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Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Maclura pomiferaFruit-- 10000.0 1.73 *
Azadirachta indicaFlower-- 2000.0 1.33 *
Thespesia populneaFlower-- 700.0 -0.26 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- 520.0 1.89 *
Pisum sativumTissue Culture-- 500.0 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf100.0 300.0 0.77 Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica oleraceaShoot-- 80.0 1.71 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf16.0 55.0 -0.48 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower-- 30.0 -1.08 *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- 29.0 -0.57 *
Maclura pomiferaBark-- 29.0 *
Agrimonia eupatoriaShoot-- 24.0 -0.34 *
Cichorium intybusSeed-- 20.0 *
Acinos suaveolensShoot-- 16.6 -0.61 Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf-- 13.0 -0.69 *
Melilotus officinalisShoot-- 12.5 -0.76 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot-- 6.0 *
Vitis viniferaFruit-- 2.0 -0.58 *
Allium cepaBulb-- 2.0 *
Malus domesticaFruit-- 2.0 -0.58 *
Spinacia oleraceaLeaf-- 2.0 -0.74 *
Apium graveolensLeaf-- -- -0.76 *
Punica granatumFruit-- -- Seeram, N. P., Schulman, R. N., and Heber, D., eds. 2006. Pomegranates - Ancient Roots to Modern Medicine. Taylor & Francis. Boca Raton, FL. 244 pp.
Rosa damascenaPlant-- -- *
Punica granatumPericarp-- -- Seeram, N. P., Schulman, R. N., and Heber, D., eds. 2006. Pomegranates - Ancient Roots to Modern Medicine. Taylor & Francis. Boca Raton, FL. 244 pp.
Anethum graveolensSeed-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Matricaria recutitaPlant-- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Aesculus hippocastanumSeed-- -- *
Diospyros virginianaPlant-- -- *
Myristica fragransPlant-- -- *
Acacia catechuPlant-- -- *
Acacia farnesianaFruit-- -- *
Pistacia lentiscusLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ammi visnagaPlant-- -- *
Trifolium pratenseLeaf-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Euphrasia officinalisPlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf-- -- *
Maclura pomiferaWood-- -- Smith, J. L. and Perino, J. V. 1981. Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera): History and Economic Uses. Economic Botany 35(1): 24-41
Prunus persicaLeaf-- -- *
Cichorium intybusPlant-- -- *
Melia azedarachPlant-- -- *
Passiflora incarnataPlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Zingiber officinalePlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Abutilon theophrastiFlower-- -- Matlawska, I. 1990. Investigation of Flavonoid Compounds of Selected Species from Malvaceae Family. Herba Pol., 36(3): 65-69.
Silybum marianumFlower-- -- *
Lycium chinenseLeaf-- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Abutilon theophrastiLeaf-- -- Matlawska, I. 1990. Investigation of Flavonoid Compounds of Selected Species from Malvaceae Family. Herba Pol., 36(3): 65-69.
Glycine maxLeaf-- -- *
Glycine maxShoot-- -- *
Glycine maxSeed-- -- *
Paeonia lactifloraLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Solidago giganteaFlower-- -- *
Crocus sativusFlower-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumFlower-- -- *
Echinacea sppLeaf-- -- Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Tsuga canadensisBranches-- -- *
Petroselinum crispumPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFruit-- -- *
Centella asiaticaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Tagetes patulaPlant-- -- *
Daucus carotaSeed-- -- *
Eupatorium perfoliatumPlant-- -- *
Corylus avellanaBark-- -- *
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ligustrum japonicumFlower-- -- *
Gossypium spFlower-- -- *
Magnolia denudataPlant-- -- *
Hura crepitansLeaf-- -- *
Teucrium poliumPlant-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Urtica dioicaPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Albizia lebbeckLeaf-- -- Wealth of India.
Crataegus monogynaInflorescence-- -- *
Crataegus monogynaFlower-- -- *
Crataegus monogynaLeaf-- -- *
Rhus toxicodendronPlant-- -- *
Sambucus nigraFlower-- -- *
Althaea officinalisLeaf-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Artemisia annuaPlant-- -- *
Capsicum frutescensAnther-- -- *
Lactuca sativaPlant-- -- *
Isatis tinctoriaPlant-- -- *
Serenoa repensFruit-- -- By assumption; if a glycoside is reported, it is automatically assumed that the aglycone is present also in the plant, though sometimes in traces only.
Robinia pseudoacaciaFlower-- -- *
Paeonia moutanLeaf-- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabraShoot-- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot-- -- *
Physalis peruvianaFruit-- -- *
Viburnum opulusLeaf-- -- *
Sophora japonicaPlant-- -- *
Terminalia catappaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Euphorbia hirtaLeaf-- -- *
Podophyllum hexandrumRhizome-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Althaea officinalisRoot-- -- *
Piper nigrumFruit-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf-- -- *
Punica granatumPlant-- -- *
Acacia senegalPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Hippophae rhamnoidesFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Prunus dulcisPlant-- -- *
Prunus cerasusPlant-- -- *
Abelmoschus moschatusFlower-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Trigonella foenum-graecumFlower-- -- *
Podophyllum pleianthumRhizome-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Dodonaea viscosaPlant-- -- *
Viola odorataPlant-- -- *
Prunella vulgarisFlower-- -- *
Holarrhena pubescensLeaf-- -- *
Cucurbita pepoLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Fragaria sppLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Glycine maxPlant-- -- *
Cornus masLeaf-- -- Bate-Smith, E. C., Ferguson, I. K., Hutson, K., Jensen, S. R., Nielsen, B. J., Swain, T. 1975. Phytochemical Interrelationships in the Cornaceae. Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 3: 79.
Moringa oleiferaFlower-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Catharanthus roseusPlant-- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Filipendula ulmariaFlower-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Spinacia oleraceaPlant-- -- *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Trifolium pratenseFlower-- -- *
Schinus molleLeaf-- -- *
Syzygium aromaticumFlower-- -- *
Kalanchoe pinnataLeaf-- -- *
Acalypha indicaPlant-- -- Wealth of India.
Euphorbia lathyrisLeaf-- -- *
Paeonia suffruticosaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Petasites japonicusPlant-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Acacia farnesianaPlant-- -- *
Humulus lupulusLeaf-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Trigonella foenum-graecumPlant-- -- *
Guazuma tomentosaFlower-- -- *
Camellia sinensisPlant-- -- *
Thymus vulgarisPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Magnolia kobusPlant-- -- *
Pastinaca sativaSeed-- -- *
Cuscuta reflexaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Schinus terebinthifoliusLeaf-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus paradisiFruit-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling-- -- *
Sanguisorba minorPlant-- -- *
Oenothera biennisLeaf-- -- *
Kalanchoe spathulataLeaf-- -- *
Trigonella foenum-graecumLeaf-- -- *
Drimys winteriLeaf-- -- *
Elaeagnus angustifoliaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Silybum marianumSeed-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Valeriana officinalisPlant-- -- *
Asparagus officinalisRoot-- -- *
Equisetum arvensePlant-- -- *
Opuntia ficus-indicaFlower-- -- *
Rhododendron dauricumPlant-- -- *
Galega officinalisShoot-- -- *
Sanguisorba officinalisPlant-- -- *
Geranium thunbergiiLeaf-- -- *
Borago officinalisPlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Beta vulgarisPlant-- -- *
Ceiba pentandraFlower-- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Cinnamomum camphoraPlant-- -- *
Hamamelis virginianaLeaf-- -- *
Prunus serotinaPlant-- -- *
Punica granatumLeaf-- -- *
Prunus laurocerasusPlant-- -- *
Vitex agnus-castusPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Magnolia officinalisPlant-- -- *
Moringa oleiferaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Nelumbo nuciferaPlant-- -- *
Theobroma cacaoLeaf-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Prunus armeniacaFruit-- -- *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant-- -- *
Phyllanthus emblicaLeaf-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant-- -- *
Thevetia peruvianaPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Musa x paradisiacaPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Hydrangea arborescensRoot-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Plumeria acutifoliaFlower-- -- *
Ageratum conyzoidesPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Armoracia rusticanaLeaf-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Centella asiaticaPlant-- -- *
Paeonia officinalisFlower-- -- Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Juglans regiaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ribes nigrumFruit Juice-- -- *
Melaleuca leucadendraPlant-- -- *
Castanea sativaLeaf-- -- *
Chimaphila umbellataPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cornus floridaFlower-- -- *
Tribulus terrestrisFlower-- -- *
Polygonum hydropiperPlant-- -- *
Ephedra sinicaShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Allium sativum var. sativumPlant-- -- *
Urtica dioicaInflorescence-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Artemisia annuaShoot-- -- Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Prunus armeniacaLeaf-- -- *
Ribes nigrumFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ocimum basilicumLeaf-- -- *
Helianthemum glomeratumLeaf-- -- Meckes, M., Calzada, F., Tapia-Contreras, A., Cedillo-Rivera, R. 1999. Antiprotozoal Properties of Helianthemum glomeratum. Phytotherapy Research, 13(2): 102-105.
Melilotus officinalisLeaf-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Menyanthes trifoliataPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Populus tacamahaccaPlant-- -- *
Cola acuminataPlant-- -- *
Rubus idaeusJuice-- -- *
Panax ginsengLeaf-- -- *
Podophyllum peltatumRhizome-- -- *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Hypericum perforatumPlant-- -- *
Frangula alnusSeed-- -- *
Lycopersicon esculentumSeed-- -- *
Centaurea cyanusShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vicia fabaShoot-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Erythroxylum cocaPlant-- -- *
Pinus mugoWood-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Prunus spinosaFlower-- -- *
Ricinus communisPlant-- -- *
Ononis spinosaShoot-- -- Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Vitis viniferaLeaf-- -- *
Berberis vulgarisPlant-- -- *
Prunus domesticaWood-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Mangifera indicaPlant-- -- *
Polygonum hydropiperoidesPlant-- -- *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaFruit-- -- Daniel, M. 1989. Polyphenols of Some Indian Vegetables. Curr Sci, 58(23): 1332-1334.
Uncaria guianensisLeaf-- -- *
Carum carviSeed-- -- *
Carum carviLeaf-- -- *
Carum carviFlower-- -- *
Medicago sativaFlower-- -- *
Eriobotrya japonicaPlant-- -- *
Calendula officinalisPlant-- -- *
Anemone pulsatillaLeaf-- -- *
Harpagophytum procumbensTuber-- -- *
Aesculus hippocastanumBud-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Echinacea angustifoliaLeaf-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Melilotus officinalisFlower-- -- *
Ficus caricaPlant-- -- *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Olea europaeaStem-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Tagetes erectaLeaf-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Anethum graveolensFruit-- -- *
Alpinia officinarumRhizome-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Opuntia ficus-indicaPt-- -- *
Centaurea cyanusPlant-- -- Wealth of India.
Camellia sinensisShoot-- -- *
Consolida ajacisFlower-- -- *
Morus albaWood-- -- *
Psidium cattleianumPlant-- -- *
Laurus nobilisPlant-- -- *
Panax ginsengShoot-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.