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Total Plants: 21
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Thymus capitatus Shoot -- -- -0.7 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Piper nigrum Fruit Essent. Oil -- 100.0 -1.0 *
Piper nigrum Fruit -- -- *
Piper nigrum Essential Oil -- -- *
Origanum onites Shoot -- -- -0.7 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Mentha spicata Shoot -- -- *
Mentha longifolia Shoot 1.0 3150.0 1.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Mentha spicata Essential Oil -- 29000.0 *
Mentha spicata Leaf 13.0 325.0 0.5 *
Ephedra sinica Essential Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cleonia lusitanica Leaf 1.0 8.0 -1.4 Perez-Alonso, M., Velasco-Negueruela, A., and Lopez-Saez, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Cleonia lusitanica. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 441-442.
Carum carvi Seed 200.0 780.0 *
Carum carvi Essential Oil -- -- *
Carum carvi Plant -- 950.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Carum carvi Fruit 360.0 720.0 *
Apium graveolens Leaf -- -- *
Apium graveolens Seed Essent. Oil -- 1000.0 *
Apium graveolens Fruit Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 1.0 *
Apium graveolens Essential Oil -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Leaf 150.0 400.0 0.9 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.