Data Views

Paginate
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Acacia farnesianaFlower-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Acacia farnesianaPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Achillea millefoliumLeaf1.0 4000.0 2.12 *
Acinos suaveolensShoot-- 1800.0 -0.15 Jim Duke's personal files.
Acorus calamusRhizome30.0 6000.0 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Agastache rugosaEssential Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Agastache rugosaShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Agastache rugosaTissue Culture-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Aloysia citrodoraPlant5.0 35.0 -0.66 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Alpinia galangaRhizome-- -- *
Alpinia officinarumRhizome-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Ananas comosusFruit-- -- Wealth of India.
Anethum graveolensEssential Oil-- -- *
Anethum graveolensPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Angelica archangelicaRoot-- 10.0 -0.42 *
Angelica archangelicaRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Apium graveolensSeed1.0 90.0 -0.47 *
Apium graveolensSeed Essent. Oil-- 14800.0 -0.5 *
Artemisia dracunculusEssential Oil-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusShoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Artemisia annuaShoot-- -- Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Artemisia vulgarisPlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Aspalathus linearisLeaf Essent. Oil-- 5400.0 -0.66 *
Ballota nigraPlant-- 3.0 -0.66 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Boswellia serrataEssential Oil-- 15000.0 -0.52 *
Boswellia sacraResin Essent. Oil-- 20000.0 Abdel Wahab, S. M., Aboutabl, E. A., El-Zalabani, S. M., Fouad, H. A., De Pooter, H. L., El-Fallaha, B. 1987. The Essential Oil of Olibanum. Plant Med. 53 (4): 382-384.
Callicarpa americanaLeaf-- 3.0 -0.65 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf Essent. Oil82000.0 198400.0 0.56 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf6.0 1984.0 0.73 *
Camellia sinensisShoot4000.0 10300.0 0.16 *
Capsicum annuumFruit-- -- *
Carica papayaFruit-- -- -0.59 *
Carum carviSeed5.0 96.0 -0.46 *
Centella asiaticaShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Chrysanthemum x morifoliumPlant3.0 10.0 -0.66 Wealth of India.
Cinnamomum verumLeaf-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cinnamomum verumBark Essent. Oil-- 23000.0 *
Cinnamomum verumLeaf Essent. Oil-- 15000.0 -0.6 *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark2.5 32.0 -1.2 Wealth of India.
Cinnamomum aromaticumLeaf0.6 1.5 -0.65 Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Cinnamomum verumRoot Bark-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumStem Bark-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumTwig-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumBark85.0 956.0 1.25 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit9.0 20.0 -0.58 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus limonPericarp Essent. Oil7000.0 111000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus reticulataLeaf Essent. Oil-- 95500.0 -0.09 *
Citrus sinensisFruit30.0 530.0 -0.44 *
Citrus reticulataFruit3.0 610.0 -0.42 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus aurantiumLeaf1990.0 2795.0 1.29 *
Citrus limonPericarp-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus limonPetiole-- 12.0 *
Citrus limonLeaf Essent. Oil18000.0 81000.0 -0.18 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus sinensisFruit Juice0.15 4.69 1.0 *
Citrus limonEssential Oil8.0 30.0 -0.58 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Coleus barbatusStem Essent. Oil-- 3900.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Coleus barbatusLeaf Essent. Oil-- 3900.0 -0.67 Jim Duke's personal files.
Coriandrum sativumSeed Essent. Oil414190.0 742300.0 2.22 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit400.0 10250.0 2.28 *
Coriandrum sativumEssential Oil-- 568000.0 1.96 *
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style-- -- *
Cuminum cyminumSeed Essent. Oil-- 300.0 -0.56 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed30.0 318.0 -0.16 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Curcuma longaTuber-- -- *
Curcuma longaRhizome Essent. Oil-- 1600.0 -1.0 *
Curcuma longaRhizome-- -- *
Cymbopogon citratusPlant-- -- *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit Essent. Oil51000.0 64000.0 1.41 *
Elettaria cardamomumSeed Essent. Oil-- 26000.0 -0.46 *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit1288.0 8000.0 1.65 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Eucalyptus paniculataShoot-- 2.0 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus bosistoanaShoot-- 30.0 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus moluccanaShoot-- 48.0 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf Essent. Oil-- 2000.0 -0.68 *
Eucalyptus blakelyiShoot-- 0.1 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus melliodoraShoot-- 35.0 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus citriodoraLeaf Essent. Oil-- 3000.0 -0.68 *
Eucalyptus globulusShoot-- 2000.0 -0.15 *
Eucalyptus cladocalyxShoot-- 22.0 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus brassianaLeaf-- 35.0 -0.62 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Chemical Constituents of the Leaf Essential Oil of Eucalyptus brassiana S. T. Blake. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 45-7.
Eucalyptus sideroxylonShoot-- 0.1 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus punctataShoot-- 45.0 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus oviformisShoot-- 0.1 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus astringensShoot-- 0.1 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus maideniShoot-- 0.1 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus populneaLeaf-- 1.8 -0.65 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus diversicolorShoot-- 0.1 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus citriodoraShoot-- 3000.0 -0.11 *
Eucalyptus botryoidesShoot-- 0.1 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus siderophloiaShoot-- 14.0 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus polyanthemosShoot-- 6.0 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus occidentalisShoot-- 13.0 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus albensShoot-- 0.1 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus maculataShoot-- 0.1 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus dealbataShoot-- 13.0 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus camaldulensisShoot-- 14.0 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus tereticornisShoot-- 0.1 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus salignaShoot-- 12.0 -0.22 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus citriodoraLeaf15.0 180.0 -0.52 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ficus caricaFruit-- -- *
Ficus caricaLeaf-- -- Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Ficus caricaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant-- 60.0 -0.66 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Foeniculum vulgareSeed1.0 2050.0 2.22 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed Essent. Oil700.0 6300.0 -0.53 Jim Duke's personal files.
Fragaria sppLeaf-- -- *
Gardenia jasminoidesFlower-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Gentiana luteaEssential Oil-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot-- 2.0 -1.2 *
Helianthus annuusFlower-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Hesperis matronalisFlower-- -- Nielsen, J. K., Jakobsen, H. B., Friis, P., Hansen, K., Moller, J., Olsen, C. E. 1995. Asynchronous Rhythmus in the Emission of Volatiles from Hesperis matronalis Flowers. Phytochemistry, 38(4): 847-851.
Hibiscus sabdariffaCalyx-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataEssential Oil-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataShoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Humulus lupulusEssential Oil-- -- *
Humulus lupulusFruit-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumPlant2.5 45.0 -0.66 *
Hyssopus officinalisLeaf0.2 160.0 -0.54 *
Hyssopus officinalisEssential Oil-- -- *
Hyssopus officinalisFlower0.1 1.0 -0.59 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 72.
Illicium verumFruit250.0 1400.0 -0.19 *
Juniperus communisPlant-- -- *
Lantana camaraShoot-- 27.0 -0.22 *
Laurus nobilisLeaf20.0 3340.0 1.67 *
Laurus nobilisLeaf Essent. Oil4000.0 183700.0 0.47 *
Laurus nobilisEssential Oil-- -- *
Lavandula angustifoliaFlower2000.0 10500.0 1.73 *
Levisticum officinaleRoot3.0 30.0 1.54 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lippia javanicaEssential Oil-- -- *
Melaleuca alternifoliaLeaf10.0 25.0 -0.63 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Melaleuca alternifoliaEssential Oil-- 3000.0 -0.57 *
Melaleuca alternifoliaRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Melissa officinalisShoot1.0 80.0 -0.22 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf12.0 120.0 -0.56 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Mentha spicataPlant11.0 24500.0 2.65 *
Mentha aquaticaLeaf1080.0 3060.0 1.47 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Mentha pulegiumEssential Oil-- -- *
Mentha pulegiumPlant15.0 30.0 -0.66 *
Mentha spicataEssential Oil-- -- *
Mentha longifoliaShoot10.0 33360.0 1.0 *
Mentha arvensis var. piperascensLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Murraya koenigiiLeaf-- 14.0 -0.64 *
Myrica ceriferaLeaf-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransEssential Oil2000.0 10000.0 -0.54 *
Myristica fragransSeed Essent. Oil2000.0 106000.0 -0.16 *
Myristica fragransSeed-- -- *
Myrtus communisPlant18.0 505.0 -0.6 *
Ocimum basilicumShoot Essent. Oil49500.0 177100.0 0.32 *
Ocimum basilicumFlower Essent. Oil-- 416000.0 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf-- -- *
Ocimum basilicumEssential Oil10.0 630000.0 2.24 *
Ocimum basilicumPlant5.0 8730.0 0.52 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf Essent. Oil14000.0 593000.0 3.06 *
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 35.0 -0.22 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum majoranaShoot-- 164100.0 5.79 *
Origanum majoranaPlant99.0 7965.0 0.41 *
Origanum vulgareShoot Essent. Oil1200.0 238100.0 1.03 *
Origanum vulgareEssential Oil-- 380000.0 1.12 *
Origanum vulgarePlant1.0 600.0 -0.58 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum majoranaEssential Oil-- 7000.0 -0.55 *
Panax ginsengRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Pelargonium roseumShoot-- 1962.0 -0.15 *
Perilla frutescensShoot Essent. Oil-- 35000.0 -1.35 Nguyen, X. D., La, D. M., Lu'u, D. C., Leclercq, P. A. 1995. Essential Oil Constituents from the Aerial Parts of Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7(4): 429-432.
Perilla frutescensLeaf Essent. Oil-- 26000.0 -0.53 Kang, R., Helms, R., Stout, M.J., Jaber, H., Chen, Z., and Nakatsu, T. 1992. Antimicrobial Activity of the Volatile Constituents of Perilla frutescens and Its Synergistic Effects with Polygodial. J. Agric. Food Chem., 40: 2328-2330.
Perilla frutescensPlant-- -- Kang, R., Helms, R., Stout, M.J., Jaber, H., Chen, Z., and Nakatsu, T. 1992. Antimicrobial Activity of the Volatile Constituents of Perilla frutescens and Its Synergistic Effects with Polygodial. J. Agric. Food Chem., 40: 2328-2330.
Petroselinum crispumLeaf-- 0.12 -0.65 *
Peumus boldusLeaf-- 4300.0 2.33 *
Pimenta dioicaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Pimenta racemosaLeaf130.0 1080.0 0.1 *
Pimenta dioicaLeaf-- 5.0 -0.64 *
Pimenta dioicaFruit-- 42.0 -0.57 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- 50.0 -0.53 *
Piper nigrumFruit Essent. Oil-- 2200.0 -0.69 *
Piper cubebaFruit-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Piper nigrumFruit-- 90.0 -0.56 *
Piper auritumLeaf-- -- Tramil
Pistacia lentiscusPlant-- -- *
Prunella vulgarisEssential Oil-- -- *
Prunella vulgarisPlant-- 320.0 -0.62 *
Prunus armeniacaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Psidium guajavaEssential Oil-- -- *
Psoralea corylifoliaSeed-- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Ptychopetalum olacoidesRoot Essent. Oil-- 9000.0 Uber Bucek, E., Fournier, G., Dadoun, H. 1987. Volatile Constituents of Ptychopetalum olacoides Root Oil. Planta Med. 53, 2: 231.
Ravensara aromaticaBark-- 462.0 -0.06 *
Ravensara aromaticaLeaf-- 240.0 -0.48 *
Ribes nigrumLeaf-- 7.0 -0.64 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf Essent. Oil-- 12000.0 -0.62 *
Rosmarinus officinalisResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot-- 65.0 -0.22 Tucker, A. O. and Maciarello, M. J. 1998. The essential oils of some rosemary cultivars. Flavor and Fragrance Journal, 1: 137-142. 1986.
Rosmarinus officinalisEssential Oil-- 4000.0 -0.57 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant0.1 585.0 -0.59 *
Salvia officinalisEt-- 11000.0 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf Essent. Oil4000.0 46600.0 -0.4 *
Salvia officinalisPlant-- 3500.0 -0.19 *
Salvia officinalisEssential Oil1700.0 5000.0 -0.56 *
Sambucus nigraFlower Essent. Oil-- -- *
Sassafras albidumLeaf27.0 87.0 -0.59 *
Satureja hortensisPlant-- -- *
Satureja montanaEssential Oil-- 12900.0 -0.53 *
Satureja montanaPlant15.0 14260.0 1.26 *
Scutellaria baicalensisRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Skimmia arborescensLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 65.0 -0.6 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stevia rebaudianaFlower-- 130.0 -0.56 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- 1.0 -0.59 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Tagetes lucidaLeaf-- -- Tramil
Tagetes lucidaShoot-- 65.0 -0.22 Bicchi, C., Fresia, M., Rubiolo, P., Monti, D., Franz, C., Goehler, I. 1997. Constituents of Tagetes lucida Cav. ssp. lucida essential oil. Flavor & Fragrance, 12(1): 47-52.
Tamarindus indicaFruit Essent. Oil-- 1000.0 -0.73 *
Tanacetum partheniumEssential Oil-- 13000.0 -0.52 *
Theobroma cacaoSeed-- 5.0 -0.59 *
Thymus vulgarisPlant20.0 17420.0 1.69 *
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 32.0 -0.22 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus vulgarisEssential Oil28200.0 42800.0 -0.39 *
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 32.0 -0.22 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Trifolium pratenseFlower-- 70.0 -0.58 Buchnauer,G.,Jirovetz,L.,Nikiforov,A.1996.Comparative Investigation of Essential Clover Flower Oils from Austria Using Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detection,Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectometry,and Gas Chrom.-Olfactometry.J.Agrc.Food Chem.44:1827-8
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit Juice-- 0.004 -1.0 *
Vetiveria zizanioidesRoot-- 15.0 0.07 *
Vitex agnus-castusLeaf-- 0.5 -0.65 Ekundayo, O., Laakso, I., Holopainen, M., Hiltunen, R., Oguntimein, B., and Kauppinen, V. 1990. The Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Leaf Oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. J. Essential Oil Research, 2: 115-119.
Vitis viniferaFruit-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vitis viniferaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 273000.0 1.03 *
Zea maysLeaf-- -- *
Zea maysPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Zingiber officinaleRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- 50.0 -1.0 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome Essent. Oil3200.0 30000.0 1.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.