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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Acacia decurrensPlant-- -- *
Acacia niloticaPlant-- -- *
Ailanthus altissimaPlant-- -- *
Albizia lebbeckWood-- 220000.0 -0.92 Wealth of India.
Alisma plantago-aquaticaPlant-- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativumEpidermis-- 16000.0 LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Allium ampeloprasumPlant-- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb-- 16000.0 LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Aloe veraPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Anabasis aphyllaPlant-- -- *
Arctium lappaPlant-- -- *
Arisaema triphyllumPlant-- -- *
Arundo donaxStem157000.0 227000.0 0.77 *
Avena sativaPlant-- 85000.0 -0.97 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Avena sativaHull Husk100000.0 150000.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Bixa orellanaPlant-- 88200.0 -0.94 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Boehmeria niveaStem-- 14600.0 -1.56 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- 65000.0 *
Ceratonia siliquaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cocos nuciferaHull Husk-- 294000.0 1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Conium maculatumPlant-- 320000.0 1.32 *
Croton lechleriPlant-- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Croton eluteriaBark-- -- *
Drimys winteriWood277000.0 279000.0 -0.3 *
Glycine maxTissue Culture-- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot-- 180000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Helianthus annuusPericarp250000.0 300000.0 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Hordeum vulgarePlant15000.0 77000.0 -1.04 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Humulus lupulusStem-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lantana camaraStem-- 140000.0 -0.18 *
Linum usitatissimumSeed52000.0 72000.0 0.49 Cunane, S. and Thompson, L. U., eds. 1995. Flaxseed in Human Nutrition. AOCS Press, Champaign IL. 384 pp.
Maclura pomiferaWood-- 412200.0 1.09 Smith, J. L. and Perino, J. V. 1981. Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera): History and Economic Uses. Economic Botany 35(1): 24-41
Musa x paradisiacaFruit-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Oenothera biennisSeed-- 160000.0 2.04 *
Oryza sativaPlant45000.0 255300.0 0.69 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed1200.0 4000.0 -0.7 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed4100.0 10800.0 -0.58 *
Phaseolus lunatusSeed3400.0 6400.0 -0.66 *
Phaseolus coccineusSeed-- 9900.0 -0.6 *
Punica granatumSeed-- -- Newman, R. A., Lansky, E. P., with Block, M. L. 2007. Pomegranate - The Most Medicinal Fruit. Basic Health Publications, Laguna Beach, CA. 120 pp.
Quercus suberCork126000.0 180000.0 *
Robinia pseudoacaciaWood-- 216000.0 -0.96 *
Salix albaWood-- 255000.0 -0.55 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Scutellaria churchillianaPlant-- -- *
Sorbus aucubariaWood-- 464400.0 1.63 *
Spigelia marilandicaPlant-- -- *
Trigonella foenum-graecumPlant-- 280000.0 0.93 *
Zea maysStem213000.0 245000.0 0.97 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Zea maysCob-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.