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Total Plants: 825
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Elettaria cardamomum Seed Essent. Oil -- 64500.0 1.0 *
Arnica montana Rhizome 5000.0 63100.0 0.3 *
Santalum album Wood 15000.0 62500.0 0.6 *
Betula lenta Bud 40000.0 60000.0 1.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cedrus libani Wood 35000.0 60000.0 0.5 *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed 2160.0 60000.0 0.2 *
Pimpinella anisum Plant 10000.0 60000.0 3.8 *
Trachyspermum ammi Fruit 20000.0 60000.0 0.3 *
Syzygium aromaticum Stem 40000.0 60000.0 2.6 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Guaiacum sp. Wood 50000.0 60000.0 0.5 *
Zingiber officinale Resin, Exudate, Sap -- 60000.0 -1.0 *
Pogostemon cablin Plant 15000.0 58000.0 3.7 *
Pycnanthemum pilosum Flower 39000.0 58000.0 1.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pilosum Leaf 39000.0 58000.0 4.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoides Shoot 39000.0 58000.0 4.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Inula helenium Plant 5700.0 54000.0 3.4 *
Schinus molle Fruit 33500.0 52000.0 0.2 *
Eucalyptus sparsa Leaf -- 50400.0 3.4 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Cuminum cyminum Fruit 20000.0 50000.0 0.2 *
Acacia farnesiana Flower 5000.0 50000.0 1.2 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.