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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Aloysia citrodoraPlant120.0 840.0 0.01 *
Apium graveolensShoot-- -- *
Apium graveolensLeaf-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- -- *
Cinnamomum camphoraLeaf-- 5.0 -0.39 *
Citrullus lanatusFruit Juice-- -- *
Citrus sinensisFruit4.0 5.0 -0.88 *
Citrus limonLeaf Essent. Oil4000.0 172700.0 1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus reticulataFruit3.0 4.0 -0.88 *
Citrus aurantiumLeaf-- 1.0 -0.39 *
Citrus aurantiumPlant-- -- *
Citrus paradisiFruit-- 210.0 0.21 *
Citrus limonEssential Oil27.0 130.0 1.0 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit40.0 460.0 1.55 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus limonPetiole-- 60.0 *
Citrus limonPericarp Essent. Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cymbopogon parkeriPlant42.0 583.0 -0.23 Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Cymbopogon citratusLeaf-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cymbopogon winterianusPlant-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- 4.0 -0.39 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- 4.0 -0.39 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia eriostachyaShoot-- 390.0 0.67 Pant, A.K., Dev, V., Parihar, R., Mathela,C.S., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky, O. and Bestmann, H.J. 1992. The Essential Oil from Elsholtzia eriostachya var. pusilla. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 547-549.
Elsholtzia blandaShoot-- 3.0 -0.57 Bestman, H.J., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky O., Pant, A.K., Dev. V., Perihar, R. and Mathela, C.S. 1992. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Elsholtsia blanda Benth. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oils Res. 4: 121-124
Hedeoma drummondiiPlant36.0 2690.0 1.71 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hypericum perforatumPlant0.35 6.3 -0.76 *
Laurus nobilisLeaf-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lavandula angustifoliaFlower-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lippia albaPlant-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Melissa officinalisShoot10.0 1100.0 2.93 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf0.001 0.01 -0.39 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Micromeria variaShoot-- 190.0 0.03 *
Micromeria variaShoot-- 190.0 0.03 Pedro, L.G., et al. 1995. Composition of the Essential oil of Micromeria varia Benth. ssp. thymoides (Sol. ex Lowe) Perez var. thymoides, and endemic species of the Madeira Archipelago. flav. & Fragr. J. 10(3): 199-202.
Monarda russelianaPlant-- 54.0 -0.72 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda punctataPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Monarda fistulosaPlant24.0 589.0 -0.22 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Myrtus communisShoot1.0 2.0 -0.57 *
Ocimum basilicumShoot Essent. Oil-- 2000.0 *
Ocimum gratissimumLeaf150.0 210.0 -0.33 Charles, D.J. and Simon, J.E. 1992. A New Geraniol Chemotype of Ocimum gratissimum L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 231-234.
Ocimum gratissimumFlower466.0 695.0 1.0 Charles, D.J. and Simon, J.E. 1992. A New Geraniol Chemotype of Ocimum gratissimum L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 231-234.
Ocimum basilicumPlant-- 5.0 -0.76 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Ocimum tenuiflorumPlant350.0 3150.0 2.14 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf Essent. Oil-- 1000.0 -1.0 *
Pelargonium graveolensEssential Oil2.0 12.0 -1.0 *
Pelargonium roseumShoot-- 18.0 -0.52 *
Petroselinum crispumLeaf-- 2.9 -0.39 *
Pimenta racemosaLeaf-- 11080.0 2.65 *
Rosa damascenaEssential Oil-- -- *
Salvia sclareaPlant0.4 340.0 -0.45 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 154.
Telosma cordataFlower-- 71.0 -1.0 K. Furukawa, T. Arai, S. Hashimoto, (1993); Volatile components of Telosma cordata Merrill flowers, Flavour Fragr. J., Vol 8, 221-223.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 42.0 -0.44 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- -- Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- -- -0.57 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 5.0 -0.56 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus capitatusPlant-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 42.0 -0.44 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus x citriodorusPlant-- 55.0 -0.72 Stahl-Biskup, E. and Holthuijzen, J. 1995. Essential oil and glycosidally bound volatiles of lemon-scented thyme, Thymus x citriodorus (Pers.) Schreb. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10: 225-229.
Zingiber officinaleRhizome Essent. Oil81000.0 260000.0 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- 410.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.