Data Views

Paginate
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Catalpa bignonioidesLeaf-- 15000.0 3.59 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Helianthus annuusSeed900.0 1100.0 2.71 Jim Duke's personal files.
Capsicum frutescensFruit-- 540.0 2.29 *
Malus domesticaFruit15.0 460.0 1.84 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- 737.0 1.64 *
Melissa officinalisShoot-- 8.3 1.41 *
Ananas comosusPlant330.0 730.0 1.0 *
Citrus sinensisPericarp5.0 75.0 1.0 *
Curcuma longaRhizome-- 345.0 1.0 *
Origanum majoranaLeaf-- 1100.0 -0.06 *
Fragaria sppFruit63.0 125.0 -0.08 Jim Duke's personal files.
Taxus baccataLeaf4.0 965.0 -0.1 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf-- 760.0 -0.15 *
Citrus limonFruit6.0 102.0 -0.21 *
Thymus vulgarisLeaf-- 420.0 -0.24 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit-- 93.0 -0.26 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed60.0 93.0 -0.27 *
Carum carviSeed-- 86.0 -0.29 *
Laurus nobilisLeaf-- 192.0 -0.3 *
Spinacia oleraceaLeaf-- 133.0 -0.32 *
Capsicum annuumFruit-- 79.0 -0.34 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf-- 21.0 -0.34 *
Anethum graveolensLeaf-- 16.0 -0.35 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf-- 13.0 -0.35 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf-- 13.0 -0.35 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf-- 12.0 -0.35 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf0.5 9.0 -0.35 *
Brassica pekinensisLeaf-- 7.0 -0.35 *
Linum usitatissimumSeed-- 60.0 -0.36 *
Zea maysSeed4.0 46.0 -0.41 *
Triticum aestivumSeed17.0 25.0 -0.47 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed-- 20.0 -0.48 *
Salvia sp.Seed-- 19.0 -0.49 Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 67.
Citrus paradisiFruit-- 53.0 -0.49 *
Myristica fragransSeed-- 7.0 -0.52 *
Glycine maxSeed1.0 4.0 -0.53 *
Juglans regiaSeed0.5 3.5 -0.53 *
Laurus nobilisFruit-- 20.0 -0.68 *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit-- 19.0 -0.68 *
Citrus sinensisFruit5.0 17.0 -0.69 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit-- 16.0 -0.7 *
Aspalathus linearisShoot-- 1.0 -0.71 *
Zea maysShoot-- 1.0 -0.71 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus paradisiPericarp5.0 25.0 -1.0 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- 19.0 -1.0 *
Solidago giganteaPlant-- 45.0 -1.0 *
Mentha x piperitaShoot-- -- *
Calendula officinalisPlant-- -- *
Medicago sativaLeaf-- -- *
Olea europaeaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Eucalyptus maculataResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Matricaria recutitaPlant-- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Tilia sp.Flower-- -- *
Aloe veraLeaf-- -- Doff, W. 1953. In Vitro Tuberculostatic Action of Aloe and its Most Important Components. Arzneim-Forsch 3: 627-630.
Trifolium pratensePlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Catalpa ovataFruit-- -- *
Stachys officinalisShoot-- -- *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit-- -- *
Rubus idaeusLeaf-- -- *
Rubus idaeusBark-- -- *
Santolina chamaecyparissusPlant-- -- *
Vinca minorPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Avena sativaSeed-- -- *
Ginkgo bilobaPollen Or Spore-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Salvia officinalisPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Averrhoa carambolaPlant-- -- *
Taraxacum officinaleFlower-- -- *
Sesamum indicumFruit-- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosumPlant-- -- *
Persea americanaFruit-- -- *
Sesamum indicumLeaf-- -- *
Vitis viniferaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Helianthus annuusPollen Or Spore-- 11.0 *
Pueraria montanaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Annona muricataPlant-- -- *
Pisum sativumSeed-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit Juice-- -- *
Hura crepitansLeaf-- -- *
Tagetes patulaPlant-- -- *
Hordeum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Hedera helixPlant-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisPollen Or Spore-- -- *
Digitalis purpureaLeaf-- -- *
Vigna radiataPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Gossypium spPlant-- -- *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt-- 44.0 *
Rheum rhabarbarumRoot-- -- *
Phaseolus vulgarisPlant-- -- *
Polygala senegaRoot-- -- *
Prunus persicaLeaf-- -- *
Allium cepaLeaf-- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
Allium cepaRoot-- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
Althaea officinalisLeaf-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit-- -- *
Actinidia chinensisPlant-- -- *
Sambucus nigraFlower-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cydonia oblongaFruit-- -- *
Mentha x rotundifoliaShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Hypericum perforatumPlant-- -- *
Apium graveolensRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Hordeum vulgareSeed-- -- *
Petroselinum crispumStem-- -- *
Aloe veraPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Urginea maritimaBulb-- -- *
Rubus spectabilisLeaf-- -- Li, C.Y. 1974. Phenolic Compounds in Understory Species of Alder, Conifer, and Mixed Alder-Conifer Stands of Coastal Oregon. Lloydia, 37(4): 603-607.
Taraxacum officinalePlant-- -- *
Ligustrum japonicumLeaf-- -- *
Sophora japonicaPlant-- -- *
Euphorbia hirtaLeaf-- -- *
Terminalia chebulaPlant-- -- Kim, J. S., Lee, G. D., Kwon, J. H., Yoon, H. S. 1993. Indentification of Phenolic Antioxidative Components in Terminalia chebula Retz. Han'guk Nonghwa Hakhoe Chi 36 4: 239-243.
Lactuca sativaPlant-- -- *
Oryza sativaPetiole-- 0.9 *
Salix albaPlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Medicago sativaTissue Culture-- -- *
Rubus parviflorusLeaf-- -- Li, C.Y. 1974. Phenolic Compounds in Understory Species of Alder, Conifer, and Mixed Alder-Conifer Stands of Coastal Oregon. Lloydia, 37(4): 603-607.
Trigonella foenum-graecumPlant-- -- *
Lythrum salicariaLeaf-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusLeaf-- -- *
Raphanus sativusRoot-- 91.0 *
Coffea arabicaPlant-- -- *
Pueraria montanaFlower-- -- *
Daucus carotaRoot-- -- *
Artemisia absinthiumPlant-- -- *
Nicotiana tabacumFlower-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Prunus dulcisPlant-- -- *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumTuber4.0 250.0 *
Centaurium erythraeaPlant-- -- *
Althaea officinalisFlower-- -- *
Prunus cerasusFruit-- -- *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf-- -- *
Juniperus communisLeaf-- -- *
Kalanchoe pinnataPlant-- -- *
Aloe veraJuice-- -- Waller, G. R., Mangiafico, S., Ritchey, C. R. 1978. A Chemical Investigation of Aloe barbadensis. Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci. 58: 69-.
Euphorbia lathyrisLeaf-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 14.0 *
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot-- -- *
Basella albaPlant-- -- *
Agrimonia eupatoriaPlant-- -- *
Sanguisorba minorPlant-- -- *
Piper nigrumFruit-- -- *
Citrus sinensisFruit Juice-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Juglans regiaTesta160.0 600.0 *
Fagopyrum esculentumTesta-- -- *
Trigonella foenum-graecumStem-- -- *
Elaeagnus angustifoliaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Serenoa repensFruit Juice-- -- *
Populus balsamiferaLeaf-- -- *
Rosa caninaStem-- -- *
Origanum vulgareLeaf-- -- *
Ribes uva-crispaFruit-- -- *
Rosa caninaTissue Culture-- -- *
Oenothera biennisLeaf-- -- *
Viola tricolorPlant-- -- *
Pteridium aquilinumLeaf-- -- *
Pteridium aquilinumPlant-- -- *
Zea maysSprout Seedling-- -- *
Equisetum arvensePlant-- -- *
Urtica dioicaPlant-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisPlant-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower-- 35.0 *
Malus domesticaLeaf-- -- *
Prunus laurocerasusPlant-- -- *
Glechoma hederaceaPlant-- -- *
Prunus serotinaBark-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Ficus caricaWood-- -- *
Rubus idaeusPlant-- -- *
Punica granatumFruit Juice-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Punica granatumLeaf-- -- *
Beta vulgarisPlant-- -- *
Elettaria cardamomumLeaf-- -- *
Lens culinarisPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Castanea sativaPlant-- -- *
Juglans regiaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Humulus lupulusFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Centaurea cyanusFlower-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Echinacea purpureaFruit Juice-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Althaea officinalisRoot-- -- *
Theobroma cacaoSeed-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cocos nuciferaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Melilotus officinalisPlant-- -- Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Glycine maxShoot-- -- *
Rubus idaeusJuice-- -- *
Gaultheria procumbensLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Allium cepaBulb-- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb2.0 58.0 *
Prunus armeniacaPlant-- -- *
Ononis spinosaRoot-- -- Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Sorbus aucubariaPlant-- -- *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaSilk Stigma Style-- -- Kandasamy, M. K. 1986. The Stigmatic Exudate of Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L. Taub. Biochem Physiol Pflanz, 181(8): 571-575.
Allium ampeloprasumPlant-- -- *
Papaver somniferumPericarp-- -- *
Ribes nigrumFruit-- -- *
Ricinus communisLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vicia fabaPlant-- -- *
Commelina communisFlower-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Melilotus officinalisShoot-- -- *
Panax ginsengRoot-- -- *
Prunus domesticaFruit-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica nigraSeed-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Mangifera indicaPlant-- -- *
Plantago majorPlant-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.