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Total Plants: 193
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit Juice -- 0.01 *
Cananga odorata Flower -- -- *
Thymus vulgaris Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Vaccinium macrocarpon Fruit -- -- *
Cynara cardunculus Essential Oil -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot -- 0.5 -0.5 Tucker, A. O. and Maciarello, M. J. 1998. The essential oils of some rosemary cultivars. Flavor and Fragrance Journal, 1: 137-142. 1986.
Origanum majorana Leaf Essent. Oil -- 255000.0 -0.3 *
Artemisia dracunculus Essential Oil -- -- *
Melissa officinalis Shoot -- -- *
Eucalyptus citriodora Leaf -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Aloysia citrodora Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Agastache rugosa Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Magnolia kobus Flower -- -- *
Drimys winteri Bark -- -- *
Artemisia dracunculus Shoot -- -- *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil -- -- *
Hibiscus sabdariffa Calyx -- -- *
Piper nigrum Fruit -- -- *
Origanum onites Shoot -- -- -0.5 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Thymus capitatus Shoot -- 21.0 -0.5 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.