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Total Plants: 203
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Cannabis sativa Plant -- -- Turner, C. E., El Sohly, M. A., Boeren, E. G. 1980. Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. XVII. A Review of the Natural Constituents. J Natural Products, 432: 169-234.
Cannabis sativa Essential Oil -- -- *
Carthamus tinctorius Leaf -- 0.12 -0.5 *
Carthamus tinctorius Flower 0.63 0.84 -1.1 *
Centella asiatica Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Chrysanthemum parthenium Shoot -- -- Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Citrus paradisi Pericarp -- 17.0 *
Citrus sinensis Pericarp -- -- *
Citrus aurantium Plant -- -- *
Citrus reticulata Fruit -- 20.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus sinensis Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Coleus barbatus Stem Essent. Oil -- 63500.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Collinsonia canadensis Plant -- 13.0 -0.5 *
Copaifera spp Gum -- -- *
Elsholtzia polystachya Leaf -- 8.8 -0.4 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia blanda Shoot -- 0.4 -0.5 Bestman, H.J., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky O., Pant, A.K., Dev. V., Perihar, R. and Mathela, C.S. 1992. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Elsholtsia blanda Benth. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oils Res. 4: 121-124
Elsholtzia polystachya Leaf -- 16.0 -0.4 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Ephedra sinica Shoot -- 5.0 -0.4 *
Eruca sativa Hs -- -- *
Eucalyptus fasiculosa Leaf -- 4.0 -0.4 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.