Data Views

Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus manihotLeaf564.0 4862.0 0.28 *
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit380.0 6000.0 1.79 *
Acacia niloticaPlant-- -- *
Acacia catechuPlant-- -- *
Acacia senegalPlant-- -- *
Acanthopanax gracilistylisRoot Bark-- 2840.0 1.09 *
Achillea millefoliumPlant340.0 1920.0 -0.67 *
Achyranthes bidentataRoot1440.0 5730.0 1.69 *
Aconitum carmichaeliiTuber-- 490.0 -0.88 *
Acorus calamusRhizome-- 1100.0 -0.56 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Actaea dahuricaRhizome-- 1450.0 -0.2 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Actaea racemosaRoot-- 1740.0 -0.44 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actinidia chinensisFruit300.0 1770.0 -0.17 *
Aframomum meleguetaFruit-- 1500.0 -0.29 Wealth of India.
Agathosma betulinaLeaf-- 2210.0 -0.74 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Akebia quinataStem-- 840.0 -1.65 *
Albizia julibrissinBark-- 1090.0 -0.45 *
Alisma plantago-aquaticaRhizome1410.0 1740.0 0.1 *
Allium sativum var. sativumRoot448.0 1210.0 -0.72 *
Allium cepaBulb76.0 1230.0 0.73 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf355.0 6875.0 1.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb160.0 1210.0 0.68 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot520.0 1750.0 -0.43 *
Aloe spp.Leaf5.0 930.0 -1.23 *
Aloe veraLeaf-- 930.0 -1.23 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Althaea officinalisRoot559.0 5180.0 1.39 *
Amaranthus sp.Leaf550.0 6616.0 0.96 *
Amomum xanthioidesSeed-- 3540.0 0.23 *
Amorphophallus konjacRoot-- -- *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot220.0 3120.0 0.3 *
Amphicarpaea bracteataShoot-- 4100.0 -0.47 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed260.0 2650.0 -0.12 *
Ananas comosusFruit110.0 1075.0 -0.49 *
Anemarrhena asphodeloidesRhizome1130.0 1200.0 -0.46 *
Anethum graveolensPlant560.0 6470.0 0.75 *
Anethum graveolensSeed2449.0 2893.0 -0.02 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolensFruit2449.0 2893.0 0.35 *
Angelica dahuricaRoot-- 3.67 -1.36 *
Angelica sinensisRoot583.0 2650.0 0.05 *
Angelica laxifloraRoot-- 1950.0 -0.33 *
Annona cherimolaFruit200.0 1000.0 -0.52 *
Annona muricataFruit210.0 2400.0 0.13 *
Annona squamosaFruit210.0 785.0 -0.62 *
Annona cherimolaSeed810.0 1045.0 -0.75 *
Annona reticulataFruit180.0 630.0 -0.69 *
Anthriscus cerefoliumLeaf1300.0 1400.0 -1.05 *
Apium graveolensSeed155.0 4903.0 0.77 *
Apium graveolensFruit153.0 730.0 -0.65 *
Apium graveolensRoot140.0 1635.0 -0.49 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Apium graveolensLeaf99.0 2650.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Arachis hypogaeaSeed1700.0 2110.0 -0.33 *
Arachis hypogaeaPlant3500.0 8700.0 1.44 *
Arctium lappaRoot1262.0 5370.0 1.49 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf140.0 1210.0 -1.13 *
Areca catechuSeed-- 500.0 -0.97 *
Arisaema consanguineumRhizome-- 100.0 -1.59 *
Aristolochia debilisFruit-- 1880.0 -0.12 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot1624.0 9020.0 3.44 *
Artemisia vulgarisShoot-- 2700.0 -0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia capillarisPlant-- 1000.0 -0.95 *
Artemisia herba-albaPlant-- 2060.0 -0.62 *
Artemisia dracunculusPlant-- 3470.0 -0.19 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit370.0 1380.0 -0.35 *
Artocarpus altilisFruit220.0 975.0 -0.53 *
Asiasarum heterotropoidesRoot2520.0 2600.0 0.02 *
Asiasarum sieboldiiRoot2520.0 2600.0 0.02 *
Asimina trilobaFruit1090.0 5128.0 1.39 *
Aspalathus linearisPlant-- 140.0 -1.22 *
Aspalathus linearisLeaf-- -- *
Aspalathus linearisShoot-- 3300.0 -0.58 *
Asparagus lucidusRoot-- 430.0 -1.13 *
Asparagus officinalisRoot240.0 2400.0 -0.09 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot120.0 7000.0 -0.07 *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot800.0 5000.0 1.3 *
Atractylodes lanceaRhizome-- 790.0 -0.88 *
Atractylodes ovataRhizome760.0 960.0 -0.7 *
Avena sativaSeed300.0 2900.0 -0.02 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Avena sativaPlant2640.0 12000.0 2.46 *
Averrhoa carambolaFruit80.0 1200.0 -0.43 *
Azadirachta indicaLeaf-- 7100.0 1.15 *
Azadirachta indicaFruit-- 4000.0 0.87 *
Barosma betulinaLeaf-- 2210.0 -0.74 *
Belamcanda chinensisRhizome-- 970.0 -0.69 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Benincasa hispidaFruit190.0 4870.0 1.27 *
Berberis vulgarisBark-- 1430.0 -0.22 *
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- 1430.0 -0.6 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Bertholletia excelsaSeed1600.0 3370.0 0.17 *
Beta vulgarisRoot130.0 4200.0 0.87 *
Blechnum orientaleRhizome-- 2580.0 0.96 *
Bletilla striataTuber-- 1890.0 0.26 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Borago officinalisLeaf520.0 7436.0 1.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapaRoot110.0 2000.0 -0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf340.0 2190.0 -0.75 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf230.0 1642.0 -0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot110.0 2610.0 0.03 *
Brassica pekinensisLeaf2850.0 3150.0 -0.38 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf170.0 2786.0 -0.52 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf214.0 3072.0 -0.41 *
Brassica junceaLeaf353.0 3837.0 -0.11 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower115.0 2250.0 -0.41 *
Brassica oleraceaStem190.0 2110.0 -1.12 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf214.0 3072.0 -0.41 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf100.0 2228.0 -0.73 *
Brassica rapaLeaf106.0 5844.0 0.66 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica nigraLeaf132.0 2471.0 -0.64 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica chinensisLeaf106.0 5844.0 0.66 *
Broussonetia papyriferaFruit-- 4030.0 0.88 *
Bupleurum chinenseRoot550.0 5000.0 1.3 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- 2200.0 -0.74 *
Canavalia ensiformisSeed-- 2190.0 -0.3 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit230.0 2203.0 0.03 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Capsicum annuumFruit604.0 2340.0 0.1 *
Carica papayaFruit110.0 815.0 -0.61 *
Carthamus tinctoriusFlower260.0 1860.0 -0.69 *
Carum carviFruit2580.0 2863.0 0.34 *
Carum carviSeed2070.0 2950.0 0.0 *
Carya illinoensisSeed-- 980.0 -0.78 *
Carya ovataShoot125.0 21600.0 1.95 *
Carya glabraShoot144.0 24200.0 2.31 *
Carya ovataSeed-- 900.0 -0.81 *
Cassia toraSeed-- 3180.0 0.09 *
Castanea sativaSeed320.0 704.0 -0.89 *
Castanea mollisimaSeed820.0 1531.0 -0.56 *
Castanea dentataSeed790.0 1406.0 -0.61 *
Catalpa ovataFruit-- 1960.0 -0.08 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot143.0 1300.0 -0.67 *
Celosia cristataFlower-- 6080.0 2.36 *
Centella asiaticaLeaf342.0 3200.0 -0.36 *
Chaenomeles lagenariaFruit-- 990.0 -0.53 *
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 2920.0 0.08 *
Chamissoa altissimaLeaf70.0 715.0 -1.32 Tramil
Chenopodium albumSeed-- 2920.0 -0.01 *
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 19600.0 4.82 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum partheniumLeaf432.0 2400.0 -0.67 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud170.0 2285.0 1.0 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 2400.0 -0.52 *
Cicer arietinumSeed1110.0 1348.0 -0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endiviaLeaf95.0 2400.0 -0.67 *
Cichorium intybusRoot220.0 1100.0 -0.78 *
Cichorium intybusLeaf130.0 2652.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cimicifuga dahuricaRhizome-- 1450.0 -0.2 *
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot365.0 1740.0 -0.44 *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark770.0 1680.0 -0.05 *
Cistanche salsaPlant-- 810.0 -1.01 *
Citrullus lanatusFruit1081.0 1500.0 -0.29 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrus reticulataFruit111.0 1416.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus aurantiumFruit800.0 1730.0 -0.19 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Citrus paradisiFruit15.0 3300.0 0.54 *
Citrus medicaFruit-- 950.0 -0.55 *
Citrus sinensisFruit98.0 1075.0 -0.49 *
Cnicus benedictusPlant235.0 1770.0 -0.71 *
Cnidium officinaleRhizome-- 850.0 -0.82 *
Cocos nuciferaSeed300.0 770.0 -0.86 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed-- 1490.0 -0.58 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Colocasia esculentaRoot200.0 1350.0 -0.64 *
Colocasia esculentaLeaf200.0 3140.0 -0.38 *
Commiphora wightiiInflorescence-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Coptis sppRhizome2240.0 2420.0 0.8 *
Coptis japonicaRhizome2240.0 2420.0 0.8 *
Coptis chinensisRhizome2240.0 2420.0 0.8 *
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf640.0 5200.0 0.41 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf6940.0 7488.0 1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Coriandrum sativumFruit2939.0 4016.0 0.87 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cornus officinalisFruit-- 830.0 -0.6 *
Corylus avellanaSeed1500.0 3156.0 0.08 *
Crataegus cuneataFruit-- 760.0 -0.63 *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- 940.0 -0.55 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus laevigataFruit262.0 940.0 -0.55 *
Cucumis sativusFruit101.0 7000.0 2.26 *
Cucumis meloFruit92.0 3300.0 0.54 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit120.0 1429.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita sppFruit230.0 3640.0 0.7 *
Cucurbita pepoFlower240.0 4950.0 1.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepoSeed5140.0 8500.0 2.19 *
Cucurbita maximaLeaf388.0 2752.0 -0.53 *
Curcuma longaPlant3038.0 9800.0 1.78 *
Cymbopogon citratusPlant-- 3310.0 -0.23 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cynanchum atratumRoot-- 2210.0 -0.19 *
Cynara cardunculusFlower555.0 4275.0 1.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cyperus rotundusRhizome-- 1500.0 -0.15 *
Cypripedium pubescensRoot-- 1090.0 -0.78 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot180.0 1215.0 -0.72 *
Daucus carotaRoot100.0 1980.0 -0.31 *
Dendrobium nobileStem-- 520.0 -1.79 *
Dioscorea villosaRoot391.0 1630.0 -0.5 *
Dioscorea bulbiferaRhizome-- 370.0 -1.31 *
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 1630.0 -0.5 *
Dioscorea alataRoot66.0 827.0 -0.92 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot94.0 792.0 -0.94 *
Diospyros virginianaLeaf1500.0 5000.0 0.34 *
Diospyros virginianaStem660.0 5400.0 0.27 *
Drynaria fortuneiRhizome-- 4140.0 2.57 *
Echinacea sppRoot1170.0 1860.0 -0.37 *
Echinacea purpureaRoot467.0 1860.0 -0.37 *
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit170.0 1010.0 -0.52 *
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot1050.0 5000.0 1.3 *
Elytrigia repensPlant-- 7570.0 1.09 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ephedra sppPlant-- 4780.0 0.22 *
Ephedra sinicaPlant443.0 2110.0 -0.61 *
Equisetum hyemalePlant-- 1010.0 -0.95 *
Equisetum arvensePlant935.0 4370.0 0.09 *
Eriobotrya japonicaLeaf-- 2480.0 -0.64 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Eriocaulon spLeaf-- 670.0 -1.33 *
Eriodictyon californicumLeaf2156.0 9800.0 2.19 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf2130.0 5700.0 0.61 *
Erythroxylum novogranatenseLeaf5200.0 6700.0 0.99 *
Erythroxylum novogranatenseLeaf3800.0 6900.0 1.07 *
Eucommia ulmoidesBark-- 2080.0 0.23 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Euodia rutaecarpaFruit-- 4950.0 1.31 *
Eupatorium perfoliatumPlant540.0 6000.0 0.6 *
Eupatorium odoratumLeaf-- 3200.0 -0.36 Tramil
Euphrasia officinalisPlant641.0 4160.0 0.03 *
Feijoa sellowianaFruit80.0 500.0 -0.75 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ficus caricaFruit158.0 872.0 -0.58 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Firmiana simplexSeed-- 4480.0 0.61 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit1730.0 5012.0 1.33 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed394.0 3650.0 0.28 *
Forsythia suspensaFruit-- 1160.0 -0.45 *
Fragaria sppFruit98.0 1545.0 -0.27 *
Frangula purshianaBark440.0 1590.0 -0.11 *
Fraxinus rhynchophyllaBark-- 2070.0 0.22 *
Fritillaria thunbergiiBulb-- 370.0 -1.41 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Fucus vesiculosusPlant1023.0 8670.0 1.43 *
Gardenia jasminoidesFruit1880.0 2170.0 0.02 *
Gastrodia elataRhizome-- 590.0 -1.09 *
Genipa americanaSeed-- 1500.0 -0.57 *
Genipa americanaFruit250.0 2900.0 0.36 *
Gentiana luteaRoot603.0 2740.0 0.09 *
Gentiana scabraRoot-- 1150.0 -0.75 *
Geranium thunbergiiPlant-- 1660.0 -0.75 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed270.0 605.0 -0.92 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf240.0 1000.0 -1.21 *
Glehnia littoralisRoot-- 1650.0 -0.49 *
Glycine maxSeed430.0 3160.0 0.08 *
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot1515.0 9650.0 3.77 *
Glycyrrhiza uralensisRoot3690.0 5070.0 1.33 *
Gymnema sylvestreLeaf201.0 1060.0 -1.18 *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot1034.0 5440.0 1.53 *
Helianthus annuusSeed3540.0 5176.0 0.88 *
Helianthus tuberosusTuber600.0 1800.0 0.18 Bonness, M. S., Promising new drugs from plants: poisons that heal, Herbarist, #56, 1990, 59-68
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower44.0 400.0 -1.74 *
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 2250.0 -1.06 *
Hordeum vulgareSprout Seedling-- 1670.0 -0.58 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Hordeum vulgareSeed100.0 2300.0 -0.26 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Houttuynia cordataPlant-- 3430.0 -0.2 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Humulus lupulusFruit-- 2380.0 0.12 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Humulus lupulusFlower443.0 2380.0 -0.31 *
Hydrangea arborescensRoot567.0 1620.0 -0.5 *
Hydrastis canadensisRoot814.0 2940.0 0.2 *
Hyoscyamus nigerSeed-- 5250.0 0.91 *
Inula heleniumRoot1650.0 7500.0 2.63 *
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf510.0 3810.0 -0.12 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot95.0 710.0 -0.99 *
Ipomoea batatasLeaf-- 620.0 -1.35 *
Isatis tinctoriaRoot-- 4410.0 0.98 *
Juglans nigraSeed1795.0 2155.0 -0.31 *
Juglans nigraPericarp53.0 440.0 *
Juglans nigraFruit-- 440.0 -0.78 *
Juglans regiaSeed1310.0 1945.0 -0.4 *
Juglans cinereaSeed2212.0 2676.0 -0.11 *
Juncus effususPith-- 920.0 -1.0 *
Juniperus communisFruit9.0 30.0 -0.97 *
Juniperus virginianaShoot266.0 8800.0 0.18 *
Jussiaea repensPlant-- 3590.0 -0.15 *
Lablab purpureusSeed400.0 5505.0 1.01 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf110.0 8700.0 1.77 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit110.0 2465.0 0.16 *
Lantana camaraFruit-- 1460.0 -0.31 *
Larrea tridentataPlant566.0 1720.0 -0.73 *
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling345.0 1323.0 -1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinarisSeed765.0 1280.0 -0.66 *
Ligustrum lucidumFruit-- 1020.0 -0.51 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Ligustrum japonicumFruit-- 1020.0 -0.51 *
Linum usitatissimumHay-- 3100.0 -1.0 *
Linum usitatissimumSeed3715.0 7002.0 1.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Liquidambar styracifluaLeaf280.0 5740.0 0.62 *
Liquidambar styracifluaStem200.0 8400.0 1.53 *
Lobelia inflataLeaf183.0 1620.0 -0.97 *
Lonicera japonicaFlower-- 2990.0 0.13 *
Lophatherum gracilePlant-- 2490.0 -0.49 *
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit140.0 2800.0 0.31 *
Lupinus albusSeed1980.0 2200.0 -0.29 *
Lycium chinenseRoot Bark-- 2610.0 0.77 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Lycium chinenseFruit-- 1060.0 -0.5 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit70.0 6000.0 1.79 *
Lycopersicon esculentumLeaf-- 4300.0 0.07 *
Lycopodium clavatumPlant-- 2340.0 -0.54 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Lygodium japonicumPollen Or Spore-- 2270.0 *
Macadamia sppSeed1160.0 1190.0 -0.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Magnolia fargesiiFlower-- 2120.0 -0.5 *
Magnolia officinalisBark-- 690.0 -0.72 *
Magnolia denudataFlower-- 2120.0 -0.5 *
Magnolia kobusFlower-- 2120.0 -0.5 *
Malpighia glabraFruit180.0 2095.0 -0.02 *
Malus domesticaFruit48.0 478.0 -0.76 *
Mangifera indicaFruit84.0 875.0 -0.58 *
Manihot esculentaRoot290.0 2100.0 -0.25 *
Medicago sativaPlant432.0 2300.0 -0.55 *
Mentha pulegiumPlant-- 5500.0 0.45 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Mentha arvensis var. piperascensPlant-- 2830.0 -0.38 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Mentha x piperitaLeaf985.0 6610.0 0.96 *
Mentha spicataLeaf630.0 4360.0 0.09 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Momordica charantiaFruit195.0 3800.0 0.77 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Morinda spRoot-- 1200.0 -0.72 *
Moringa oleiferaShoot1470.0 6890.0 -0.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleiferaFruit450.0 3815.0 0.78 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Morus albaRoot Bark2310.0 2450.0 0.55 *
Murraya spFruit355.0 1118.0 -0.47 *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit355.0 1118.0 -0.47 *
Myrica ceriferaBark107.0 490.0 -0.86 *
Myristica fragransAril-- 1630.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransSeed1830.0 2030.0 -0.36 *
Nardostachys chinensisRhizome-- 2590.0 0.97 *
Nasturtium officinaleHerb210.0 4200.0 -0.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed560.0 2650.0 -0.12 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome200.0 1215.0 -0.44 *
Nepeta catariaPlant248.0 2070.0 -0.62 *
Notopterygium incisumRhizome-- 2980.0 1.38 *
Nyssa sylvaticaStem300.0 4400.0 -0.15 *
Nyssa sylvaticaLeaf500.0 9100.0 1.92 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf4100.0 4340.0 0.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oenothera biennisSeed4300.0 5300.0 0.93 *
Oenothera biennisHerb2700.0 3900.0 -0.73 *
Ophiopogon japonicusTuber390.0 410.0 -0.95 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed-- 790.0 -0.85 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Opuntia ficus-indicaBud-- 1420.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Origanum vulgarePlant2600.0 3016.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum majoranaPlant3300.0 3900.0 -0.05 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oryza sativaPlant1100.0 2200.0 -0.58 *
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber160.0 1475.0 -0.08 *
Paeonia suffruticosaRoot Bark930.0 1180.0 -1.21 *
Paeonia moutanRoot Bark930.0 1180.0 -1.21 *
Paeonia lactifloraRoot580.0 990.0 -0.84 *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant980.0 2200.0 -0.58 *
Panax japonicusRhizome-- 2400.0 0.78 *
Panax ginsengRoot102.0 481.0 -1.11 *
Panicum maximumLeaf-- 4500.0 0.14 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Papaver somniferumSeed3148.0 15600.0 5.0 *
Parthenium integrifoliumRoot320.0 2000.0 -0.3 *
Passiflora incarnataFlower275.0 2500.0 -0.23 *
Pastinaca sativaRoot230.0 2100.0 -0.25 *
Perideridia gairdneriRoot-- 500.0 -1.1 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Perilla frutescensPlant-- 3830.0 -0.07 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Persea americanaFruit370.0 1740.0 -0.18 *
Petasites japonicusPt140.0 2545.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Petroselinum crispumPlant250.0 3160.0 -0.28 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling210.0 2258.0 0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus lunatusSeed580.0 7000.0 1.6 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed510.0 3430.0 0.19 *
Phaseolus coccineusSeed-- 1780.0 -0.46 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed1500.0 1865.0 -0.43 *
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit210.0 18000.0 7.35 *
Phellodendron amurenseBark-- 650.0 -0.75 *
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit325.0 790.0 -0.62 *
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit118.0 584.0 -0.72 *
Physalis peruvianaFruit310.0 1810.0 -0.15 *
Physalis ixocarpaFruit230.0 2150.0 0.01 *
Phytelephas aequatorialisMesocarp320.0 1005.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialisFlower440.0 1505.0 -0.94 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Pimenta dioicaFruit1200.0 1480.0 -0.3 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- 1878.0 -0.42 *
Pimpinella anisumFruit-- 1878.0 -0.12 *
Pinellia ternataTuber560.0 710.0 -0.7 *
Pinus echinataShoot255.0 2100.0 -0.75 *
Pinus edulisSeed2180.0 2650.0 -0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper nigrumFruit1809.0 2319.0 0.09 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pistacia veraSeed949.0 1644.0 -0.51 *
Pisum sativumSeed319.0 1700.0 -0.49 *
Pisum sativumPlant2200.0 3700.0 -0.11 *
Pisum sativumFruit218.0 2591.0 0.21 *
Plantago majorSeed318.0 1060.0 -0.75 *
Plantago psylliumSeed111.0 510.0 -0.96 *
Plantago asiaticaPlant-- 5320.0 0.39 *
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot1250.0 1510.0 -0.56 *
Polygala tenuifoliaRoot-- 960.0 -0.85 *
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- 2340.0 -0.12 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Polygonum multiflorumRhizome-- 890.0 -0.78 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Portulaca oleraceaHerb670.0 18700.0 1.41 *
Prunella vulgarisFlower-- 4560.0 1.26 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Prunus serotinaStem28.0 5400.0 0.27 *
Prunus persicaFruit68.0 850.0 -0.59 *
Prunus domesticaFruit68.0 3400.0 0.59 *
Prunus armeniacaFruit76.0 615.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus serotinaLeaf435.0 9600.0 2.11 *
Prunus persicaBark-- 4220.0 1.68 *
Prunus cerasusFruit90.0 648.0 -0.69 *
Prunus persicaSeed-- 3810.0 0.34 *
Prunus dulcisSeed2297.0 3126.0 0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus armeniacaSeed-- 1750.0 -0.47 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Psidium guajavaFruit98.0 735.0 -0.65 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium cattleianumFruit170.0 880.0 -0.58 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusLeaf80.0 346.0 -1.46 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed340.0 2623.0 -0.13 *
Psoralea esculentaRoot-- 1400.0 -0.62 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Pueraria pseudohirsutaRoot1470.0 3690.0 0.6 *
Pueraria montanaShoot800.0 850.0 -0.92 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pulsatilla chinensisRoot-- 3190.0 0.33 *
Punica granatumFruit-- 120.0 -0.93 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pyrus communisFruit54.0 1110.0 -0.47 *
Quercus velutinaStem235.0 6820.0 0.87 *
Quercus rubraSeed-- 500.0 -0.97 *
Quercus albaBark37.0 160.0 -1.08 *
Quercus stellataStem175.0 5880.0 0.47 *
Quercus phellosStem210.0 2940.0 -0.77 *
Quercus rubraStem200.0 8580.0 1.61 *
Quercus albaStem100.0 5320.0 0.23 *
Quisqualis indicaFruit-- 1040.0 -0.5 *
Raphanus sativusSeed-- 3960.0 0.4 *
Raphanus sativusRoot85.0 3570.0 0.54 *
Rehmannia glutinosaRoot-- 1190.0 -0.73 *
Rheum palmatumRhizome1980.0 2560.0 0.94 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt90.0 1975.0 -1.0 *
Rhizophora mangleLeaf-- 8800.0 1.8 *
Rhodymenia palmataPlant-- 5930.0 0.58 *
Rhus glabraStem147.0 4690.0 -0.03 *
Rhus copallinaStem375.0 4270.0 -0.21 *
Rhus copallinaLeaf405.0 9600.0 2.11 *
Ribes uva-crispaFruit86.0 938.0 -0.55 *
Ribes rubrumFruit122.0 935.0 -0.55 *
Ribes nigrumFruit220.0 1720.0 -0.19 *
Rosa laevigataFruit-- 2830.0 0.32 *
Rosa caninaFruit260.0 1390.0 -0.34 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant2142.0 2483.0 -0.49 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf910.0 2825.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubia cordifoliaRoot-- 1870.0 -0.37 *
Rubus idaeusFruit175.0 1400.0 -0.34 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rubus chamaemorusFruit270.0 1875.0 -0.12 *
Rubus idaeusLeaf539.0 3190.0 -0.36 *
Rubus chingiiFruit-- 2740.0 0.28 *
Rumex acetosaLeaf460.0 4600.0 0.18 *
Rumex crispusRoot822.0 3200.0 0.34 *
Ruscus aculeatusRoot707.0 2340.0 -0.12 *
Salix albaBark941.0 5600.0 2.63 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf444.0 2830.0 -0.5 *
Salvia miltiorrhizaRoot-- 3230.0 0.36 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Sambucus nigraFruit265.0 1635.0 -0.23 *
Santalum acuminatumFruit400.0 1715.0 -0.19 *
Sassafras albidumLeaf990.0 6800.0 1.03 *
Sassafras albidumStem77.0 4760.0 -0.0 *
Schisandra chinensisFruit414.0 2760.0 0.29 *
Schizonepeta tenuifoliaPlant-- 3390.0 -0.21 *
Scrophularia buergerianaRoot-- 2060.0 -0.27 *
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant155.0 1130.0 -0.91 *
Scutellaria baicalensisRoot7170.0 7220.0 2.48 *
Secale cerealeSeed1185.0 1740.0 -0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sechium eduleLeaf670.0 3785.0 -0.13 *
Sechium eduleFruit140.0 2000.0 -0.06 *
Senna obtusifoliaSeed2820.0 3220.0 0.11 *
Senna alexandrinaLeaf1577.0 7770.0 1.41 *
Senna occidentalisSeed-- 2880.0 -0.03 *
Serenoa repensFruit510.0 3930.0 0.83 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sesamum indicumSeed3052.0 4082.0 0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Siegesbeckia orientalisPlant-- 2660.0 -0.44 *
Silybum marianumLeaf887.0 4030.0 -0.04 *
Silybum marianumPlant-- 4030.0 -0.01 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Simmondsia chinensisSeed-- 1410.0 -0.61 *
Sinapis albaSeed2863.0 3282.0 0.13 *
Sinomenium acutumRhizome-- 360.0 -1.32 *
Smilax officinalisRoot351.0 1670.0 -0.47 *
Smilax sppRoot351.0 1670.0 -0.47 *
Solanum melongenaFruit85.0 1563.0 -0.26 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber190.0 4250.0 2.17 *
Sophora subprostrataRoot-- 1880.0 -0.36 *
Sophora angustifoliaRoot2140.0 3720.0 0.62 *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit190.0 1190.0 -0.44 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant420.0 11000.0 2.15 *
Spirulina spp.Plant-- 2550.0 -0.47 *
Spirulina pratensisPlant-- 2550.0 -0.47 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spondias dulcisSeed-- 1200.0 -0.69 *
Spondias dulcisFruit48.0 240.0 -0.88 *
Spondias tuberosaFruit-- 90.0 -0.94 *
Stachys officinalisPlant185.0 1100.0 -0.92 *
Stellaria mediaPlant439.0 5290.0 0.38 *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 3490.0 -0.25 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Stevia rebaudianaPlant-- 2890.0 -0.37 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Symphoricarpos orbiculatusStem380.0 8800.0 1.7 *
Symphytum officinaleLeaf77.0 700.0 -1.32 *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 1700.0 -0.46 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Syzygium cuminiFruit350.0 2145.0 0.01 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Syzygium aromaticumFlower2640.0 3020.0 0.15 *
Syzygium jambosFruit40.0 260.0 -0.87 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Syzygium aromaticumFruit2640.0 3020.0 0.41 *
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark145.0 810.0 -0.64 *
Tamarindus indicaLeaf-- 710.0 -1.32 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tamarindus indicaFruit920.0 1341.0 -0.37 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 2400.0 -0.52 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum officinaleRoot225.0 1570.0 -0.53 *
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf360.0 2500.0 -0.63 *
Taraxacum mongolicumPlant-- 4050.0 -0.01 *
Tephrosia purpureaLeaf-- 10300.0 2.38 *
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf390.0 6500.0 0.92 *
Tetrapanax papyriferaPith-- 2120.0 1.0 *
Thymus vulgarisPlant1630.0 2992.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Thymus vulgarisLeaf733.0 4360.0 0.09 *
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot140.0 1000.0 -0.83 *
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit530.0 9815.0 3.56 *
Trifolium pratenseHay2400.0 8100.0 1.0 *
Trifolium pratenseFlower628.0 3490.0 0.49 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed157.0 1210.0 -0.69 *
Triticum aestivumSeed530.0 3500.0 0.22 *
Triticum aestivumPlant300.0 7000.0 0.91 *
Turnera diffusaLeaf428.0 2040.0 -0.81 *
Tussilago farfaraFlower-- 1080.0 -1.25 *
Ulmus rubraBark95.0 580.0 -0.8 *
Urtica dioicaFruit Juice-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Urtica dioicaLeaf1720.0 8600.0 1.73 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit240.0 2000.0 -0.06 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFruit80.0 600.0 -0.71 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit48.0 332.0 -0.83 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit312.0 3900.0 0.82 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot375.0 3180.0 0.33 *
Valerianella radicataPlant2940.0 3226.0 -0.26 *
Valerianella locustaPlant3773.0 3798.0 -0.08 *
Verbascum thapsusLeaf1421.0 3230.0 -0.35 *
Viburnum opulusBark-- 3110.0 0.93 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vicia fabaSeed380.0 2000.0 -0.37 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia fabaFruit330.0 2260.0 0.06 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna unguiculataShoot430.0 4207.0 -0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataFruit374.0 4160.0 0.94 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungoSeed1850.0 2076.0 -0.34 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed389.0 14400.0 4.53 *
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling176.0 2560.0 1.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna angularisSeed1270.0 1467.0 -0.58 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed3141.0 3952.0 0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiataSeed1777.0 2203.0 -0.29 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataShoot430.0 4207.0 -0.45 *
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed2250.0 4962.0 0.8 *
Viscum albumLeaf-- 3110.0 -0.39 *
Vitis viniferaFruit58.0 2310.0 0.08 *
Vitis viniferaStem-- 4360.0 -0.17 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot270.0 2100.0 -0.25 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumLeaf510.0 3170.0 -0.37 *
Yucca baccataRoot106.0 510.0 -1.09 *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- 1790.0 *
Zea maysSeed100.0 1600.0 -0.53 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot188.0 2690.0 0.07 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome430.0 2690.0 1.08 *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit-- 620.0 -0.7 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.