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Total Plants: 193
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Elsholtzia blanda Shoot -- 0.9 -0.5 Bestman, H.J., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky O., Pant, A.K., Dev. V., Perihar, R. and Mathela, C.S. 1992. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Elsholtsia blanda Benth. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oils Res. 4: 121-124
Drimys winteri Bark -- -- *
Dianthus caryophyllus Flower 0.6 870.0 -0.4 *
Daucus carota Seed -- 7000.0 1.4 *
Cynara cardunculus Essential Oil -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Cymbopogon winterianus Plant 66.0 233.0 -0.5 *
Curcuma longa Essential Oil -- 2100.0 -0.7 *
Curcuma longa Tuber -- -- *
Curcuma longa Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 2100.0 *
Cuminum cyminum Seed -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cuminum cyminum Fruit -- -- *
Croton lechleri Plant -- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Croton eluteria Bark -- -- *
Commiphora myrrha Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Commiphora myrrha Essential Oil -- 2300.0 -0.7 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Coffea arabica Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cistus ladaniferus Leaf 15.0 1050.0 -0.7 *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Leaf 2.8 400.0 -0.8 *
Cinnamomum verum Stem Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Bark Essent. Oil 61000.0 420000.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.