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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentusSeed730.0 880.0 -0.28 Wealth of India.
Aesculus hippocastanumLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Aloe veraJuice-- -- Yamaguchi, I., Mega, N., Sanada, H. 1993. Components of the Gel of Aloe vera (L.) Burm. F. Biosci Biotech Biochem 57(8): 1350-1352.
Anacardium occidentaleSeed1690.0 3235.0 -0.22 *
Ananas comosusFruit30.0 220.0 -0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolensPlant-- -- *
Anethum graveolensSeed500.0 542.0 -0.29 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolensFruit500.0 542.0 -0.25 *
Angelica archangelicaFruit-- -- *
Angelica archangelicaSeed-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Apium graveolensPt10.0 190.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Aquilegia vulgarisSeed-- -- *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed90.0 4806.0 -0.18 *
Areca catechuSeed-- -- *
Asparagus officinalisShoot10.0 129.0 1.41 *
Bactris gasipaesFruit2880.0 19120.0 3.15 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Bertholletia excelsaSeed3240.0 3352.0 -0.22 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bidens pilosaPlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica rapaRoot10.0 120.0 -0.68 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Plant-- -- *
Brassica oleraceaStem-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf20.0 142.0 -0.49 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf10.0 65.0 -0.62 *
Brassica nigraLeaf10.0 147.0 -0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Calendula officinalisSeed12000.0 20500.0 0.19 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit-- -- USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Capsicum annuumFruit30.0 409.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carica papayaFruit200.0 1790.0 -0.02 *
Carica papayaFlower-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Carum carviSeed900.0 999.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carum carviFruit900.0 999.0 -0.16 *
Cedrus deodoraSeed-- 181035.0 4.05 *
Cicer arietinumSeed120.0 135.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybusRoot750.0 3750.0 1.92 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrullus colocynthisSeed-- -- *
Citrus reticulataSeed Oil-- -- *
Citrus sinensisFruit30.0 226.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus reticulataFruit40.0 320.0 -0.29 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus paradisiFruit10.0 110.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit30.0 255.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf30.0 245.0 -0.31 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit1000.0 1097.0 -0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepoSeed990.0 1064.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepoFruit60.0 714.0 -0.21 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita sppFruit10.0 169.0 -0.31 *
Cucurbita pepoFlower50.0 1030.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Daucus carotaSeed270.0 1725.0 -0.26 *
Daucus carotaRoot20.0 165.0 -0.64 *
Elaeagnus angustifoliaSeed-- 495.0 -0.29 Hetherington, M and Steck, W. 1997. Natural chemicals from northern prairie plants - the phytochemical contents of one thousand North American species. 277 pp. Ag-West Biotech, Inc. Saskatoon, Canada. Fytokem Products, Saskatoon.
Elaeis guineensisFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Elettaria cardamomumFruit200.0 650.0 -0.23 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Fragaria sppFruit10.0 119.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ginkgo bilobaSeed790.0 1761.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Glycine maxSeed550.0 600.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Helianthus annuusSeed490.0 515.0 -0.29 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Hibiscus sabdariffaSeed-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hordeum vulgareLeaf-- -- *
Jatropha curcasSeed4200.0 6720.0 -0.14 *
Juglans regiaSeed1610.0 1670.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Juglans nigraSeed770.0 805.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Juniperus communisPlant-- -- *
Juniperus communisSeed Oil-- -- *
Lablab purpureusSeed10.0 82.0 -0.3 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf30.0 500.0 0.12 *
Lens culinarisSeed20.0 23.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lupinus albusSeed340.0 380.0 -0.29 *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit10.0 165.0 -0.32 *
Macadamia sppSeed113385.0 190650.0 4.28 *
Malus domesticaFruit10.0 62.0 -0.33 *
Mangifera indicaFruit480.0 2625.0 0.13 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf20.0 95.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha spicataLeaf20.0 140.0 -0.49 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Momordica charantiaFruit-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Morus albaSeed-- -- *
Mucuna pruriensSeed35.0 630.0 -0.28 *
Murraya spPlant-- -- *
Musa x paradisiacaPlant-- -- *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit120.0 466.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome20.0 95.0 -1.0 *
Nigella sativaSeed Oil-- 2000.0 -0.74 *
Oenothera biennisSeed Oil-- -- *
Origanum vulgarePlant1600.0 1723.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Panax ginsengRoot-- -- *
Papaver somniferumSeed1300.0 1394.0 -0.27 *
Papaver somniferumSeed Oil-- -- *
Pastinaca sativaRoot30.0 145.0 -0.66 *
Persea americanaFruit6430.0 25000.0 4.22 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phoenix dactyliferaSeed-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Pinus edulisSeed2500.0 2655.0 -0.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus pineaSeed2080.0 2230.0 -0.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pistacia veraSeed2860.0 2975.0 -0.23 *
Pisum sativumFruit-- -- *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb140.0 2940.0 *
Prunus persicaFruit10.0 80.0 -0.33 *
Prunus cerasusFruit10.0 72.0 -0.33 *
Prunus dulcisSeed3040.0 3180.0 -0.22 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus domesticaFruit50.0 338.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium guajavaFruit30.0 216.0 -0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium cattleianumFruit30.0 155.0 -0.32 *
Pyrus communisFruit20.0 124.0 -0.32 *
Ribes rubrumFruit10.0 62.0 -0.33 *
Ribes nigrumFruit70.0 388.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf660.0 2050.0 2.73 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sambucus nigraFlower-- -- *
Sambucus nigraSeed-- -- *
Schisandra chinensisSeed-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Secale cerealeSeed100.0 110.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sesamum indicumSeed Oil-- 5000.0 1.41 *
Sesamum indicumSeed1490.0 1563.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Simarouba glaucaSeed1300.0 1420.0 -0.26 *
Sinapis albaSeed570.0 674.0 -0.28 *
Skimmia arborescensSeed-- 7000.0 -0.13 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Solanum tuberosumTuber10.0 48.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Solanum melongenaFruit10.0 124.0 -0.32 *
Spinacia oleraceaLeaf-- -- *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant21.0 475.0 -1.0 *
Terminalia catappaSeed11850.0 14125.0 0.04 *
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf30.0 500.0 0.12 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed Oil-- 2100.0 -0.67 *
Triticum aestivumPlant-- -- *
Vicia fabaSeed-- -- -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataShoot10.0 98.0 -0.71 *
Vigna unguiculataFruit10.0 82.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataShoot10.0 98.0 -0.71 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed20.0 60.0 -0.3 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed20.0 60.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed Oil-- -- Adomako, D. 1977. Fatty Acid Composition and Characteristics of Pentadesma Butyracea Fat Extracted From Ghana Seeds. J. Sci. Food Agr. 28: 384-386.
Zea maysFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Zingiber officinaleRoot210.0 1145.0 0.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zingiber officinaleRhizome210.0 1145.0 1.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.