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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentusSeed-- 7900.0 0.67 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit630.0 6300.0 0.94 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Abrus precatoriusLeaf650.0 3095.0 -0.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilisSeed-- 7300.0 0.51 *
Acacia senegalSeed-- 3100.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia farnesianaLeaf840.0 4519.0 -0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilisLeaf-- 1700.0 -0.6 *
Acacia senegalLeaf-- 1400.0 -0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia catechuLeaf-- 1700.0 -0.6 *
Acacia tortilisFruit-- 3400.0 0.06 *
Acacia farnesianaSeed2000.0 2700.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acalypha indicaLeaf990.0 5075.0 0.02 Wealth of India.
Achillea millefoliumPlant522.0 2950.0 -0.31 *
Acrocomia totaiSeed-- 4200.0 -0.3 *
Acrocomia totaiFruit-- 12000.0 2.67 *
Actaea racemosaRoot-- 2080.0 -0.25 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actinidia chinensisFruit300.0 3060.0 -0.05 *
Aegle marmelosFruit500.0 1300.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aframomum meleguetaFruit-- 1900.0 -0.4 Wealth of India.
Agathosma betulinaLeaf-- 6780.0 0.33 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Albizia lebbeckLeaf300.0 400.0 -0.84 Wealth of India.
Albizia lebbeckSeed-- 6200.0 0.22 Wealth of India.
Aleurites moluccanaSeed2000.0 2150.0 -0.85 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf480.0 4528.0 -0.08 *
Allium sativum var. sativumLeaf460.0 3382.0 -0.29 *
Allium cepaLeaf310.0 5513.0 0.1 *
Allium ampeloprasumFlower380.0 2249.0 -0.61 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf410.0 6670.0 0.31 *
Allium sativum var. sativumFlower460.0 3966.0 0.11 *
Allium cepaBulb275.0 4038.0 -1.0 *
Allium ampeloprasumRoot500.0 3650.0 0.02 *
Allium sativum var. sativumShoot520.0 2332.0 -0.48 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb880.0 5220.0 1.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativumRoot1650.0 4460.0 0.17 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaLeaf250.0 1400.0 -0.66 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot440.0 3125.0 -0.07 *
Aloe veraLeaf6.0 940.0 -0.74 *
Aloe spp.Leaf5.0 940.0 -0.74 *
Alpinia galangaRhizome250.0 1773.0 -1.64 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Althaea officinalisRoot277.0 2560.0 -0.17 *
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf500.0 4600.0 -0.07 *
Amaranthus sp.Leaf487.0 10082.0 0.94 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot320.0 3020.0 -0.09 *
Amorphophallus konjacLeaf70.0 2692.0 -0.42 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusShoot-- 8100.0 2.14 *
Amorphophallus konjacRoot-- 39.0 -0.61 *
Amphicarpaea bracteataShoot-- 2400.0 -0.45 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed3730.0 6255.0 0.24 *
Anacardium occidentaleFruit100.0 3125.0 -0.03 *
Ananas comosusFruit60.0 923.0 -0.7 *
Anethum graveolensSeed2102.0 3723.0 -0.43 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolensPlant600.0 7625.0 1.94 *
Anethum graveolensFruit2102.0 3723.0 0.15 *
Angelica sinensisRoot735.0 3340.0 -0.03 *
Annona reticulataFruit147.0 1475.0 -0.53 *
Annona muricataFruit210.0 3400.0 0.06 *
Annona diversifoliaFruit515.0 1815.0 -0.43 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Annona glabraFruit240.0 1820.0 -0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona squamosaFruit260.0 1600.0 -0.49 *
Annona cherimolaFruit240.0 1510.0 -0.52 *
Anogeissus latifoliaLeaf-- 3400.0 -0.29 *
Anthriscus cerefoliumLeaf4500.0 4850.0 -0.02 *
Apium graveolensRoot470.0 7900.0 0.77 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Apium graveolensFruit979.0 4660.0 0.44 *
Apium graveolensPt201.0 6849.0 1.36 *
Apium graveolensSeed980.0 6843.0 0.39 *
Arachis hypogaeaPlant800.0 10000.0 3.08 *
Arachis hypogaeaLeaf820.0 3814.0 -0.21 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed2450.0 4248.0 -0.29 *
Aralia cordataLeaf250.0 5320.0 0.06 *
Arctium lappaRoot1027.0 4370.0 0.15 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf43.0 370.0 -0.85 *
Areca catechuShoot-- 890.0 -1.13 *
Areca catechuSeed630.0 1892.0 -0.91 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot1278.0 7100.0 0.63 *
Arracacia xanthorrhizaRoot550.0 1900.0 -0.28 *
Artemisia vulgarisPlant270.0 700.0 -1.39 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Artemisia dracunculusPlant3130.0 3391.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia vulgarisLeaf400.0 3150.0 -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia vulgarisShoot-- 1900.0 -0.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia herba-albaPlant-- 1790.0 -0.86 *
Artocarpus altilisSeed1750.0 5385.0 0.01 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artocarpus heterophyllusSeed1300.0 2685.0 -0.71 *
Artocarpus altilisFruit240.0 1460.0 -0.53 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit260.0 1725.0 -0.45 *
Arundo donaxPlant-- 1100.0 -1.2 *
Asimina trilobaFruit420.0 2265.0 -0.29 *
Asparagus officinalisRoot746.0 7460.0 0.69 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot390.0 10244.0 3.11 *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot104.0 650.0 -0.5 *
Avena sativaPlant618.0 2810.0 -0.37 *
Avena sativaSeed500.0 10200.0 1.28 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Averrhoa bilimbiFruit110.0 1915.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Averrhoa carambolaFruit140.0 2100.0 -0.34 *
Azadirachta indicaLeaf1900.0 2400.0 -0.47 *
Azadirachta indicaFruit2265.0 2400.0 -0.25 *
Bacopa monnieriShoot-- 160.0 -1.46 Wealth of India.
Balanites aegyptiacusShoot-- 3800.0 0.19 *
Balanites aegyptiacusFruit-- 4000.0 0.24 *
Barosma betulinaLeaf-- 6780.0 0.33 *
Basella albaLeaf520.0 7535.0 0.47 *
Benincasa hispidaFruit70.0 4870.0 0.5 *
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- 450.0 -0.54 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Berberis vulgarisBark-- 450.0 -0.64 *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed6000.0 6750.0 0.37 *
Beta vulgarisRoot260.0 45580.0 7.39 *
Beta vulgarisLeaf290.0 5946.0 0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bixa orellanaSeed2820.0 3490.0 -0.49 *
Bixa orellanaFruit100.0 641.0 -0.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapidaAril160.0 2300.0 1.09 *
Blighia sapidaSeed700.0 2455.0 -0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Boehmeria niveaPlant270.0 700.0 -1.39 *
Boehmeria niveaLeaf450.0 3460.0 -0.28 *
Boehmeria niveaShoot1400.0 2400.0 -0.45 *
Borago officinalisLeaf530.0 7579.0 0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica pekinensisLeaf4560.0 7560.0 0.48 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf160.0 2622.0 -0.43 *
Brassica rapaLeaf370.0 7907.0 0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf644.0 9090.0 0.76 *
Brassica chinensisLeaf370.0 7907.0 0.54 *
Brassica oleraceaStem400.0 5110.0 1.94 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf214.0 6500.0 0.28 *
Brassica nigraLeaf290.0 4563.0 -0.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower385.0 7375.0 1.54 *
Brassica rapaRoot270.0 5000.0 0.26 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf560.0 3600.0 -0.25 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf644.0 9090.0 0.76 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf690.0 4927.0 -0.01 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot290.0 7250.0 0.66 *
Bromelia pinguinShoot225.0 5000.0 0.73 *
Brosimum alicastrumFruit360.0 2250.0 -0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bupleurum chinenseRoot77.0 700.0 -0.5 *
Byrsonima crassifoliaFruit125.0 100.0 -0.95 *
Cajanus cajanFruit1240.0 4888.0 0.51 *
Cajanus cajanSeed1270.0 4500.0 -0.23 *
Cajanus cajanPlant-- 2400.0 -0.57 *
Calathea macrosepalaFlower490.0 6365.0 1.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Camellia sinensisLeaf3200.0 4150.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Canavalia ensiformisSeed2700.0 3898.0 -0.38 *
Canavalia ensiformisFruit100.0 3509.0 0.09 *
Canna indicaRoot630.0 2200.0 -0.23 *
Cannabis sativaSeed9700.0 11227.0 1.55 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Capparis spinosaLeaf-- 1350.0 -0.67 Wealth of India.
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant600.0 7288.0 1.78 *
Capsicum annuumFruit784.0 3040.0 -0.05 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit455.0 3794.0 0.18 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carica papayaLeaf1420.0 6311.0 0.25 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica pentagonaFruit140.0 2060.0 -0.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papayaFruit170.0 1260.0 -0.59 *
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed3100.0 3526.0 -0.48 *
Carthamus tinctoriusPlant-- 3400.0 -0.09 *
Carthamus tinctoriusFlower332.0 2370.0 -0.56 *
Carum carviSeed5650.0 6580.0 0.32 *
Carum carviFruit5680.0 6302.0 0.94 *
Carya illinoensisSeed2890.0 3340.0 -0.53 *
Carya glabraShoot8.0 2640.0 -0.34 *
Carya ovataShoot110.0 1620.0 -0.8 *
Casimiroa edulisFruit180.0 1000.0 -0.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cassia toraSprout Seedling-- 5700.0 -0.29 *
Castanea dentataSeed960.0 1709.0 -0.96 *
Castanea sativaSeed490.0 1122.0 -1.12 *
Castanea mollisimaSeed940.0 1774.0 -0.95 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot1716.0 15600.0 2.12 *
Ceiba pentandraSeed9700.0 12690.0 1.94 *
Cenchrus biflorusSeed2700.0 2990.0 -0.62 *
Centella asiaticaLeaf300.0 2800.0 -0.4 *
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 3220.0 -0.21 *
Chamissoa altissimaLeaf165.0 1660.0 -0.61 Tramil
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf520.0 3585.0 -0.26 *
Chenopodium albumSeed-- 4160.0 -0.32 *
Chenopodium albumLeaf720.0 36833.0 5.86 *
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 1800.0 -0.86 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 5010.0 0.68 *
Chrysanthemum cinerariifoliumShoot-- 2400.0 -0.45 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumLeaf902.0 5010.0 0.01 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumLeaf340.0 5230.0 0.05 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud320.0 4300.0 1.0 *
Chrysophyllum cainitoFruit160.0 985.0 -0.68 *
Cicer arietinumSeed3540.0 4275.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybusRoot610.0 3050.0 -0.08 *
Cichorium intybusLeaf210.0 4284.0 -0.13 *
Cichorium endiviaLeaf242.0 5760.0 0.15 *
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot437.0 2080.0 -0.25 *
Cinnamomum burmanniiBark-- 1600.0 0.33 *
Cinnamomum sieboldiiRoot Bark-- 800.0 *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark-- 1000.0 -0.18 *
Cinnamomum sieboldiiBark-- 1500.0 0.24 *
Cinnamomum verumBark674.0 1100.0 -0.09 *
Citrullus lanatusSeed8300.0 14600.0 2.44 *
Citrullus lanatusFruit1.0 2900.0 -0.1 *
Citrus mitisFruit700.0 7000.0 1.15 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus reticulataFruit90.0 1385.0 -0.56 *
Citrus aurantiumFruit120.0 1600.0 -0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus paradisiFruit76.0 5280.0 0.63 *
Citrus limonFruit100.0 1979.0 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus sinensisFruit136.0 1980.0 -0.38 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit110.0 2000.0 -0.37 *
Cnicus benedictusPlant359.0 2700.0 -0.43 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansaLeaf540.0 4100.0 -0.16 *
Coccinia grandisFruit300.0 4350.0 0.34 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cocos nuciferaSeed830.0 2400.0 -0.78 *
Coffea arabicaLeaf1700.0 1816.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coffea arabicaSeed1780.0 1900.0 -0.91 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed500.0 5000.0 -0.09 *
Cola acuminataSeed860.0 2318.0 -0.8 *
Colocasia esculentaRoot460.0 5204.0 0.3 *
Colocasia esculentaLeaf490.0 5800.0 0.15 *
Colubrina texensisShoot-- 1700.0 -0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Commelina benghalensisLeaf520.0 3770.0 -0.22 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf830.0 6755.0 0.33 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf720.0 6452.0 0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coriandrum sativumFruit3907.0 4687.0 0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cornus floridaSeed-- 1500.0 -1.02 *
Corylus avellanaSeed2900.0 4622.0 -0.19 *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- 1450.0 -0.54 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus laevigataFruit405.0 1450.0 -0.54 *
Crescentia alataSeed9680.0 10020.0 1.23 *
Cucumis sativusFruit158.0 12600.0 2.85 *
Cucumis meloFruit121.0 2640.0 -0.17 *
Cucurbita sppFruit350.0 5540.0 0.71 *
Cucurbita pepoFlower490.0 10100.0 2.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepoSeed10600.0 12982.0 2.02 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaRoot-- 220.0 -0.58 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Cucurbita pepoFruit440.0 5238.0 0.61 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita foetidissimaLeaf-- 2600.0 -0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cuminum cyminumFruit4900.0 5673.0 0.75 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed4900.0 5673.0 0.08 *
Curcuma longaRhizome640.0 6307.0 1.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Curcuma longaPlant725.0 2340.0 -0.6 *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaShoot1600.0 2855.0 -0.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaLeaf-- 2700.0 -0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaFruit-- 500.0 -0.82 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyclanthera pedataFruit260.0 5615.0 0.73 *
Cydonia oblongaFruit150.0 1049.0 -0.66 *
Cymbopogon citratusPlant-- 2140.0 -0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cynara cardunculusFlower860.0 6240.0 1.06 *
Cyphomandra betaceaFruit130.0 3400.0 0.06 *
Cypripedium pubescensRoot-- 1230.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot140.0 790.0 -0.48 *
Daucus carotaRoot340.0 5090.0 0.28 *
Dioscorea bulbiferaTuber290.0 1000.0 -1.11 *
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 1730.0 -0.31 *
Dioscorea alataRoot48.0 2190.0 -0.23 *
Dioscorea villosaRoot415.0 1730.0 -0.31 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot340.0 1830.0 -0.3 *
Diospyros virginianaFruit260.0 730.0 -0.76 *
Diospyros virginianaStem132.0 2592.0 0.06 *
Diospyros virginianaLeaf450.0 1500.0 -0.64 *
Diospyros digynaFruit230.0 1120.0 -0.64 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Dipsacus fullonumPlant-- 5400.0 0.87 *
Durio zibethinusFruit380.0 2010.0 -0.37 *
Echinacea sppRoot-- 790.0 -0.48 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Echinacea purpureaRoot198.0 790.0 -0.48 *
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit380.0 2355.0 -0.26 *
Elaeagnus commutataFruit200.0 1450.0 -0.54 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeis guineensisFruit440.0 3100.0 -0.04 *
Eleocharis dulcisTuber650.0 4075.0 0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomumSeed1780.0 1941.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomumFruit1600.0 2000.0 -0.37 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot1470.0 7000.0 0.61 *
Elytrigia repensPlant2800.0 9510.0 2.85 *
Ephedra sinicaPlant678.0 3230.0 -0.17 *
Ephedra nevadensisPlant-- 5000.0 0.68 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Equisetum arvensePlant407.0 1900.0 -0.81 *
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit140.0 2667.0 -0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eriodictyon californicumLeaf2332.0 10600.0 1.04 *
Eryngium floridanumShoot-- 3215.0 -0.08 *
Erythrina berteroanaShoot800.0 5060.0 0.76 *
Erythrina fuscaLeaf400.0 2220.0 -0.51 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf3630.0 9740.0 0.88 *
Eugenia brasiliensisFruit136.0 950.0 -0.69 *
Eugenia floribundaFruit90.0 700.0 -0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia unifloraFruit90.0 815.0 -0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eupatorium perfoliatumPlant360.0 4000.0 0.2 *
Eupatorium odoratumLeaf-- 4350.0 -0.11 Tramil
Euphrasia officinalisPlant323.0 2100.0 -0.72 *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed2820.0 3200.0 -0.57 *
Fallopia japonicaPlant2300.0 2800.0 -0.38 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Feijoa sellowianaFruit100.0 625.0 -0.79 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ficus caricaFruit129.0 2764.0 -0.14 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit4449.0 5960.0 0.83 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed644.0 5960.0 0.16 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant510.0 5100.0 0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Fragaria sppFruit185.0 3191.0 -0.01 *
Frangula purshianaBark158.0 570.0 -0.53 *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant294.0 2490.0 -0.53 *
Garcinia mangostanaFruit100.0 685.0 -0.77 *
Genipa americanaFruit580.0 3000.0 -0.07 *
Gentiana luteaRoot594.0 2700.0 -0.14 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed1240.0 3268.0 -0.55 *
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf1440.0 6000.0 0.19 *
Glechoma hederaceaPlant2100.0 3500.0 -0.04 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Gleditsia triacanthosSeed-- 3200.0 -0.57 *
Gliricidia sepiumFlower370.0 2645.0 -0.45 *
Gliricidia sepiumLeaf340.0 2220.0 -0.51 *
Glycine maxPlant2400.0 5410.0 0.88 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxSprout Seedling580.0 4891.0 -0.68 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxFruit2250.0 7305.0 1.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxSeed1580.0 8040.0 0.71 *
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot124.0 790.0 -0.48 *
Gymnema sylvestreLeaf561.0 2950.0 -0.37 *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot134.0 707.0 -0.49 *
Helianthus annuusSeed6930.0 7450.0 0.55 *
Helianthus tuberosusTuber660.0 5200.0 1.39 Bonness, M. S., Promising new drugs from plants: poisons that heal, Herbarist, #56, 1990, 59-68
Hibiscus rosa-sinensisFlower265.0 2615.0 -0.46 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hibiscus sabdariffaLeaf480.0 6458.0 0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower110.0 1000.0 -1.14 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaSeed-- 6000.0 0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 5950.0 2.57 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed1890.0 9200.0 1.02 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgarePlant2300.0 6900.0 1.59 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Humulus lupulusFlower885.0 4760.0 0.44 *
Humulus lupulusFruit-- 4760.0 0.47 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hydrangea arborescensRoot2450.0 7000.0 0.61 *
Hydrastis canadensisRoot341.0 1230.0 -0.4 *
Hylocereus undatusFruit260.0 1665.0 -0.47 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inga feuilleiAril300.0 1875.0 0.23 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Inga edulisSeed-- 1280.0 -1.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inula heleniumPlant-- -- *
Inula heleniumRoot330.0 1500.0 -0.35 *
Ipomoea batatasLeaf300.0 6090.0 0.21 *
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf420.0 12360.0 1.36 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot261.0 2000.0 -0.27 *
Juglans nigraHull Husk-- 1070.0 1.0 *
Juglans nigraFruit-- 1070.0 -0.65 *
Juglans nigraPericarp128.0 1070.0 *
Juglans regiaSeed2800.0 5100.0 -0.07 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans cinereaSeed4085.0 4834.0 -0.14 *
Juglans nigraSeed4475.0 5880.0 0.14 *
Juniperus communisFruit279.0 900.0 -0.7 *
Juniperus virginianaShoot228.0 3168.0 -0.1 *
Justicia pectoralisLeaf350.0 2335.0 -0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Kalmia latifoliaLeaf-- 1100.0 -0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lablab purpureusSeed490.0 4800.0 -0.15 *
Lablab purpureusFruit600.0 3409.0 0.06 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf108.0 13920.0 1.65 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit130.0 2915.0 -0.09 *
Lantana camaraShoot-- 1500.0 -0.86 *
Larrea tridentataPlant375.0 1140.0 -1.18 *
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling1610.0 6165.0 -0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinarisSeed2420.0 5275.0 -0.02 *
Lepidium meyeniiRoot-- 1830.0 -0.3 *
Lepidium sativumLeaf760.0 7170.0 0.4 *
Lepidium sativumSeed16500.0 17500.0 3.21 *
Licania platypusFruit245.0 822.0 -0.73 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Limonia acidissimaSeed14300.0 14895.0 2.52 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Limonia acidissimaFruit800.0 3605.0 0.12 *
Linum usitatissimumSeed3961.0 20335.0 3.96 *
Linum usitatissimumHay-- 1110.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Liquidambar styracifluaStem60.0 2880.0 0.28 *
Liquidambar styracifluaLeaf360.0 2952.0 -0.37 *
Lobelia inflataLeaf174.0 1540.0 -0.63 *
Luffa aegyptiacaSeed-- 18300.0 3.42 *
Luffa aegyptiacaLeaf330.0 14141.0 1.69 *
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit190.0 6400.0 0.97 *
Lupinus mutabilisSeed6350.0 7100.0 0.46 *
Lupinus mutabilisFruit1680.0 5875.0 0.81 *
Lupinus albusSeed4400.0 4900.0 -0.12 *
Lycium chinenseFruit-- 560.0 -0.81 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lycium chinenseLeaf430.0 4135.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycopersicon esculentumLeaf-- 5500.0 0.1 *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit110.0 8400.0 1.57 *
Macadamia sppSeed1015.0 1750.0 -0.95 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Malpighia glabraFruit110.0 1280.0 -0.59 *
Malus domesticaFruit68.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Malva sylvestrisLeaf360.0 5000.0 0.01 *
Malva parvifloraPlant670.0 4891.0 0.63 *
Mammea americanaFruit78.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Mangifera indicaFruit103.0 1050.0 -0.66 *
Mangifera indicaLeaf720.0 3800.0 -0.22 *
Manihot esculentaRoot310.0 2225.0 -0.23 *
Manihot esculentaLeaf560.0 2800.0 -0.4 *
Manilkara zapotaFruit100.0 530.0 -0.82 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Maranta arundinaceaRoot180.0 561.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mauritia flexuosaFruit270.0 585.0 -0.8 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Medicago sativaPlant282.0 1500.0 -1.0 *
Melia azedarachLeaf220.0 2300.0 -0.49 *
Melicoccus bijugatasFruit98.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Melilotus indicaPlant-- 3500.0 -0.04 *
Mentha spicataPlant600.0 4706.0 0.54 *
Mentha pulegiumPlant-- 2520.0 -0.51 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Mentha x piperitaLeaf1150.0 7720.0 0.51 *
Mimosa pudicaLeaf530.0 1700.0 -0.6 *
Mimulus glabratusShoot520.0 5200.0 0.82 *
Momordica charantiaLeaf540.0 33467.0 5.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Momordica charantiaFruit320.0 8333.0 1.55 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Morinda citrifoliaLeaf150.0 670.0 -0.79 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Moringa oleiferaLeaf700.0 2800.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleiferaShoot1120.0 5250.0 0.84 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleiferaFruit500.0 4235.0 0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Morus albaLeaf2400.0 4500.0 -0.09 *
Morus albaFruit320.0 3200.0 -0.0 *
Mucuna pruriensSeed3200.0 4700.0 -0.17 *
Muntingia calaburaFruit720.0 3965.0 0.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Murraya koenigiiLeaf6000.0 17800.0 2.36 *
Murraya spFruit290.0 1040.0 -0.66 *
Musa x paradisiacaPith-- 100.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaLeaf-- 2400.0 -0.47 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiacaFruit110.0 1127.0 -0.63 *
Musa x paradisiacaFlower-- 500.0 -1.35 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Myrciaria caulifloraFruit90.0 1030.0 -0.66 *
Myrciaria dubiaFruit150.0 2835.0 -0.12 *
Myrica ceriferaBark-- -- *
Myristica fragransSeed2130.0 2400.0 -0.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransAril1000.0 1100.0 -1.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nasturtium officinaleHerb600.0 12000.0 1.0 *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed590.0 7130.0 0.47 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome1000.0 4785.0 0.14 *
Nelumbo nuciferaFruit2940.0 3267.0 0.02 *
Nepeta catariaPlant289.0 2410.0 -0.57 *
Nyssa sylvaticaStem90.0 1056.0 -1.08 *
Nyssa sylvaticaLeaf300.0 2184.0 -0.51 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumLeaf-- 3400.0 -0.29 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Ocimum basilicumLeaf380.0 5235.0 0.05 *
Oenothera biennisSeed4100.0 7257.0 0.5 *
Oenothera biennisPlant1700.0 3700.0 0.05 *
Olea europaeaLeaf-- 900.0 -0.75 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Olea europaeaFruit170.0 780.0 -0.74 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Opuntia ficus-indicaBud-- 243.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed-- 1605.0 -0.99 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit320.0 1985.0 -0.37 *
Origanum majoranaPlant2670.0 3725.0 0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum vulgarePlant1769.0 2402.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oryza sativaSeed528.0 5588.0 0.06 *
Oryza sativaPlant600.0 3478.0 -0.05 *
Oxalis tuberosaRoot340.0 2099.0 -0.25 *
Pachira macrocarpaSeed2860.0 3025.0 -0.62 *
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber180.0 1660.0 -0.72 *
Panax ginsengRoot112.0 528.0 -0.53 *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant2700.0 5200.0 0.77 *
Panicum maximumLeaf-- 5600.0 0.12 *
Papaver somniferumSeed8290.0 9277.0 1.04 *
Parthenium integrifoliumRoot96.0 600.0 -0.51 *
Passiflora incarnataFruit430.0 1564.0 -0.5 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Passiflora ligularisFruit300.0 6095.0 0.87 *
Passiflora edulisFruit480.0 2570.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularisSeed390.0 1800.0 -0.94 *
Passiflora foetidaFruit480.0 2665.0 -0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularisFruit170.0 3035.0 -0.05 *
Passiflora mollissimaFruit200.0 2500.0 -0.22 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora edulisSeed-- 6400.0 0.28 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora incarnataFlower407.0 3700.0 -0.0 *
Pastinaca sativaRoot400.0 7365.0 0.68 *
Peganum harmalaPlant-- 600.0 -1.44 *
Peperomia pelucidaLeaf340.0 4360.0 -0.11 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pereskiifoliaLeaf400.0 2665.0 -0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pereskia aculeataFruit90.0 3025.0 -0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perideridia gairdneriRoot-- 2600.0 -0.16 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Perilla frutescensSeed330.0 5339.0 -0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescensLeaf730.0 5214.0 0.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Persea schiedeanaFruit355.0 1540.0 -0.51 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Persea americanaCr260.0 3030.0 *
Persea americanaPlant260.0 3030.0 -0.27 *
Petasites japonicusPt120.0 2180.0 -1.01 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Petasites japonicusPlant400.0 1800.0 -0.86 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Petroselinum crispumPlant324.0 4100.0 0.25 *
Petroselinum crispumShoot-- -- *
Peucedanum decursivumPlant2800.0 3100.0 -0.23 *
Phaseolus lunatusLeaf-- 360.0 -0.85 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed2130.0 5880.0 0.14 *
Phaseolus lunatusSprout Seedling3820.0 10611.0 2.05 *
Phaseolus coccineusSeed3280.0 4046.0 -0.35 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed2800.0 4050.0 -0.34 *
Phaseolus coccineusFruit1600.0 2770.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf750.0 5682.0 0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusSeed1130.0 9000.0 0.96 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling370.0 3978.0 -1.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit370.0 13500.0 3.12 *
Phoenix dactyliferaSeed-- 1120.0 -1.12 Abstract (See species file)
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit370.0 8795.0 1.69 *
Phragmites australisShoot-- 3900.0 0.23 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit200.0 1390.0 -0.55 *
Phyllanthus acidusFruit200.0 2442.0 -0.24 *
Physalis ixocarpaFruit400.0 30250.0 8.21 *
Physalis angulataFruit1350.0 13500.0 3.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis peruvianaFruit550.0 4215.0 0.3 *
Phytelephas aequatorialisMesocarp120.0 505.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialisFlower850.0 2910.0 -0.34 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytolacca americanaShoot440.0 5238.0 0.84 *
Pimenta dioicaFruit1100.0 1235.0 -0.6 *
Pimenta dioicaLeaf1173.0 1399.0 -0.66 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed4400.0 4862.0 -0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pimpinella anisumFruit-- 4862.0 0.5 *
Pinus cembroidesSeed5150.0 6235.0 0.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus echinataShoot306.0 1512.0 -0.85 *
Pinus edulisSeed145.0 590.0 -1.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus gerardianaSeed925.0 1000.0 -1.15 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus pineaSeed5080.0 5445.0 0.02 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper auritumLeaf490.0 2920.0 -0.38 *
Piper nigrumFruit700.0 2040.0 -0.36 *
Piper betelLeaf400.0 2740.0 -0.41 *
Pistacia veraSeed4300.0 5280.0 -0.02 *
Pisum sativumSeed1038.0 6250.0 0.24 *
Pisum sativumPlant1800.0 6400.0 1.35 *
Pisum sativumFruit530.0 5240.0 0.61 *
Plantago majorSeed180.0 600.0 -1.26 *
Plantago psylliumSeed137.0 630.0 -1.25 *
Plantago psylliumHull Husk-- 578.0 -1.0 *
Platonia insignisFruit360.0 1300.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot1890.0 2493.0 -0.18 *
Plectranthus amboinicusLeaf80.0 1428.0 -0.65 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- 1040.0 -0.44 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Polymnia edulisRoot150.0 1650.0 -0.33 *
Polystichum polyblepharumPlant-- 900.0 -1.29 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb320.0 7740.0 -1.0 *
Pothomorphe sp.Leaf400.0 2235.0 -0.5 *
Pourouma cecropiaefoliaFruit100.0 555.0 -0.81 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pouteria viridisFruit280.0 885.0 -0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria campechianaFruit300.0 1040.0 -0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria caimitoFruit410.0 1740.0 -0.45 *
Prosopis julifloraLeaf-- 2200.0 -0.51 *
Prunus serotinaLeaf261.0 4608.0 -0.07 *
Prunus dulcisSeed4420.0 8735.0 0.89 *
Prunus armeniacaSeed-- 3000.0 -0.62 *
Prunus salicifoliaFruit160.0 1050.0 -0.66 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Prunus armeniacaFruit180.0 2982.0 -0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus persicaFruit90.0 2000.0 -0.37 *
Prunus domesticaFruit70.0 4080.0 0.26 *
Prunus aviumFruit175.0 1175.0 -0.62 *
Prunus serotinaStem114.0 2592.0 0.06 *
Prunus persicaBark-- 3150.0 1.62 *
Prunus cerasusFruit150.0 2302.0 -0.28 *
Psidium guajavaFruit60.0 1740.0 -0.45 *
Psidium cattleianumFruit170.0 2305.0 -0.28 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusTuber450.0 1056.0 -1.08 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed334.0 5058.0 -0.08 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusLeaf525.0 3175.0 -0.33 *
Psoralea esculentaRoot-- 500.0 -0.53 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Pueraria montanaShoot470.0 2440.0 -0.43 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pueraria montanaRoot180.0 575.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Punica granatumFruit80.0 3182.0 -0.01 *
Pyrus communisFruit90.0 1332.0 -0.57 *
Quararibea cordataFruit170.0 1940.0 -0.39 *
Quercus rubraStem112.0 1254.0 -0.93 *
Quercus albaBark15.0 64.0 -0.96 *
Quercus velutinaStem105.0 1550.0 -0.71 *
Quercus phellosStem168.0 1512.0 -0.74 *
Quercus stellataStem150.0 1512.0 -0.74 *
Quercus albaStem120.0 2432.0 -0.06 *
Raphanus sativusFruit240.0 10526.0 2.22 *
Raphanus sativusRoot160.0 5850.0 0.41 *
Raphanus sativusLeaf300.0 2609.0 -0.43 *
Rauvolfia serpentinaSeed700.0 2200.0 -0.83 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt100.0 3462.0 -0.36 *
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf160.0 3472.0 -0.28 *
Rhizophora mangleLeaf-- 1400.0 -0.66 *
Rhodymenia palmataPlant-- 3860.0 0.13 *
Rhus copallinaLeaf243.0 3456.0 -0.28 *
Rhus glabraStem126.0 2412.0 -0.07 *
Rhus copallinaStem75.0 1464.0 -0.78 *
Rhynchosia minimaShoot-- 2400.0 -0.45 *
Ribes uva-crispaFruit150.0 2665.0 -0.17 *
Ribes rubrumFruit418.0 3310.0 0.03 *
Ribes nigrumFruit490.0 3500.0 0.09 *
Ricinus communisLeaf-- 4600.0 -0.07 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Robinia pseudoacaciaLeaf2600.0 3200.0 -0.33 *
Rollinia mucosaFruit260.0 1140.0 -0.63 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Rosa caninaFruit479.0 2560.0 -0.2 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant490.0 2050.0 -0.74 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubus idaeusLeaf395.0 2340.0 -0.48 *
Rubus chamaemorusFruit320.0 2500.0 -0.22 *
Rubus idaeusFruit110.0 955.0 -0.69 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rumex crispusRoot1945.0 7570.0 0.71 *
Rumex crispusLeaf560.0 7568.0 0.48 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ruscus aculeatusRoot504.0 1670.0 -0.32 *
Salix albaBark689.0 4100.0 2.41 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf201.0 1280.0 -0.68 *
Sambucus nigraFruit540.0 3300.0 0.03 *
Sambucus canadensisFruit369.0 2036.0 -0.36 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sassafras albidumLeaf396.0 3264.0 -0.31 *
Sassafras albidumStem132.0 1776.0 -0.55 *
Satureja hortensisPlant-- 1538.0 -0.99 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Schisandra chinensisFruit639.0 4260.0 0.32 *
Sclerocarya caffraSeed190.0 2290.0 -0.81 *
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant248.0 1810.0 -0.85 *
Secale cerealeLeaf-- 1970.0 -0.55 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Secale cerealeSeed3725.0 4225.0 -0.3 *
Sechium eduleFruit260.0 3715.0 0.15 *
Sechium eduleShoot470.0 6350.0 1.34 *
Senna alexandrinaLeaf276.0 1360.0 -0.66 *
Serenoa repensFruit2105.0 16200.0 3.94 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sesamum indicumLeaf-- 14000.0 1.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sesamum indicumSeed5000.0 8898.0 0.94 *
Sicana odoriferaFruit245.0 2065.0 -0.35 *
Sida rhombifoliaLeaf580.0 2930.0 -0.38 *
Silybum marianumPlant-- 7060.0 1.67 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Silybum marianumLeaf1553.0 7060.0 0.38 *
Sinapis albaSeed8100.0 9330.0 1.05 *
Smilax officinalisRoot372.0 1770.0 -0.31 *
Smilax sppRoot372.0 1770.0 -0.31 *
Solanum quitoensisFruit120.0 3155.0 -0.02 *
Solanum torvumFruit700.0 4795.0 0.48 *
Solanum melongenaFruit189.0 5836.0 0.8 *
Solanum nigrumLeaf540.0 4000.0 -0.18 *
Solanum sessiliflorumFruit140.0 1400.0 -0.55 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Solanum tuberosumTuber320.0 4200.0 0.8 *
Solanum melongenaLeaf380.0 2794.0 -0.4 *
Sonchus oleraceusLeaf370.0 5440.0 0.09 *
Sophora japonicaSeed-- 2723.0 -0.7 *
Sophora secundifloraSeed-- 140.0 -1.38 *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit360.0 1880.0 -0.41 *
Spartium junceumStem-- 2600.0 0.07 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaSeed3980.0 4393.0 -0.25 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaRoot800.0 2273.0 -0.22 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant250.0 6232.0 1.27 *
Spirulina spp.Plant-- 3190.0 -0.19 *
Spirulina pratensisPlant-- 3190.0 -0.19 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spondias purpureaFruit350.0 1680.0 -0.47 *
Spondias dulcisSeed-- 700.0 -1.23 *
Spondias pinnataFruit110.0 1135.0 -0.63 *
Spondias dulcisFruit670.0 5115.0 0.58 *
Spondias tuberosaFruit-- 210.0 -0.91 *
Spondias mombinFruit310.0 3250.0 0.01 *
Stachys officinalisPlant302.0 1800.0 -0.86 *
Stellaria mediaPlant372.0 4480.0 0.43 *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 3180.0 -0.33 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Stevia rebaudianaPlant-- 980.0 -1.25 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stillingia sylvaticaPlant-- 2400.0 -0.57 *
Symphoricarpos orbiculatusStem228.0 4224.0 1.28 *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 2111.0 -0.25 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphytum officinaleLeaf242.0 2200.0 -0.51 *
Syzygium jambosFruit115.0 852.0 -0.72 *
Syzygium cuminiFruit130.0 127.0 -0.94 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium aromaticumFruit1000.0 1337.0 -0.57 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium malaccenseFruit30.0 1800.0 -0.43 *
Syzygium aromaticumFlower1000.0 1337.0 -1.0 *
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark21.0 120.0 -0.91 *
Tamarindus indicaSeed-- 2370.0 -0.79 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tamarindus indicaFlower-- 2200.0 -0.63 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indicaLeaf1000.0 2281.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indicaFruit1080.0 1647.0 -0.48 *
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 5010.0 0.68 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum officinaleRoot518.0 3620.0 0.02 *
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf590.0 5268.0 0.05 *
Tephrosia purpureaLeaf2600.0 5200.0 0.04 *
Terminalia belliricaLeaf-- 2700.0 -0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia catappaSeed7890.0 9835.0 1.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf280.0 4665.0 -0.06 *
Theobroma cacaoFruit500.0 5000.0 0.54 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma cacaoSeed3600.0 5571.0 0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma speciosumFruit1650.0 4230.0 0.31 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma bicolorSeed5490.0 5695.0 0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma bicolorFruit410.0 1970.0 -0.38 *
Thymus vulgarisPlant1703.0 2502.0 -0.52 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Thymus vulgarisLeaf160.0 950.0 -0.74 *
Trachyspermum ammiFruit4430.0 4784.0 0.48 *
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot500.0 3262.0 -0.04 *
Tribulus terrestrisLeaf800.0 2500.0 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit200.0 3700.0 0.15 *
Trifolium pratenseFlower580.0 3220.0 -0.21 *
Trifolium pratenseShoot900.0 4500.0 0.5 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed374.0 2880.0 -0.65 *
Triticum aestivumPlant400.0 7200.0 1.74 *
Triticum aestivumSeed800.0 6800.0 0.38 *
Tropaeolum tuberosumRoot220.0 3000.0 -0.09 *
Tropaeolum majusShoot850.0 6200.0 1.27 *
Turnera diffusaLeaf242.0 1150.0 -0.7 *
Ullucus tuberosusRoot350.0 2775.0 -0.13 *
Ulmus rubraBark36.0 220.0 -0.83 *
Urtica dioicaLeaf894.0 4470.0 -0.09 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit924.0 7700.0 1.36 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFruit150.0 1130.0 -0.63 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit96.0 675.0 -0.77 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit856.0 10700.0 2.27 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot39.0 330.0 -0.56 *
Valerianella radicataPlant4647.0 5552.0 0.94 *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit-- 700.0 -0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Verbascum thapsusLeaf2508.0 5700.0 0.13 *
Vetiveria zizanioidesFruit500.0 6000.0 0.85 *
Viburnum opulusBark-- 650.0 -0.47 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vicia fabaSeed950.0 5000.0 -0.09 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia fabaFruit740.0 5070.0 0.56 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna radiataSeed3260.0 4500.0 -0.23 *
Vigna mungoFruit-- 1900.0 -0.4 *
Vigna aconitifoliaPlant1800.0 5400.0 0.87 *
Vigna subterraneaSeed2240.0 6042.0 0.18 *
Vigna mungoSeed348.0 4321.0 -0.27 *
Vigna angularisSeed3810.0 4402.0 -0.25 *
Vigna aconitifoliaLeaf-- 1800.0 -0.58 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot90.0 881.0 -1.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed5342.0 6375.0 0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling455.0 6560.0 0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungoPlant-- 1600.0 -0.96 *
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed2300.0 5418.0 0.02 *
Vigna aconitifoliaFruit-- 2500.0 -0.22 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed520.0 15593.0 2.71 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot90.0 881.0 -1.14 *
Vigna unguiculataFruit590.0 4856.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Viscum albumLeaf-- 2400.0 -0.47 *
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed-- 430.0 -1.3 *
Vitis viniferaStem-- 1710.0 -0.59 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitis viniferaFruit117.0 1848.0 -0.42 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot470.0 4700.0 0.21 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumLeaf610.0 38416.0 6.15 *
Yucca baccataRoot169.0 810.0 -0.48 *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- 287.0 *
Zea maysSeed600.0 4066.0 -0.34 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot181.0 2580.0 -0.16 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome320.0 5323.0 0.46 *
Zizyphus spina-christiFruit-- -- *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit270.0 2120.0 -0.33 *
Zizyphus jujubaShoot-- 2300.0 -0.49 *
Zizyphus jujubaLeaf-- 2000.0 -0.55 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.