaf-- 14000.0 1.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sicana odoriferaFruit245.0 2065.0 -0.35 *
Sida rhombifoliaLeaf580.0 2930.0 -0.38 *
Silybum marianumLeaf1553.0 7060.0 0.38 *
Silybum marianumPlant-- 7060.0 1.67 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sinapis albaSeed8100.0 9330.0 1.05 *
Smilax officinalisRoot372.0 1770.0 -0.31 *
Smilax sppRoot372.0 1770.0 -0.31 *
Solanum nigrumLeaf540.0 4000.0 -0.18 *
Solanum sessiliflorumFruit140.0 1400.0 -0.55 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Solanum tuberosumTuber320.0 4200.0 0.8 *
Solanum melongenaLeaf380.0 2794.0 -0.4 *
Solanum quitoensisFruit120.0 3155.0 -0.02 *
Solanum torvumFruit700.0 4795.0 0.48 *
Solanum melongenaFruit189.0 5836.0 0.8 *
Sonchus oleraceusLeaf370.0 5440.0 0.09 *
Sophora secundifloraSeed-- 140.0 -1.38 *
Sophora japonicaSeed-- 2723.0 -0.7 *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit360.0 1880.0 -0.41 *
Spartium junceumStem-- 2600.0 0.07 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaSeed3980.0 4393.0 -0.25 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaRoot800.0 2273.0 -0.22 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant250.0 6232.0 1.27 *
Spirulina pratensisPlant-- 3190.0 -0.19 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spirulina spp.Plant-- 3190.0 -0.19 *
Spondias pinnataFruit110.0 1135.0 -0.63 *
Spondias dulcisFruit670.0 5115.0 0.58 *
Spondias tuberosaFruit-- 210.0 -0.91 *
Spondias mombinFruit310.0 3250.0 0.01 *
Spondias purpureaFruit350.0 1680.0 -0.47 *
Spondias dulcisSeed-- 700.0 -1.23 *
Stachys officinalisPlant302.0 1800.0 -0.86 *
Stellaria mediaPlant372.0 4480.0 0.43 *
Stevia rebaudianaPlant-- 980.0 -1.25 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 3180.0 -0.33 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Stillingia sylvaticaPlant-- 2400.0 -0.57 *
Symphoricarpos orbiculatusStem228.0 4224.0 1.28 *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 2111.0 -0.25 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphytum officinaleLeaf242.0 2200.0 -0.51 *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit1000.0 1337.0 -0.57 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium malaccenseFruit30.0 1800.0 -0.43 *
Syzygium aromaticumFlower1000.0 1337.0 -1.0 *
Syzygium jambosFruit115.0 852.0 -0.72 *
Syzygium cuminiFruit130.0 127.0 -0.94 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark21.0 120.0 -0.91 *
Tamarindus indicaLeaf1000.0 2281.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indicaFruit1080.0 1647.0 -0.48 *
Tamarindus indicaSeed-- 2370.0 -0.79 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tamarindus indicaFlower-- 2200.0 -0.63 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 5010.0 0.68 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum officinaleRoot518.0 3620.0 0.02 *
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf590.0 5268.0 0.05 *
Tephrosia purpureaLeaf2600.0 5200.0 0.04 *
Terminalia catappaSeed7890.0 9835.0 1.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia belliricaLeaf-- 2700.0 -0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf280.0 4665.0 -0.06 *
Theobroma bicolorSeed5490.0 5695.0 0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma bicolorFruit410.0 1970.0 -0.38 *
Theobroma cacaoFruit500.0 5000.0 0.54 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma cacaoSeed3600.0 5571.0 0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma speciosumFruit1650.0 4230.0 0.31 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Thymus vulgarisLeaf160.0 950.0 -0.74 *
Thymus vulgarisPlant1703.0 2502.0 -0.52 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Trachyspermum ammiFruit4430.0 4784.0 0.48 *
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot500.0 3262.0 -0.04 *
Tribulus terrestrisLeaf800.0 2500.0 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit200.0 3700.0 0.15 *
Trifolium pratenseShoot900.0 4500.0 0.5 *
Trifolium pratenseFlower580.0 3220.0 -0.21 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed374.0 2880.0 -0.65 *
Triticum aestivumSeed800.0 6800.0 0.38 *
Triticum aestivumPlant400.0 7200.0 1.74 *
Tropaeolum tuberosumRoot220.0 3000.0 -0.09 *
Tropaeolum majusShoot850.0 6200.0 1.27 *
Turnera diffusaLeaf242.0 1150.0 -0.7 *
Ullucus tuberosusRoot350.0 2775.0 -0.13 *
Ulmus rubraBark36.0 220.0 -0.83 *
Urtica dioicaLeaf894.0 4470.0 -0.09 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit856.0 10700.0 2.27 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit924.0 7700.0 1.36 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFruit150.0 1130.0 -0.63 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit96.0 675.0 -0.77 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot39.0 330.0 -0.56 *
Valerianella radicataPlant4647.0 5552.0 0.94 *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit-- 700.0 -0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Verbascum thapsusLeaf2508.0 5700.0 0.13 *
Vetiveria zizanioidesFruit500.0 6000.0 0.85 *
Viburnum opulusBark-- 650.0 -0.47 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vicia fabaSeed950.0 5000.0 -0.09 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia fabaFruit740.0 5070.0 0.56 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna unguiculataSeed5342.0 6375.0 0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling455.0 6560.0 0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungoPlant-- 1600.0 -0.96 *
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed2300.0 5418.0 0.02 *
Vigna aconitifoliaFruit-- 2500.0 -0.22 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed520.0 15593.0 2.71 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot90.0 881.0 -1.14 *
Vigna unguiculataFruit590.0 4856.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiataSeed3260.0 4500.0 -0.23 *
Vigna mungoFruit-- 1900.0 -0.4 *
Vigna aconitifoliaPlant1800.0 5400.0 0.87 *
Vigna subterraneaSeed2240.0 6042.0 0.18 *
Vigna mungoSeed348.0 4321.0 -0.27 *
Vigna angularisSeed3810.0 4402.0 -0.25 *
Vigna aconitifoliaLeaf-- 1800.0 -0.58 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot90.0 881.0 -1.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Viscum albumLeaf-- 2400.0 -0.47 *
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed-- 430.0 -1.3 *
Vitis viniferaStem-- 1710.0 -0.59 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitis viniferaFruit117.0 1848.0 -0.42 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot470.0 4700.0 0.21 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumLeaf610.0 38416.0 6.15 *
Yucca baccataRoot169.0 810.0 -0.48 *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- 287.0 *
Zea maysSeed600.0 4066.0 -0.34 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome320.0 5323.0 0.46 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot181.0 2580.0 -0.16 *
Zizyphus jujubaShoot-- 2300.0 -0.49 *
Zizyphus jujubaLeaf-- 2000.0 -0.55 *
Zizyphus spina-christiFruit-- -- *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit270.0 2120.0 -0.33 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.