Data Views

Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Vitex agnus-castusFruit Essent. Oil-- 1036500.0 1.41 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus limonFruit Essent. Oil512000.0 980000.0 1.27 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus limonPericarp Essent. Oil512000.0 774000.0 *
Citrus limonLeaf Essent. Oil284000.0 754000.0 2.65 *
Apium graveolensSeed Essent. Oil350000.0 721600.0 2.14 *
Apium graveolensFruit Essent. Oil350000.0 706000.0 0.57 *
Apium graveolensEt-- 695000.0 1.0 *
Apium graveolensStem Essent. Oil-- 695000.0 *
Anethum graveolensEssential Oil467000.0 628800.0 2.88 *
Apium graveolensLeaf Essent. Oil-- 621000.0 2.07 *
Foeniculum vulgareLeaf Essent. Oil-- 578000.0 1.88 Jim Duke's personal files.
Carum carviEssential Oil250000.0 500000.0 2.14 *
Carum carviSeed Essent. Oil-- 381600.0 0.72 *
Mentha spicataEssential Oil19000.0 363000.0 1.35 *
Tagetes minutaFlower Essent. Oil166300.0 353200.0 0.75 *
Tagetes minutaFruit Essent. Oil213100.0 353200.0 -0.33 *
Gentiana luteaEssential Oil-- 346800.0 1.26 Abstract (See species file)
Foeniculum vulgareFlower Essent. Oil-- 342000.0 0.67 Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgareEssential Oil2000.0 324400.0 1.13 Jim Duke's personal files.
Perilla frutescensShoot Essent. Oil-- 284000.0 2.03 Nguyen, X. D., La, D. M., Lu'u, D. C., Leclercq, P. A. 1995. Essential Oil Constituents from the Aerial Parts of Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7(4): 429-432.
Angelica archangelicaRoot Essent. Oil-- 227000.0 1.52 *
Anethum graveolensLeaf Essent. Oil-- 214300.0 0.27 *
Piper nigrumFruit Essent. Oil130500.0 210600.0 -0.69 *
Tagetes minutaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 200000.0 0.21 Zygadlo, J. S., Guzman, C. A., Grosso, N. R. 1994. Antifungal Properties of the Leaf Oils of Tagetes Minuta L. and T. filifolia Lag. J. Essent. Oil Res. 6 6: 617-621. Cat Quim Org Fac Cien Exact Univ Nacion Cordoba Cordoba 5000 Argentina.
Canarium indicumEssential Oil54100.0 135250.0 0.04 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed Essent. Oil25000.0 131000.0 -0.32 Jim Duke's personal files.
Boswellia sacraEssential Oil-- 128000.0 -0.0 *
Perilla frutescensLeaf Essent. Oil-- 128000.0 -0.11 Kang, R., Helms, R., Stout, M.J., Jaber, H., Chen, Z., and Nakatsu, T. 1992. Antimicrobial Activity of the Volatile Constituents of Perilla frutescens and Its Synergistic Effects with Polygodial. J. Agric. Food Chem., 40: 2328-2330.
Anethum graveolensShoot Essent. Oil-- 119200.0 0.31 *
Myristica fragransSeed Essent. Oil31000.0 119000.0 -0.37 *
Apium graveolensRoot Essent. Oil-- 117000.0 0.27 *
Vitex agnus-castusLeaf Essent. Oil-- 112100.0 -0.18 Jim Duke's personal files.
Mentha pulegiumEssential Oil1000.0 110000.0 -0.1 *
Bidens pilosaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 100000.0 -0.24 Jim Duke's personal files.
Salvia officinalisEssential Oil6600.0 85000.0 -0.25 *
Elettaria cardamomumSeed Essent. Oil-- 84600.0 -0.52 *
Tagetes minutaShoot Essent. Oil-- 83000.0 -0.07 *
Boswellia sacraResin, Exudate, Sap-- 78200.0 Chiavari, G., Gtalletti, G. C., Piccaglia, R., Mohamud, M. A. 1991. Differentiation Between Resins Boswellia carterii and Boswellia frereana (Frankincense) of Somali Origin. J. Essent. Oil Res. 3 (3):185-186.
Ocimum basilicumEssential Oil3100.0 77600.0 -0.29 *
Petroselinum crispumFruit Essent. Oil10000.0 60100.0 -1.07 *
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf Essent. Oil31000.0 52000.0 -0.45 *
Rosmarinus officinalisEssential Oil-- 46000.0 -0.47 *
Myristica fragransEssential Oil36000.0 44000.0 -0.48 *
Melaleuca alternifoliaEssential Oil9000.0 43000.0 -0.49 *
Carum carviSeed3000.0 42000.0 2.25 *
Aesculus hippocastanumFlower Essent. Oil-- 42000.0 -1.41 Jim Duke's personal files.
Origanum majoranaEssential Oil-- 38000.0 -0.52 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf Essent. Oil10000.0 36400.0 -0.52 *
Origanum vulgareShoot Essent. Oil1400.0 35900.0 -0.56 *
Juniperus communisEssential Oil-- 31000.0 -0.56 *
Carum carviFruit7860.0 30180.0 3.58 *
Valeriana officinalisLeaf Essent. Oil2300.0 25500.0 -0.57 *
Eucalyptus grandisLeaf Essent. Oil-- 25000.0 -0.57 *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit Essent. Oil-- 25000.0 -1.16 *
Apium graveolensSeed530.0 24000.0 0.96 *
Origanum majoranaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 24000.0 -0.57 *
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf Essent. Oil-- 23000.0 -0.58 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome Essent. Oil-- 21000.0 1.41 *
Coriandrum sativumSeed Essent. Oil15500.0 18950.0 -0.79 *
Melaleuca alternifoliaRoot Essent. Oil-- 18700.0 -0.85 *
Juglans nigraEssential Oil-- 15000.0 -0.65 *
Pycnanthemum virginianumShoot12.0 14674.0 7.14 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Salvia officinalisEt-- 14000.0 -1.0 *
Ptychopetalum olacoidesRoot Essent. Oil-- 11000.0 -0.94 Uber Bucek, E., Fournier, G., Dadoun, H. 1987. Volatile Constituents of Ptychopetalum olacoides Root Oil. Planta Med. 53, 2: 231.
Pycnanthemum clinopodioidesShoot1134.0 10780.0 5.16 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus sinensisFruit8300.0 9700.0 0.64 *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit595.0 9481.0 0.61 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed200.0 9420.0 -0.09 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Foeniculum vulgareFruit200.0 9420.0 0.6 *
Citrus reticulataFruit6500.0 9400.0 0.6 *
Mentha spicataPlant7.0 9075.0 5.09 *
Melaleuca alternifoliaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 9000.0 -0.64 *
Pycnanthemum tenuifoliumShoot2.0 8520.0 4.01 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot Essent. Oil-- 8200.0 -0.85 *
Piper nigrumFruit1500.0 8000.0 0.4 *
Citrus limonEssential Oil2796.0 8000.0 -0.69 *
Citrus aurantiumPlant1000.0 8000.0 4.43 Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit4700.0 7500.0 0.33 *
Ocimum basilicumShoot Essent. Oil-- 7100.0 -0.86 *
Zea maysSilk Essent. Oil-- 7000.0 *
Pimenta racemosaLeaf140.0 6870.0 6.78 *
Satureja montanaEssential Oil-- 6200.0 -0.7 *
Hedeoma pulegioidesPollen Or Spore-- 6000.0 *
Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoidesShoot234.0 5800.0 2.62 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Myristica fragransSeed720.0 5760.0 -0.35 *
Pycnanthemum albescensShoot1688.0 5697.0 2.57 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus vulgarisEssential Oil-- 5300.0 -0.71 *
Illicium verumFruit100.0 5220.0 -0.0 *
Thymus vulgarisPlant15.0 5200.0 2.71 *
Tanacetum partheniumEssential Oil-- 5000.0 -0.71 *
Mentha pulegiumLeaf Essent. Oil-- 5000.0 -0.66 *
Eucalyptus citriodoraLeaf Essent. Oil-- 5000.0 -0.66 *
Eucalyptus citriodoraShoot-- 4000.0 1.71 *
Vitex agnus-castusFruit590.0 4000.0 -0.18 *
Anethum graveolensLeaf125.0 3735.0 3.48 *
Acinos suaveolensShoot-- 3700.0 1.56 Jim Duke's personal files.
Mentha arvensis var. piperascensLeaf20.0 3520.0 3.26 *
Alpinia galangaRhizome Essent. Oil-- 3500.0 -0.64 *
Citrus limonPetiole-- 3090.0 *
Mentha longifoliaShoot7.0 3040.0 1.22 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf Essent. Oil1000.0 2900.0 -0.67 *
Monarda punctataPlant50.0 2874.0 1.28 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Myrrhis odorataEssential Oil-- 2600.0 -0.72 Hussain, R.A., et. al. 1990. Sweetening Agents of Plant Origin: Phenylpropanoid Constituents of Seven Sweet-Tasting Plants. Econ. Bot. 44 2: 174-182. Program Collab. Res. Pharm. Sci. Coll. Pharmacy Univ. Illinois at Chicago IL 60680, USA.
Pycnanthemum loomisiiShoot330.0 2520.0 0.95 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cuminum cyminumSeed Essent. Oil-- 2500.0 -0.86 *
Agastache urticifoliaPlant-- 2464.0 1.03 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Salvia officinalisPlant39.0 2380.0 0.98 *
Pilocarpus jaborandiLeaf-- 2350.0 2.02 *
Pycnanthemum curvipesShoot-- 2323.0 0.85 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Curcuma longaRhizome Essent. Oil-- 2300.0 -0.78 *
Curcuma longaEssential Oil-- 2300.0 -0.72 *
Mentha pulegiumPlant10.0 2200.0 0.87 *
Trachyspermum ammiFruit75.0 2040.0 -0.46 *
Eucalyptus occidentalisShoot-- 1955.0 0.67 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant-- 1950.0 0.71 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant-- 1800.0 0.62 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum majoranaPlant18.0 1710.0 0.57 *
Abies balsameaPlant720.0 1550.0 0.47 *
Satureja douglasiiPlant234.0 1508.0 0.44 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Daucus carotaSeed20.0 1500.0 -0.66 *
Monarda mediaPlant236.0 1484.0 0.43 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Petroselinum crispumSeed6.0 1470.0 -0.66 *
Eucalyptus citriodoraLeaf20.0 1420.0 1.05 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Acorus calamusRhizome10.0 1400.0 1.28 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Angelica archangelicaRoot-- 1320.0 1.73 *
Monarda didymaPlant2.0 1300.0 0.31 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Coriandrum sativumFruit34.0 1238.0 -0.57 *
Pycnanthemum pilosumFlower66.0 1225.0 2.11 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pilosumLeaf66.0 1225.0 0.84 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum incanumShoot209.0 1216.0 0.29 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Artemisia annuaPlant-- 1200.0 0.25 Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Abies albaLeaf855.0 1197.0 0.81 *
Cistus ladaniferusLeaf17.0 1190.0 0.8 *
Eucalyptus dealbataShoot-- 1180.0 0.27 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Pycnanthemum setosumShoot40.0 1085.0 0.22 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Zingiber officinaleRhizome17.0 1050.0 0.67 *
Aloysia citrodoraPlant42.0 1050.0 0.16 *
Psidium guajavaFruit-- 1000.0 -0.61 *
Ocimum kilimandscharicumFlower570.0 980.0 1.55 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Juniperus communisFruit76.0 910.0 -0.62 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pycnanthemum muticumShoot87.0 900.0 0.13 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus salignaShoot-- 800.0 0.08 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 770.0 0.06 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Mentha aquaticaLeaf114.0 714.0 0.3 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed60.0 696.0 -0.71 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cuminum cyminumFruit60.0 696.0 -0.65 *
Salvia trilobaPlant100.0 690.0 -0.06 *
Eucalyptus incrassataLeaf-- 680.0 0.27 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Cymbopogon parkeriPlant20.0 634.0 -0.1 Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Eucalyptus polyanthemosShoot-- 630.0 -0.01 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Ocimum kilimandscharicumLeaf360.0 615.0 0.2 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Monarda fistulosaPlant3.0 589.0 -0.12 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Calamintha nepetaShoot-- 585.0 -0.03 Kirimer, N., Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T. and Kurkcuoglo, M. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4:189-190
Myrtus communisLeaf40.0 585.0 0.17 *
Eucalyptus bridgesianaLeaf-- 585.0 0.17 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Volatile Constituents of the Essential Oil of Eucalyptus bridgesiana Growing in India. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 449-450.
Myrtus communisPlant185.0 585.0 -0.13 *
Thymus cilicicusShoot-- 570.0 -0.04 Tumen, G., Koyuncu, M., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil of Thymus cilicicus Boiss. & Bal. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 97-8.
Hedeoma pulegioidesPlant36.0 570.0 -0.14 *
Eucalyptus tetrapteraLeaf-- 565.0 0.15 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Micromeria teneriffaeLeaf-- 560.0 0.14 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Eucalyptus stoateiLeaf-- 535.0 0.12 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot185.0 530.0 -0.06 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Laurus nobilisLeaf55.0 500.0 0.08 *
Mentha x rotundifoliaLeaf14.0 500.0 0.08 *
Origanum vulgarePlant22.0 480.0 -0.19 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hyssopus officinalisLeaf7.0 480.0 0.06 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed25.0 459.0 -0.73 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Pimpinella anisumFruit25.0 459.0 -0.68 *
Ravensara aromaticaBark-- 440.0 1.0 *
Melaleuca cajuputiLeaf-- 430.0 0.0 *
Carum carviPlant-- 420.0 -0.23 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum montanumShoot287.0 416.0 -0.12 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hedeoma drummondiiPlant1.0 410.0 -0.23 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Rosmarinus x lavandulaceusShoot110.0 405.0 -0.12 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Peumus boldusLeaf6.0 400.0 -0.03 *
Eucalyptus erythrandraLeaf-- 390.0 -0.04 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Hyptis suaveolensPlant-- 390.0 -0.25 Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 74.
Eucalyptus forrestianaLeaf-- 380.0 -0.05 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Rosmarinus x mendizabaliiShoot100.0 370.0 -0.14 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Hedeoma reverchoniiPlant-- 368.0 -0.26 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot175.0 365.0 -0.14 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Bursera delpechianaWood75.0 360.0 *
Micromeria congestaLeaf275.0 355.0 -0.07 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Eucalyptus intertextaLeaf-- 340.0 -0.09 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Ageratum conyzoidesShoot-- 340.0 -0.16 R. Vera, (1993); Chemical composition of the essential oil Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae) from Reunion, Flavour Fragr. J., Vol.8, 257-260.
Pycnanthemum verticillatumShoot-- 336.0 -0.16 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ocimum gratissimumLeaf185.0 335.0 -0.1 Charles, D.J. and Simon, J.E. 1992. A New Geraniol Chemotype of Ocimum gratissimum L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 231-234.
Micromeria fruticosaShoot-- 335.0 -0.16 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Micromeria fruticosaShoot-- 335.0 -0.16 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Rosmarinus eriocalyxShoot145.0 330.0 -0.16 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus eriocalyxShoot145.0 330.0 -0.16 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Pycnanthemum beadleiShoot-- 329.0 -0.16 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cleonia lusitanicaLeaf165.0 325.0 -0.11 Perez-Alonso, M., Velasco-Negueruela, A., and Lopez-Saez, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Cleonia lusitanica. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 441-442.
Mentha x piperitaLeaf2.0 320.0 -0.11 *
Origanum vulgareShoot-- 315.0 -0.17 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Abies spectabilisLeaf115.0 305.0 -0.13 *
Lavandula latifoliaPlant55.0 297.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus porosaLeaf-- 295.0 -0.14 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Rosmarinus tomentosusShoot160.0 295.0 -0.18 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Eucalyptus cupreaLeaf-- 290.0 -0.14 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Monarda clinopodiaPlant-- 287.0 -0.31 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus mastichinaPlant240.0 280.0 -0.31 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus sinensisFruit Juice1.0 278.0 *
Eucalyptus cladocalyxShoot-- 275.0 -0.19 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Artemisia dracunculusShoot25.0 270.0 -0.19 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Satureja parvifoliaShoot-- 255.0 -0.2 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Satureja obovataShoot1.0 255.0 -0.2 Fitoterapia No.60: 277.
Melaleuca alternifoliaLeaf100.0 250.0 -0.18 *
Eucalyptus sparsaLeaf-- 245.0 -0.19 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus dolichorhynchaLeaf-- 225.0 -0.21 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Ocimum gratissimumFlower158.0 220.0 -0.19 Charles, D.J. and Simon, J.E. 1992. A New Geraniol Chemotype of Ocimum gratissimum L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 231-234.
Citrus paradisiLeaf-- 205.0 -0.23 *
Lavandula x hybridaShoot110.0 200.0 -0.23 Tucker, A.O., Maciarello, M.J., Angell, S., Espaillat, J.R., and French, E.C. 1993. The Essential Oil of Lavandula x hybrida Balb. ex Ging., a Distinct Hybrid from L. x heterophylla Poir. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 443-445.
Thymus zygisShoot0.1 190.0 -0.23 De Cunha, A.P. and Salguiero, L.R. 1991. The Chemical Polymorphism of Thymus zygis ssp. sylvestris from Central Portugal. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 409-12.
Cinnamomum verumBark46.0 184.0 -1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Salvia gilliesiiShoot-- 180.0 -0.24 Velasco-Negueruela, A. et al. 1993. The Essential Oil of Salvia gilliesii Benth. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 319-320.
Micromeria thymifoliaLeaf-- 175.0 -0.26 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Satureja odoraShoot-- 175.0 -0.24 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Lycopus uniflorusPlant111.0 174.0 -0.38 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Achillea millefoliumLeaf1.0 170.0 -0.27 *
Teucrium micropodioidesLeaf-- 170.0 -0.27 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Tagetes lucidaLeaf-- 165.0 -0.27 Tramil
Alpinia galangaRhizome1.0 165.0 -0.9 *
Umbellularia californicaPlant40.0 160.0 -0.39 *
Sideritis mugronensisFlower1.0 155.0 -0.34 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Eucalyptus ceratocorysLeaf-- 155.0 -0.28 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus brassianaLeaf-- 150.0 -0.29 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Chemical Constituents of the Leaf Essential Oil of Eucalyptus brassiana S. T. Blake. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 45-7.
Daucus carotaRoot-- 150.0 -0.45 *
Mentha pulegiumPlant41.0 148.0 -0.39 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ocimum tenuiflorumLeaf-- 145.0 -0.3 Brophy, J.J., Goldsack, R.J., and Clarkson, J.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Ocimum tenuiflorum L. (Lamiaceae) Growing in Northern Australia, J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 459-461.
Pycnanthemum californicumShoot-- 144.0 -0.26 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus orospedanusPlant-- 140.0 -0.4 J. Nat. Prod.
Cunila origanoidesShoot-- 140.0 -0.26 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lavandula x intermediaPlant50.0 140.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hedychium flavumShoot-- 140.0 -0.26 *
Eucalyptus largisparsaLeaf-- 135.0 -0.31 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Satureja cuneifoliaShoot-- 125.0 -0.26 Tumen, G. 1991. The Volatile Constituents of Satureja cuneifolia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 365-366.
Curcuma longaLeaf-- 125.0 -0.32 *
Teucrium divaricatumLeaf-- 125.0 -0.32 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Cinnamomum camphoraLeaf48.0 120.0 -0.32 *
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 120.0 -0.27 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 120.0 -0.27 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 120.0 -0.27 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Lindera benzoinFruit80.0 115.0 -0.73 *
Satureja cilicicaShoot-- 115.0 -0.27 Tumen, G. Baser, K.H.C. and Kirimer, N. 1993. The Essential Oil of Satureja cilicica P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 547-548.
Lepechinia calycinaPlant-- 115.0 -0.42 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Murraya koenigiiLeaf-- 115.0 -0.33 *
Coridothymus capitatusShoot-- 110.0 -0.27 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Citrus aurantiumLeaf70.0 110.0 -0.33 *
Ocimum gratissimumPlant10.0 105.0 -0.42 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda russelianaPlant-- 104.0 -0.42 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf-- 100.0 -0.34 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf-- 100.0 -0.34 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Monarda lindheimeriPlant-- 94.0 -0.43 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Nepeta racemosaShoot-- 90.0 -0.28 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Nepeta racemosaShoot-- 90.0 -0.28 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 90.0 -0.28 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 90.0 -0.28 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Monarda citriodoraPlant89.0 90.0 -0.43 *
Hypericum perforatumPlant5.0 90.0 -0.43 *
Satureja montanaPlant4.0 85.0 -0.43 *
Thymus riatarumShoot-- 85.0 -0.29 Iglesias, J., Vila, R., Canigueral, S., Bellakdhar, and Il Idrissi, A. 1991. Analysis of the Essential Oil of Thymus riatarum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 43-4.
Origanum onitesShoot-- 85.0 -0.29 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Origanum onitesShoot-- 85.0 -0.29 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Calamintha nepetaLeaf-- 80.0 -0.36 Akgul, A., De Pooter, H.L., and De Buyck, L.F. 1991. The Essential Oils of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa and Ziziphora clinopodioides from Turkey. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 7-10.
Curcuma longaRhizome-- 80.0 -1.05 *
Micromeria variaShoot-- 80.0 -0.29 Pedro, L.G., et al. 1995. Composition of the Essential oil of Micromeria varia Benth. ssp. thymoides (Sol. ex Lowe) Perez var. thymoides, and endemic species of the Madeira Archipelago. flav. & Fragr. J. 10(3): 199-202.
Micromeria variaShoot-- 80.0 -0.29 *
Artemisia annuaShoot2.0 80.0 -0.29 Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Levisticum officinaleRoot8.0 80.0 -0.58 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus fasiculosaLeaf-- 75.0 -0.37 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 75.0 -0.29 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Salvia dorisianaShoot64.0 72.0 -0.29 Tucker, A.O. & Maciarello, M.J. 1994. The Essential Oil of Salvia dorisiana Standley. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 97-8.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 70.0 -0.44 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Plectranthus incanusShoot-- 65.0 -0.3 Shah, G.C., Bhandari, R. & Mathela, C.S. 1992. 1,2-Epoxy-p-Menthane Derivatives from some Labiatae Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 57-59.
Origanum minutiflorumShoot40.0 60.0 -0.3 Baser, K.H.C., Tumen, G., Sezik, E. 1991. The Essential Oil of Origanum minutiflorum O. Schwarz and P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 445-446.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 60.0 -0.3 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 60.0 -0.3 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 60.0 -0.3 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Pycnanthemum torreyiShoot-- 60.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus serpyllumPlant3.0 57.0 -0.45 *
Elsholtzia blandaShoot-- 55.0 -0.3 Bestman, H.J., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky O., Pant, A.K., Dev. V., Perihar, R. and Mathela, C.S. 1992. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Elsholtsia blanda Benth. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oils Res. 4: 121-124
Sideritis pauliShoot-- 55.0 -0.3 Burzaco, A., Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1992. Essential Oil Analysis of Sideritis pauli Pau. FFJ7: 47-8. 1992.
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 55.0 -0.3 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Hyssopus officinalisFlower5.0 54.0 -0.58 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 69.
Satureja glabellaPlant-- 50.0 -0.46 *
Satureja grandifloraShoot-- 50.0 -0.3 Carnat, A., Chossegros, A., and Lamaison, J. 1991. The Essential Oil of Satureja grandiflora (L.) Scheele from France. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 361-362
Eucalyptus angulosaLeaf-- 50.0 -0.4 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Pilocarpus microphyllusLeaf-- 50.0 -0.4 *
Alpinia galangaLeaf-- 50.0 -0.4 *
Sideritis germanicolpitanaPlant35.0 45.0 -0.46 J. Essential Oil, 4: 533.
Teucrium kotschyanumLeaf-- 45.0 -0.4 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Ocimum gratissimumShoot-- 42.0 -0.31 Vostrowsky, O., Garbe, W., Bestmann, H.J. and Maia, J.G.S. 1990. Essential Oil of Alfavaca, Ocimum gratissimum, from Brazilian Amazon. Zeitschr. Naturforschung 45(C): 1073-6.
Eucalyptus odorataLeaf-- 40.0 -0.41 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus desquamataLeaf-- 40.0 -0.41 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Monarda citriodoraFlower-- 40.0 -0.61 Collins, J.E., Bishop, C.D., Deans, S.G. and Svoboda, K.P. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil from the Leaves and Flowers of Monarda citriodora var. citriodora grown in the United Kingdom. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 27-9.
Monarda didymaLeaf25.0 40.0 -0.41 *
Teucrium cypriumLeaf-- 39.0 -0.41 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Hedeoma hispidaPlant-- 36.0 -0.46 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus leucoxylonLeaf-- 35.0 -0.41 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Monarda citriodoraLeaf-- 35.0 -0.41 Collins, J.E., Bishop, C.D., Deans, S.G. and Svoboda, K.P. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil from the Leaves and Flowers of Monarda citriodora var. citriodora grown in the United Kingdom. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 27-9.
Sassafras albidumLeaf16.0 32.0 -0.41 *
Thymus capitatusPlant10.0 30.0 -0.47 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Stevia rebaudianaFlower-- 30.0 -0.63 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Litsea glaucescensShoot25.0 30.0 -0.31 Tucker, et al, EB46(1):21-24.1992
Micromeria croaticaLeaf-- 30.0 -0.42 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Thymus broussonettiiShoot-- 30.0 -0.31 Tantaoui-Elaraki, A., Lattaoui, N., Errifi, A. and Benjilali, B. 1993. Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Thymus broussonettii, T. zygis and T. saturejoides. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 45-53.
Leonotis leonurusSe-- 28.0 Pedro, L.G., Barroso, J.G., Marques, N.T., Ascensao, L., Pais, M.S.S. and Scheffer, J.J.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil from Sepals of Leonotis leonurus R. Br. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 451-3
Pimenta dioicaFruit-- 28.0 -0.75 *
Trifolium pratenseFlower-- 27.0 -0.64 Buchnauer,G.,Jirovetz,L.,Nikiforov,A.1996.Comparative Investigation of Essential Clover Flower Oils from Austria Using Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detection,Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectometry,and Gas Chrom.-Olfactometry.J.Agrc.Food Chem.44:1827-8
Sideritis athoaShoot-- 26.0 -0.32 Ozek, T., Baser, K.H.C. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Essential Oil of Sideritis athoa Papanikolaou Et Kokkini. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 669-670.
Daucus carotaShoot-- 26.0 -0.32 *
Lycopus virginicusPlant10.0 26.0 -0.47 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Agastache foeniculumPlant2.0 25.0 -0.47 *
Eucalyptus lansdowneanaLeaf-- 25.0 -0.42 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Micromeria julianaLeaf-- 25.0 -0.42 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Satureja subspicataPlant-- 25.0 -0.47 Stanic, G., Petricic, J., and Blazevic, N. 1991. Gas Chromatographic Investigations of Essential Oils of Satureja montana and Satureja subspicata from Yugoslavia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 153-158.
Ephedra sinicaShoot-- 23.0 -0.32 *
Eucalyptus viridisLeaf-- 22.0 -0.42 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 21.0 -0.32 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Isanthus brachiatusPlant-- 20.0 -0.47 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ocimum basilicumPlant-- 20.0 -0.47 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Ocimum basilicumPlant-- 20.0 -0.47 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Stachys germanicaPlant-- 18.0 -0.47 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lantana camaraShoot-- 18.0 -0.32 *
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 17.0 -0.48 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Dictamnus albusShoot13.0 17.0 -0.32 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Origanum onitesPlant-- 17.0 -0.48 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Teucrium poliumShoot-- 16.0 -0.32 Perez-Alonso, M.J. Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Lopez-Saez, J.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Two Iberian Teucrium Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 397-402.
Petroselinum crispumLeaf-- 16.0 -0.43 *
Vetiveria zizanioidesRoot-- 15.0 -0.7 *
Eucalyptus maculataShoot-- 15.0 -0.32 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Pimenta dioicaLeaf-- 15.0 -0.43 *
Scutellaria galericulataPlant-- 13.0 -0.48 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Porophyllum ruderalePlant9.0 13.0 -0.48 Loayza, I., de Groot, W., Lorenzo, D. et al. 1999. Composition of the essential oil of Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. from Bolivia. Flav. & Fragr. J. 14: 393-8.
Salvia sclareaPlant0.4 12.0 -0.48 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 154.
Lindera benzoinTwig9.0 11.0 *
Stevia rebaudianaPlant-- 10.0 -0.48 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Minthostachys mollisShoot4.0 10.0 -0.32 Alkire, B.H., Tucker, A.O., and Maciarello, M.J. 1994. Tipo (Minthostachys mollis (Lamiaceae): An Ecuadorian Mint. Econ. Bot. 48(1): 60-64.
Moldavica thymifloraPlant-- 10.0 -0.48 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus saturejoidesShoot-- 10.0 -0.32 Tantaoui-Elaraki, A., Lattaoui, N., Errifi, A. and Benjilali, B. 1993. Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Thymus broussonettii, T. zygis and T. saturejoides. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 45-53.
Pelargonium citrosumShoot-- 10.0 -0.32 Matsuda, B. M., et al. 1996. Essential Oil Analysis and Field Evaluation of the Citrosa Plant 'Pelargonium citrosum' as a Repellent Against Populations of Aedes Mosquitoes. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 12(1):69-74.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 10.0 -0.32 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Dracocephalum thymifloraPlant-- 10.0 -0.48 *
Monarda didymaFlower-- 10.0 -0.68 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 80.
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot-- 9.0 -0.32 Tucker, A. O. and Maciarello, M. J. 1998. The essential oils of some rosemary cultivars. Flavor and Fragrance Journal, 1: 137-142. 1986.
Teucrium gnaphalodesShoot-- 7.0 -0.32 Perez-Alonso, M.J. Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Lopez-Saez, J.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Two Iberian Teucrium Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 397-402.
Eucalyptus nova-anglicaLeaf4.0 7.0 -0.44 Brophy, J. L., Lassak, E. V., & Boland, D. J. 1992. The Leaf Essential Oils of Eucalyptus nova-anglica. Deane & Maiden. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 29-32.
Ribes nigrumLeaf-- 7.0 -0.44 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vitex agnus-castusLeaf-- 6.0 -0.44 Ekundayo, O., Laakso, I., Holopainen, M., Hiltunen, R., Oguntimein, B., and Kauppinen, V. 1990. The Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Leaf Oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. J. Essential Oil Research, 2: 115-119.
Glechoma hederaceaPlant1.0 6.0 -0.48 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Trichostemma dichotomumShoot-- 5.0 -0.33 Tucker, A.O. and Maciarello, M.J. 1990. The Essential Oil of Trichostemma dichotomum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 2: 149-150.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 5.0 -0.48 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 5.0 -0.33 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 5.0 -0.33 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 5.0 -0.33 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus capitatusShoot-- 4.0 -0.33 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Callicarpa americanaLeaf-- 4.0 -0.44 *
Teucrium arduiniShoot-- 3.0 -0.33 Blazevic, N., Kalodera, Z., Petricic, J., and Plazibat, M. 1992. Essential Oil Content and Composition of Teucrium arduini L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 223-225.
Teucrium arduiniShoot-- 3.0 -0.33 Blazevic, N., Kalodera, Z., Petricic, J., and Plazibat, M. 1992. Essential Oil Content and Composition of Teucrium arduini L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 223-225.
Pelargonium graveolensEssential Oil1.0 3.0 -0.74 *
Eucalyptus behrianaLeaf-- 2.7 -0.44 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Agastache nepetoidesPlant-- 2.0 -0.48 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus melanophloiaLeaf-- 2.0 -0.45 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 2.0 -0.48 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Leonurus cardiacaPlant-- 2.0 -0.48 *
Teucrium oxylepisShoot-- 1.83 -0.33 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Eucalyptus populneaLeaf-- 1.8 -0.45 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Boswellia sacraResin Essent. Oil-- 1.7 Abdel Wahab, S. M., Aboutabl, E. A., El-Zalabani, S. M., Fouad, H. A., De Pooter, H. L., El-Fallaha, B. 1987. The Essential Oil of Olibanum. Plant Med. 53 (4): 382-384.
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 1.0 -0.45 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Sideritis mugronensisLeaf-- 1.0 -0.45 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Micromeria fruticosaLeaf-- 1.0 -0.45 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Teucrium oxylepisShoot-- 0.99 -0.33 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium salviastrumShoot-- 0.98 -0.33 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Micromeria myrtifoliaShoot-- 0.9 -0.33 Ozek, T., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria myrtifolia Boiss. et Hohen. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 79-80.
Eucalyptus ochrophloiaLeaf-- 0.7 -0.45 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Teucrium asiaticumShoot-- 0.62 -0.33 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Asimina trilobaFruit0.027 0.548 -0.75 *
Teucrium scorodoniaShoot-- 0.51 -0.33 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Lindera benzoinLeaf-- 0.4 -0.45 *
Alpinia galangaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 0.4 -0.68 *
Teucrium pseudoscorodoniaShoot-- 0.28 -0.33 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Morinda citrifoliaFruit-- 0.17 -0.75 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Elsholtzia eriostachyaShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Pant, A.K., Dev, V., Parihar, R., Mathela,C.S., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky, O. and Bestmann, H.J. 1992. The Essential Oil from Elsholtzia eriostachya var. pusilla. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 547-549.
Eucalyptus albensShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus astringensShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus blakelyiShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus bosistoanaShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus botryoidesShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus camaldulensisShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus diversicolorShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus globulusShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus maideniShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus melliodoraShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus moluccanaShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus oviformisShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus punctataShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Thymus zygisShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Eucalyptus siderophloiaShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus sideroxylonShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus tereticornisShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Melissa officinalisShoot-- 0.1 -0.33 Deutsche Apot. Ziit. 129(4):155-163. W. Schulze et al. Die Melisse.
Carthamus tinctoriusBud-- 0.01 *
Carthamus tinctoriusLeaf-- 0.01 -0.45 *
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- -- -0.45 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- -- -0.45 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Satureja thymbraShoot-- -- -0.33 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Thymus x citriodorusPlant-- -- -0.49 Stahl-Biskup, E. and Holthuijzen, J. 1995. Essential oil and glycosidally bound volatiles of lemon-scented thyme, Thymus x citriodorus (Pers.) Schreb. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10: 225-229.
Anethum graveolensSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Anethum graveolensRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Ruta graveolensPlant-- -- *
Santolina chamaecyparissusPlant-- -- *
Satureja hortensisPlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Tamarindus indicaFruit-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Teucrium poliumPlant-- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Thuja occidentalisBranches-- -- *
Petroselinum crispumSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Tilia sp.Flower-- -- *
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisRoot-- -- *
Vitis viniferaPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Myristica fragransLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Zanthoxylum alatumFruit-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sambucus nigraFlower Essent. Oil-- -- *
Laurus nobilisLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Lippia albaPlant-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Citrus mitisFruit Juice-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisEssential Oil-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisFlower-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisShoot-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataShoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Tagetes minutaEssential Oil-- -- *
Piper auritumLeaf-- -- Tramil
Aeolanthus myrianthaFlower-- -- Wealth of India.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- -- Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Agastache rugosaEssential Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Dictamnus hispanicusShoot-- -- Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Coriandrum sativumEssential Oil-- -- *
Mentha spPlant-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Pimpinella anisumSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumEssential Oil-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit Juice-- -- *
Agathosma betulinaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Nepeta catariaLeaf-- -- *
Vitex agnus-castusFlower-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Abies albaResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Cocos nuciferaFruit-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Zea maysLeaf-- -- *
Zea maysHusk Essent. Oil-- -- *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- -- *
Zea maysSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Anacardium occidentaleFruit-- -- *
Anethum graveolensPlant-- -- *
Aniba rosaeodoraEssential Oil-- -- *
Annona squamosaPlant-- -- *
Curcuma longaTuber-- -- *
Armoracia rusticanaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Panax ginsengRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Aspalathus linearisLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Asarum canadenseRhizome-- -- *
Psidium guajavaPericarp Essent. Oil-- -- *
Asiasarum sieboldiiRoot-- -- *
Psidium guajavaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Centella asiaticaShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Avena sativaSeed-- -- *
Humulus lupulusEssential Oil-- -- *
Marrubium vulgareEssential Oil-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumShoot-- -- *
Capsicum annuumFruit-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Capsicum frutescensFruit-- -- *
Elsholtzia nipponicaPlant-- -- Hegnauer, R. 1962-1997. Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen, Bde 1-11. Birkhauser Verlag Basel, Boston, Berlin.
Hypericum perforatumFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Juniperus communisFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Chamaemelum nobilePlant-- -- *
Pimenta dioicaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Chenopodium ambrosioidesPlant-- -- *
Chrysanthemum balsamitaPlant-- -- *
Citrullus colocynthisPetiole-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumRoot Bark-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumBark Essent. Oil-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumStem Bark-- -- *
Commiphora myrrhaResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Cymbopogon citratusPlant-- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Vanilla planifoliaFruit-- -- *
Cymbopogon flexuosusPlant-- -- *
Cymbopogon martiniiPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cyperus rotundusEssential Oil-- -- *
Nepeta catariaPlant-- -- *
Hesperis matronalisFlower-- -- Nielsen, J. K., Jakobsen, H. B., Friis, P., Hansen, K., Moller, J., Olsen, C. E. 1995. Asynchronous Rhythmus in the Emission of Volatiles from Hesperis matronalis Flowers. Phytochemistry, 38(4): 847-851.
Echinacea sppFruit-- -- Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Thymus zygisShoot-- -- Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Euodia rutaecarpaLeaf-- -- *
Ferula gummosaPlant-- -- *
Tagetes filifoliaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- Zygadlo, J. S., Guzman, C. A., Grosso, N. R. 1994. Antifungal Properties of the Leaf Oils of Tagetes Minuta L. and T. filifolia Lag. J. Essent. Oil Res. 6 6: 617-621. Cat Quim Org Fac Cien Exact Univ Nacion Cordoba Cordoba 5000 Argentina.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- -- Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Boswellia serrataEssential Oil-- -- *
Mentha pulegiumShoot-- -- *
Chrysanthemum partheniumShoot-- -- Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Helianthus annuusFlower-- -- *
Humulus lupulusFruit-- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalisResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style-- -- *
Mentha spicataShoot-- -- *
Citrus reticulataEssential Oil-- -- *
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- -- *
Juniperus virginianaLeaf-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Larrea tridentataEssential Oil-- -- *
Amomum compactumSeed-- -- Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Panax ginsengRoot-- -- Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Lavandula angustifoliaFlower-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hibiscus sabdariffaCalyx-- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Tanacetum partheniumShoot-- -- Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Magnolia denudataBark-- -- *
Ficus caricaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Magnolia denudataBulb-- -- *
Magnolia denudataFlower-- -- *
Magnolia denudataLeaf-- -- *
Magnolia denudataTwig-- -- *
Piper nigrumSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Magnolia fargesiiFlower-- -- *
Mangifera indicaFlower-- -- *
Marrubium vulgarePlant-- -- *
Medicago sativaEssential Oil-- -- *
Melaleuca leucadendraPlant-- -- *
Apium graveolensEssential Oil-- -- *
Myrrhis odorataPlant-- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
Mentha x piperitaLeaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Mentha x rotundifoliaLeaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Collinsonia canadensisPlant-- -- *
Myrica ceriferaLeaf-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia dracunculusEssential Oil-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Pastinaca sativaRoot-- -- *
Perilla frutescensPlant-- -- *
Phyllanthus niruriLeaf-- -- Tramil
Pinus sylvestrisResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Piper cubebaFruit-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Pogostemon cablinPlant-- -- *
Prunus armeniacaEssential Oil-- -- *
Psoralea corylifoliaSeed-- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Eucalyptus citriodoraEssential Oil-- -- *
Eruca sativaHs-- -- *
Alpinia officinarumRhizome-- -- Wealth of India.
Ribes nigrumFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosa damascenaEssential Oil-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.