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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- 1820.0 2.45 *
Houttuynia cordataShoot-- 700.0 1.42 *
Hypericum perforatumPlant-- 3000.0 1.0 *
Acinos suaveolensShoot-- 430.0 0.43 Jim Duke's personal files.
Erythroxylum novogranatenseLeaf-- 100.0 -0.32 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf-- 100.0 -0.32 *
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf-- 25.0 -0.44 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Glycyrrhiza uralensisLeaf-- 21.0 -0.45 *
Rosa caninaLeaf-- 20.0 -0.45 *
Bidens pilosaLeaf-- 12.0 -0.46 Jim Duke's personal files.
Phyllanthus amarusShoot-- 122.0 -0.7 *
Urtica dioicaPlant-- 200.0 -1.0 *
Aspalathus linearisShoot-- 1.0 -1.15 *
Tropaeolum majusLeaf-- -- *
Lycopodium selagoPlant-- -- *
Arnica montanaFlower-- -- *
Acacia niloticaPlant-- -- *
Ammi visnagaFlower-- -- *
Ammi visnagaLeaf-- -- *
Papaver somniferumFlower-- -- *
Rhus coriariaLeaf-- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Teucrium scorodoniaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Apium graveolensSeed-- -- *
Solidago giganteaFlower-- -- *
Glechoma hederaceaPlant-- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosumLeaf-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed-- -- *
Laurus nobilisLeaf-- -- *
Lycium chinenseLeaf-- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Euphrasia officinalisPlant-- -- *
Zea maysPollen Or Spore-- -- *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- -- *
Eucalyptus rostratusPlant-- -- Okamura, H., Mimura, A., Yakou, Y., Niwano, M., and Takahara, Y. 1992. Antoxidant Activity of Tannins and Flavonoids in Eucalyptus rostrata. Phytochemistry. 33(3): 557-561. 1993.
Houttuynia cordataLeaf-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf-- -- *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaLeaf-- -- *
Corylus avellanaLeaf-- -- *
Gossypium spFlower-- -- *
Hedera helixStem-- -- *
Rubus idaeusFruit-- -- *
Sambucus nigraFlower-- -- *
Centella asiaticaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Dictamnus albusLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium scordiumPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Leonurus cardiacaPlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Anethum graveolensLeaf-- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabraPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Crataegus monogynaLeaf-- -- *
Glycine maxShoot-- -- *
Berberis vulgarisFruit-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Coriandrum sativumFruit-- -- *
Terminalia chebulaFruit-- -- Polovyanov, G. G. 1974. Flavonoids from the Fruit of the Yellow Myrobalan Plum. Chem. Nat. Comp. 10 (5): 690-.
Salix albaBark-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Allium cepaBulb-- -- Kiviranta, J., Huovinen, K., Hiltunen, R. 1986. Variation of Flavonoids in Allium cepa. Planta Medica, 6: 517-518.
Glycine maxLeaf-- -- *
Agrimonia eupatoriaInflorescence-- 2100.0 *
Pimenta dioicaFruit-- -- *
Nerium oleanderLeaf-- -- *
Taraxacum officinaleFlower-- -- *
Artemisia absinthiumLeaf-- -- *
Trifolium pratenseLeaf-- -- *
Zea maysPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Humulus lupulusFruit-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ipomoea batatasRoot-- -- *
Equisetum arvenseShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Equisetum arvenseStem-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Melissa officinalisShoot-- -- *
Arachis hypogaeaPlant-- -- *
Equisetum arvenseLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Marrubium vulgareShoot-- -- *
Malus domesticaFruit Juice-- -- *
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling-- -- *
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf-- -- *
Ailanthus altissimaLeaf-- -- *
Rosa sppFruit-- -- *
Equisetum arvensePlant-- -- *
Fallopia japonicaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosa caninaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pteridium aquilinumPlant-- -- *
Serenoa repensFruit-- -- *
Teucrium botrysPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Juniperus communisLeaf-- -- *
Juniperus communisFruit-- -- *
Ficus caricaFruit-- -- *
Malus domesticaFruit-- -- *
Hamamelis virginianaLeaf-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataPlant-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Brassica nigraLeaf-- -- *
Trigonella foenum-graecumPlant-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Phytolacca americanaLeaf-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit Juice-- -- *
Ruscus aculeatusShoot-- -- *
Teucrium montanumPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Melaleuca leucadendraPlant-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumLeaf-- -- *
Trifolium pratenseFlower-- -- *
Malus domesticaPericarp-- -- *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf-- -- *
Artemisia annuaShoot-- -- Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Ocimum basilicumLeaf-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusLeaf-- -- *
Prunus armeniacaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ribes nigrumFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Petasites hybridusLeaf-- -- Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Punica granatumPericarp-- -- *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit-- -- *
Ricinus communisLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vitis viniferaLeaf-- -- *
Urtica dioicaFlower100.0 200.0 *
Urtica dioicaShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Ribes nigrumFruit Juice-- -- *
Urtica dioicaInflorescence-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Carum carviSeed-- -- *
Urtica dioicaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Aesculus hippocastanumFlower-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Carum carviShoot-- -- *
Urtica dioicaRoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Piper nigrumFruit-- -- *
Ribes nigrumLeaf-- -- *
Althaea officinalisLeaf-- -- *
Althaea officinalisFlower-- -- *
Aesculus hippocastanumLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Teucrium chamaedrysPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Solidago virgaureaFlower-- -- *
Solidago giganteaLeaf-- -- *
Salix albaLeaf-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumFlower-- -- *
Morus albaLeaf-- -- *
Tilia sp.Flower-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.