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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abies balsameaPlant720.0 1550.0 0.47 *
Abies albaResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Abies spectabilisLeaf115.0 305.0 -0.13 *
Abies albaLeaf855.0 1197.0 0.81 *
Achillea millefoliumLeaf1.0 170.0 -0.27 *
Acinos suaveolensShoot-- 3700.0 1.56 Jim Duke's personal files.
Acorus calamusRhizome10.0 1400.0 1.28 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Aeolanthus myrianthaFlower-- -- Wealth of India.
Aesculus hippocastanumFlower Essent. Oil-- 42000.0 -1.41 Jim Duke's personal files.
Agastache nepetoidesPlant-- 2.0 -0.48 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Agastache urticifoliaPlant-- 2464.0 1.03 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Agastache rugosaEssential Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Agastache foeniculumPlant2.0 25.0 -0.47 *
Agathosma betulinaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Ageratum conyzoidesShoot-- 340.0 -0.16 R. Vera, (1993); Chemical composition of the essential oil Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae) from Reunion, Flavour Fragr. J., Vol.8, 257-260.
Aloysia citrodoraPlant42.0 1050.0 0.16 *
Alpinia galangaRhizome Essent. Oil-- 3500.0 -0.64 *
Alpinia galangaRhizome1.0 165.0 -0.9 *
Alpinia galangaLeaf-- 50.0 -0.4 *
Alpinia galangaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 0.4 -0.68 *
Alpinia officinarumRhizome-- -- Wealth of India.
Amomum compactumSeed-- -- Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Anacardium occidentaleFruit-- -- *
Anethum graveolensPlant-- -- *
Anethum graveolensLeaf Essent. Oil-- 214300.0 0.27 *
Anethum graveolensRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Anethum graveolensShoot Essent. Oil-- 119200.0 0.31 *
Anethum graveolensLeaf125.0 3735.0 3.48 *
Anethum graveolensSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Anethum graveolensEssential Oil467000.0 628800.0 2.88 *
Angelica archangelicaRoot Essent. Oil-- 227000.0 1.52 *
Angelica archangelicaRoot-- 1320.0 1.73 *
Aniba rosaeodoraEssential Oil-- -- *
Annona squamosaPlant-- -- *
Apium graveolensEt-- 695000.0 1.0 *
Apium graveolensLeaf Essent. Oil-- 621000.0 2.07 *
Apium graveolensRoot Essent. Oil-- 117000.0 0.27 *
Apium graveolensSeed Essent. Oil350000.0 721600.0 2.14 *
Apium graveolensSeed530.0 24000.0 0.96 *
Apium graveolensFruit Essent. Oil350000.0 706000.0 0.57 *
Apium graveolensStem Essent. Oil-- 695000.0 *
Apium graveolensEssential Oil-- -- *
Armoracia rusticanaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Artemisia dracunculusRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusShoot25.0 270.0 -0.19 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Artemisia annuaShoot2.0 80.0 -0.29 Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Artemisia annuaPlant-- 1200.0 0.25 Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Artemisia dracunculusEssential Oil-- -- *
Asarum canadenseRhizome-- -- *
Asiasarum sieboldiiRoot-- -- *
Asimina trilobaFruit0.027 0.548 -0.75 *
Aspalathus linearisLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Avena sativaSeed-- -- *
Bidens pilosaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 100000.0 -0.24 Jim Duke's personal files.
Boswellia serrataEssential Oil-- -- *
Boswellia sacraResin Essent. Oil-- 1.7 Abdel Wahab, S. M., Aboutabl, E. A., El-Zalabani, S. M., Fouad, H. A., De Pooter, H. L., El-Fallaha, B. 1987. The Essential Oil of Olibanum. Plant Med. 53 (4): 382-384.
Boswellia sacraEssential Oil-- 128000.0 -0.0 *
Boswellia sacraResin, Exudate, Sap-- 78200.0 Chiavari, G., Gtalletti, G. C., Piccaglia, R., Mohamud, M. A. 1991. Differentiation Between Resins Boswellia carterii and Boswellia frereana (Frankincense) of Somali Origin. J. Essent. Oil Res. 3 (3):185-186.
Bursera delpechianaWood75.0 360.0 *
Calamintha nepetaLeaf-- 80.0 -0.36 Akgul, A., De Pooter, H.L., and De Buyck, L.F. 1991. The Essential Oils of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa and Ziziphora clinopodioides from Turkey. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 7-10.
Calamintha nepetaShoot-- 585.0 -0.03 Kirimer, N., Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T. and Kurkcuoglo, M. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4:189-190
Callicarpa americanaLeaf-- 4.0 -0.44 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- -- *
Canarium indicumEssential Oil54100.0 135250.0 0.04 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit-- -- *
Capsicum annuumFruit-- -- *
Carthamus tinctoriusLeaf-- 0.01 -0.45 *
Carthamus tinctoriusBud-- 0.01 *
Carum carviFruit7860.0 30180.0 3.58 *
Carum carviEssential Oil250000.0 500000.0 2.14 *
Carum carviSeed3000.0 42000.0 2.25 *
Carum carviPlant-- 420.0 -0.23 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Carum carviSeed Essent. Oil-- 381600.0 0.72 *
Centella asiaticaShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Chamaemelum nobilePlant-- -- *
Chenopodium ambrosioidesPlant-- -- *
Chrysanthemum partheniumShoot-- -- Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Chrysanthemum balsamitaPlant-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumBark46.0 184.0 -1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cinnamomum verumRoot Bark-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumStem Bark-- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Cinnamomum camphoraLeaf48.0 120.0 -0.32 *
Cinnamomum verumBark Essent. Oil-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Cistus ladaniferusLeaf17.0 1190.0 0.8 *
Citrullus colocynthisPetiole-- -- *
Citrus limonPetiole-- 3090.0 *
Citrus sinensisFruit Juice1.0 278.0 *
Citrus paradisiLeaf-- 205.0 -0.23 *
Citrus limonLeaf Essent. Oil284000.0 754000.0 2.65 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit4700.0 7500.0 0.33 *
Citrus aurantiumPlant1000.0 8000.0 4.43 Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Citrus mitisFruit Juice-- -- *
Citrus reticulataFruit6500.0 9400.0 0.6 *
Citrus limonPericarp Essent. Oil512000.0 774000.0 *
Citrus limonFruit Essent. Oil512000.0 980000.0 1.27 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus reticulataEssential Oil-- -- *
Citrus sinensisFruit8300.0 9700.0 0.64 *
Citrus limonEssential Oil2796.0 8000.0 -0.69 *
Citrus aurantiumLeaf70.0 110.0 -0.33 *
Cleonia lusitanicaLeaf165.0 325.0 -0.11 Perez-Alonso, M., Velasco-Negueruela, A., and Lopez-Saez, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Cleonia lusitanica. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 441-442.
Cocos nuciferaFruit-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Collinsonia canadensisPlant-- -- *
Commiphora myrrhaResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumFruit34.0 1238.0 -0.57 *
Coriandrum sativumSeed Essent. Oil15500.0 18950.0 -0.79 *
Coriandrum sativumEssential Oil-- -- *
Coridothymus capitatusShoot-- 110.0 -0.27 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style-- -- *
Cuminum cyminumSeed60.0 696.0 -0.71 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cuminum cyminumFruit60.0 696.0 -0.65 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed Essent. Oil-- 2500.0 -0.86 *
Cunila origanoidesShoot-- 140.0 -0.26 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Curcuma longaTuber-- -- *
Curcuma longaRhizome Essent. Oil-- 2300.0 -0.78 *
Curcuma longaLeaf-- 125.0 -0.32 *
Curcuma longaRhizome-- 80.0 -1.05 *
Curcuma longaEssential Oil-- 2300.0 -0.72 *
Cymbopogon flexuosusPlant-- -- *
Cymbopogon citratusPlant-- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Cymbopogon parkeriPlant20.0 634.0 -0.1 Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Cymbopogon martiniiPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cyperus rotundusEssential Oil-- -- *
Daucus carotaRoot-- 150.0 -0.45 *
Daucus carotaShoot-- 26.0 -0.32 *
Daucus carotaSeed20.0 1500.0 -0.66 *
Dictamnus albusShoot13.0 17.0 -0.32 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Dictamnus hispanicusShoot-- -- Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Dracocephalum thymifloraPlant-- 10.0 -0.48 *
Echinacea sppFruit-- -- Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Elettaria cardamomumFruit595.0 9481.0 0.61 *
Elettaria cardamomumSeed Essent. Oil-- 84600.0 -0.52 *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit Essent. Oil-- 25000.0 -1.16 *
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- -- -0.45 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia blandaShoot-- 55.0 -0.3 Bestman, H.J., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky O., Pant, A.K., Dev. V., Perihar, R. and Mathela, C.S. 1992. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Elsholtsia blanda Benth. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oils Res. 4: 121-124
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- -- -0.45 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia eriostachyaShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Pant, A.K., Dev, V., Parihar, R., Mathela,C.S., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky, O. and Bestmann, H.J. 1992. The Essential Oil from Elsholtzia eriostachya var. pusilla. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 547-549.
Elsholtzia nipponicaPlant-- -- Hegnauer, R. 1962-1997. Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen, Bde 1-11. Birkhauser Verlag Basel, Boston, Berlin.
Ephedra sinicaShoot-- 23.0 -0.32 *
Eruca sativaHs-- -- *
Eucalyptus tereticornisShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus ochrophloiaLeaf-- 0.7 -0.45 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus forrestianaLeaf-- 380.0 -0.05 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus siderophloiaShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus cupreaLeaf-- 290.0 -0.14 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus polyanthemosShoot-- 630.0 -0.01 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus diversicolorShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus angulosaLeaf-- 50.0 -0.4 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus citriodoraShoot-- 4000.0 1.71 *
Eucalyptus moluccanaShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus bridgesianaLeaf-- 585.0 0.17 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Volatile Constituents of the Essential Oil of Eucalyptus bridgesiana Growing in India. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 449-450.
Eucalyptus maculataShoot-- 15.0 -0.32 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus nova-anglicaLeaf4.0 7.0 -0.44 Brophy, J. L., Lassak, E. V., & Boland, D. J. 1992. The Leaf Essential Oils of Eucalyptus nova-anglica. Deane & Maiden. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 29-32.
Eucalyptus citriodoraLeaf Essent. Oil-- 5000.0 -0.66 *
Eucalyptus blakelyiShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus viridisLeaf-- 22.0 -0.42 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus melanophloiaLeaf-- 2.0 -0.45 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus porosaLeaf-- 295.0 -0.14 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus stoateiLeaf-- 535.0 0.12 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus intertextaLeaf-- 340.0 -0.09 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus erythrandraLeaf-- 390.0 -0.04 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus salignaShoot-- 800.0 0.08 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus largisparsaLeaf-- 135.0 -0.31 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus oviformisShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus dealbataShoot-- 1180.0 0.27 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus albensShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus ceratocorysLeaf-- 155.0 -0.28 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus melliodoraShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus brassianaLeaf-- 150.0 -0.29 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Chemical Constituents of the Leaf Essential Oil of Eucalyptus brassiana S. T. Blake. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 45-7.
Eucalyptus incrassataLeaf-- 680.0 0.27 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf Essent. Oil31000.0 52000.0 -0.45 *
Eucalyptus citriodoraEssential Oil-- -- *
Eucalyptus astringensShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus leucoxylonLeaf-- 35.0 -0.41 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus desquamataLeaf-- 40.0 -0.41 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus tetrapteraLeaf-- 565.0 0.15 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus lansdowneanaLeaf-- 25.0 -0.42 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus globulusShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus sideroxylonShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus behrianaLeaf-- 2.7 -0.44 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus dolichorhynchaLeaf-- 225.0 -0.21 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus punctataShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus sparsaLeaf-- 245.0 -0.19 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus occidentalisShoot-- 1955.0 0.67 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus cladocalyxShoot-- 275.0 -0.19 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus camaldulensisShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus maideniShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus botryoidesShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus grandisLeaf Essent. Oil-- 25000.0 -0.57 *
Eucalyptus bosistoanaShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus populneaLeaf-- 1.8 -0.45 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus fasiculosaLeaf-- 75.0 -0.37 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus citriodoraLeaf20.0 1420.0 1.05 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus odorataLeaf-- 40.0 -0.41 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Euodia rutaecarpaLeaf-- -- *
Ferula gummosaPlant-- -- *
Ficus caricaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareEssential Oil2000.0 324400.0 1.13 Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgareFlower Essent. Oil-- 342000.0 0.67 Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgarePlant-- 1800.0 0.62 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Foeniculum vulgareSeed200.0 9420.0 -0.09 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Foeniculum vulgareSeed Essent. Oil25000.0 131000.0 -0.32 Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgareLeaf Essent. Oil-- 578000.0 1.88 Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgareFruit200.0 9420.0 0.6 *
Gentiana luteaEssential Oil-- 346800.0 1.26 Abstract (See species file)
Glechoma hederaceaPlant1.0 6.0 -0.48 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hedeoma hispidaPlant-- 36.0 -0.46 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hedeoma drummondiiPlant1.0 410.0 -0.23 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hedeoma reverchoniiPlant-- 368.0 -0.26 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hedeoma pulegioidesPlant36.0 570.0 -0.14 *
Hedeoma pulegioidesPollen Or Spore-- 6000.0 *
Hedychium flavumShoot-- 140.0 -0.26 *
Helianthus annuusFlower-- -- *
Hesperis matronalisFlower-- -- Nielsen, J. K., Jakobsen, H. B., Friis, P., Hansen, K., Moller, J., Olsen, C. E. 1995. Asynchronous Rhythmus in the Emission of Volatiles from Hesperis matronalis Flowers. Phytochemistry, 38(4): 847-851.
Hibiscus sabdariffaCalyx-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataShoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Humulus lupulusEssential Oil-- -- *
Humulus lupulusFruit-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumShoot-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumPlant5.0 90.0 -0.43 *
Hypericum perforatumLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Hyptis suaveolensPlant-- 390.0 -0.25 Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 74.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- -- Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Hyssopus officinalisLeaf7.0 480.0 0.06 *
Hyssopus officinalisFlower5.0 54.0 -0.58 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 69.
Illicium verumFruit100.0 5220.0 -0.0 *
Isanthus brachiatusPlant-- 20.0 -0.47 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Juglans nigraEssential Oil-- 15000.0 -0.65 *
Juniperus communisFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Juniperus virginianaLeaf-- -- *
Juniperus communisFruit76.0 910.0 -0.62 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Juniperus communisEssential Oil-- 31000.0 -0.56 *
Lantana camaraShoot-- 18.0 -0.32 *
Larrea tridentataEssential Oil-- -- *
Laurus nobilisLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Laurus nobilisLeaf55.0 500.0 0.08 *
Lavandula angustifoliaFlower-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lavandula x intermediaPlant50.0 140.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lavandula x hybridaShoot110.0 200.0 -0.23 Tucker, A.O., Maciarello, M.J., Angell, S., Espaillat, J.R., and French, E.C. 1993. The Essential Oil of Lavandula x hybrida Balb. ex Ging., a Distinct Hybrid from L. x heterophylla Poir. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 443-445.
Lavandula latifoliaPlant55.0 297.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Leonotis leonurusSe-- 28.0 Pedro, L.G., Barroso, J.G., Marques, N.T., Ascensao, L., Pais, M.S.S. and Scheffer, J.J.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil from Sepals of Leonotis leonurus R. Br. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 451-3
Leonurus cardiacaPlant-- 2.0 -0.48 *
Lepechinia calycinaPlant-- 115.0 -0.42 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Levisticum officinaleRoot8.0 80.0 -0.58 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lindera benzoinTwig9.0 11.0 *
Lindera benzoinLeaf-- 0.4 -0.45 *
Lindera benzoinFruit80.0 115.0 -0.73 *
Lippia albaPlant-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Litsea glaucescensShoot25.0 30.0 -0.31 Tucker, et al, EB46(1):21-24.1992
Lycopus virginicusPlant10.0 26.0 -0.47 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lycopus uniflorusPlant111.0 174.0 -0.38 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Magnolia denudataLeaf-- -- *
Magnolia denudataBark-- -- *
Magnolia fargesiiFlower-- -- *
Magnolia denudataFlower-- -- *
Magnolia denudataTwig-- -- *
Magnolia denudataBulb-- -- *
Mangifera indicaFlower-- -- *
Marrubium vulgarePlant-- -- *
Marrubium vulgareEssential Oil-- -- *
Medicago sativaEssential Oil-- -- *
Melaleuca leucadendraPlant-- -- *
Melaleuca alternifoliaLeaf100.0 250.0 -0.18 *
Melaleuca alternifoliaEssential Oil9000.0 43000.0 -0.49 *
Melaleuca cajuputiLeaf-- 430.0 0.0 *
Melaleuca alternifoliaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 9000.0 -0.64 *
Melaleuca alternifoliaRoot Essent. Oil-- 18700.0 -0.85 *
Melissa officinalisShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Deutsche Apot. Ziit. 129(4):155-163. W. Schulze et al. Die Melisse.
Mentha pulegiumShoot-- -- *
Mentha x rotundifoliaLeaf14.0 500.0 0.08 *
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 60.0 -0.3 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha spicataPlant7.0 9075.0 5.09 *
Mentha longifoliaShoot7.0 3040.0 1.22 *
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 75.0 -0.29 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha spicataShoot-- -- *
Mentha spPlant-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Mentha pulegiumLeaf Essent. Oil-- 5000.0 -0.66 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Mentha aquaticaLeaf114.0 714.0 0.3 *
Mentha pulegiumPlant41.0 148.0 -0.39 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Mentha arvensis var. piperascensLeaf20.0 3520.0 3.26 *
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 60.0 -0.3 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha pulegiumEssential Oil1000.0 110000.0 -0.1 *
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 21.0 -0.32 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha x rotundifoliaLeaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Mentha x piperitaLeaf2.0 320.0 -0.11 *
Mentha pulegiumPlant10.0 2200.0 0.87 *
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 60.0 -0.3 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha spicataEssential Oil19000.0 363000.0 1.35 *
Micromeria teneriffaeLeaf-- 560.0 0.14 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria congestaLeaf275.0 355.0 -0.07 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria myrtifoliaShoot-- 0.9 -0.33 Ozek, T., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria myrtifolia Boiss. et Hohen. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 79-80.
Micromeria variaShoot-- 80.0 -0.29 Pedro, L.G., et al. 1995. Composition of the Essential oil of Micromeria varia Benth. ssp. thymoides (Sol. ex Lowe) Perez var. thymoides, and endemic species of the Madeira Archipelago. flav. & Fragr. J. 10(3): 199-202.
Micromeria fruticosaShoot-- 335.0 -0.16 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Micromeria julianaLeaf-- 25.0 -0.42 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria fruticosaLeaf-- 1.0 -0.45 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria thymifoliaLeaf-- 175.0 -0.26 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria croaticaLeaf-- 30.0 -0.42 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria variaShoot-- 80.0 -0.29 *
Micromeria fruticosaShoot-- 335.0 -0.16 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Minthostachys mollisShoot4.0 10.0 -0.32 Alkire, B.H., Tucker, A.O., and Maciarello, M.J. 1994. Tipo (Minthostachys mollis (Lamiaceae): An Ecuadorian Mint. Econ. Bot. 48(1): 60-64.
Moldavica thymifloraPlant-- 10.0 -0.48 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda didymaPlant2.0 1300.0 0.31 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda clinopodiaPlant-- 287.0 -0.31 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda citriodoraLeaf-- 35.0 -0.41 Collins, J.E., Bishop, C.D., Deans, S.G. and Svoboda, K.P. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil from the Leaves and Flowers of Monarda citriodora var. citriodora grown in the United Kingdom. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 27-9.
Monarda mediaPlant236.0 1484.0 0.43 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda didymaLeaf25.0 40.0 -0.41 *
Monarda russelianaPlant-- 104.0 -0.42 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda citriodoraFlower-- 40.0 -0.61 Collins, J.E., Bishop, C.D., Deans, S.G. and Svoboda, K.P. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil from the Leaves and Flowers of Monarda citriodora var. citriodora grown in the United Kingdom. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 27-9.
Monarda lindheimeriPlant-- 94.0 -0.43 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda fistulosaPlant3.0 589.0 -0.12 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda didymaFlower-- 10.0 -0.68 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 80.
Monarda citriodoraPlant89.0 90.0 -0.43 *
Monarda punctataPlant50.0 2874.0 1.28 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Morinda citrifoliaFruit-- 0.17 -0.75 *
Murraya koenigiiLeaf-- 115.0 -0.33 *
Myrica ceriferaLeaf-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransSeed Essent. Oil31000.0 119000.0 -0.37 *
Myristica fragransLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Myristica fragransSeed720.0 5760.0 -0.35 *
Myristica fragransEssential Oil36000.0 44000.0 -0.48 *
Myrrhis odorataEssential Oil-- 2600.0 -0.72 Hussain, R.A., et. al. 1990. Sweetening Agents of Plant Origin: Phenylpropanoid Constituents of Seven Sweet-Tasting Plants. Econ. Bot. 44 2: 174-182. Program Collab. Res. Pharm. Sci. Coll. Pharmacy Univ. Illinois at Chicago IL 60680, USA.
Myrrhis odorataPlant-- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
Myrtus communisLeaf40.0 585.0 0.17 *
Myrtus communisPlant185.0 585.0 -0.13 *
Nepeta catariaPlant-- -- *
Nepeta catariaLeaf-- -- *
Nepeta racemosaShoot-- 90.0 -0.28 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Nepeta racemosaShoot-- 90.0 -0.28 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Ocimum basilicumPlant-- 20.0 -0.47 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Ocimum basilicumEssential Oil3100.0 77600.0 -0.29 *
Ocimum gratissimumPlant10.0 105.0 -0.42 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ocimum kilimandscharicumLeaf360.0 615.0 0.2 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Ocimum basilicumLeaf Essent. Oil1000.0 2900.0 -0.67 *
Ocimum gratissimumLeaf185.0 335.0 -0.1 Charles, D.J. and Simon, J.E. 1992. A New Geraniol Chemotype of Ocimum gratissimum L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 231-234.
Ocimum kilimandscharicumFlower570.0 980.0 1.55 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Ocimum basilicumPlant-- 20.0 -0.47 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Ocimum basilicumShoot Essent. Oil-- 7100.0 -0.86 *
Ocimum gratissimumShoot-- 42.0 -0.31 Vostrowsky, O., Garbe, W., Bestmann, H.J. and Maia, J.G.S. 1990. Essential Oil of Alfavaca, Ocimum gratissimum, from Brazilian Amazon. Zeitschr. Naturforschung 45(C): 1073-6.
Ocimum gratissimumFlower158.0 220.0 -0.19 Charles, D.J. and Simon, J.E. 1992. A New Geraniol Chemotype of Ocimum gratissimum L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 231-234.
Ocimum tenuiflorumLeaf-- 145.0 -0.3 Brophy, J.J., Goldsack, R.J., and Clarkson, J.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Ocimum tenuiflorum L. (Lamiaceae) Growing in Northern Australia, J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 459-461.
Origanum onitesPlant-- 17.0 -0.48 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 70.0 -0.44 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 90.0 -0.28 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum majoranaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 24000.0 -0.57 *
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 120.0 -0.27 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 120.0 -0.27 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum onitesShoot-- 85.0 -0.29 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Origanum majoranaPlant18.0 1710.0 0.57 *
Origanum vulgareShoot Essent. Oil1400.0 35900.0 -0.56 *
Origanum vulgarePlant22.0 480.0 -0.19 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 5.0 -0.48 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum vulgareShoot-- 315.0 -0.17 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 55.0 -0.3 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 120.0 -0.27 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum minutiflorumShoot40.0 60.0 -0.3 Baser, K.H.C., Tumen, G., Sezik, E. 1991. The Essential Oil of Origanum minutiflorum O. Schwarz and P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 445-446.
Origanum onitesShoot-- 85.0 -0.29 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 17.0 -0.48 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 2.0 -0.48 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum majoranaEssential Oil-- 38000.0 -0.52 *
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 90.0 -0.28 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 10.0 -0.32 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Panax ginsengRoot-- -- Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Panax ginsengRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Pastinaca sativaRoot-- -- *
Pelargonium graveolensEssential Oil1.0 3.0 -0.74 *
Pelargonium citrosumShoot-- 10.0 -0.32 Matsuda, B. M., et al. 1996. Essential Oil Analysis and Field Evaluation of the Citrosa Plant 'Pelargonium citrosum' as a Repellent Against Populations of Aedes Mosquitoes. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 12(1):69-74.
Perilla frutescensShoot Essent. Oil-- 284000.0 2.03 Nguyen, X. D., La, D. M., Lu'u, D. C., Leclercq, P. A. 1995. Essential Oil Constituents from the Aerial Parts of Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7(4): 429-432.
Perilla frutescensPlant-- -- *
Perilla frutescensLeaf Essent. Oil-- 128000.0 -0.11 Kang, R., Helms, R., Stout, M.J., Jaber, H., Chen, Z., and Nakatsu, T. 1992. Antimicrobial Activity of the Volatile Constituents of Perilla frutescens and Its Synergistic Effects with Polygodial. J. Agric. Food Chem., 40: 2328-2330.
Petroselinum crispumSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Petroselinum crispumSeed6.0 1470.0 -0.66 *
Petroselinum crispumFruit Essent. Oil10000.0 60100.0 -1.07 *
Petroselinum crispumLeaf-- 16.0 -0.43 *
Peumus boldusLeaf6.0 400.0 -0.03 *
Phyllanthus niruriLeaf-- -- Tramil
Pilocarpus microphyllusLeaf-- 50.0 -0.4 *
Pilocarpus jaborandiLeaf-- 2350.0 2.02 *
Pimenta dioicaFruit-- 28.0 -0.75 *
Pimenta dioicaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Pimenta racemosaLeaf140.0 6870.0 6.78 *
Pimenta dioicaLeaf-- 15.0 -0.43 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumFruit25.0 459.0 -0.68 *
Pimpinella anisumEssential Oil-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumSeed25.0 459.0 -0.73 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Pinus sylvestrisResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisFlower-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisEssential Oil-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisShoot-- -- *
Piper nigrumFruit Essent. Oil130500.0 210600.0 -0.69 *
Piper auritumLeaf-- -- Tramil
Piper nigrumSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Piper cubebaFruit-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Piper nigrumFruit1500.0 8000.0 0.4 *
Plectranthus incanusShoot-- 65.0 -0.3 Shah, G.C., Bhandari, R. & Mathela, C.S. 1992. 1,2-Epoxy-p-Menthane Derivatives from some Labiatae Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 57-59.
Pogostemon cablinPlant-- -- *
Porophyllum ruderalePlant9.0 13.0 -0.48 Loayza, I., de Groot, W., Lorenzo, D. et al. 1999. Composition of the essential oil of Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. from Bolivia. Flav. & Fragr. J. 14: 393-8.
Prunus armeniacaEssential Oil-- -- *
Psidium guajavaPericarp Essent. Oil-- -- *
Psidium guajavaFruit-- 1000.0 -0.61 *
Psidium guajavaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Psoralea corylifoliaSeed-- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Ptychopetalum olacoidesRoot Essent. Oil-- 11000.0 -0.94 Uber Bucek, E., Fournier, G., Dadoun, H. 1987. Volatile Constituents of Ptychopetalum olacoides Root Oil. Planta Med. 53, 2: 231.
Pycnanthemum loomisiiShoot330.0 2520.0 0.95 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum torreyiShoot-- 60.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum californicumShoot-- 144.0 -0.26 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoidesShoot234.0 5800.0 2.62 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum muticumShoot87.0 900.0 0.13 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum incanumShoot209.0 1216.0 0.29 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum curvipesShoot-- 2323.0 0.85 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum virginianumShoot12.0 14674.0 7.14 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum tenuifoliumShoot2.0 8520.0 4.01 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum beadleiShoot-- 329.0 -0.16 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pilosumLeaf66.0 1225.0 0.84 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum montanumShoot287.0 416.0 -0.12 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum clinopodioidesShoot1134.0 10780.0 5.16 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum verticillatumShoot-- 336.0 -0.16 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum setosumShoot40.0 1085.0 0.22 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum albescensShoot1688.0 5697.0 2.57 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pilosumFlower66.0 1225.0 2.11 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ravensara aromaticaBark-- 440.0 1.0 *
Ribes nigrumFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ribes nigrumLeaf-- 7.0 -0.44 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosa damascenaEssential Oil-- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot Essent. Oil-- 8200.0 -0.85 *
Rosmarinus tomentosusShoot160.0 295.0 -0.18 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalisEssential Oil-- 46000.0 -0.47 *
Rosmarinus eriocalyxShoot145.0 330.0 -0.16 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf-- 100.0 -0.34 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot-- 9.0 -0.32 Tucker, A. O. and Maciarello, M. J. 1998. The essential oils of some rosemary cultivars. Flavor and Fragrance Journal, 1: 137-142. 1986.
Rosmarinus officinalisResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Rosmarinus x mendizabaliiShoot100.0 370.0 -0.14 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant-- 1950.0 0.71 *
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot175.0 365.0 -0.14 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf Essent. Oil-- 23000.0 -0.58 *
Rosmarinus x lavandulaceusShoot110.0 405.0 -0.12 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus eriocalyxShoot145.0 330.0 -0.16 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf-- 100.0 -0.34 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot185.0 530.0 -0.06 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Ruta graveolensPlant-- -- *
Salvia dorisianaShoot64.0 72.0 -0.29 Tucker, A.O. & Maciarello, M.J. 1994. The Essential Oil of Salvia dorisiana Standley. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 97-8.
Salvia officinalisEt-- 14000.0 -1.0 *
Salvia trilobaPlant100.0 690.0 -0.06 *
Salvia officinalisEssential Oil6600.0 85000.0 -0.25 *
Salvia sclareaPlant0.4 12.0 -0.48 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 154.
Salvia gilliesiiShoot-- 180.0 -0.24 Velasco-Negueruela, A. et al. 1993. The Essential Oil of Salvia gilliesii Benth. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 319-320.
Salvia officinalisLeaf Essent. Oil10000.0 36400.0 -0.52 *
Salvia officinalisPlant39.0 2380.0 0.98 *
Sambucus nigraFlower Essent. Oil-- -- *
Santolina chamaecyparissusPlant-- -- *
Sassafras albidumLeaf16.0 32.0 -0.41 *
Satureja glabellaPlant-- 50.0 -0.46 *
Satureja thymbraShoot-- -- -0.33 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Satureja odoraShoot-- 175.0 -0.24 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Satureja cilicicaShoot-- 115.0 -0.27 Tumen, G. Baser, K.H.C. and Kirimer, N. 1993. The Essential Oil of Satureja cilicica P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 547-548.
Satureja obovataShoot1.0 255.0 -0.2 Fitoterapia No.60: 277.
Satureja montanaPlant4.0 85.0 -0.43 *
Satureja douglasiiPlant234.0 1508.0 0.44 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Satureja subspicataPlant-- 25.0 -0.47 Stanic, G., Petricic, J., and Blazevic, N. 1991. Gas Chromatographic Investigations of Essential Oils of Satureja montana and Satureja subspicata from Yugoslavia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 153-158.
Satureja grandifloraShoot-- 50.0 -0.3 Carnat, A., Chossegros, A., and Lamaison, J. 1991. The Essential Oil of Satureja grandiflora (L.) Scheele from France. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 361-362
Satureja montanaEssential Oil-- 6200.0 -0.7 *
Satureja hortensisPlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Satureja parvifoliaShoot-- 255.0 -0.2 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Satureja cuneifoliaShoot-- 125.0 -0.26 Tumen, G. 1991. The Volatile Constituents of Satureja cuneifolia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 365-366.
Scutellaria galericulataPlant-- 13.0 -0.48 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Sideritis mugronensisFlower1.0 155.0 -0.34 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Sideritis pauliShoot-- 55.0 -0.3 Burzaco, A., Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1992. Essential Oil Analysis of Sideritis pauli Pau. FFJ7: 47-8. 1992.
Sideritis germanicolpitanaPlant35.0 45.0 -0.46 J. Essential Oil, 4: 533.
Sideritis mugronensisLeaf-- 1.0 -0.45 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Sideritis athoaShoot-- 26.0 -0.32 Ozek, T., Baser, K.H.C. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Essential Oil of Sideritis athoa Papanikolaou Et Kokkini. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 669-670.
Stachys germanicaPlant-- 18.0 -0.47 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Stevia rebaudianaFlower-- 30.0 -0.63 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stevia rebaudianaPlant-- 10.0 -0.48 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 1.0 -0.45 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Tagetes minutaFlower Essent. Oil166300.0 353200.0 0.75 *
Tagetes lucidaLeaf-- 165.0 -0.27 Tramil
Tagetes filifoliaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- Zygadlo, J. S., Guzman, C. A., Grosso, N. R. 1994. Antifungal Properties of the Leaf Oils of Tagetes Minuta L. and T. filifolia Lag. J. Essent. Oil Res. 6 6: 617-621. Cat Quim Org Fac Cien Exact Univ Nacion Cordoba Cordoba 5000 Argentina.
Tagetes minutaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 200000.0 0.21 Zygadlo, J. S., Guzman, C. A., Grosso, N. R. 1994. Antifungal Properties of the Leaf Oils of Tagetes Minuta L. and T. filifolia Lag. J. Essent. Oil Res. 6 6: 617-621. Cat Quim Org Fac Cien Exact Univ Nacion Cordoba Cordoba 5000 Argentina.
Tagetes minutaEssential Oil-- -- *
Tagetes minutaFruit Essent. Oil213100.0 353200.0 -0.33 *
Tagetes minutaShoot Essent. Oil-- 83000.0 -0.07 *
Tamarindus indicaFruit-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Tanacetum partheniumShoot-- -- Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Tanacetum partheniumEssential Oil-- 5000.0 -0.71 *
Teucrium arduiniShoot-- 3.0 -0.33 Blazevic, N., Kalodera, Z., Petricic, J., and Plazibat, M. 1992. Essential Oil Content and Composition of Teucrium arduini L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 223-225.
Teucrium poliumPlant-- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Teucrium oxylepisShoot-- 1.83 -0.33 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium asiaticumShoot-- 0.62 -0.33 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium pseudoscorodoniaShoot-- 0.28 -0.33 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium gnaphalodesShoot-- 7.0 -0.32 Perez-Alonso, M.J. Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Lopez-Saez, J.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Two Iberian Teucrium Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 397-402.
Teucrium scorodoniaShoot-- 0.51 -0.33 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium oxylepisShoot-- 0.99 -0.33 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium micropodioidesLeaf-- 170.0 -0.27 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium divaricatumLeaf-- 125.0 -0.32 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium poliumShoot-- 16.0 -0.32 Perez-Alonso, M.J. Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Lopez-Saez, J.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Two Iberian Teucrium Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 397-402.
Teucrium arduiniShoot-- 3.0 -0.33 Blazevic, N., Kalodera, Z., Petricic, J., and Plazibat, M. 1992. Essential Oil Content and Composition of Teucrium arduini L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 223-225.
Teucrium salviastrumShoot-- 0.98 -0.33 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium kotschyanumLeaf-- 45.0 -0.4 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium cypriumLeaf-- 39.0 -0.41 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Thuja occidentalisBranches-- -- *
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 5.0 -0.33 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus zygisShoot0.1 190.0 -0.23 De Cunha, A.P. and Salguiero, L.R. 1991. The Chemical Polymorphism of Thymus zygis ssp. sylvestris from Central Portugal. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 409-12.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 5.0 -0.33 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus serpyllumPlant3.0 57.0 -0.45 *
Thymus cilicicusShoot-- 570.0 -0.04 Tumen, G., Koyuncu, M., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil of Thymus cilicicus Boiss. & Bal. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 97-8.
Thymus capitatusShoot-- 4.0 -0.33 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Thymus x citriodorusPlant-- -- -0.49 Stahl-Biskup, E. and Holthuijzen, J. 1995. Essential oil and glycosidally bound volatiles of lemon-scented thyme, Thymus x citriodorus (Pers.) Schreb. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10: 225-229.
Thymus zygisShoot-- -- Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 5.0 -0.33 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus capitatusPlant10.0 30.0 -0.47 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus saturejoidesShoot-- 10.0 -0.32 Tantaoui-Elaraki, A., Lattaoui, N., Errifi, A. and Benjilali, B. 1993. Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Thymus broussonettii, T. zygis and T. saturejoides. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 45-53.
Thymus orospedanusPlant-- 140.0 -0.4 J. Nat. Prod.
Thymus broussonettiiShoot-- 30.0 -0.31 Tantaoui-Elaraki, A., Lattaoui, N., Errifi, A. and Benjilali, B. 1993. Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Thymus broussonettii, T. zygis and T. saturejoides. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 45-53.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- -- Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus zygisShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 770.0 0.06 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus vulgarisPlant15.0 5200.0 2.71 *
Thymus riatarumShoot-- 85.0 -0.29 Iglesias, J., Vila, R., Canigueral, S., Bellakdhar, and Il Idrissi, A. 1991. Analysis of the Essential Oil of Thymus riatarum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 43-4.
Thymus mastichinaPlant240.0 280.0 -0.31 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus vulgarisEssential Oil-- 5300.0 -0.71 *
Tilia sp.Flower-- -- *
Trachyspermum ammiFruit75.0 2040.0 -0.46 *
Trichostemma dichotomumShoot-- 5.0 -0.33 Tucker, A.O. and Maciarello, M.J. 1990. The Essential Oil of Trichostemma dichotomum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 2: 149-150.
Trifolium pratenseFlower-- 27.0 -0.64 Buchnauer,G.,Jirovetz,L.,Nikiforov,A.1996.Comparative Investigation of Essential Clover Flower Oils from Austria Using Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detection,Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectometry,and Gas Chrom.-Olfactometry.J.Agrc.Food Chem.44:1827-8
Umbellularia californicaPlant40.0 160.0 -0.39 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit Juice-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisRoot-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisLeaf Essent. Oil2300.0 25500.0 -0.57 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit-- -- *
Vetiveria zizanioidesRoot-- 15.0 -0.7 *
Vitex agnus-castusFlower-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitex agnus-castusLeaf-- 6.0 -0.44 Ekundayo, O., Laakso, I., Holopainen, M., Hiltunen, R., Oguntimein, B., and Kauppinen, V. 1990. The Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Leaf Oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. J. Essential Oil Research, 2: 115-119.
Vitex agnus-castusFruit590.0 4000.0 -0.18 *
Vitex agnus-castusLeaf Essent. Oil-- 112100.0 -0.18 Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitex agnus-castusFruit Essent. Oil-- 1036500.0 1.41 Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitis viniferaPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Zanthoxylum alatumFruit-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Zea maysHusk Essent. Oil-- -- *
Zea maysSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Zea maysLeaf-- -- *
Zea maysSilk Essent. Oil-- 7000.0 *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- -- *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome Essent. Oil-- 21000.0 1.41 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome17.0 1050.0 0.67 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.