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Total Plants: 196
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Achillea millefolium Plant -- -- Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Actaea dahurica Rhizome -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Actaea cimicifuga Rhizome -- -- *
Agrimonia eupatoria Plant -- -- *
Ajuga iva Shoot -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ajuga iva Plant -- 1000.0 0.8 Jim Duke's personal files.
Allium cepa Leaf -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
Allium schoenoprasum Leaf -- 0.5 -1.1 *
Allium ampeloprasum Plant -- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb 7.0 27.0 1.0 *
Allium cepa Root -- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
Allium cepa Bulb -- 0.5 -1.0 *
Althaea officinalis Flower -- -- *
Althaea officinalis Root -- -- *
Althaea officinalis Plant -- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Althaea officinalis Leaf -- -- *
Ananas comosus Plant 200.0 760.0 0.3 *
Anethum graveolens Seed -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Fruit -- -- *
Angelica sinensis Plant -- 940.0 0.7 Jim Duke's personal files.
Angelica sinensis Root -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Apium graveolens Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Arachis hypogaea Seed -- 45.0 -0.4 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Leaf -- -- *
Artemisia dracunculus Leaf -- 38.0 2.4 *
Aspalathus linearis Shoot -- 0.66 *
Astragalus membranaceus Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Avena sativa Seed -- -- *
Ballota nigra Plant -- -- *
Basella alba Plant -- -- *
Beta vulgaris Leaf -- -- *
Brassica pekinensis Leaf -- 6.0 -0.6 *
Brassica oleracea var. italica Leaf -- 13.0 0.1 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. Leaf 4.0 20.0 0.7 *
Brassica nigra Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Leaf -- 10.0 -0.2 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Leaf -- 13.0 0.1 *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit -- -- *
Catalpa ovata Wood -- -- *
Celosia cristata Flower -- -- *
Centaurea cyanus Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Centaurium erythraea Plant -- -- *
Ceratonia siliqua Fruit -- -- Wealth of India.
Chamaemelum nobile Plant -- -- *
Chenopodium album Fruit -- -- *
Chenopodium ambrosioides Fruit -- -- *
Cichorium intybus Plant -- -- *
Cichorium intybus Leaf -- 0.5 -1.1 *
Cimicifuga dahurica Rhizome -- -- *
Citrullus colocynthis Fruit -- -- *
Citrus reticulata Pericarp -- -- *
Citrus sinensis Fruit 10.0 30.0 -0.8 *
Citrus sinensis Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus sinensis Pericarp 20.0 180.0 1.0 *
Citrus limon Fruit 14.0 40.0 -0.4 *
Citrus paradisi Pericarp 25.0 160.0 -1.0 *
Citrus paradisi Fruit 25.0 35.0 -0.6 *
Cnicus benedictus Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cnicus benedictus Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cocos nucifera Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Coix lacryma-jobi Pericarp -- -- *
Commiphora wightii Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Convallaria majalis Plant -- -- *
Coptis spp Rhizome -- -- *
Coptis japonica Rhizome -- -- *
Coptis chinensis Rhizome -- -- *
Coriandrum sativum Plant -- 11.0 -1.4 *
Cucumis sativus Fruit -- -- *
Cucumis melo Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Cucurbita pepo Plant -- -- *
Cydonia oblonga Fruit -- -- *
Cynara cardunculus Plant -- -- *
Datura stramonium Plant -- -- *
Daucus carota Root -- -- *
Digitalis purpurea Leaf -- -- *
Dioscorea alata Plant -- -- *
Dipteryx odorata Leaf -- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Echinacea spp Plant -- -- *
Elaeagnus angustifolia Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Eleutherococcus senticosus Root -- -- *
Equisetum hyemale Plant -- -- *
Equisetum arvense Plant -- -- *
Eucalyptus globulus Leaf -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Eucalyptus citriodora Leaf -- -- *
Euphorbia lathyris Leaf -- -- *
Euphorbia hirta Leaf -- -- *
Euphrasia officinalis Plant -- -- Tyler, V.E.. 1982. The Honest Herbal. George F. Stickley Co., Philadelphia PA. 263 pp.
Ferula assa-foetida Essential Oil -- -- *
Ferula assa-foetida Gum -- -- *
Ferula assa-foetida Resin, Exudate, Sap -- 13000.0 *
Ficus carica Plant -- -- *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed -- 0.5 -0.4 *
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit -- -- *
Gaultheria procumbens Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Glechoma hederacea Plant -- -- *
Glycine max Plant 1.0 4.0 -1.4 *
Glycine max Shoot -- -- *
Glycine max Seed 1.0 4.0 -0.4 *
Glycyrrhiza glabra Plant -- -- *
Helianthus annuus Pollen Or Spore 2.0 3.0 *
Hierochloe odorata Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Hordeum vulgare Seed -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Huperzia spp Plant -- -- *
Hura crepitans Leaf -- -- *
Hypericum perforatum Plant -- -- *
Hyssopus officinalis Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Juglans regia Testa 10.0 65.0 *
Juglans nigra Seed -- -- *
Juglans regia Seed 0.4 1.0 -0.4 *
Juniperus communis Leaf -- -- *
Kalanchoe pinnata Plant -- -- *
Lactuca sativa Plant -- -- *
Lens culinaris Plant -- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Levisticum officinale Fruit -- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Ligustrum japonicum Flower -- -- *
Linum usitatissimum Seed -- -- *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit -- -- *
Lycopodium selago Plant -- -- *
Lycopodium clavatum Plant -- -- *
Lycopus europeus Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Malus domestica Fruit 4.0 95.0 1.7 *
Medicago sativa Tissue Culture -- -- *
Medicago sativa Leaf -- -- *
Melia azedarach Plant -- -- *
Melilotus officinalis Shoot -- -- *
Melilotus officinalis Plant -- -- Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Mentha x rotundifolia Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Menyanthes trifoliata Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Myroxylon balsamum Plant -- -- *
Nicotiana tabacum Flower -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Oenothera biennis Plant -- -- *
Ononis spinosa Root -- -- Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Opopanax chironium Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Oryza sativa Plant -- -- *
Panax ginseng Root -- -- *
Panax quinquefolius Plant -- -- *
Papaver somniferum Pericarp -- -- *
Phaseolus vulgaris Plant -- -- *
Pinus sylvestris Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pisum sativum Seed -- -- *
Plantago major Plant -- -- *
Polygala senega Root -- -- *
Portulaca oleracea Plant -- -- *
Prunus spinosa Plant -- -- *
Prunus domestica Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Prunus cerasus Plant -- -- *
Prunus persica Plant -- -- *
Prunus dulcis Plant -- -- *
Pteridium aquilinum Plant -- -- *
Punica granatum Fruit -- -- Seeram, N. P., Schulman, R. N., and Heber, D., eds. 2006. Pomegranates - Ancient Roots to Modern Medicine. Taylor & Francis. Boca Raton, FL. 244 pp.
Raphanus sativus Root -- 16.0 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Root -- -- *
Rheum rhabarbarum Pt -- 8.0 *
Rheum officinale Root -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Ribes uva-crispa Fruit -- -- *
Ribes nigrum Fruit -- -- *
Ricinus communis Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosa canina Tissue Culture -- -- *
Rosa canina Stem -- -- *
Rubus idaeus Fruit -- -- *
Rubus fruticosus Fruit -- -- *
Rubus idaeus Plant -- -- *
Salvia officinalis Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Salvia sp. Seed -- 2136.0 2.4 Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 67.
Sambucus nigra Plant -- -- *
Serenoa repens Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Sesamum indicum Leaf -- -- *
Sesamum indicum Fruit -- -- *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 13.0 225.0 *
Solanum melongena Root -- -- *
Solidago gigantea Plant -- 1040.0 0.9 *
Sophora japonica Plant -- -- *
Spinacia oleracea Leaf -- 16.0 0.4 *
Spinacia oleracea Inflorescence -- -- *
Stellaria media Shoot -- -- *
Taraxacum officinale Flower -- -- *
Taxus baccata Leaf 0.1 3.5 -0.8 *
Tecoma stans Plant -- -- *
Theobroma cacao Seed -- -- *
Thymus vulgaris Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Triticum aestivum Seed 15.0 32.0 -0.4 *
Urtica dioica Plant -- -- *
Vaccinium macrocarpon Fruit -- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillus Leaf -- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit -- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosum Plant -- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit Juice -- -- *
Vanilla planifolia Root -- -- *
Vicia faba Plant -- -- *
Viola odorata Plant -- -- *
Vitis vinifera Fruit -- -- *
Zea mays Sprout Seedling -- -- *
Zea mays Seed 6.0 27.0 -0.4 *
Zea mays Leaf -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Zingiber officinale Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.