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Total Plants: 193
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Daucus carota Seed -- 7000.0 1.4 *
Artemisia capillaris Essential Oil -- -- *
Pogostemon cablin Plant -- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Plant -- -- *
Laurus nobilis Essential Oil -- -- *
Laurus nobilis Leaf Essent. Oil -- 10200.0 -1.0 *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Melia azedarach Wood -- -- *
Nicotiana tabacum Leaf -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Calamintha nepeta Shoot -- 8.0 -0.5 Kirimer, N., Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T. and Kurkcuoglo, M. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4:189-190
Agathosma betulina Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Ocimum tenuiflorum Inflorescence -- -- *
Hyssopus officinalis Essential Oil -- -- *
Ravensara aromatica Bark -- 110.0 -0.7 *
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit -- -- *
Polianthes tuberosa Flower -- -- *
Ravensara aromatica Leaf -- 60.0 -0.8 *
Lantana camara Leaf -- -- *
Mentha longifolia Shoot -- -- *
Piper auritum Leaf -- -- Tramil
Zea mays Seed -- -- *
Ligustrum japonicum Flower -- -- *
Panax ginseng Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Capsicum annuum Fruit -- -- *
Psidium guajava Essential Oil -- -- *
Aspalathus linearis Leaf Essent. Oil -- 13600.0 -1.0 *
Micromeria fruticosa Shoot -- -- -0.5 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Mentha arvensis var. piperascens Essential Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Micromeria fruticosa Shoot -- -- -0.5 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Cuminum cyminum Fruit -- -- *
Camellia sinensis Fruit -- -- *
Pueraria montana Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Pimpinella anisum Plant -- -- *
Elsholtzia blanda Shoot -- 0.9 -0.5 Bestman, H.J., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky O., Pant, A.K., Dev. V., Perihar, R. and Mathela, C.S. 1992. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Elsholtsia blanda Benth. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oils Res. 4: 121-124
Thymus funkii Shoot -- 5.0 -0.5 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus funkii Shoot -- -- Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Stevia rebaudiana Flower -- -- Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stevia rebaudiana Leaf -- -- Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Coffea arabica Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Humulus lupulus Essential Oil -- -- *
Prunus cerasus Plant -- -- *
Tanacetum parthenium Fruit Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 *
Tanacetum parthenium Essential Oil -- -- *
Ptychopetalum olacoides Root -- -- Ito, Y., Hirayama, F., Aikawa, Y., Kondo, H., Sagara, K., Shoji, J. 1995. Constituents from Muira-Puama (The Roots of Ptychopetalum olacoides). Nat. Med. 49, 4: 487.
Prunus dulcis Flower -- -- *
Oenanthe javanica Shoot -- -- *
Pelargonium graveolens Essential Oil -- -- *
Ocimum canum Shoot -- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Cinnamomum verum Essential Oil -- -- *
Ocimum gratissimum Seed -- 1670.0 -0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum gratissimum Shoot -- 4045.0 2.8 Vostrowsky, O., Garbe, W., Bestmann, H.J. and Maia, J.G.S. 1990. Essential Oil of Alfavaca, Ocimum gratissimum, from Brazilian Amazon. Zeitschr. Naturforschung 45(C): 1073-6.
Cinnamomum verum Stem Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Root Bark -- -- *
Myroxylon balsamum Plant -- -- *
Sassafras albidum Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Syzygium aromaticum Bulb -- -- *
Pimenta dioica Leaf Essent. Oil -- 792400.0 1.1 *
Pimenta dioica Flower Essent. Oil -- 543000.0 *
Viola odorata Leaf -- -- *
Melaleuca bracteata Leaf -- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Ageratum conyzoides Shoot -- 800.0 0.2 R. Vera, (1993); Chemical composition of the essential oil Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae) from Reunion, Flavour Fragr. J., Vol.8, 257-260.
Scutellaria baicalensis Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Curcuma longa Tuber -- -- *
Melaleuca viridiflora Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Micromeria myrtifolia Shoot -- -- -0.5 Ozek, T., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria myrtifolia Boiss. et Hohen. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 79-80.
Acacia farnesiana Flower -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Croton eluteria Bark -- -- *
Commiphora myrrha Essential Oil -- 2300.0 -0.7 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Thymus cilicicus Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Tumen, G., Koyuncu, M., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil of Thymus cilicicus Boiss. & Bal. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 97-8.
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit Juice -- 0.01 *
Cananga odorata Flower -- -- *
Thymus vulgaris Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Vaccinium macrocarpon Fruit -- -- *
Cynara cardunculus Essential Oil -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot -- 0.5 -0.5 Tucker, A. O. and Maciarello, M. J. 1998. The essential oils of some rosemary cultivars. Flavor and Fragrance Journal, 1: 137-142. 1986.
Origanum majorana Leaf Essent. Oil -- 255000.0 -0.3 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.