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Paginate
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentusSeed360.0 1540.0 -0.28 *
Abelmoschus moschatusSeed-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Abelmoschus moschatusPlant-- -- *
Achillea millefoliumPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Aesculus hippocastanumLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Allium cepaBulb10.0 100.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium cepaSeed Oil-- -- Reddy, P. N., Azeemoddin, G., Rao, S. D. T. 1989. Processing and Analysis of Onionseed (Allium cepa) and its Fixed Oil. J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 66(3): 365.
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb-- 614.0 1.0 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf30.0 3635.0 1.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Aloe veraJuice-- -- Yamaguchi, I., Mega, N., Sanada, H. 1993. Components of the Gel of Aloe vera (L.) Burm. F. Biosci Biotech Biochem 57(8): 1350-1352.
Ammi visnagaPlant-- -- *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed3470.0 3530.0 -0.25 *
Ananas comosusLeaf-- -- Wealth of India.
Anethum graveolensFruit100.0 108.0 -0.26 *
Anethum graveolensSeed100.0 108.0 -0.29 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Angelica sinensisRoot-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Angelica archangelicaFruit-- -- *
Annona reticulataPlant-- -- *
Annona muricataPlant-- -- *
Apium graveolensPt10.0 190.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Apium graveolensSeed125.0 213.0 -0.29 *
Aquilegia vulgarisSeed-- -- *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed250.0 300.0 -0.29 *
Arctium lappaPlant-- -- *
Areca catechuSeed9240.0 30240.0 0.1 *
Argemone mexicanaSeed-- -- *
Artemisia capillarisEssential Oil-- -- *
Asimina trilobaFruit306.0 4956.0 -0.04 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot10.0 129.0 1.41 *
Astrocaryum vulgareSeed Oil-- -- Szpiz, R. R., Pereira, D. A., Lago, R. C. A. 1980. Comparison Between Oils From Three Brazilian Palms. Bol. Rec. Cent. Tecnol. Agric. Aliment (Rio de Janeiro) 14: 33-46. Cent Technol Agric Aliment Empresa Brasil Pesqui Aropecu Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Azadirachta indicaFruit-- 630.0 -0.24 *
Bactris gasipaesSeed-- 89000.0 0.87 *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed6200.0 12600.0 -0.13 *
Bidens pilosaPlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Bixa orellanaSeed85.0 540.0 -0.29 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Plant-- -- *
Brassica oleraceaStem-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf30.0 190.0 -0.61 *
Calendula officinalisSeed10300.0 16100.0 -0.09 *
Camellia sinensisSeed Oil-- -- *
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- -- *
Camellia sinensisSeed-- -- *
Capparis spinosaPlant-- -- *
Capsicum annuumFruit10.0 136.0 -0.26 *
Capsicum frutescensSeed-- -- *
Capsicum frutescensFruit10.0 82.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carica papayaFlower-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Carica papayaFruit70.0 627.0 -0.24 *
Carica papayaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Carica papayaSeed Oil-- 4000.0 -0.56 Jim Duke's personal files.
Carica papayaSeed-- -- *
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed3000.0 9390.0 -0.17 *
Carum carviFruit400.0 444.0 -0.25 *
Carum carviSeed400.0 444.0 -0.29 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carya illinoensisLeaf-- -- *
Ceiba pentandraSeed-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Centaurea calcitrapaPlant-- -- *
Cicer arietinumSeed90.0 100.0 -0.29 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endiviaLeaf30.0 483.0 -0.41 *
Cichorium intybusRoot30.0 150.0 -0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybusLeaf10.0 204.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cinnamomum verumSeed21900.0 25550.0 0.04 Wealth of India.
Cinnamomum camphoraPlant-- -- *
Citrullus lanatusSeed400.0 800.0 -0.29 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Citrullus colocynthisSeed-- -- *
Citrus reticulataSeed Oil-- -- *
Citrus reticulataFruit10.0 80.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit10.0 85.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cocos nuciferaSeed7650.0 133015.0 1.45 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cocos nuciferaSeed Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Coffea arabicaSeed-- -- *
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Coriandrum sativumFruit200.0 219.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Corylus avellanaSeed11000.0 14300.0 -0.11 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Croton tigliumSeed22500.0 37500.0 0.19 *
Cucumis sativusFruit10.0 253.0 -0.26 *
Cucumis meloFruit1500.0 8920.0 0.15 *
Cucurbita pepoSeed200.0 559.0 -0.29 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit60.0 714.0 -0.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita sppFruit10.0 160.0 -0.26 *
Cucurbita pepoFlower50.0 1030.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita foetidissimaSeed486.0 680.0 -0.29 *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaSeed Oil-- -- Varade, P. B., Misra, B. K., Sikka, K. C., Singh, S. P. 1984. Nutritive Assessment of Guar Oil (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L. Taub). J Agr Food Chem, 32(5): 1073-1075.
Cydonia oblongaSeed-- -- *
Cynara cardunculusFlower20.0 135.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cyperus rotundusRhizome-- -- *
Daucus carotaRoot10.0 80.0 -0.64 *
Daucus carotaSeed10470.0 36300.0 0.18 *
Echinacea angustifoliaRoot-- -- *
Elaeis guineensisFruit2300.0 48320.0 2.01 *
Elettaria cardamomumSeed Oil-- -- *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit300.0 325.0 -0.25 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Erythrina crista-galliSeed-- 3175.0 -0.25 *
Eucalyptus globulusFruit-- -- *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed-- 115.0 -0.29 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Fagopyrum esculentumPollen Or Spore-- -- *
Ferula assa-foetidaSeed Essent. Oil-- 212300.0 1.0 *
Ficus caricaFruit20.0 96.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Frangula purshianaPlant-- -- *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ginkgo bilobaSeed60.0 133.0 -0.29 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ginkgo bilobaPollen Or Spore-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Glycine maxSeed550.0 600.0 -0.29 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Gossypium spSeed2240.0 6830.0 -0.21 *
Helianthus annuusSeed500.0 900.0 -0.28 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaSeed-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hyoscyamus nigerSeed750.0 1167.0 -0.28 *
Hypericum perforatumPlant-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Iris x germanicaRhizome850.0 17000.0 1.0 *
Jatropha curcasSeed5400.0 8640.0 -0.18 *
Juglans regiaSeed1890.0 1960.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lablab purpureusPlant30.0 247.0 -1.47 *
Lawsonia inermisSeed Oil-- -- *
Lens culinarisSeed30.0 34.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Leonotis nepetaefoliaSeed3640.0 4940.0 -0.23 *
Levisticum officinaleRoot-- -- *
Linum usitatissimumSeed-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Lonicera japonicaFlower-- -- *
Lupinus albusSeed130.0 145.0 -0.29 *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit-- -- *
Lycopodium clavatumPollen Or Spore-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Macadamia sppSeed4680.0 6200.0 -0.21 *
Maclura pomiferaFruit-- -- *
Malus domesticaFruit20.0 124.0 -0.26 *
Mangifera indicaFruit90.0 492.0 -0.25 *
Medicago sativaPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Mentha x piperitaLeaf60.0 280.0 -0.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha pulegiumEssential Oil-- -- *
Mentha spicataLeaf40.0 275.0 -0.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Momordica charantiaFruit-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Momordica charantiaSeed Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Morinda citrifoliaFruit-- 0.06 -0.27 *
Moringa oleiferaShoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Moringa oleiferaSeed-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Morus albaSeed-- -- *
Mucuna pruriensSeed15.0 125.0 -0.29 *
Murraya spPlant-- -- *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit30.0 117.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Musa x paradisiacaPlant-- -- *
Myrica ceriferaFruit-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransSeed Essent. Oil-- 3000.0 -1.0 *
Myristica fragransSeed60.0 320000.0 3.89 *
Myristica fragransEssential Oil-- -- *
Myrtus communisSeed-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Nardostachys jatamansiPlant-- -- *
Nardostachys chinensisRoot-- -- *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed10.0 30.0 -0.3 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome-- -- *
Nepeta catariaSeed Oil-- -- *
Nigella sativaSeed567.0 1082.0 -0.28 *
Nigella sativaSeed Oil1900.0 18000.0 1.4 *
Oenothera biennisSeed-- -- *
Olea europaeaFruit300.0 800.0 -0.23 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Opuntia ficus-indicaFlower-- -- *
Origanum vulgarePlant1700.0 1831.0 1.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Panax quinquefoliusRoot-- -- *
Panax ginsengRoot-- -- *
Papaver somniferumSeed Oil-- -- *
Passiflora incarnataPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Pastinaca sativaRoot30.0 145.0 -0.55 *
Petasites hybridusRoot-- -- *
Petroselinum crispumSeed-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Phaseolus lunatusSeed20.0 67.0 -0.3 *
Phoenix dactyliferaSeed2400.0 4000.0 -0.24 *
Phyllanthus emblicaSeed Oil-- -- *
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit-- 1520.0 -0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Piper nigrumFruit700.0 782.0 -0.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pistacia veraSeed282.0 468.0 -0.29 *
Pisum sativumFruit20.0 198.0 -0.26 *
Plantago ovataSeed-- 1300.0 -0.28 *
Plantago ovataSeed Coat-- -- *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb7.0 140.0 *
Prunella vulgarisLeaf-- -- *
Prunus dulcisSeed2980.0 3117.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus cerasusFruit20.0 144.0 -0.26 *
Prunus domesticaSeed14820.0 15960.0 -0.09 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Prunus laurocerasusSeed450.0 540.0 -0.29 *
Prunus cerasusSeed600.0 800.0 -0.29 *
Psidium guajavaFruit120.0 864.0 -0.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium cattleianumFruit120.0 620.0 -0.24 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed10.0 305.0 -0.29 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusLeaf10.0 43.0 -0.72 *
Quisqualis indicaSeed10350.0 12150.0 -0.14 *
Raphanus sativusRoot-- -- *
Rhus toxicodendronFruit-- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf1210.0 3755.0 1.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Salvia sp.Seed230.0 360.0 -0.29 *
Sambucus nigraFlower-- -- *
Sambucus nigraSeed-- -- *
Secale cerealeSeed30.0 35.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Serenoa repensFruit4800.0 116000.0 5.2 *
Serenoa repensSeed-- -- *
Sesamum indicumSeed Oil-- -- *
Sesamum indicumSeed328.0 1728.0 -0.27 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Silybum marianumSeed-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumTuber10.0 48.0 *
Spartium junceumSeed-- -- *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant1.0 950.0 -0.34 *
Sterculia urensSeed9300.0 12090.0 -0.14 *
Strychnos nux-vomicaSeed360.0 450.0 -0.29 *
Tamarindus indicaFruit70.0 102.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tamarindus indicaSeed Oil-- -- *
Taraxacum officinalePollen Or Spore-- -- *
Terminalia pallidaSeed Oil-- 2000.0 -0.84 Gunasekar, D., Sreeramulu, K., Rao, K. V. 1992. Fatty Acid Composition of the Seed Oil of Terminalia pallida. Asian J. Chem. 4 2: 400-401.
Terminalia catappaSeed700.0 5960.0 -0.22 *
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf40.0 665.0 -0.28 *
Thespesia populneaSeed-- 2000.0 -0.27 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Thymus vulgarisPlant1500.0 1620.0 0.74 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Trifolium pratensePollen Or Spore-- -- *
Triticum aestivumSeed-- -- *
Tussilago farfaraLeaf-- -- *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit-- 12.0 -0.27 *
Vernonia cinereaSeed3040.0 30400.0 0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Viburnum prunifoliumBark-- -- *
Vicia fabaSeed-- -- -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed10.0 11.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataFruit10.0 82.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed20.0 60.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling-- -- USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataShoot10.0 98.0 -0.71 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot10.0 98.0 -0.71 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Virola surinamensisSeed418200.0 496000.0 6.2 *
Viscum albumPlant-- -- *
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed Oil-- -- Adomako, D. 1977. Fatty Acid Composition and Characteristics of Pentadesma Butyracea Fat Extracted From Ghana Seeds. J. Sci. Food Agr. 28: 384-386.
Vitis viniferaFruit50.0 257.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zanthoxylum clava-herculisBark-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Zea maysSeed-- -- *
Zingiber officinaleRoot180.0 1650.0 1.73 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zingiber officinaleRhizome180.0 1650.0 -1.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.