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Total Plants: 69
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil 159000.0 400000.0 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome -- 980.0 *
Zea mays Hull Husk -- -- *
Zea mays Husk Essent. Oil -- -- *
Thymus funkii Shoot -- 8.0 -0.6 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- -- -0.6 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus funkii Shoot -- 8.0 -0.6 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- 52.0 -0.5 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus capitatus Plant -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus x citriodorus Plant -- 820.0 -0.3 Stahl-Biskup, E. and Holthuijzen, J. 1995. Essential oil and glycosidally bound volatiles of lemon-scented thyme, Thymus x citriodorus (Pers.) Schreb. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10: 225-229.
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- 52.0 -0.5 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Tamarindus indica Essential Oil -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit -- -- *
Salvia sclarea Plant 0.8 580.0 -0.5 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 154.
Rosa damascena Essential Oil -- -- *
Prunus armeniaca Essential Oil -- -- *
Pimenta racemosa Leaf -- 18090.0 2.6 *
Perilla frutescens Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- Honda, G., Yuba, A., Nishizawa, A., Tabata, M. 1994. Genetic Control of Geranial Formation in Perilla frutescens. Biochem. Genet, 32(5/6): 155-160.
Pelargonium citrosum Shoot -- 7.0 -0.6 Matsuda, B. M., et al. 1996. Essential Oil Analysis and Field Evaluation of the Citrosa Plant 'Pelargonium citrosum' as a Repellent Against Populations of Aedes Mosquitoes. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 12(1):69-74.
Pelargonium roseum Shoot -- 252.0 0.0 *
Pelargonium graveolens Essential Oil 2.0 12.0 -1.0 *
Ocimum basilicum Plant -- 5.0 -0.8 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Ocimum basilicum Leaf Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -1.0 *
Ocimum tenuiflorum Plant 350.0 3150.0 1.2 *
Ocimum basilicum Plant -- 5.0 -0.8 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Ocimum basilicum Shoot Essent. Oil -- 2100.0 *
Myrtus communis Shoot -- 1.5 -0.6 *
Monarda fistulosa Plant 15.0 837.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda russeliana Plant -- 470.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Micromeria varia Shoot -- 475.0 0.6 *
Micromeria varia Shoot -- 475.0 0.6 Pedro, L.G., et al. 1995. Composition of the Essential oil of Micromeria varia Benth. ssp. thymoides (Sol. ex Lowe) Perez var. thymoides, and endemic species of the Madeira Archipelago. flav. & Fragr. J. 10(3): 199-202.
Mentha x piperita Leaf 0.005 0.05 -0.4 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Melissa officinalis Shoot 10.0 1425.0 3.1 *
Lavandula angustifolia Flower -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hypericum perforatum Plant 0.35 6.3 -0.8 *
Hedeoma drummondii Plant 3065.0 5150.0 2.6 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eugenia uniflora Leaf -- -- Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Elsholtzia blanda Shoot -- 5.0 -0.6 Bestman, H.J., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky O., Pant, A.K., Dev. V., Perihar, R. and Mathela, C.S. 1992. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Elsholtsia blanda Benth. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oils Res. 4: 121-124
Elsholtzia polystachya Leaf -- 15.0 -0.4 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia eriostachya Shoot -- 525.0 0.8 Pant, A.K., Dev, V., Parihar, R., Mathela,C.S., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky, O. and Bestmann, H.J. 1992. The Essential Oil from Elsholtzia eriostachya var. pusilla. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 547-549.
Elsholtzia polystachya Leaf -- 15.0 -0.4 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Cymbopogon parkeri Plant 17.0 1290.0 0.0 Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Coriandrum sativum Fruit -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Coriandrum sativum Seed Essent. Oil -- 1300.0 *
Citrus reticulata Fruit 5.0 6.0 -1.0 *
Citrus aurantium Leaf -- 1.0 -0.4 *
Citrus paradisi Leaf -- 31.0 -0.4 *
Citrus paradisi Fruit 420.0 700.0 1.0 *
Citrus limon Essential Oil 42.0 236.0 1.0 *
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 10.0 680.0 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus limon Petiole -- 60.0 *
Citrus paradisi Pericarp 4.0 700.0 *
Citrus sinensis Fruit 6.0 7.0 -1.0 *
Citrus limon Pericarp Essent. Oil -- 17600.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus limon Leaf Essent. Oil 3000.0 233000.0 1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus aurantium Plant -- -- *
Citrullus lanatus Fruit Juice -- -- *
Citrullus lanatus Fruit -- -- *
Cistus ladaniferus Leaf 27.0 1090.0 -0.2 *
Cinnamomum verum Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Bark -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cinnamomum camphora Leaf -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Stem Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Plant -- -- *
Carum carvi Seed -- -- *
Camellia sinensis Leaf -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Aloysia citrodora Plant 150.0 1820.0 0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Acinos suaveolens Shoot -- 50.0 -0.5 Tumen, G. 1991. The Volatile Constituents of Acinos suaveolens (Sibt. et Smith). G. Don fil. Growing in Turkey. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3:191-2.
Achillea millefolium Leaf 1.0 50.0 -0.4 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.