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Total Plants: 193
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Origanum vulgare Shoot -- -- *
Ficus carica Fruit -- -- *
Helichrysum angustifolium Plant -- -- *
Curcuma longa Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 2100.0 *
Commiphora myrrha Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Artemisia dracunculus Shoot Essent. Oil -- -- *
Ephedra sinica Shoot -- 4.0 -0.5 *
Narcissus tazetta Flower -- -- *
Rosa centifolia Essential Oil -- -- *
Camellia sinensis Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Ficus carica Flower -- -- *
Helianthus annuus Flower -- -- *
Mentha spicata Shoot -- -- *
Mentha spicata Essential Oil -- -- *
Apium graveolens Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Morinda citrifolia Fruit -- 0.01 -0.7 *
Croton lechleri Plant -- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Boronia megastigma Flower -- -- *
Trifolium pratense Flower -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Plant -- -- *
Eucalyptus brassiana Leaf -- -- -0.8 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Chemical Constituents of the Leaf Essential Oil of Eucalyptus brassiana S. T. Blake. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 45-7.
Morus alba Plant -- -- *
Pimpinella anisum Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Santalum album Wood -- -- *
Foeniculum vulgare Root Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Peumus boldus Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Foeniculum vulgare Sprout Seedling -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Lonicera japonica Flower -- -- Schlotzhauer, W.S., S.D. Pair, and R.J. Horvat. 1996. Volatile constituents from the flowers of Japanese Honeysuckle. J. Agric. Food Chem. 44:206-209.
Eucalyptus citriodora Essential Oil -- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabra Root -- 1.0 *
Levisticum officinale Root -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Tilia sp. Flower -- -- *
Iris x germanica Rhizome -- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit -- 0.02 -0.7 *
Anethum graveolens Essential Oil -- -- *
Lavandula x intermedia Plant -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Rosa damascena Essential Oil -- -- *
Mentha pulegium Essential Oil -- 16000.0 -0.7 *
Achillea millefolium Plant -- -- Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
Syzygium aromaticum Bark -- -- *
Syzygium aromaticum Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.