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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentusSeed32575.0 89760.0 -0.15 *
Abrus precatoriusSeed-- 3325.0 -0.89 Wealth of India.
Abutilon theophrastiSeed-- 93175.0 -0.12 Wealth of India.
Acacia farnesianaSeed12800.0 50000.0 -0.49 *
Acanthopanax gracilistylisPlant-- -- *
Achillea millefoliumLeaf-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Acrocomia totaiFruit-- -- -0.36 *
Adonis vernalisPlant-- -- *
Aesculus hippocastanumLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Aesculus hippocastanumSeed-- 6415.0 -0.86 *
Ageratum conyzoidesSeed-- 140135.0 0.28 Wealth of India.
Akebia quinataSeed-- -- *
Aleurites moluccanaSeed201600.0 334650.0 1.95 *
Alliaria petiolataSeed-- 48400.0 -0.5 *
Allium cepaBulb-- -- Osman, S. A. 1980. Chemical and Biological Studies of Onion and Garlic in an Attempt to Isolate a Hypoclycaemic Extract. Abstr. 4th Asian Symp. Med. Plants Spices Bangkok, Thailand, September 15-19: 117.
Allium cepaSeed103500.0 106200.0 -0.01 Wealth of India.
Allium cepaSeed Oil575000.0 590600.0 0.78 *
Allium ampeloprasumPlant-- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb1200.0 7800.0 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf2220.0 27750.0 3.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Aloe veraJuice-- -- Yamaguchi, I., Mega, N., Sanada, H. 1993. Components of the Gel of Aloe vera (L.) Burm. F. Biosci Biotech Biochem 57(8): 1350-1352.
Althaea officinalisSeed67710.0 91000.0 -0.14 Wealth of India.
Amphicarpaea bracteataSeed27400.0 93600.0 -0.12 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed76600.0 77925.0 -0.25 *
Anamirta cocculusSeed3432.0 5616.0 -0.87 *
Ananas comosusFruit840.0 6222.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolensSeed9600.0 10397.0 -0.83 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolensFruit9600.0 10397.0 -0.21 *
Anethum graveolensPlant-- -- *
Angelica sinensisRoot-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Angelica archangelicaFruit-- -- *
Annona reticulataPlant-- -- *
Annona cherimolaSeed68400.0 88200.0 -0.16 *
Annona cherimolaFruit350.0 5300.0 -0.28 *
Anthriscus cerefoliumSeed-- 68900.0 -0.33 *
Apium graveolensLeaf60.0 1132.0 -1.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Apium graveolensSeed178000.0 46560.0 -0.52 *
Apium graveolensPt690.0 12875.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Aquilegia vulgarisSeed-- 64560.0 -0.36 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed155300.0 183655.0 0.66 *
Arctium lappaFruit103500.0 124200.0 1.4 Wealth of India.
Areca catechuSeed-- -- *
Argemone mexicanaSeed96000.0 188600.0 0.7 *
Artemisia capillarisEssential Oil-- -- *
Artocarpus altilisSeed22900.0 52365.0 -0.47 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Asclepias syriacaSeed48230.0 168540.0 0.53 *
Asimina trilobaFruit480.0 6018.0 -0.27 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot910.0 11742.0 1.41 *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Azadirachta indicaFruit-- 47250.0 0.31 *
Bactris gasipaesFruit400.0 2450.0 -0.32 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Bactris gasipaesSeed-- 16000.0 -0.78 *
Balanites aegyptiacusSeed120000.0 220000.0 0.97 *
Benincasa hispidaFruit870.0 22305.0 -0.04 *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed140225.0 314300.0 1.78 *
Beta vulgarisRoot460.0 3628.0 0.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bidens pilosaShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Borago officinalisSeed45500.0 149370.0 0.36 *
Borago officinalisSeed Essent. Oil-- 360000.0 -0.99 Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica nigraLeaf270.0 3976.0 -0.71 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf1380.0 8880.0 0.12 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf450.0 3213.0 -0.84 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot350.0 3385.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower190.0 2455.0 0.45 *
Brassica rapaRoot120.0 1475.0 -0.61 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Plant-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf380.0 4081.0 -0.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf380.0 4081.0 -0.69 *
Brassica chinensisLeaf390.0 8334.0 0.03 *
Brassica oleraceaStem200.0 2222.0 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf350.0 4680.0 -0.59 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapaLeaf390.0 8334.0 0.03 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bupleurum chinenseRoot-- -- *
Buxus sempervirensSeed-- -- *
Cajanus cajanSeed7780.0 24472.0 -0.71 *
Calendula officinalisSeed100000.0 177500.0 0.6 *
Calotropis sp.Seed86000.0 117000.0 0.08 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- -- *
Camellia sinensisSeed-- -- *
Camellia sinensisSeed Oil-- -- *
Canarium indicumSeed-- 136210.0 0.25 *
Cannabis sativaSeed207000.0 250600.0 1.23 *
Capparis spinosaSeed142200.0 183600.0 0.66 Wealth of India.
Capparis spinosaPlant-- -- *
Capparis spinosaFlower700.0 2115.0 0.11 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit1040.0 8486.0 -0.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Capsicum annuumFruit2190.0 29871.0 0.07 *
Carica papayaFlower-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Carica papayaFruit60.0 537.0 -0.35 *
Carica papayaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Carica papayaSeed Oil-- 4000.0 -1.52 Jim Duke's personal files.
Carica papayaSeed-- 5389.0 -0.87 *
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed122000.0 481394.0 3.21 *
Carum carviFruit20300.0 46714.0 0.3 *
Carum carviSeed19600.0 46714.0 -0.52 *
Carya illinoensisLeaf-- -- *
Catalpa bignonioidesSeed17075.0 129200.0 0.19 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cedrus deodoraSeed-- 42465.0 -0.55 *
Ceiba pentandraSeed52000.0 145200.0 0.33 *
Centaurea calcitrapaPlant-- -- *
Centaurium erythraeaPlant-- -- *
Centella asiaticaPlant-- -- *
Ceratonia siliquaSeed1185.0 10655.0 -0.83 Wealth of India.
Chamaelirium luteumRhizome-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cicer arietinumSeed25930.0 29310.0 -0.67 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybusRoot750.0 3750.0 0.23 *
Cichorium intybusSeed-- -- *
Cichorium intybusLeaf370.0 7548.0 -0.11 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endiviaLeaf750.0 12077.0 0.66 *
Citrullus lanatusCotyledon-- 486700.0 0.16 *
Citrullus lanatusSeed52000.0 210280.0 0.88 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Citrullus colocynthisSeed-- -- *
Citrus paradisiFruit190.0 2090.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit360.0 3060.0 -0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus sinensisFruit180.0 1359.0 -0.34 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus reticulataSeed Oil-- -- *
Citrus reticulataFruit270.0 2176.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cnicus benedictusSeed56160.0 65520.0 -0.36 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cocos nuciferaSeed584.0 18694.0 -0.76 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Coffea arabicaSeed-- -- *
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Colocasia esculentaRoot580.0 1975.0 -0.43 *
Colocasia esculentaLeaf2140.0 14925.0 1.14 *
Corchorus olitoriusSeed70625.0 92500.0 -0.13 *
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf1170.0 9525.0 0.23 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit13030.0 18260.0 -0.1 *
Coriandrum sativumSeed-- 132000.0 0.21 *
Cornus masSeed Oil-- -- Hohn, M. E., Meinschein, W. G. 1976. Seed Oil Fatty Acids: Evolutionary Significance in the Nyssaceae and Cornaceae. Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 4: 193-199.
Cornus masSeed-- 687000.0 4.97 Kleiman, R., Spencer, G. F. 1982. Search for New Industrial Oils: 16. Umbelliflorae-Seed Oils Rich in Petroselinic Acid. J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 59: 29-32.
Corylus avellanaSeed14500.0 18850.0 -0.76 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus laevigataFruit-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style-- -- *
Croton tigliumSeed57000.0 95000.0 -0.1 *
Cryptostegia grandifoliaSeed-- 29820.0 -0.66 *
Cryptotaenia japonicaShoot-- -- *
Cucumis sativusSeed66900.0 170468.0 0.54 *
Cucumis meloSeed99600.0 246192.0 1.19 *
Cucumis sativusFruit220.0 5570.0 -0.28 *
Cucumis meloCotyledon56100.0 726700.0 1.24 *
Cucumis sativusCotyledon35100.0 486700.0 0.16 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit20.0 238.0 -0.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita foetidissimaSeed92340.0 221365.0 0.98 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Cucurbita sppFruit330.0 5220.0 -0.28 *
Cucurbita pepoFlower20.0 410.0 -1.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepoSeed33025.0 260000.0 1.31 *
Cucurbita maximaSeed-- 151750.0 0.38 *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaSeed Oil-- 472000.0 0.32 Varade, P. B., Misra, B. K., Sikka, K. C., Singh, S. P. 1984. Nutritive Assessment of Guar Oil (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L. Taub). J Agr Food Chem, 32(5): 1073-1075.
Cydonia oblongaSeed-- -- *
Cynara cardunculusFlower460.0 3055.0 1.06 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cyperus rotundusRhizome-- -- *
Cytisus scopariusSeed-- 30960.0 -0.65 *
Datura stramoniumSeed22500.0 45000.0 -0.53 *
Daucus carotaSeed9360.0 43400.0 -0.55 *
Daucus carotaRoot670.0 5485.0 0.88 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot380.0 2050.0 -0.4 *
Dipsacus fullonumSeed90000.0 122000.0 0.13 *
Dipteryx odorataSeed-- 3850.0 -0.88 *
Dodonaea viscosaSeed22670.0 108470.0 0.01 *
Echinacea angustifoliaRoot-- -- *
Elaeis guineensisFruit9200.0 92550.0 0.95 *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit3100.0 3370.0 -0.31 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Elettaria cardamomumSeed Oil-- -- *
Elettaria cardamomumSeed7035.0 10500.0 -0.83 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Eriobotrya japonicaSeed-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Eruca sativaSeed18675.0 53700.0 -0.46 *
Erythrina crista-galliSeed-- 31560.0 -0.65 *
Eucalyptus globulusFruit-- -- *
Eucommia ulmoidesSeed Oil-- 100000.0 -1.14 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Euonymus atropurpureusPlant-- -- *
Euphorbia hirtaPlant-- -- *
Fagopyrum esculentumPollen Or Spore-- -- *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed3960.0 6078.0 -0.87 *
Ferula assa-foetidaSeed-- 128000.0 0.18 *
Ficus caricaSeed84000.0 105000.0 -0.02 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ficus caricaFruit1440.0 6893.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Foeniculum vulgareSeed Essent. Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgareFruit14000.0 18539.0 -0.09 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed14000.0 18539.0 -0.76 *
Fragaria sppFruit1080.0 12811.0 -0.17 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Fragaria sppSeed-- 153900.0 0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Frangula purshianaPlant-- -- *
Ganoderma lucidumTissue Culture-- -- *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed5780.0 12889.0 -0.81 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Glycine maxPlant-- -- *
Glycine maxSeed70335.0 126082.0 0.16 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Glycine maxTissue Culture-- -- *
Glycine maxSprout Seedling-- -- *
Gossypium spSeed72480.0 104328.0 -0.02 *
Harpagophytum procumbensTuber-- -- *
Hedera helixSeed-- 45630.0 -0.53 *
Helianthus annuusSeed89000.0 350000.0 2.08 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaSeed-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hippophae rhamnoidesFruit-- 2100.0 -0.33 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hippophae rhamnoidesSeed11040.0 14935.0 -0.79 *
Holarrhena pubescensSeed52000.0 164100.0 0.49 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed2185.0 24035.0 -0.71 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgareLeaf-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataShoot-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataRoot-- -- *
Hyoscyamus nigerSeed141000.0 219396.0 0.96 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot1110.0 4087.0 0.36 *
Isatis tinctoriaSeed23940.0 72960.0 -0.29 *
Jatropha curcasSeed87960.0 162240.0 0.47 *
Juglans regiaSeed228000.0 532760.0 3.65 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Juglans nigraSeed334590.0 349845.0 2.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Juglans cinereaSeed337270.0 348924.0 2.07 *
Juniperus communisPlant-- -- *
Juniperus communisFruit-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Justicia adhatodaSeed-- 31700.0 -0.65 *
Lablab purpureusSeed10.0 82.0 -0.92 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf470.0 7833.0 -0.06 *
Lactuca scariolaSeed165616.0 204160.0 0.83 *
Lagenaria sicerariaSeed288000.0 336250.0 1.96 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit90.0 2465.0 -0.32 *
Laurus nobilisFruit36000.0 176000.0 2.13 *
Laurus nobilisPlant-- -- *
Lawsonia inermisSeed16415.0 35820.0 -0.61 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lawsonia inermisOil-- 293000.0 *
Lens culinarisSeed3510.0 3950.0 -0.88 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling1810.0 6035.0 -0.42 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lentinus edodesFruit-- -- *
Leonotis nepetaefoliaSeed33320.0 45220.0 -0.53 *
Lepidium sativumLeaf1520.0 14340.0 1.04 *
Lepidium meyeniiRoot-- 7.0 -1.16 *
Ligustrum lucidumFruit-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Ligustrum japonicumFruit-- -- *
Linum usitatissimumSprout Seedling-- -- *
Linum usitatissimumSeed30000.0 100000.0 -0.06 *
Linum usitatissimumSeed Oil-- 182000.0 -0.82 *
Linum usitatissimumFlower-- -- *
Lobelia inflataPlant-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Lonicera japonicaFlower-- -- *
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit870.0 17400.0 -0.11 *
Luffa aegyptiacaSeed94000.0 211500.0 0.89 *
Lupinus albusSeed19950.0 22275.0 -0.73 *
Lycium chinenseFruit-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit830.0 13720.0 -0.16 *
Lycopodium clavatumPollen Or Spore-- -- *
Macadamia sppSeed10710.0 14725.0 -0.79 *
Maclura pomiferaFruit-- -- *
Mangifera indicaFruit140.0 765.0 -0.34 *
Manihot esculentaRoot440.0 1400.0 -0.64 *
Matricaria recutitaPlant-- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Medicago sativaSeed Oil-- -- *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf690.0 3230.0 -0.84 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha spicataLeaf540.0 3735.0 -0.75 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mimosa pudicaSeed12240.0 86700.0 -0.17 *
Momordica charantiaCotyledon72200.0 103900.0 -1.56 Jim Duke's personal files.
Momordica charantiaFruit-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Momordica charantiaSeed770.0 38192.0 -0.59 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Momordica charantiaSeed Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Monarda punctataSeed-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Morinda citrifoliaFruit-- 0.02 -0.36 *
Morus albaSeed-- -- *
Mucuna pruriensSeed715.0 30680.0 -0.65 *
Murraya spPlant-- -- *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit560.0 2176.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Musa x paradisiacaPlant-- -- *
Myristica fragransSeed-- 6000.0 -0.87 *
Myrtus communisSeed-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed2850.0 8636.0 -0.84 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome140.0 670.0 -1.0 *
Nepeta catariaSeed Oil-- 180000.0 -0.83 *
Nerium oleanderFlower-- -- *
Nicotiana tabacumSeed50000.0 70000.0 -0.32 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Nigella sativaSeed128124.0 233459.0 1.08 *
Nigella sativaSeed Oil487600.0 576300.0 0.73 *
Ocimum basilicumSeed53240.0 145200.0 0.33 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumSeed-- 102455.0 -0.04 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum sanctumSeed-- 102455.0 -0.04 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Oenothera biennisSeed Oil177000.0 747000.0 1.4 *
Oenothera biennisSeed121500.0 227798.0 1.03 *
Oenothera biennisSeed Essent. Oil-- 710000.0 1.37 *
Olea europaeaFruit10500.0 28000.0 0.04 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed39640.0 133590.0 0.23 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed Oil-- 734000.0 1.35 *
Origanum vulgarePlant1050.0 1131.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum majoranaSeed-- 10000.0 -0.83 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Oryza sativaSeed6600.0 11880.0 -0.82 *
Pachira aquaticaSeed29000.0 63800.0 -0.37 *
Pachyrhizus erosusSeed-- -- *
Paeonia lactifloraRoot-- -- Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
Panax ginsengRoot-- 140.0 -1.11 *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant-- -- *
Papaver somniferumSeed300335.0 309465.0 1.73 *
Papaver somniferumLatex Exudate-- -- *
Papaver bracteatumSeed358650.0 383520.0 2.37 *
Papaver somniferumSeed Oil-- -- *
Passiflora edulisSeed-- 137770.0 0.26 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Pastinaca sativaSeed-- 36330.0 -0.61 *
Pastinaca sativaRoot410.0 2000.0 -0.42 *
Perilla frutescensSeed Oil-- 176000.0 -0.85 Longyah, T., Deosthale, Y. G. 1991. Chemical and Nutritional Studies on Hanshi (Perilla frutescens), a Traditional Oilseed from Northeast India. J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 68(10): 781-784.
Perilla frutescensSeed-- -- Endo, S., Ishizaki, T., Kimata, M. 1993. Fatty Acid and Sterol Compositions in the Seeds of Perilla frutescens and Linum Usitatissimum. Takyo Gakugei Daigaku Kiyo Dai-4-Bumon, 45: 27-32.
Persea americanaFruit24340.0 505440.0 6.78 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Petasites hybridusRoot-- -- *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed3320.0 3731.0 -0.89 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit230.0 2364.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling1070.0 11505.0 1.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus lunatusSeed2150.0 9509.0 -0.84 *
Phoenix dactyliferaSeed6000.0 10000.0 -0.83 *
Phyllanthus emblicaSeed-- 70400.0 -0.31 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phyllanthus emblicaSeed Oil-- -- *
Physalis peruvianaSeed23625.0 41830.0 -0.56 *
Physostigma venenosumSeed-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumSeed13700.0 52000.0 -0.47 *
Pinus wallicianaSeed-- 105250.0 -0.02 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus pineaSeed206890.0 221725.0 0.98 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus gerardianaSeed137000.0 231350.0 1.06 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus edulisSeed248820.0 264420.0 1.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper nigrumFruit13200.0 14750.0 -0.15 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pistacia veraSeed70220.0 110880.0 0.03 *
Pisum sativumSeed1520.0 7190.0 -0.86 *
Pisum sativumFruit1750.0 7418.0 -0.25 *
Plantago ovataSeed13000.0 24375.0 -0.71 *
Plantago ovataSe13000.0 24375.0 *
Plantago majorSeed25000.0 50000.0 -0.49 *
Plantago ovataSeed Coat-- -- *
Plantago psylliumSeed-- -- *
Plantago asiaticaSeed-- -- *
Plantago ovataSeed Oil-- 534000.0 0.56 *
Portulaca oleraceaSeed-- 67686.0 -0.34 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb704.0 18245.0 *
Prosopis glandulosaPlant-- -- *
Prunella vulgarisLeaf-- -- *
Prunus persicaSeed-- -- *
Prunus domesticaSeed54600.0 83160.0 -0.21 *
Prunus armeniacaSeed56000.0 411200.0 2.61 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Prunus persicaFruit440.0 3565.0 -0.31 *
Prunus domesticaFruit1340.0 9054.0 -0.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus cerasusSeed127200.0 169600.0 0.54 *
Prunus armeniacaFruit770.0 5640.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus dulcisSeed59500.0 136400.0 0.25 *
Prunus cerasusFruit460.0 3312.0 -0.31 *
Psidium guajavaSeed-- 13900.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Psidium guajavaFruit1820.0 13104.0 -0.17 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium cattleianumFruit1820.0 9410.0 -0.22 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed1640.0 44381.0 -0.54 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusLeaf1870.0 8078.0 -0.02 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusTuber1530.0 3592.0 1.0 *
Pueraria montanaStem-- -- *
Punica granatumSeed-- -- *
Pyrus communisFruit930.0 5744.0 -0.27 *
Quisqualis indicaSeed20700.0 24300.0 -0.71 *
Raphanus sativusRoot160.0 3100.0 -0.01 *
Rhus toxicodendronSeed-- -- *
Ribes uva-crispaFruit2710.0 22341.0 -0.04 *
Ribes rubrumFruit530.0 3302.0 -0.31 *
Ribes nigrumSeed Essent. Oil-- 450000.0 -0.38 *
Ribes nigrumFruit1070.0 5928.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ribes nigrumSeed Oil-- -- *
Ricinus communisSeed-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Robinia pseudoacaciaSeed15900.0 70490.0 -0.31 *
Rosa rubiginosaSeed Oil-- -- *
Rosa caninaSeed Oil-- -- *
Rosa caninaSeed43200.0 58320.0 -0.42 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf4470.0 13870.0 0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubus idaeusSeed Oil-- -- *
Rubus idaeusFruit2080.0 15555.0 -0.14 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Ruta graveolensSeed-- -- *
Salvia sp.Seed34885.0 169200.0 0.53 *
Salvia sclareaSeed-- 53488.0 -0.46 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Salvia officinalisFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Salvia officinalisSeed-- 73000.0 -0.29 *
Sambucus canadensisSeed106530.0 169600.0 0.54 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sambucus nigraLeaf-- -- *
Sambucus nigraFlower-- -- *
Santalum albumFruit-- -- *
Sassafras albidumSeed-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Satureja hortensisSeed-- 75600.0 -0.27 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Secale cerealeSeed9580.0 10760.0 -0.83 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Senna occidentalisSeed7850.0 8164.0 -0.85 *
Senna obtusifoliaSeed-- 23160.0 -0.72 *
Serenoa repensFruit1840.0 36000.0 0.15 *
Sesamum indicumSeed Oil-- 500000.0 0.43 *
Sesamum indicumSeed123656.0 278784.0 1.47 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Silybum marianumSeed Oil600000.0 700000.0 1.21 *
Silybum marianumSeed-- -- *
Silybum marianumPlant-- -- *
Simarouba glaucaSeed11780.0 12860.0 -0.81 *
Sinapis albaSeed25062.0 28610.0 -0.67 *
Skimmia arborescensSeed-- 83500.0 -0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Solanum nigrumSeed-- 100190.0 -0.06 *
Solanum melongenaFruit350.0 4337.0 -0.29 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber320.0 1520.0 -1.0 *
Sophora japonicaSeed36570.0 64130.0 -0.37 *
Spartium junceumSeed68800.0 85312.0 -0.19 *
Spinacia oleraceaLeaf-- -- *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant104.0 2613.0 -0.54 *
Stellaria mediaPlant-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sterculia urensSeed4840.0 6292.0 -0.86 *
Strophanthus gratusSeed-- 90000.0 -0.15 *
Strychnos nux-vomicaSeed360.0 4600.0 -0.88 *
Tamarindus indicaFruit590.0 860.0 -0.34 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tamarindus indicaSeed Oil-- -- *
Tamarindus indicaSeed27840.0 34336.0 -0.62 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Taraxacum officinalePollen Or Spore-- -- *
Taraxacum officinaleRoot-- -- *
Terminalia chebulaSeed Oil-- -- Miglani, B. D., Chawla, A. S. 1974. Chemical Investigation of the Oil of Terminaliaa chebula. J. Inst. Chem. (Calcutta) 46: 189-.
Terminalia catappaSeed102600.0 184450.0 0.66 *
Terminalia belliricaSeed72475.0 202930.0 0.82 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Terminalia pallidaSeed Oil-- 35000.0 -1.4 Gunasekar, D., Sreeramulu, K., Rao, K. V. 1992. Fatty Acid Composition of the Seed Oil of Terminalia pallida. Asian J. Chem. 4 2: 400-401.
Terminalia catappaSeed Oil-- -- Abdullahi, A. H., Anelli, G. 1980. Fatty Acid Composition and Characteristics of Terminalia catappa Oil Seed from Somalia. Riv. Agric. Subtrop. Trop. 74: 245-247.
Terminalia chebulaSeed80100.0 84800.0 -0.19 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf130.0 2165.0 -1.02 *
Teucrium poliumPlant-- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Theobroma angustifoliumSeed8965.0 23600.0 -0.72 *
Theobroma cacaoSeed7420.0 29115.0 -0.67 *
Theobroma bicolorSeed9620.0 10160.0 -0.83 *
Theobroma cacaoPlant10700.0 12230.0 -0.39 *
Thespesia populneaSeed-- 86400.0 -0.18 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Thevetia neriifoliaSeed-- 37800.0 -0.59 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Thevetia peruvianaSeed31500.0 42210.0 -0.56 *
Thymus vulgarisSeed-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Thymus vulgarisPlant5000.0 5400.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tilia sp.Wood-- -- *
Tribulus terrestrisFruit19950.0 28500.0 0.05 *
Trichosanthes kirilowiiSeed-- -- *
Trichosanthes anguinaSeed-- 49500.0 -0.49 *
Trifolium pratensePollen Or Spore-- -- *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed Oil68000.0 449000.0 0.23 *
Triticum aestivumPlant-- -- *
Urtica dioicaRoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Urtica dioicaSeed114235.0 317060.0 1.8 *
Valeriana officinalisPlant-- 165000.0 2.0 *
Valeriana jatamansiRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vanilla planifoliaFruit-- 135.0 -0.35 *
Verbascum thapsusSeed48000.0 613000.0 4.33 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vernonia cinereaSeed8360.0 83600.0 -0.2 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Viburnum opulusFruit-- -- *
Viburnum prunifoliumBark-- -- *
Viburnum opulusRoot Bark-- -- *
Viburnum opulusBark-- -- *
Viburnum opulusSeed-- -- *
Vicia fabaSeed1200.0 6315.0 -0.86 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiataSeed3570.0 4890.0 -0.88 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed3080.0 3364.0 -0.89 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed1168.0 5783.0 -0.87 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot600.0 5871.0 -0.71 *
Vigna unguiculataFruit960.0 7901.0 -0.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungoSeed1467.0 4075.0 -0.88 *
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling420.0 4412.0 -0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed4850.0 5370.0 -0.87 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot600.0 5871.0 -0.71 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Virola surinamensisSeed30600.0 34680.0 -0.62 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed22620.0 28930.0 -0.67 *
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed Oil-- 69000.0 -1.27 Adomako, D. 1977. Fatty Acid Composition and Characteristics of Pentadesma Butyracea Fat Extracted From Ghana Seeds. J. Sci. Food Agr. 28: 384-386.
Vitex agnus-castusFruit-- -- *
Vitis viniferaSeed33000.0 110000.0 0.02 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vitis viniferaFruit1300.0 6687.0 -0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vitis viniferaSeed Oil-- -- *
Withania somniferaSeed Oil-- 600000.0 0.82 *
Withania somniferaPlant-- -- *
Zea maysSeed5420.0 22547.0 -0.72 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zingiber officinaleRoot1200.0 11220.0 3.02 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zingiber officinaleRhizome1200.0 11220.0 1.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.