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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Acacia niloticaPlant-- -- *
Acinos suaveolensShoot-- 430.0 0.43 Jim Duke's personal files.
Aesculus hippocastanumLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Aesculus hippocastanumFlower-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Agrimonia eupatoriaInflorescence-- 2100.0 *
Ailanthus altissimaLeaf-- -- *
Allium cepaBulb-- -- Kiviranta, J., Huovinen, K., Hiltunen, R. 1986. Variation of Flavonoids in Allium cepa. Planta Medica, 6: 517-518.
Althaea officinalisFlower-- -- *
Althaea officinalisLeaf-- -- *
Ammi visnagaFlower-- -- *
Ammi visnagaLeaf-- -- *
Anethum graveolensLeaf-- -- *
Apium graveolensSeed-- -- *
Arachis hypogaeaPlant-- -- *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf-- -- *
Arnica montanaFlower-- -- *
Artemisia absinthiumLeaf-- -- *
Artemisia annuaShoot-- -- Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
Aspalathus linearisShoot-- 1.0 -1.15 *
Berberis vulgarisFruit-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Bidens pilosaLeaf-- 12.0 -0.46 Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica nigraLeaf-- -- *
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- 1820.0 2.45 *
Carum carviSeed-- -- *
Carum carviShoot-- -- *
Centella asiaticaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Coriandrum sativumFruit-- -- *
Corylus avellanaLeaf-- -- *
Crataegus monogynaLeaf-- -- *
Dictamnus albusLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Equisetum arvenseLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Equisetum arvenseStem-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Equisetum arvensePlant-- -- *
Equisetum arvenseShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Erythroxylum novogranatenseLeaf-- 100.0 -0.32 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf-- 100.0 -0.32 *
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf-- -- *
Eucalyptus rostratusPlant-- -- Okamura, H., Mimura, A., Yakou, Y., Niwano, M., and Takahara, Y. 1992. Antoxidant Activity of Tannins and Flavonoids in Eucalyptus rostrata. Phytochemistry. 33(3): 557-561. 1993.
Euphrasia officinalisPlant-- -- *
Fallopia japonicaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ficus caricaFruit-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Glechoma hederaceaPlant-- -- *
Glycine maxShoot-- -- *
Glycine maxLeaf-- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabraPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Glycyrrhiza uralensisLeaf-- 21.0 -0.45 *
Gossypium spFlower-- -- *
Hamamelis virginianaLeaf-- -- *
Hedera helixStem-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataShoot-- 700.0 1.42 *
Houttuynia cordataLeaf-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataPlant-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Humulus lupulusFruit-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hypericum perforatumPlant-- 3000.0 1.0 *
Hypericum perforatumFlower-- -- *
Ipomoea batatasRoot-- -- *
Juniperus communisFruit-- -- *
Juniperus communisLeaf-- -- *
Laurus nobilisLeaf-- -- *
Leonurus cardiacaPlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Lycium chinenseLeaf-- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lycopodium selagoPlant-- -- *
Malus domesticaFruit-- -- *
Malus domesticaPericarp-- -- *
Malus domesticaFruit Juice-- -- *
Marrubium vulgareShoot-- -- *
Melaleuca leucadendraPlant-- -- *
Melissa officinalisShoot-- -- *
Morus albaLeaf-- -- *
Nerium oleanderLeaf-- -- *
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf-- 25.0 -0.44 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum basilicumLeaf-- -- *
Papaver somniferumFlower-- -- *
Petasites hybridusLeaf-- -- Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Phyllanthus amarusShoot-- 122.0 -0.7 *
Phytolacca americanaLeaf-- -- *
Pimenta dioicaFruit-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumLeaf-- -- *
Piper nigrumFruit-- -- *
Prunus armeniacaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pteridium aquilinumPlant-- -- *
Punica granatumPericarp-- -- *
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf-- -- *
Rhus coriariaLeaf-- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Ribes nigrumLeaf-- -- *
Ribes nigrumFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ribes nigrumFruit Juice-- -- *
Ricinus communisLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosa sppFruit-- -- *
Rosa caninaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosa caninaLeaf-- 20.0 -0.45 *
Rubus idaeusFruit-- -- *
Ruscus aculeatusShoot-- -- *
Salix albaLeaf-- -- *
Salix albaBark-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sambucus nigraFlower-- -- *
Serenoa repensFruit-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Solidago giganteaLeaf-- -- *
Solidago giganteaFlower-- -- *
Solidago virgaureaFlower-- -- *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit-- -- *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- -- *
Taraxacum officinaleFlower-- -- *
Terminalia chebulaFruit-- -- Polovyanov, G. G. 1974. Flavonoids from the Fruit of the Yellow Myrobalan Plum. Chem. Nat. Comp. 10 (5): 690-.
Teucrium chamaedrysPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium montanumPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium scorodoniaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium botrysPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium scordiumPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tilia sp.Flower-- -- *
Trifolium pratenseLeaf-- -- *
Trifolium pratenseFlower-- -- *
Trigonella foenum-graecumPlant-- -- *
Tropaeolum majusLeaf-- -- *
Urtica dioicaInflorescence-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Urtica dioicaPlant-- 200.0 -1.0 *
Urtica dioicaShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Urtica dioicaRoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Urtica dioicaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Urtica dioicaFlower100.0 200.0 *
Vaccinium corymbosumLeaf-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit Juice-- -- *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaLeaf-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusLeaf-- -- *
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling-- -- *
Vitis viniferaLeaf-- -- *
Zea maysPollen Or Spore-- -- *
Zea maysPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.