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Total Plants: 825
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Copaifera spp Gum 300000.0 900000.0 1.9 *
Schinus terebinthifolius Seed 250000.0 450000.0 5.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus elliottii Resin, Exudate, Sap 200000.0 250000.0 1.2 *
Pinus palustris Resin, Exudate, Sap 200000.0 250000.0 1.2 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Syzygium aromaticum Flower 155000.0 210000.0 6.6 *
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit 150000.0 210000.0 3.3 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Resin, Exudate, Sap 150000.0 200000.0 0.6 *
Canarium indicum Gum 100000.0 250000.0 -0.3 *
Piper cubeba Fruit 50000.0 200000.0 3.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Atractylodes lancea Rhizome 50000.0 90000.0 0.6 *
Guaiacum sp. Wood 50000.0 60000.0 0.5 *
Ferula gummosa Gum 50000.0 300000.0 -0.1 *
Illicium verum Fruit 50000.0 100000.0 1.1 *
Apium graveolens Fruit 42000.0 200000.0 3.1 *
Betula lenta Bud 40000.0 60000.0 1.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Syzygium aromaticum Stem 40000.0 60000.0 2.6 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Myristica fragrans Aril 40000.0 150000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pycnanthemum pilosum Flower 39000.0 58000.0 1.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pilosum Leaf 39000.0 58000.0 4.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoides Shoot 39000.0 58000.0 4.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.