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Total Plants: 193
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Laurus nobilis Leaf Essent. Oil -- 10200.0 -1.0 *
Lavandula x intermedia Plant -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lavandula latifolia Plant -- 9.0 -0.6 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Levisticum officinale Root -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Ligustrum japonicum Flower -- -- *
Lonicera japonica Flower -- -- Schlotzhauer, W.S., S.D. Pair, and R.J. Horvat. 1996. Volatile constituents from the flowers of Japanese Honeysuckle. J. Agric. Food Chem. 44:206-209.
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit -- -- *
Magnolia kobus Flower -- -- *
Melaleuca bracteata Leaf -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Melaleuca viridiflora Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Melia azedarach Wood -- -- *
Melissa officinalis Shoot -- -- *
Mentha longifolia Shoot -- -- *
Mentha pulegium Plant 160.0 320.0 -0.4 *
Mentha spicata Essential Oil -- -- *
Mentha x piperita Essential Oil -- -- *
Mentha spicata Shoot -- -- *
Mentha arvensis var. piperascens Essential Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Mentha spicata Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Mentha pulegium Essential Oil -- 16000.0 -0.7 *
Micromeria congesta Leaf 5.0 15.0 -0.8 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria fruticosa Shoot -- -- -0.5 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Micromeria myrtifolia Shoot -- -- -0.5 Ozek, T., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria myrtifolia Boiss. et Hohen. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 79-80.
Micromeria fruticosa Shoot -- -- -0.5 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Morinda citrifolia Fruit -- 0.01 -0.7 *
Morus alba Plant -- -- *
Myristica fragrans Seed Essent. Oil 1000.0 38000.0 *
Myristica fragrans Essential Oil 2000.0 3000.0 -0.7 *
Myristica fragrans Seed 40.0 320.0 -0.9 *
Myroxylon balsamum Plant -- -- *
Myrtus communis Shoot 1.0 15.0 -0.5 *
Narcissus tazetta Flower -- -- *
Nicotiana tabacum Leaf -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum gratissimum Seed -- 1670.0 -0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum basilicum Leaf Essent. Oil 51200.0 270000.0 -0.3 *
Ocimum basilicum Plant -- 14.0 -0.6 *
Ocimum suave Shoot 110.0 2860.0 1.8 J. Nat. Prod. 44: 308.
Ocimum kilimandscharicum Shoot -- 3000.0 1.9 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Ocimum tenuiflorum Inflorescence -- -- *
Ocimum gratissimum Plant -- 5340.0 2.3 *
Ocimum basilicum Shoot Essent. Oil 5700.0 26700.0 *
Ocimum basilicum Leaf 14.0 8575.0 0.2 *
Ocimum sp Plant -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ocimum kilimandscharicum Flower -- 35.0 -0.4 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Ocimum tenuiflorum Stem 20.0 100.0 -1.0 *
Ocimum gratissimum Shoot -- 4045.0 2.8 Vostrowsky, O., Garbe, W., Bestmann, H.J. and Maia, J.G.S. 1990. Essential Oil of Alfavaca, Ocimum gratissimum, from Brazilian Amazon. Zeitschr. Naturforschung 45(C): 1073-6.
Ocimum basilicum Essential Oil 300.0 857500.0 1.7 *
Ocimum sanctum Leaf 4200.0 4970.0 -0.2 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Ocimum canum Shoot -- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Ocimum tenuiflorum Leaf 45.0 5580.0 -0.2 *
Oenanthe javanica Shoot -- -- *
Origanum majorana Leaf Essent. Oil -- 255000.0 -0.3 *
Origanum onites Shoot -- -- -0.5 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Origanum majorana Plant 200.0 2000.0 0.5 *
Origanum vulgare Shoot -- -- *
Origanum minutiflorum Shoot 55.0 125.0 -0.4 Baser, K.H.C., Tumen, G., Sezik, E. 1991. The Essential Oil of Origanum minutiflorum O. Schwarz and P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 445-446.
Panax ginseng Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Pelargonium graveolens Essential Oil -- -- *
Peumus boldus Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pimenta dioica Flower Essent. Oil -- 543000.0 *
Pimenta dioica Fruit 3500.0 36000.0 1.4 *
Pimenta racemosa Leaf 16.0 21840.0 1.7 *
Pimenta dioica Leaf Essent. Oil -- 792400.0 1.1 *
Pimenta dioica Leaf 8348.0 12000.0 0.6 *
Pimpinella anisum Plant -- -- *
Pimpinella anisum Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pimpinella anisum Essential Oil -- -- *
Pimpinella anisum Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Piper nigrum Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Piper auritum Leaf -- -- Tramil
Piper nigrum Fruit -- -- *
Piper betel Leaf 535.0 17850.0 1.3 *
Pogostemon cablin Plant -- -- *
Polianthes tuberosa Flower -- -- *
Prunus dulcis Flower -- -- *
Prunus cerasus Plant -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.