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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit10.0 100.0 0.53 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Acacia farnesianaLeaf85.0 457.0 4.37 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Achillea millefoliumPlant-- -- *
Actaea racemosaRoot-- 31.5 -0.54 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actinidia chinensisFruit5.0 30.0 -0.41 *
Aegle marmelosFruit1.0 26.0 -0.46 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Agathosma betulinaLeaf-- 42.0 -0.68 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Albizia lebbeckSeed-- 52.0 0.27 Wealth of India.
Allium sativum var. sativumLeaf6.0 44.0 -0.65 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepaLeaf7.0 90.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium ampeloprasumFlower9.0 53.0 -0.41 *
Allium sativum var. sativumRoot3.0 7.4 -1.24 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf5.0 88.0 -0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium sativum var. sativumFlower4.0 34.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepaBulb1.0 75.0 1.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativumShoot5.0 22.0 -1.07 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb4.0 17.0 -1.0 *
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf5.0 57.0 -0.49 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot4.8 16.0 -0.99 *
Aloe spp.Leaf0.3 64.0 -0.41 *
Aloe veraLeaf-- 64.0 -0.41 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Alpinia galangaRhizome10.0 71.0 -0.86 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Althaea officinalisRoot3.4 31.0 -0.56 *
Amaranthus sp.Leaf6.0 118.0 0.25 *
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf14.0 86.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Amorphophallus konjacRoot-- -- *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot7.0 79.0 0.83 *
Anacardium occidentaleFruit3.0 21.0 -0.53 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed18.0 22.0 -0.63 *
Anacardium occidentaleLeaf14.0 46.0 -0.63 *
Ananas comosusFruit2.0 33.0 -0.37 *
Anethum graveolensPlant28.0 30.0 -0.65 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Anethum graveolensFruit28.0 30.0 -0.41 *
Anethum graveolensSeed28.0 30.0 -0.39 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Angelica sinensisRoot15.0 68.0 0.51 *
Annona diversifoliaFruit21.0 75.0 0.19 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Annona reticulataFruit5.0 38.0 -0.3 *
Annona muricataFruit9.0 77.0 0.22 *
Annona glabraFruit6.0 45.0 -0.21 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona squamosaFruit8.0 36.0 -0.33 *
Annona cherimolaFruit9.0 50.0 -0.14 *
Apium graveolensSeed2.5 12.0 -0.92 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Apium graveolensPt3.0 57.0 0.71 *
Apium graveolensFruit3.0 12.0 -0.65 *
Arachis hypogaeaLeaf16.0 74.0 -0.29 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed141.0 182.0 4.16 *
Aralia cordataLeaf8.0 170.0 0.88 *
Arctium lappaRoot3.0 13.0 -1.08 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf1.4 12.0 -1.04 *
Areca catechuSeed6.0 6.8 -1.08 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot16.0 90.0 1.15 *
Arracacia xanthorrhizaRoot36.0 125.0 2.17 *
Artemisia vulgarisLeaf30.0 235.0 1.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia dracunculusPlant-- 90.0 0.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit4.0 15.0 -0.61 *
Artocarpus altilisFruit9.0 30.0 -0.41 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot11.0 366.0 3.22 *
Asparagus officinalisRoot18.0 181.0 3.79 *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot-- -- *
Avena sativaSeed6.0 44.0 0.03 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Avena sativaPlant17.0 75.0 -0.02 *
Averrhoa carambolaFruit3.0 53.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Averrhoa bilimbiFruit2.0 52.0 -0.12 *
Bactris gasipaesFruit6.0 40.0 -0.28 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Barosma betulinaLeaf-- -- *
Basella albaLeaf5.0 70.0 -0.33 *
Benincasa hispidaFruit2.0 102.0 0.55 *
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- 81.0 0.89 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Berberis vulgarisBark-- 81.0 0.26 *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed2.0 17.0 -0.77 *
Beta vulgarisRoot2.0 32.0 -0.53 *
Beta vulgarisLeaf4.0 68.0 -0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bixa orellanaFruit3.0 19.0 -0.56 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapidaSeed16.0 84.0 1.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapidaAril14.0 88.0 *
Boehmeria niveaLeaf7.0 54.0 -0.53 *
Boehmeria niveaShoot-- 67.0 -0.51 *
Borago officinalisLeaf9.0 129.0 0.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleraceaStem4.0 44.0 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf6.4 83.0 -0.18 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf3.0 40.0 -0.7 *
Brassica nigraLeaf3.03 47.87 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf10.0 65.0 -0.4 *
Brassica rapaLeaf5.0 107.0 0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf6.0 64.0 -0.41 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower5.0 85.0 -0.09 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot7.0 68.0 0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapaRoot4.0 49.0 -0.04 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf3.7 61.0 -0.44 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf-- -- *
Brassica chinensisLeaf5.0 107.0 0.12 *
Bromelia pinguinShoot4.0 57.0 -0.63 *
Brosimum alicastrumFruit8.0 50.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bupleurum chinenseRoot2.0 19.0 -0.91 *
Byrsonima crassifoliaFruit3.0 23.0 -0.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cajanus cajanSeed22.0 77.0 1.02 *
Cajanus cajanFruit18.0 75.0 0.19 *
Calathea macrosepalaFlower7.0 91.0 -0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Camellia sinensisLeaf46.0 76.0 -0.26 *
Canavalia ensiformisSeed18.0 35.0 -0.24 *
Canavalia ensiformisFruit20.0 93.0 0.43 *
Canna indicaRoot4.0 13.0 -1.08 *
Cannabis sativaSeed21.0 24.0 -0.57 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant4.0 34.0 -0.6 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit9.0 158.0 1.3 *
Capsicum annuumFruit21.0 80.0 0.26 *
Carica pentagonaFruit10.0 145.0 1.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papayaLeaf21.0 93.0 -0.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papayaFruit4.0 30.0 -0.41 *
Carthamus tinctoriusFlower-- -- *
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed5.0 5.3 -1.13 *
Carum carviSeed21.0 56.0 0.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carum carviFruit21.0 56.0 -0.06 *
Carya illinoensisSeed8.9 9.3 -1.01 *
Casimiroa edulisFruit5.0 28.0 -0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Catha edulisLeaf-- 148.0 0.61 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot1.3 12.0 -1.11 *
Centella asiaticaLeaf12.0 112.0 0.18 *
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- -- *
Chenopodium albumLeaf12.0 76.0 -0.26 *
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf5.0 40.0 -0.7 *
Chenopodium albumSeed-- 35.0 -0.24 *
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 83.0 0.09 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum coronariumLeaf6.0 92.0 -0.07 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumLeaf69.0 385.0 3.5 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud8.0 115.0 1.0 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- -- *
Chrysophyllum cainitoFruit9.0 58.0 -0.04 *
Cicer arietinumSeed15.0 18.0 -0.74 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endiviaLeaf4.0 64.0 -0.41 *
Cichorium intybusRoot4.0 20.0 -0.88 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybusLeaf5.0 102.0 0.05 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot6.6 31.5 -0.54 *
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 8.0 -0.88 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrullus lanatusFruit15.0 27.0 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus paradisiFruit2.0 44.0 -0.22 *
Citrus sinensisFruit2.0 31.0 -0.4 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit1.0 29.0 -0.42 *
Citrus aurantiumFruit3.0 24.0 -0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus reticulataFruit1.0 35.0 -0.34 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus limonFruit10.0 19.0 -0.56 *
Cnicus benedictusPlant0.4 3.1 -1.03 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansaLeaf2.0 85.0 -0.15 *
Cocos nuciferaSeed5.0 10.0 -0.98 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coffea arabicaSeed13.0 14.0 -0.86 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coffea arabicaLeaf52.0 56.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed13.0 48.0 0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Colocasia esculentaRoot4.0 40.0 -0.3 *
Colocasia esculentaLeaf8.0 105.0 0.09 *
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf11.0 102.0 0.05 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf13.0 136.0 0.47 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit21.0 23.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Corylus avellanaSeed10.0 54.0 0.33 *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus laevigataFruit-- -- *
Crescentia alataSeed-- 9.0 -1.01 *
Cucumis sativusFruit3.0 76.0 0.2 *
Cucumis meloFruit4.6 68.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepoFruit6.0 71.0 0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepoFlower7.0 142.0 0.47 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita sppFruit5.0 85.0 0.32 *
Cucurbita pepoSeed14.0 22.0 -0.63 *
Cuminum cyminumFruit46.0 49.0 -0.16 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed46.0 49.0 0.18 *
Curcuma longaPlant22.0 70.0 -0.09 *
Curcuma longaRhizome5.0 62.0 -1.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyclanthera pedataFruit3.0 75.0 0.19 *
Cydonia oblongaFruit2.0 22.0 -0.52 *
Cynara cardunculusFlower10.0 82.0 -0.12 *
Cyphomandra betaceaFruit10.0 85.0 0.32 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot4.0 22.0 -0.82 *
Daucus carotaRoot-- -- *
Dioscorea villosaRoot2.4 10.0 -1.17 *
Dioscorea alataRoot0.7 17.0 -0.96 *
Dioscorea sp.Root-- -- *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot4.0 29.0 -0.62 *
Diospyros digynaFruit2.0 10.0 -0.68 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Durio zibethinusFruit7.0 37.0 -0.32 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Echinacea sppRoot-- 17.0 -0.96 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Echinacea purpureaRoot17.0 68.0 0.51 *
Elaeagnus commutataFruit4.0 30.0 -0.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit8.3 45.0 -0.21 *
Elaeis guineensisFruit13.0 19.0 -0.56 *
Eleocharis dulcisTuber10.0 53.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomumSeed11.0 12.0 -0.92 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot15.0 72.0 0.63 *
Ephedra sinicaPlant19.0 90.0 0.19 *
Equisetum arvensePlant9.0 42.0 -0.49 *
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit2.0 25.0 -0.48 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eriodictyon californicumLeaf15.0 70.0 -0.33 *
Eryngium floridanumShoot-- 70.0 -0.47 *
Erythrina fuscaLeaf47.0 65.0 -0.4 *
Erythrina berteroanaShoot12.0 75.0 -0.41 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf13.0 61.0 -0.44 *
Eugenia unifloraFruit0.3 21.0 -0.53 *
Eugenia brasiliensisFruit3.3 20.0 -0.54 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Eugenia floribundaFruit2.0 16.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eupatorium perfoliatumPlant8.0 90.0 0.19 *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant52.0 337.0 3.65 *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed20.0 44.0 0.03 *
Ficus caricaFruit3.0 32.0 -0.38 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit60.0 66.0 0.07 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed7.0 66.0 0.69 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant7.0 65.0 -0.16 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Fragaria sppFruit2.3 27.0 -0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Frangula purshianaBark8.0 29.0 -0.55 *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant6.0 47.0 -0.42 *
Garcinia mangostanaFruit6.0 38.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Genipa americanaFruit5.0 15.0 -0.61 *
Gentiana luteaRoot13.0 61.0 0.31 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed12.0 134.0 2.73 *
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf84.0 350.0 3.07 *
Gliricidia sepiumLeaf10.0 65.0 -0.4 *
Gliricidia sepiumFlower6.0 43.0 -0.51 *
Glycine maxSeed13.0 32.0 -0.33 *
Glycine maxFruit14.0 46.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxSprout Seedling8.0 58.0 -0.51 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot11.0 70.0 0.57 *
Gossypium spSeed-- 16.0 -0.8 *
Gymnema sylvestreLeaf4.2 22.0 -0.92 *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot15.0 79.0 0.83 *
Helianthus tuberosusTuber1.0 64.0 0.54 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Helianthus annuusSeed45.0 48.0 0.15 *
Hibiscus rosa-sinensisFlower6.0 60.0 -0.34 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hibiscus sabdariffaLeaf12.0 132.0 0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower1.3 12.0 -0.81 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed17.0 115.0 2.16 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgareStem-- -- *
Humulus lupulusFlower81.0 435.0 3.35 *
Humulus lupulusFruit-- 435.0 5.0 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hydrangea arborescensRoot44.0 125.0 2.17 *
Hydrastis canadensisRoot17.0 62.0 0.34 *
Hylocereus undatusFruit3.0 19.0 -0.56 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hylocereus guatemalensisFruit3.0 25.0 -0.48 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Inga edulisSeed12.0 33.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inula heleniumRoot15.0 70.0 0.57 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot6.0 26.0 -0.7 *
Ipomoea batatasLeaf7.0 68.0 -0.36 *
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf7.0 120.0 0.27 *
Juglans regiaSeed6.0 31.0 -0.36 *
Juglans nigraPericarp0.8 7.0 *
Juglans nigraSeed-- 7.0 -1.07 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans nigraFruit-- -- *
Juniperus communisFruit4.0 12.0 -0.65 *
Justicia pectoralisLeaf25.0 165.0 0.82 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lablab purpureusSeed5.2 42.87 -0.0 *
Lablab purpureusFruit8.0 45.0 -0.21 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf4.0 67.0 -0.37 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit3.2 72.0 0.15 *
Larrea tridentataPlant-- -- -1.08 *
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling10.0 40.0 -0.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinarisSeed17.0 30.0 -0.39 *
Lepidium meyeniiRoot-- 56.0 0.17 Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Lepidium sativumLeaf10.0 95.0 -0.03 *
Licania platypusFruit15.0 43.0 -0.24 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Linum usitatissimumSeed-- 15.0 -0.83 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lobelia inflataLeaf3.7 33.0 -0.78 *
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit4.0 80.0 0.26 *
Lupinus mutabilisFruit8.0 28.0 -0.44 *
Lupinus albusSeed22.0 24.0 -0.57 *
Lupinus mutabilisSeed25.0 29.0 -0.42 *
Lycium chinenseFruit6.0 7.0 -0.72 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lycium chinenseLeaf8.0 77.0 -0.25 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit6.0 99.0 0.51 *
Macadamia sppSeed13.0 22.0 -0.63 *
Malpighia glabraFruit4.0 47.0 -0.18 *
Malus domesticaFruit1.0 7.0 -0.72 *
Malva parvifloraPlant-- 9.0 -0.95 *
Malva sylvestrisLeaf4.0 60.0 -0.46 *
Mammea americanaFruit2.0 50.0 -0.14 *
Mangifera indicaFruit6.5 63.0 0.03 *
Mangifera indicaLeaf22.0 100.0 0.03 *
Manihot esculentaRoot6.0 44.0 -0.18 *
Manihot esculentaLeaf15.0 75.0 -0.27 *
Manilkara zapotaFruit2.0 10.0 -0.68 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Maranta arundinaceaRoot5.0 16.0 -0.99 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Matricaria recutitaPlant-- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Mauritia flexuosaFruit2.9 6.3 -0.73 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Medicago sativaPlant18.0 97.0 0.28 *
Melicoccus bijugatasFruit1.0 32.0 -0.38 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf17.0 114.0 0.2 *
Mentha spicataPlant4.0 65.0 -0.16 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Mimulus glabratusShoot9.0 92.0 -0.2 *
Momordica charantiaLeaf15.0 103.0 0.07 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Momordica charantiaFruit3.0 50.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Morinda citrifoliaLeaf72.0 321.0 2.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Moringa oleiferaShoot8.0 105.0 -0.04 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleiferaFruit2.0 52.0 -0.12 *
Morus albaFruit7.0 54.0 -0.09 *
Mucuna pruriensSeed17.0 34.0 -0.27 *
Muntingia calaburaFruit4.0 25.0 -0.48 *
Murraya spFruit6.8 20.0 -0.54 *
Murraya koenigiiLeaf23.0 85.0 -0.15 *
Musa x paradisiacaPith-- 2.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaFruit5.0 29.0 -0.42 *
Musa x paradisiacaHull Husk-- 50.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaFlower-- 6.0 -0.87 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Myrciaria dubiaFruit6.0 100.0 0.53 *
Myrciaria caulifloraFruit2.0 18.0 -0.57 *
Myrica ceriferaBark6.0 28.0 -0.56 *
Nasturtium officinaleHerb2.0 113.0 1.0 *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed4.0 78.0 1.05 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome21.0 130.0 0.92 *
Nepeta catariaPlant-- -- *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf8.0 69.0 -0.35 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit3.0 27.0 -0.45 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaBud-- 4.6 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Origanum majoranaPlant41.0 44.0 -0.46 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum vulgarePlant62.0 67.0 -0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oryza sativaSeed40.0 65.0 0.66 *
Oxalis tuberosaRoot4.0 25.0 -0.73 *
Pachira macrocarpaSeed38.0 40.0 -0.09 *
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber3.0 28.0 -1.56 *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant47.0 60.0 -0.23 *
Panax ginsengRoot17.0 80.0 0.86 *
Papaver somniferumSeed9.2 11.0 -0.95 *
Parthenium integrifoliumRoot-- -- *
Passiflora foetidaFruit14.0 78.0 0.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularisSeed19.0 88.0 1.35 *
Passiflora incarnataFlower11.0 95.0 0.0 *
Passiflora mollissimaFruit25.0 310.0 3.33 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora edulisFruit15.0 60.0 -0.01 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularisFruit38.0 680.0 8.28 *
Passiflora ligularisFruit14.0 100.0 0.53 *
Pastinaca sativaRoot2.0 34.0 -0.47 *
Peperomia pereskiifoliaLeaf7.0 45.0 -0.64 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pelucidaLeaf5.0 75.0 -0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pereskia aculeataFruit5.0 312.0 3.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescensSeed5.0 42.0 -0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescensLeaf8.0 57.0 -0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Persea schiedeanaFruit6.0 30.0 -0.41 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Persea americanaFruit14.0 101.0 0.54 *
Petasites japonicusPt2.0 36.0 -1.41 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Petroselinum crispumPlant7.0 87.0 0.14 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed28.0 31.0 -0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf13.0 98.0 0.01 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusSeed10.0 49.5 0.2 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling29.0 312.0 1.98 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit5.0 77.0 0.22 *
Phaseolus coccineusSeed21.0 26.0 -0.51 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed15.0 38.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusSprout Seedling8.0 56.0 -0.53 *
Phaseolus coccineusFruit-- 23.0 -0.5 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit10.0 135.0 0.99 *
Phyllanthus acidusFruit4.0 58.0 -0.04 *
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit2.0 12.0 -0.65 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis peruvianaFruit3.0 81.0 0.27 *
Physalis ixocarpaFruit20.0 253.0 2.57 *
Phytolacca americanaShoot12.0 143.0 0.44 *
Pimenta dioicaLeaf1.4 1.8 -1.16 *
Pimenta dioicaFruit-- 3.1 -0.77 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pinus cembroidesSeed45.0 100.0 1.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus edulisSeed43.0 46.0 0.09 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus pineaSeed35.0 38.0 -0.15 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper nigrumFruit2.0 14.5 -0.62 *
Piper betelLeaf6.0 48.0 -0.6 *
Piper auritumLeaf9.0 100.0 0.03 *
Pistacia veraSeed11.0 15.0 -0.83 *
Pisum sativumSeed20.0 105.0 1.86 *
Pisum sativumFruit6.0 59.0 -0.02 *
Plantago majorSeed20.0 65.0 0.66 *
Plantago psylliumSeed-- -- -1.28 *
Platonia insignisFruit5.0 18.0 -0.57 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot78.0 103.0 1.53 *
Plectranthus amboinicusLeaf2.0 36.0 -0.75 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polymnia edulisRoot14.0 82.0 0.92 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb5.0 79.0 -1.0 *
Pourouma cecropiaefoliaFruit3.0 16.7 -0.59 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pouteria caimitoFruit34.0 130.0 0.93 *
Pouteria viridisFruit19.0 60.0 -0.01 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria campechianaFruit4.0 94.0 0.45 *
Prunus persicaFruit10.0 82.0 0.28 *
Prunus salicifoliaFruit6.0 49.0 -0.16 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Prunus cerasusFruit4.0 32.0 -0.38 *
Prunus armeniacaSeed-- 17.0 -0.77 *
Prunus dulcisSeed26.0 63.0 0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus armeniacaFruit6.0 61.0 0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus domesticaFruit5.0 34.0 -0.36 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium guajavaFruit0.3 86.0 0.34 *
Psidium cattleianumFruit3.0 38.0 -0.3 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed9.0 69.0 0.78 *
Punica granatumFruit3.0 50.0 -0.14 *
Pyrus communisFruit1.0 6.0 -0.73 *
Quararibea cordataFruit3.0 31.0 -0.4 *
Quercus albaBark-- -- *
Raphanus sativusLeaf40.0 348.0 3.05 *
Raphanus sativusFruit2.0 59.0 -0.02 *
Raphanus sativusRoot3.0 68.0 0.51 *
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf1.0 33.0 -0.78 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt2.0 57.0 0.71 *
Rhizophora mangleLeaf-- -- *
Rhodymenia palmataPlant-- -- *
Ribes nigrumFruit3.0 17.0 -0.58 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ribes uva-crispaFruit3.0 25.0 -0.48 *
Ribes rubrumFruit1.0 6.0 -0.73 *
Ricinus communisSeed-- 13.0 -0.89 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rollinia mucosaFruit5.0 22.0 -0.52 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Rosa caninaFruit13.0 68.0 0.1 *
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf9.0 30.0 -0.82 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant10.0 11.0 -0.92 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubus idaeusFruit9.0 67.0 0.08 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rubus idaeusLeaf65.0 382.0 3.46 *
Rumex crispusLeaf4.0 54.0 -0.53 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Rumex acetosaLeaf5.0 50.0 -0.58 *
Rumex crispusRoot14.0 54.0 0.11 *
Ruscus aculeatusRoot25.0 81.4 0.9 *
Salix albaBark17.0 99.0 0.54 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf10.0 62.0 -0.43 *
Sambucus nigraFruit4.0 7.0 -0.72 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Sambucus canadensisFruit5.0 25.0 -0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Satureja hortensisPlant-- 45.0 -0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Schisandra chinensisFruit-- -- *
Sclerocarya caffraSeed-- 7.0 -1.07 *
Sclerocarya caffraFruit2.0 24.0 -0.49 *
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant5.0 35.0 -0.58 *
Secale cerealeSeed10.0 111.0 2.04 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sechium eduleShoot8.0 110.0 0.03 *
Sechium eduleFruit5.0 70.0 0.12 *
Senna alexandrinaLeaf15.0 73.9 -0.29 *
Serenoa repensFruit10.0 75.0 0.19 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sesamum indicumSeed36.0 57.0 0.42 *
Sicana odoriferaFruit8.0 64.0 0.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sida rhombifoliaLeaf21.0 105.0 0.09 *
Silybum marianumLeaf2.2 10.0 -1.06 *
Silybum marianumPlant-- 10.0 -0.93 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sinapis albaSeed79.0 84.0 1.23 *
Smilax officinalisRoot-- -- *
Smilax sppRoot-- -- *
Solanum sessiliflorumFruit5.0 50.0 -0.14 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Solanum torvumFruit26.0 178.0 1.57 *
Solanum quitoensisFruit12.0 180.0 1.59 *
Solanum melongenaFruit0.9 98.0 0.5 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber148.0 74.0 1.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sonchus oleraceusLeaf8.0 118.0 0.25 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant6.9 89.8 0.18 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Spirulina spp.Plant-- 160.0 1.17 *
Spirulina pratensisPlant-- 160.0 1.17 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spondias mombinFruit5.0 117.0 0.75 *
Spondias purpureaFruit4.0 42.0 -0.25 *
Spondias dulcisFruit14.0 105.0 0.59 *
Spondias pinnataFruit3.0 31.0 -0.4 *
Stachys officinalisPlant-- -- *
Stellaria mediaPlant4.0 47.0 -0.42 *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphytum officinaleLeaf10.0 89.0 -0.1 *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 67.0 0.49 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Syzygium malaccenseFruit1.0 35.0 -0.34 *
Syzygium jambosFruit5.0 34.0 -0.36 *
Syzygium cuminiFruit2.0 21.0 -0.53 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark1.0 5.7 -0.91 *
Tamarindus indicaFlower-- 60.0 -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indicaLeaf-- 66.0 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indicaFruit16.0 33.0 -0.37 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 285.0 2.92 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf8.0 71.0 -0.32 *
Taraxacum officinaleRoot4.7 33.1 -0.5 *
Terminalia catappaSeed6.0 7.0 -1.07 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf5.0 85.0 -0.15 *
Theobroma bicolorSeed16.0 17.0 -0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma bicolorFruit32.0 155.0 1.26 *
Theobroma cacaoSeed17.0 50.0 0.21 *
Theobroma speciosumFruit12.0 30.0 -0.41 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma cacaoFruit19.0 45.0 -0.21 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Thymus vulgarisLeaf9.0 54.0 -0.53 *
Thymus vulgarisPlant-- 54.0 -0.32 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot5.0 22.0 -0.82 *
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit3.0 56.0 -0.06 *
Trifolium pratenseFlower23.0 125.0 0.3 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed2.1 16.0 -0.8 *
Triticum aestivumSeed15.0 117.0 2.22 *
Triticum aestivumPlant20.0 73.0 -0.05 *
Tropaeolum majusShoot10.0 75.0 -0.41 *
Tropaeolum tuberosumRoot6.0 50.0 -0.01 *
Turnera diffusaLeaf21.0 102.0 0.05 *
Ullucus tuberosusRoot3.0 39.0 -0.33 *
Ulmus rubraBark33.0 200.0 2.1 *
Urtica dioicaLeaf10.0 52.0 -0.55 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit5.0 65.0 0.06 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit10.0 80.0 0.26 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit3.4 24.0 -0.49 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot6.0 52.0 0.05 *
Verbascum thapsusLeaf42.0 95.0 -0.03 *
Vicia fabaSeed15.0 75.0 0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia fabaFruit8.0 55.0 -0.08 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna unguiculataFruit1.0 59.0 -0.02 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna subterraneaSeed18.0 20.0 -0.69 *
Vigna mungoSeed20.0 26.0 -0.51 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot11.2 110.0 0.03 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling6.8 85.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna angularisSeed21.0 36.0 -0.21 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed13.0 48.0 0.15 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed21.0 24.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiataSeed21.0 27.0 -0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed28.0 31.0 -0.36 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot11.2 110.0 0.03 *
Vitis viniferaStem-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitis viniferaFruit3.0 15.4 -0.61 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot7.0 20.0 -0.88 *
Yucca baccataRoot-- -- -1.46 *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- 25.0 *
Zea maysSeed16.0 71.0 0.84 *
Zea maysCob4.0 16.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Zingiber officinaleRoot3.6 51.0 0.02 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome5.0 135.0 1.07 *
Zizyphus spina-christiFruit-- 41.0 -0.26 *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit0.7 53.0 -0.1 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.